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Found 469 results

  1. Hi everyone! Like everyone else, I'm stressing out about taking the GRE. I just got finished taking a practice gre test from Kaplan. Can anyone tell me if these practice tests are a good measure of what the actual GRE exam will be like? Obviously, I understand they're not the complete same, but just wondering if the exam questions used in practice tests are a good measure of the kinds of questions you'll see on the actual exam. Thanks in advance!
  2. There seem to be a lot of threads asking the same thing popping up lately and I figured it might make sense to make an overall guide thread and then those who feel their answers still haven’t been adequately answered can post below for an idea of what their chances are. Here is a brief rundown of factors affecting your likelihood of getting into top-tier and well respected programs. If you fall below par in any one of these factors you can bump it up by being stellar in one of the others. I'll add to this if others point out other things I've left out. School requirements: Your first stop should be the school admissions website – this will tell you what prerequisites you need, give you an idea of GRE and GPA requirements and what work experience is expected (if any) GPA: From what I’ve seen/read over the years any GPA over 3.4 and you should be competitive. That’s not to say if your GPA is lower than 3.4 you’ll have no chance, but if you have a GPA above 3.4 you should be in good shape. GRE score: GRE scores seem to be most important for schools with demanding quantitative programs and for securing the top financial aid. Most schools will state the average GRE scores for their incoming classes on their website – use these to see how competitive you are. By and large you should be competitive if you score over 650 on verbal and quantitative and over 4.0 on the AWA. For the top schools over 700 seems to be closer to the mark. Work experience: For most programs it will be expected that you have at least 1-2 years of relevant experience in your field. This can be lowered a little if you have other pseudo-relevant work experience (management in the for-profit sector etc.) but you should have shown some level of professional interest in the area you hope to study at grad school. Applicants coming straight out of undergrad may find it very hard to get into the programs aimed more at junior/mid-career professionals such as Johns Hopkins SAIS and Princeton’s WWS. Language skills: For a lot of programs being able to speak a second language is a must, while for others it is just a very good selling point. If you can show experience working in a foreign language this will show adaptability and will endear schools looking to enrol a diverse group of applicants. Quantitative requirements: A lot of schools will want you to show experience in micro/macroeconomics and some maths/statistics courses. You can fullfil these through undergrad classes or by taking courses at a community college/diploma program. Overseas experience (work, study and teaching): Work overseas and study abroad are also viewed extremely favourably by admissions committees and if you have taught English abroad, worked in the Peace Corps or otherwise gained experience living in a developing country this will really strengthen your application. It also shows you to be a go-getter, and that you can bring this outside experience to grad school study. Statement of Purpose: This is where it all comes together. This is your chance to impress the admission committee and show how your personal 'arc' has brought you to this point - being the perfect addition to their grad school. This more than any other part of your application will determine how admit committees view you as an applicant and it's also one of the only application variables that's completely under your control. Having a cohesive narrative that brings together life experience, past academic history and professional experience is a must. It also gives you a great chance to showcase your writing style - so make sure no grammar/spelling mistakes make it into your final revision. Great list of SOP pitfalls If your profile matches at least 3 or 4 of the criteria listed above then you are competitive to apply to an MPA/MPP/IR program. What is most important about any grad school application is showing fit – that is how your profile matches the speciality of that school and its program. If you can’t articulate compelling reasons why you are a good match for them and vice versa, question whether you should be applying to that program. A note on applying to top schools: It is worth noting that nobody here can tell you what your chances of getting into a top program (Harvard, Princeton, Georgetown etc.) because getting into a top program requires a certain amount of luck as well as a great profile. Some people get offers from Harvard with a 2.9 GPA, but also happen to have singlehandedly retaken an allied command post in the Korengal valley. It’s down to who reads your application and what they happen to be looking for with the current application cycle. Spend time improving the elements of your application that you can (GRE, work experience, languages) and don’t waste time freaking out about the things you can’t change (GPA). If you’ve read all of the above and really still can’t tell if your application is competitive, post your profile below.
