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Found 38 results

  1. A1.txt
  2. Question: The most effective way to understand contemporary culture is to analyze the trends of its youth.Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Answer: Culture is term that is representative of an entire society as a whole comprising of children,aged and the working class people and not just the just the youth. To analyze the culture,just focusing on the youth is quite likely to bear false results. An entire society is represented by the culture of a place. It is quite unfair to the other members of the society that is not the youth to not be part of the analysis being done on the contemporary culture.If a place 'Suwon' has a trend that developed just over a few recent years where people after their retirement prefer to stay in the cities itself rather than going to countryside,the above statement would fail in that case. Or if the high schools in Suwon taught the its students the laws of Physics by experimenting in the laboratories and not just on paper. Meanwhile,the culture of a place is also represented by its who are not so wealthy to follow what seems quirky.The middle-class people come up with their own version of trends that give the same output with a pocket-friendly budget. Ultimately,there is a class of people who do not easily adapt to the on-going trend.In fact,they come up with their own personal opinions and derivatives of the on-going contemporaries. As youth of a society has a fresh and open mindset,it is easier for them to pick up a particular tendency,follow each other and ultimately make it a trend. So the most popular trend of a culture may be existing in the youth. A large part of the society is not covered when just the youth is kept in focus to analyze the contemporary trend. It may be possible that the results of the analysis may miss most definitive part of a society's culture.
  3. Question: The most effective way to understand contemporary culture is to analyze the trends of its youth.Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Answer: Culture is term that is representative of an entire society as a whole comprising of children,aged and the working class people and not just the just the youth. To analyze the culture,just focusing on the youth is quite likely to bear false results. An entire society is represented by the culture of a place. It is quite unfair to the other members of the society that is not the youth to not be part of the analysis being done on the contemporary culture.If a place 'Suwon' has a trend that developed just over a few recent years where people after their retirement prefer to stay in the cities itself rather than going to countryside,the above statement would fail in that case. Or if the high schools in Suwon taught the its students the laws of Physics by experimenting in the laboratories and not just on paper. Meanwhile,the culture of a place is also represented by its who are not so wealthy to follow what seems quirky.The middle-class people come up with their own version of trends that give the same output with a pocket-friendly budget. Ultimately,there is a class of people who do not easily adapt to the on-going trend.In fact,they come up with their own personal opinions and derivatives of the on-going contemporaries. As youth of a society has a fresh and open mindset,it is easier for them to pick up a particular tendency,follow each other and ultimately make it a trend. So the most popular trend of a culture may be existing in the youth. A large part of the society is not covered when just the youth is kept in focus to analyze the contemporary trend. It may be possible that the results of the analysis may miss most definitive part of a society's culture.
  4. The argument that luxury retailers should focus their attention to low-priced markets because of the higher unemployment rate and consumer fears is not entirely logically convincing, since it ignores crucial assumptions. Firstly, the argument assumes that average household has stopped spending the money on essential and non-essential items because of unemployment rate and consumer fears, yet it failed to give valid reason for this assumptions. There could be various reasons for decline in expenditure. Maybe this country resides in a place where people only shop during or before holidays and current calendar has no holiday in it as of today. Secondly, the author in the argument keep his focus one type of consumer group. If luxury retailers are affected by unemployment rate they can target different class of people who are archaic and cupid. Like during the recession of 1929 in USA, wealthy class decided to contribute by buying ingenuous stuff from local retailers. This step not even helped retailers during economy crisis but kept wealth class to fulfill their penchant for luxury. Also, retailers have the option to export their luxury goods to foreign country, like most of the Asian countries have done during the economic crisis. Finally, the argument assumes that luxurious items will be the first to get affected because of present economic climate therefore retailers have to focus on non-luxurious one. Again assumptions doesn’t hold good. Decrease in house hold expenditure doesn’t necessarily mean people will only buy non-essential items and none of the luxurious items will be sold. Even if the household expenditure is less people can be thrift and frugal, say someone is having wedding or someone is planning a birthday party , whatsoever may be the economic conditions those people will still buy luxurious items if they need. Thus the argument is not completely sound. The evidence in support of the conclusion that the retailers should focus on lower priced markets due to decrease in expenditure from average household because of higher unemployment and consumer fears does little to prove the conclusion, since it does not address the assumptions already raised. Ultimately the argument might have strengthen if the author could have mention the reasons for unemployment and have given valid support for the retailers to switch to non-essential items.