  3. Hi guys, I'd really appreciate your help with my situation. I'm planning on applying to USC for the Construction Management graduate program and I just took the GRE's yesterday, however I got slightly lower scores due to my lack of preparation.Here's a brief description of my application:1. Undergraduate degree at California State University, Northridge with a major in Civil Engineering and minor in UrbanPlanning. (Cumulative GPA is 3.45)2. Four years of design and CM/PM work experience at reputable firms and municipal agency.3. Letter of Intent (will be good)4. Recommendation Letter (will be good)5. GRE scores: Verbal - 143, Quantitative - 158 (negative portion of app)Although my GRE scores are slightly lower than preferred, I don't think that USC is going to deny me just because of this one flaw on my app. I'm going to be super busy until the deadline for the application in January 2018 and find it very difficult for me to allow myself the time to study more and take the exam AND on top of that get recommendation letters, write my letter of intent, and apply. What do you guys think? Is it worth retaking the exam for a maximum of 5 point increase for each portion of the GRE?
  4. Hi all, So after taking two years off after completing my B.Sc. in Canada, I'm preparing to apply for graduate schools for a clinical psychology doctoral program specializing in neuropsychology. I know these sorts of programs are extremely competitive, so I will likely be applying to 18-20 schools, but thought I would post some of my application credentials and get any advice from anyone willing to give it! Education: B.Sc. with Honor's in Psychology, Minor in Biology. Completed an Honor's Thesis in my final year in cognitive neuroscience. GPA: Overall: 3.3 (first 2 years of B.Sc. were as a Biomedical Science major, which I did not enjoy, and my GPA reflects this). Major GPA: 3.8 Last 2 years/60 credits: 3.8 GRE Scores: Psychology Subject GRE: 750 (91st percentile) General GRE (taking this in the next few weeks, likely will be around 156V/160Q/5.0AW) LOR: 2 clinical neuropsychologists (Honor's thesis supervisor and current work supervisor; both on admissions committees for CN programs at 2 different schools), 1 supervisor who is also a clinical psychologist (supervisor from Developmental Psychology lab mentioned below) Experience: 4 poster presentations Honor's thesis (supervised by a clinical neuropsychologist, see LOR above) and Independent Research Project (supervised by Neuroscientist) Volunteered at 2 hospitals, 3 different research labs in my last 2 years of undergraduate studies Moved from Toronto, Canada to San Diego, California after graduating with my B.Sc. to work as a Lab Manager in a Developmental Psychology lab and then as a Research Coordinator in a Neuropsychology lab (multi-site project; still currently here - see LOR above). I guess I am worried that my GRE scores will make my applications less competitive. I feel as though my applications are well-rounded elsewhere and my time off and additional experience has helped me. I do not have any location preferences and will be applying all throughout North America. Any and all advice or insight is welcome! Also, please don't hesitate to mention any schools that you guys know of which are very reputable for CN! Some on my radar include: SDSU/UCSD Joint Doctoral Program, Drexel, Boston University, Northwestern University (Feinberg), University of Florida, University of Houston, University of Wisconsin... Thank you!!
  5. Hi everyone, I have two questions regarding application to small M.S programs within the U.S I took the GRE test for the first time and got the following result (the GRE pdf file is attached): Verbal Reasoning 149 Quantitative Reasoning 151 Analytical Writing: 2.5 I am not from the U.S and have never studied for the GRE exam before, so my grades were not good. However, I´d like to apply to small M.S programs so I can build a decent CV before applying to PhD programs. Do you think it´s possible for me to enter any M.S program in Chemistry with those scores or would you recommend me to take the test again? I want to retake it but it is so expensive and there are a few test centers available in my country, so that´s why I´m considering to send the score as is. The second question is regarding my previous education, I have obtained a master´s degree in Inorganic Chemistry in my home country this year, but unfortunately I couldn´t make any publications out of it. For this reason, I´d like to apply to a second M.S degree program and build a better CV. Would you recommend me writing that I already have a MSc degree in my application? I can think of two scenarios if I write them I already have a master´s: the first one, they would be more confident about my skills to engage in research and that would help me in the application process. The second, the admissions comittee would not accept me since I already have a Master´s in Chemistry and would ask me to apply to the PhD program (unfortunately, I have been denied in two PhD programs I´ve tried because I do not have publications). I apologize if there is any mispelling or errors in my sentences, I wrote this in a hurry (and in english haha). Just in case, these are the programs I wish to apply: Auburn University Brandeis University Bucknell University Colorado State University University of Minnesota University of Utah (although is a very good program) Texas A&M GRE.pdf
  6. I'm currently doing my Bachelor's (BTech. - Final year) in Biotechnology in Manipal Institute of Technology, India. I'm quite keen on applying for graduate programs later this year, colleges like UCB, UPenn, Columbia, UCSD, Cornell and also considering Yale, MIT, Stanford and the works. I will be giving my GRE exam shortly and also have completed a 2 month internships in a pharmaceutical company and a premier university (Indian Institute of Tech) in India. I will also be interning from January 2017 at the Centre of Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB, Hyderabad), another renowned lab. I had previously briefly worked on a project in college to devise a diagnostic kit and am currently working on another (in collaboration with the Department of Virus Research, Manipal). I am hopeful of publishing a paper on the latter, sometime later this year. Being from India, I'm severely lost with regards to the requirements expected from top universities as mentioned above in terms of GRE scores, GPA requirements and lab experience & LoRs in general. Given my lab experience and a 8.5 CGPA (Indian standard) without publications, am I being realistic in considering these colleges for my master's? Would working in few more well-established labs and applying next year improve my chances?
  7. I'm a Thai national who is planning on applying to top PhD programs in Bioengineering to universities like: 1. UCSD 2. MIT BE 3. JHU 4. Stanford 5. Columbia (MS leading to PhD track) My profile is as follows: 1. Undergraduate Institution: Chulalongkorn University (Bangkok, Thailand) 2. TOEFL Score: 118/120 3. GRE Score: Q164, V160, AWA (not out yet) 4. cGPA: 3.85/4.00 5. FUNDING: ***FULLY FUNDED FROM THE THAI GOVERNMENT TO PURSUE MY PHD STUDIES*** 6. Research Experience: 1. Summer internship as a research assistant at Korea Institute of Science and Technology 2. Conducted undergraduate research project in developing metallic titanium implants from additive manufacturing 3. Undergraduate research project on the development of hollow microneedles for intravitreal drug delivery 7. Publications: NO Publications What are my chances of getting accepted given that I have already received an external source of funding and am applying for the Fall 2018 semester? Thanks!
  8. A1.txt
  9. Question: The most effective way to understand contemporary culture is to analyze the trends of its youth.Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Answer: Culture is term that is representative of an entire society as a whole comprising of children,aged and the working class people and not just the just the youth. To analyze the culture,just focusing on the youth is quite likely to bear false results. An entire society is represented by the culture of a place. It is quite unfair to the other members of the society that is not the youth to not be part of the analysis being done on the contemporary culture.If a place 'Suwon' has a trend that developed just over a few recent years where people after their retirement prefer to stay in the cities itself rather than going to countryside,the above statement would fail in that case. Or if the high schools in Suwon taught the its students the laws of Physics by experimenting in the laboratories and not just on paper. Meanwhile,the culture of a place is also represented by its who are not so wealthy to follow what seems quirky.The middle-class people come up with their own version of trends that give the same output with a pocket-friendly budget. Ultimately,there is a class of people who do not easily adapt to the on-going trend.In fact,they come up with their own personal opinions and derivatives of the on-going contemporaries. As youth of a society has a fresh and open mindset,it is easier for them to pick up a particular tendency,follow each other and ultimately make it a trend. So the most popular trend of a culture may be existing in the youth. A large part of the society is not covered when just the youth is kept in focus to analyze the contemporary trend. It may be possible that the results of the analysis may miss most definitive part of a society's culture.
  10. Question: The most effective way to understand contemporary culture is to analyze the trends of its youth.Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Answer: Culture is term that is representative of an entire society as a whole comprising of children,aged and the working class people and not just the just the youth. To analyze the culture,just focusing on the youth is quite likely to bear false results. An entire society is represented by the culture of a place. It is quite unfair to the other members of the society that is not the youth to not be part of the analysis being done on the contemporary culture.If a place 'Suwon' has a trend that developed just over a few recent years where people after their retirement prefer to stay in the cities itself rather than going to countryside,the above statement would fail in that case. Or if the high schools in Suwon taught the its students the laws of Physics by experimenting in the laboratories and not just on paper. Meanwhile,the culture of a place is also represented by its who are not so wealthy to follow what seems quirky.The middle-class people come up with their own version of trends that give the same output with a pocket-friendly budget. Ultimately,there is a class of people who do not easily adapt to the on-going trend.In fact,they come up with their own personal opinions and derivatives of the on-going contemporaries. As youth of a society has a fresh and open mindset,it is easier for them to pick up a particular tendency,follow each other and ultimately make it a trend. So the most popular trend of a culture may be existing in the youth. A large part of the society is not covered when just the youth is kept in focus to analyze the contemporary trend. It may be possible that the results of the analysis may miss most definitive part of a society's culture.