  5. If anyone could review my issue and argument essays I would highly appreciate it. It is in a text file. Thank you. Issue Essay.txt Argument Essay.txt
  6. Hi, I have recently begun studying for the GRE, which I am taking at the end of August, and I have just completed a couple of practice essays. I have attached these essays, and am wondering if anyone with experience would kindly be able to look over these essays in regards to the GRE scoring scheme and give me feedback on areas in which I can improve. Thank you very much, I deeply appreciate your help! Courtney Essays_1.docx
  7. Please be kind enough to give you valuable feedback on my attempt. Argument - 1 The following appeared in a memo from the vice president of a company that builds shopping malls around the country. "The surface of a section of Route 101, paved just two years ago by Good Intentions Roadways, is now badly cracked with a number of dangerous potholes. In another part of the state, a section of Route 40, paved by Appian Roadways more than four years ago, is still in good condition. In a demonstration of their continuing commitment to quality, Appian Roadways recently purchased state-of-the-art paving machinery and hired a new quality-control manager. Therefore, I recommend hiring Appian Roadways to construct the access roads for all our new shopping malls. I predict that our Appian access roads will not have to be repaired for at least four years." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. ============================================================================================================ The argument presented by the vice president has a number of logical flaws. These flaws give birth to numerous questions that have to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation will have the predicted result or not. A major flaw in the vice president's reasoning that raises questions is the flawed comparison between Good Intentions Roadways and Appian Roadways. To begin, the first question that needs to be answered is whether the traffic on Route 101 is similar to Route 40 or not. If, for instance, Route 101 caters to heavy traffic whilst only light traffic is allowed on Route 40, the presence of potholes on Route 101 can be explained. Therefore, it is not necessary that the deterioration of Route 101 is because of poor quality. The superior quality of Appian's work can only be accepted if the routes cater to the same traffic. Even then other circumstances on the two routes may also explain the difference in their conditions. The fact that the two routes are present in different parts of the state begs the question: are the weather conditions similar or different on the two routes? If, for example, the region where Route 101 runs through experiences torrential rainfall whilst the area where Route 40 passes from has a mild climate, the differences in the road conditions can be attributed to weather as well. This means that it is not necessary that the condition of Route 40 is better because of higher quality work by Appian Roadways. The better road condition can be attributed to favourable weather conditions. Therefore, it is imperative that the above question is answered as it can render the basis of the recommendation illogical. In addition to the differences (or similarities) in weather conditions, it is also important to ask if there are any other alternative companies available than Good Intentions and Appian Roadways. The above argument assumes that there are only two companies available in the market. However, it is important to see if other companies can be approached or not and how Appian Roadways fares against them. It can be possible that Appian performs poorly in comparison to other competitors. Another interesting question that needs to be answered is about the credentials of the new quality control manager of Appian Roadways. The argument assumes that the new manager will perform better than the previous manager and therefore improve the quality of work. It could very well be the case that the new manager was hired on the basis of nepotism and not on the basis of performance. As a result, the quality of the work deliviered could deteriorate. Therefore, it weakens the preditiction that the roads will not have to be repaired for four years, thus, weakening the recommendation. The answers to the questions above would provide a better picture of the comparision between Appian Roadways and its competitiors. For the recommendation to be valid, it is important that Appian and its competitors deliver in similar conditions.
  8. If possible, could someone help me reading my practice essay for the AWA section of the GRE? Thanks!
  9. Please rate it on scale of 0-6. Do tell me points where one need to improve. Thanks in advance. IN ANY FIELD.docx
  10. Hey all, I am looking to see how likely I am to get into the following schools with the following criteria. I feel like I am fitting in somewhere around the average requirements of most applicants at these schools, with maybe a slightly lower GPA. GPA: 3.3 from a small liberal arts school in Ohio GRE: 161 V and 159 Q with 5.0 Analytical Writing Experience: 3 campaign cycles as an intern/volunteer (since '08), 3 campaign cycles as a paid staff in field management and data analytics; 1 year in nonprofit fundraising; 3 months interning with a lobbying firm in D.C.; Only 2 years of work experience after completing my undergrad (I took a semester off to work on the 2012 Presidential campaign) and volunteered/interned throughout college on various local, state, and national races in digital and organizing related work. I am applying/have applied to the following schools: Duke Sanford (MPP), Chicago Harris (MPP), Syracuse Maxwell (MPP), UT-Austin (MPA), Georgetown McCourt (MPP), NYU Wagner (MPA), OSU John Glenn (MPA), USC Price (MPA), IU SPEA (MPA). Thanks!
  11. Hi! I am new to The Grad Cafe and was wondering if someone can critique my practice Issue Task essay? It is my first one. Any help is greatly appreciated. It is below! Thanks. Claim: Governments must ensure that their major cities receive the financial support they need in order to thrive. Reason: It is primarily in cities that a nation's cultural traditions are preserved and generated. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. Cities are said to be breeding grounds for ingenuity; they embody the ideals of cultural diversity and advancements in all realms of societal influence. For example, America, the land of the free and home of the brave, would be nothing without its major cities that remain leaders in technological advancements, fashion/art, and even music. Because of this, it is imperative that governments ensure that major cites receive financial support in an effort to maintain dominance in all social and cultural spheres. Financial support from the government allocated to major cities will play a substantial role in how future generations create content, digest information, and share ideas. These resources will increase interaction with subjects in the arts, sciences, and humanities; all subjects that shape and mold cultural traditions. To illustrate the significance of such financial allocations, take into consideration the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) field. For decades STEM fields have been in dire need of diversification, both in relation to gender and race. A field so widely dominated by white men because of issues surrounding access could now be welcoming to people of color and women through an increase of government funding. This financial support can increase access through providing more resources, thus creating more opportunities to learn which in turn can lead to more advancements in science, technology, engineering, and math. As the old adage proclaims, two heads are indeed better than one. Additionally, culture is usually synonymous with the arts. Federal, state, and local funding for arts programs throughout this country pale in comparison to other subjects such as science and technology. Financial support garnered from the government can shift how art is viewed and digested. More support in relation to arts means better access to free museums, and an increase in art classes for youth. Art breeds creativity. Increasing access to the arts will lead future generations to think outside of the box thus enabling them to strategize and create. However, while funding for major cities is an advantage to preserve and create cultural traditions, I do believe it is imperative that financial support be allocated to small cities and towns as well. Major countries and even major cities are built from young minds that emerge from small towns. Beautiful minds, strategic thinkers, and creators come from everywhere and while major cities have the funds and the resources to cultivate said talent, it would be a disservice to shun and forget about those who reside in small towns, and who have to leave small towns due to a lack of resources or sadly a lack of support. Imagine a world without Oprah! She was not born in Chicago but in a small town in the South. Imagine how different the world would be if small cities and towns received financial support as well. We could be swimming in human intellectual achievement. All in all, financial support from the government is imperative to preserving and creating cultural traditions. Financial support yields resources, which yields opportunity for youth to achieve their dreams, both in major cities and small towns.
  12. Hi guys, I could help you reviewing your essays, just send me a private message. It would be nice if you could also review mine, I leave couple of links with both my essays: https://www.dropbox.com/s/pcrhtg66l3hn9oh/major_cities.txt?dl=0 https://www.dropbox.com/s/y8ae83hy89ljw8y/palean-baskets.txt?dl=0 Thanks!