  11. Hello everyone, My name is victor and I am from Cuba. I'm thinking to apply to the MSW program next year but my gpa is really low 2.7. However I got a good Gre score 160 in quantitative and 165 in verbal. I want to apply next year and I want to know my chances to get in a good program. I'm thinking to apply to Boston college but with my gpa I'm not sure. Really any help can be great
  12. So I was curious about the experience of GRE splitters in the admissions process. Did anyone on here have a good Verbal (162-164) l and a low Quant (147-151) and get into decent PhD programs with funding? By decent I mean you have at least a 50% chance of finding a job in academia. I'm trying to allay some of my fears about the quant score.
  13. Hello there:) this is my first try on Issue essay. I would love to hear an opinion from GRE expert. Thanks in advance. The issue topic claims that all parents should be required to volunteer time to their children’s school. Even though I can see the positive outcome of the parents’ involvement in their children school life, I disagree with the statements’ imperativeness. First of all, even though the school setting often considers that the children education should be a cooperation between the school’s staff and parents of the child, often times the thin line between these two entities is being disrupted. For example, overly controlling parents might assume roles that are inappropriate for the school setting, involving punishments and verbal restrictions toward their child. I think school should be a safe and stress-free environment where the child is protected even from their own parents control. From my experience, I can surely say that my mother’s frequent visits to my school gave anxiety and stress even though she had the best intention. Furthermore, parents’ frequent visits to school can create a drama with the teachers and other parents. For instance, coming from a very traditional background where the parents had special commissary meetings during school time, the arguments and monetary issues were often created. That would form some tension between the parents and would manifest itself in the relationship of the children. Moreover, the situation would get even stickier, when the personnel of the school got involvement in the issue. So, if keeping the parents away from school would ensure a peaceful environment for a child, then it is a good idea to keep it that way. Finally, it is a good idea to use the parents’ influence on the children outside the school to reinforce the knowledge gained during their education. Seeing the parents at school every time, would cause carelessness in the part of the child. For example, when I saw my mother was at school I was sure she would find out about my homework and what I was supposed to do at home. So, I would be careless when listening to teachers or recording the assignments into my journal. However, if I knew my mom was not in the school and she cannot record the assignment for me, I would be extra attentive and would not want to disappoint her when I get home. All in all, while there are some positive outcomes in regard of parent’s involvement into their child’s school affairs, I disagree with the statement that parents should be required to volunteer time to their children’s schools.
  14. I was wondering if an expert on the GRE issues prompt for writing can read essay and give me a grade for it?! Thanks! Issue Prompt 1.docx
  15. I graduated from a top IR program in 2015, and before that was an anxiety-ridden gradcafe poster under another handle (trying to retain a little anonymity here). Scrolling through these anxious posts on a lazy Saturday morning, I want to assure that it's not as hard to get into these programs as many gradcafe posters seem to think. I had a solid GRE, mediocre GPA, decent but not exceptional work experience. I worked hard on my essays and two of my professional recommendation letter writers definitely liked me a lot (although I never saw their letters), but I was a number of years out of undergrad and the academic reference I got was from a professor in a totally unrelated field who probably barely remembered who I was. I had never had a proper IR job, had never lived in DC. It was a mixed application. But it got me into Johns Hopkins SAIS with a hefty scholarship, and a number of other top programs most of which gave me money. This is not Yale Law. You don't need a 3.96 GPA from an elite undergrad and a 98th percentile GRE/LSAT. One of my good friends at SAIS once casually referenced being happy about having cracked the 50th percentile on the math portion of the GRE. I have a number of friends that came from no-name undergrads (and of course some from Princeton, Vanderbilt, Middlebury, Boston College, Brown, etc.). If you're looking for $$$, then you probably want to pump up your GRE scores and write the best letters you possibly can. ETA: Most gradcafe-ers are probably some of the top applicants to these schools. That's why when results season comes around, you'll see lots of posts like "I can't believe I got into X school with Y dollars!"