  13. Prompt: In 2003, the city of London instituted a Congestion Zone Charge, a substantial fee levied on vehicles traveling into central London on Mondays through Fridays between 7 A.M. and 6 P.M. (Taxis, ambulances, buses, bicycles and alternative fuel vehicles, among others, are exempt from the charge.) This successful and ongoing program, which is already in effect in other large cities of the world and has been considered for both San Francisco and New York, should be instituted immediately in the ten most significantly congested and polluted cities in the United States. Results will include cleaner air, safer streets, happier citizens and a dramatic increase in revenue. Directions: Write an essay that frames the questions that require answers before both this argument and the prediction that accompanies it can be reasonably evaluated. Discuss how the answers to the questions are fundamental to a thoughtful evaluation of the argument and the prediction. Answer: The author of this essay explains that vehicles must pay a substantial fee in order to travel in central London on Mondays through Fridays between 7 A.M and 6 P.M. This fee is assumed to result in cleaner air, safer streets, happier citizens and a dramatic increase in revenue. If these are the goals of this fee, however, there are many questions that should be raised and evaluated in order to asses these assumptions.To begin, it's vital to ask how much pollutants and toxic emissions have been released into the atmosphere VIA standard vehicles. Assuming that taxis and ambulances, and other alternative fuel vehicles are exempt, to what extent are these vehicles releasing toxins into the atmosphere. Hence, will making owners, who drive standard vehicles, really reduce emissions and increase cleaner air? Or are emissions more likely to be emitted from the vehicles that are exempt from the fee? Also, if those who drive standard vehicles at the aforementioned times, wouldn't these people then flood the vehicles that are exempt from these fees? Therefore, these individuals will have to utilize alternative vehicles, ultimately making the desire for clean air futile? This essay also assumes that there will be a dramatic increase in revenue. However, the essay fails to account for those who are driving these standard vehicles. Who is truly benefiting from these fees? Finally, this essay assumes that this fee will result in safer streets. However, many people, without the use of standard vehicles, may have to walk longer distances in order to get to their destination. Specifically, young people who need to go to school while their parents are taking other alternative methods of transportation to make it to work. Is it still safer for these young people to walk to school alone rather than driving in congested areas? How many people have been car accidents before this fee? How can we truly assess whether or not the streets will be safer with this fee, if there is no comparative basis of analysis? Finally, the essay assumes that this fee will also make citizens happier. However, how will these people be happier if they have to reschedule their lives around these alternative modes of transportation? Also, why isn't there any specific evidence that this will increase happiness based off of the other cities who have already adopted this program? It is also important to understand that every city is different in terms of infrastructure. How do we know that this fee will work in central London? Where have fees, such as the one described above,been implemented?
  14. This is my first attempting at writing GRE essays and I would appreciate it a lot if any person could critique them for me. In exchange, I could critique yours. Thanks a lot in advance. The Prompt : As we acquire more knowledge, things do not become more comprehensible, but more complex and mysterious. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. ESSAY : Knowledge is power. As human beings-the only creatures on earth gifted with inquisition, it is our responsibility to utilize this gift to the fullest to acquire knowledge. The function of knowledge is both to understand things and improve things as they are today, and the process of acquiring it happens as we ask a lot of questions and search for answers. As children, we are all taught a set of rules and code of conduct by adults in our surroundings. We are naive observers of the universe around us and naturally inclined to ask questions when something fails our assumed reasoning or sparks our curiosity. Bill Waterson, the cartoonist responsible for Calvin and Hobbes often illustrated the inquisitive phenomenon of Calvin- A 6 year old who keeps asking his dad questions of various kinds--sometimes philosophical, sometimes scientific and some just related to the current state of the world under his observance. For examples “Why is he not allowed to drive a car?”. While he understands the answers which maybe factually inaccurate, He is never satisfied with them and is always introspecting, reading or probing for more information. Which illustrates that, our thirst for knowledge is unquenchable. Which illustrates that even when we do have answers, there is some unknown that allures us. Also, knowledge, in its broadest sense is infinite. There is no finite amount of knowledge which when learned and understood satisfies our curiosity. Knowledge is also, not merely a consumption tool, we create with knowledge. Ever since the dawn of time and early evolution, mankind sought to improve their quality of life and progress forward. We invented fire by rubbing flints together, made tools, invented cooking meat instead of raw consumption, the wheel instead of walking on foot and as of today, we are coming up with cars that drive themselves. This constant invention wouldn’t have been possible without some complexity and mystery that allures man to seek more. Sir Isaac Newton is another classic example that acquiring knowledge is a constant process, while he was intrigued by the apple falling down from the tree and invented gravity. He wasn’t satisfied with it as an end all be all for all natural phenomenon. He seeked to understand gravity with reference to other objects in the solar system, he invented his famous laws of motion and his scientific achievements led to various other inventions today which could only have been possible while trying to question and extend his line of work. Thus, seeking knowledge happens with the realization that there is more to learn and there is more than the known that requires our understanding. Great philosophers too, are a prime example of how knowledge becomes more mysterious and susceptible to questioning, inquisition and understanding, Acquiring knowledge is a constant process that humans undergo for self-improvement and improvement of the society. While there is something that defies our understanding or intuitive knowledge, we seek it--gather as many resources as possible to understand it, at which point it is our choice to probe further and find answers to other questions or be satisfied with our current understanding of the world.
  15. Hi, I have a 331 in GRE (VA 161 QA 170) with 3.5 in AWA. I'm planning on applying for ms in data analytics to the top tier colleges. Will the AWA score make this difficult? Should I retake the GRE and try for a better AWA score ?
  16. Hi, I have a 331 in GRE with 3.5 in AWA. I want to pursue an MS degree in data science or data analytics. I'm not sure if the AWA score is good enough or will it make it difficult to get into the top US colleges (looking at the top 5). I have had good acads, good extra curricular, and have 3 years of work ex in a popular technology MNC.
  17. Issue Task: "A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college" School curriculum should be designed to equip the students with required skills and knowledge that will help them gain confidence to enter college and eventually, see success in college. Having single national curriculum across the country helps students from different schools attempt the preliminary exam, conducted by the government, in order to enter college, in a fair manner. A student or a teacher, wishing to move to a different city within the country, can do it, without worrying about the curriculum which is going to be the same across the country. Sometimes, students spend time learning some field that they have no interest in and they would be passionate to study a totally different field in college. Students from different schools with different curriculum could result in, getting challenged with different levels of difficulty to complete senior high school before entering college. This could lower quality of students because they were exposed to an easy curriculum and not letting their explore their full potential or help them grow their ability to learn to solve medium to complex problems. Therefore,a nation should require all of its students to study single effective national curriculum that is designed to equip the students with required skills and knowledge that will help them gain confidence to enter college and eventually, see success in college. Argument Task: The following is a memorandum from the business manager of a television station. "Over the past year, our late-night news program has devoted increased time to national news and less time to weather and local news. During this time period, most of the complaints received from viewers were concerned with our station's coverage of weather and local news. In addition, local businesses that used to advertise during our late-night news program have just canceled their advertising contracts with us. Therefore, in order to attract more viewers to the program and to avoid losing any further advertising revenues, we should restore the time devoted to weather and local news to its former level." This argument is flawed for numerous reasons. Primarily, the argument is based on the unwarrented assumption that the complaints from the viewers concerned with station's coverage of weather and local news is about the late-night news program which mostly concentrates on national news. The argument fails to provide any justification that local businesses reason for cancellation of advertising contracts with the television station in the argument presented is only due to their late-night news program that has devoted increased time to national news. It is possible that economy is down that the local businesses are executing cost cutting strategies or simply that local businesses were introduced some efficient low cost alternatives for advertisement.Had the argument provided additional information that could prove the cancellation of advertising contracts by the local businesses is due to late-night news program it could strengthen the argument. The argument also leaves many other unanswered questions. The argument vaguely mentions about the complaints regarding the station's coverage of weather and local news. Because it doesn't indicate whether the coverage of weather and local news, should be increased or reduced. The argument also assumes to attract more viewers by restoring the time devoted to weather and local news. It is possible that number of people watching the television could simply be reduced due to numerous other factors that doesn't have anything to do with the content broadcasted. Because the argument makes several unwarrented assumptions, it fails to make a convincing case that by restoring the time devoted to weather and local news to its former level could attract more viewers to the program and could improve the advertising revenues. Thanks a lot in advance for your time helping with your valuable feedback.
  18. I realize its a little wordy but it was my first time practicing with a timer! See attached word doc. I left errors as is since that's how they'll be graded on test day. Thanks!!! practice essays 1.docx
  19. Hi! I need someone to evaluate my essays please. I'd really appreciate your help. Here are my questions. As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Issue task.docx
  20. Hi All, Kindly requesting for evaluation of below issue essay for the prompt from Kaplan verbal workbook: Prompt:Some people believe that strong relationships can only develop after conflict and resolution have enabled the partners to speak openly and trust deeply. Others believe that each conflict creates rifts in a relationship that can never be repaired, weakening its foundation. Write a response in which you determine which view bears the closest resemblance to your own. In justifying your reasoning and supporting your position, be sure to include your reaction to both of the views presented. Relationship, which is built by mutual trust and perseverance, is believed by some people to break apart when a conflict arise. Whereas, others believe a relationship grows stronger when partners let their emotions out. A brief look into long lasting relationship reveals, partners who speak their mind out, work out on their difference in opinion tend to lead a harmonious life than those who keeps their preference private. Firstly, when partners open up they tend to understand each other better. Keeping our preference to ourselves would give no clue to the partner our state of mind. So they would continue indulging in same activity that once raised the conflict, unwittingly though. This would cause emotional build up which when not purged out might break the relationship. There are many relationships which are broken apart and either of the involved persons know what went wrong between them. Having an emphasis on transparency would eliminate such failures in relationships. Secondly, having one's feeling recognized provides for the additional benefit of keeping up one's mental health. When analyzed the motive behind an acquit's action, ill mental health would top the list. Suppressing one's feeling builds strong hatred and when it reaches its threshold instigates the individual to act in unjustified ways. Such an action affects not only the individual but also the society at large. To avoid such cases, an individual can opt out for the service of professional counsellor or a third person who could listen to their feeling and guide them in right path. While few could argue that there are few dispute in relationship which when discussed would exacerbate the situation, the way we inform our partner our feeling rules it for the most part. Our tone, our choice of words, and the way we express our mind would help our partner empathise with ourselves. With greater understanding seemingly precarious relationships can also be fixed. History is abundant with citations of partners who reconciled after years. In all, suppressing our feeling fearing that doing otherwise would create a fissure in the relation has the potential to tear apart a relationship. Such kind of nominal relationship lacks honesty; when there is no honesty, there would be no trust; with no trust, the foundation of relationship is so weak that it would collapse sooner or later. Partners should encourage their counterpart to speak their mind out, and work together in conflict resolution process. This correspondence outweighs those bogus relation where individuals imitate false satisfaction. Thanks in advance
  21. Hi, hoping if somebody could review my response to an argument task. Thank you! PROMPT The following appeared in a memo from New Ventures Consulting to the president of HobCo, Inc., a chain of hobby shops. "Our team has completed its research on suitable building sites for a new HobCo hobby Shop in the city of Grilldon. We discovered that there are currently no hobby shops in southeastern Grilldon. When our researchers conducted a poll of area residents, 88 percent of those who responded indicated that they would welcome the opening of a hobby shop in southeastern Grilldon. Grilldon is in a region of the nation in which the hobby business has increased by 300 percent during the past decade. In addition, Grilldon has a very large population of retirees, a demographic with ample time to devote to hobbies. We therefore recommend that you choose southeastern Grilldon as the site for your next HobCo Hobby Shop. We predict that a shop in this area will draw a steady stream of enthusiastic new HobCo customers." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. RESPONSE The memo displays stark logical fallacies in its route to deduction of the city of Grilldon drawing a steady business for HobCo Hobby Shop in its southeastern region. The memo bases its conclusion largely on three statistical findings - a survey claiming 88% welcoming the idea of a hobby shop, a 300% rise in hobby business over the last decade and the city having a very large population of retirees. These reasons seem compelling at first, but on deeper insight fall short in answering certain critical questions. The first air of doubt is risen by the survey which claims an 88% positive response to the welcoming of a hobby shop in southeastern Grilldon. The sample size of this survey is questionable and the author of the memo must be more clear whether a varied range of people from the area were covered in the survey or not. It could happen that only the much younger generation or only the much older generation are welcoming such an idea. The survey also doesn’t affirmatively shed light on the intention of “buying” the services of the hobby business. This thought is supported by the use of a weak phrase such as “welcoming the opening of a hobby shop”, which clearly does not add much weight to the business potential. A 300% rise in the hobby business seems like a tempting proposition. But on scrutinizing the fact, this statistic is presented for the city of Grilldon as a whole. It doesn’t justify as to why the southeastern part of Grilldon might be ready for hobby services. The volume by which the business has grown is in itself questionable. Considering that the southeastern part of the city has had no hobby shops before this time, it is very probable that the growth is business can be attributed to a much restricted region where the people are much more excited about the idea of using services from a hobby business. The third fact on which the decision is based, is that Grilldon has a large population of retirees who have ample time to devote to hobbies. This statistic again falls short, just like the previous one, because it addresses the city as a whole. Population of retires can very well be restricted to certain other parts of the city as well. The memo doesn’t provide any compelling reason that southeastern part of the city will be a tempting destination for the retirees to engage in hobbies. They might already be living closer to hobby shops in other regions of the city. Evidently, the memo shows a paucity of substantial objective metrics. It is plagued by statistical fallacies which, if not addressed, the recommendation might fall short of expectations.
  22. Technology, while apparently aimed to simplify our lives, only makes our lives more complicated. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. My Response : In today's modern era, everybody is surrounded by technology and technology drives our lives from morning to night. Be it communication, transport, education or networking, technology has brought a huge change in the way we live. I disagree with the statement that technology makes our lives complicated instead of simplifying it. Decades ago, when mobile phones were not available, one has to send letters for communicating with their near and dear ones and that took days. Inventions of electromagnetic waves has made this so simple that you can reach to your relative in any corner of the world within a second. Moreover, after invention of internet, you can also video call on skype etc, which makes you feel like you are infront of your relative abroad. Not only personal communication but also proffesional communication has become easier and as a result globalisation of businesses has become possible. An IT company in US can get order from an client from Uganda and also get paid online. Social networking has made a huge change in a way we live. With Facebook you can be in touch with your friends and know whats going on in their lives without meeting them. Also platforms like Quora has made very easy to get information on any topic from experts of that field and that too at free of cost. Also with platforms like Edx.org, you can world class education from top universities like Harvard and MIT at the comfort of your home and that to free of cost. Also nowadays, there are lots of apps available in smartphones to govern almost any need of our lives. Technology has also improved the ways of transportation. The discovery of steam engine and internal combustion engine has revolutionised the transport. Bikes, scooters, cars, aeroplanes, trains etc has made private as well as public transport very easy. It is also true that you have to make yourself acquainted with technology, otherwise it may be a reason of discomfort or shame. For example, if you accidently post very private photos of you on facebook, you may invite social shame to you. Also being addicted whatsapp, facebook etc has caused mental enxiety. Some people has to check their messages and FB account like thousand times a day and they feel uneasy if they don't. Though these things complex our lives, their advantages are far more better than these small things. In short, if you make yourself acquainted with technology it can be hugely simplify your life.
  23. Hi, hoping if somebody could review my response to an issue task. Thank you! PROMPT The best way to solve environmental problems caused by consumer-generated waste is for towns and cities to impose strict limits on the amount of trash they will accept from each household. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. RESPONSE The statement takes a rather extremist stance on solving the environmental problems by imposing a strict limit on the amount of trash per household. While the intentions come across as noble, its practice will most likely do more harm than good. The damage sustained by the environment cannot be solely attributed to the household wastes. There are a myriad number of other factors from the industrial age we live in. Chemicals ejected from manufacturing industries are dumped irresponsibly into both air and water. Greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles are a major contributor to Global Warming. From a recent scandal, Volkswagen, a major car manufacturing brand, was caught lying in their engine efficiency tests. This elicits a stringent policy check on the enterprises. The right “strict limit” on the amount of trash a household can generate, is subject to debate. A household which has six members as compared to a household which has three members is bound to generate more waste. And for that matter, the waste generated cannot be objectively measured because it comes can come in a variety of forms, right from tangible food waste to bad quality air. Enforcing a law with no objective measure is bound to face flak from the populace. Even if this statement is put into practice, it will add a copious amount of burden on the administration. Keeping each an every household in check will be a tedious task in itself. This might as well turn out to be counter-productive because most of the time the law enforcement authorities will just be struggling to maintain records. Conclusively, mitigating the environmental crisis requires a more holistic approach than a one-fits-all solution described in the statement. Such parochial approach to mitigating the environmental crisis is deemed to fail.
  24. 3. Claim: Governments must ensure that their major cities receive the financial support they need in order to thrive. Reason: It is primarily in cities that a nation's cultural traditions are preserved and generated. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. With money comes services, universities, museums, highways and clean streets. Therefore, governments should financially support the nation’s major cities in order for them to thrive. Major cities are not only the nation’s source of economic power, they are also cultural centers and residential places. However, what the statement seems to assume is not entirely true: a nation’s cultural traditions are not better preserved and generated in major cities. On the contrary, rural areas tend to change less than capitals and therefore preserve old traditions better. Although governments must support major cities, the reason for it is not the conservation of traditions. First, major cities require more funds because a larger amount of people inhabit them. From the 44 million people that live in Spain, 4 live in the city of Madrid. They need more funds for schools, parks and hospitals than a city like Burgos (170.000 inhabitants) needs. As in other major cities, Madrid’s inhabitants come from different regions within the country and also from different neighboring countries. And generally, the ones who move to larger cities are young people. This variety results in a melting pot, where the traditions of Spain are diluted. In Burgos and other Castilian small towns live older people who teach the traditions to their youngsters. For example, dancing jotas is more common in smaller towns and rural areas than it is in Madrid. In addition, the government should provide financial support to major cities in order for them to create more employment and improve businesses. Spain relies on cities like Madrid, Barcelona and Bilbao for the creation of wealth. Therefore, it should also invest in them to promote new enterprises and industries. The counterpart is that this economic power persuades international companies to establish stores in major cities. Whereas there is just one McDonalds in Burgos, there are hundreds in Madrid. This inhibits the preservation of cultural traditions. Local restaurants cannot compete with the mass force of international enterprises. Finally, major cities are cultural centers with good universities and museums. In big cities, there are more people that demand these cultural goods. Government should assign funds for major cities so they can culturally thrive. Museums and universities do provide new input to create cultures and traditions, but not necessarily to preserve them. They bring along international students, faculty and expositions, which may endanger national traditions or may foster them (if there are museums and classes dedicated to them). It could be both ways. Major cities are a nation’s center, and governments should invest in them because of the population that they have, the economic growth they bring and the cultural goods they provide. But in major cities cultural traditions are not better preserved than in small towns or in the countryside. It is generally the contrary, because in small towns there is less change than in capitals.
  25. Some people argue that successful leaders in government, industry, or other fields must be highly competitive. Other people claim that in order to be successful, a leader must be willing and able to cooperate with others. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Indeed, successful leaders in government, industry, or any other fields are highly competitive in nature. Leaders should not only have to be competitive but also willing & cooperative in order to attain their goals towards the road to success. In today’s rapidly changing world where everyone is striving to succeed in their areas of expertise knows the importance of meeting new people, making friends/connections & working together all while maintaining good relations is an integral part of the success & the journey to achieve it. If every person sticks to these qualities & thinks in the same as the potential leaders think then there is no doubt we are to witness some great leaders in the near future who might change the world for good. Hence, to be successful in the field you like to work one must possess these qualities of success.