  16. Any feedback will be greatly appreciated! Bachelors: Psychology Masters of Science: Human Cognitive Neuropsychology Undergrad overall GPA (I had one horrible semester): 3.465 Undergrad Psychology GPA: 3.8 I am a horrible test taker: -GRE Verbal: 149; 42% -GRE Quant: 146; 24% -GRE Writing: 4.5; 82% Research experience: 3 years (Research technician in EEG , fMRI and clinical lab); 3 years (Project coordinator at upper limb prosthesis research lab) Clinical experience: 3 years (Clinical lab working with patients with ASD, dyslexia and schizophrenia and assist with writing neuropsych reports); 1 year (clinical lab learning how to administer cognitive measures and shadowing Clinical Psychologist). Teaching experience: Taught two one-hour courses to research interns on EEG data analysis and protocol for conducting research with at risk populations. Supervised training of summer interns at Neuroimaging lab. Abstract submission and Poster presentation: 5 (3 secondary author @ VA medical center; 2 first authors @ Dubrovnik Conference on Cognitive Science VI; and @ University of Edinburgh, respectively). Publications: 6 (2 second author, 3 third authorships). Potential publication by time I submit PHD applications: 9 (three manuscripts currently under review) Race: Black Gender: Male Languages speak and understand: English (fluent), French (can semi comprehend and speak), creole (can semi-comprehend a little difficulty speaking) Schools applying to, in order of preference: 1. Yale University 2. Harvard University 3. University of Pennsylvania 4. University of Michigan 5. University of Iowa 6. Temple University 7. DUKE University 8. University of Oregon 9. Indiana University Bloomington 10. Washington State University 11. Boston University 12. The university of Vermont 13. The University of Maine 14. University of Missouri, Kansas City 15. George Mason University 16. Eastern Michigan University 17. University of Wisconsin-Madison 18. University of Wyoming
  17. GRE

    Hi, Simple question. My GRE V is 158, writing, 4.5, Q....I am applying to History Ph.d programs this fall, my current gpa in my MA program is 4.0. I am considering re-taking the GRE again (and studying this time). With my current scores, what schools, based on ranking, could I apply too and have a half decent shot at getting accepted? Mid-rank, lower ranked schools? Thanks
  18. Hi, everyone. I just wanted to know what the GRE scores of people who were accepted into programs such as University of South Carolina (ONLINE), Eastern New Mexico(HYBRID), University of Georgia, and University of West Georgia. My stats: 153 V (60th percentile), 4.0 AWA,,and 144 Q; Overall GPA 3.67; last semester GPA 4.05; CSDCAS CSD ;GPA 3.67. The GRE scores you see above are from taking it twice. I have leadership experience as a NSSHLA officer, working with students who have autism, and also observation hours in different settings. This will be my 2nd time applying, and I am just really nervous because at first I was placed on the wait list at my alma mater, but they didn't use it this year. So, I'm going to reapply. However, I want to show the committee that I really tried to improve and gain more exposure to the field. I'm looking at more programs this time around and trying to get a realistic idea of if I have a chance of getting in somewhere. I'm noticing that some schools say they require a certain GRE/GPA range on their website and ASHA Edfind but then I see people in the results forum with stats way below it getting accepted. I'm happy for them. I just want to know how that works. I already signed up to take the GRE again just to see if I could increase my verbal score to 160 and AWA to 5.0 even though others have told me that I should just focus on getting more outside experience at this point. This would be the last time that I take it because I don't want to keep stressing on the GRE as if it's the only component of my application. Any tips? Thanks in advance!
  19. Hello everybody I need your advice as I don't know what to do I have 4 years of research experience in Cancer Biology, my cGPA is 3.35 out of 4, my GRE score is V148 Q157 AW2, my TOEFL is 90 (R23 L23 S20 W24), I have 5 conference publications and 1 published paper, also I have 2 papers under publications. I am studying GRE now to improve my score for reapplying next Fall, but do I have to retake TOFEL test? and what score range to be considered as safe score for both tests. BTW I am not planing for high rank university. I am planing for a university in the range of 75-150 over USA university ranking Thanks in advance and any advice would be more than welcome
  20. Hi all, In preparing for the GRE (ugh) I've been reading through potential issue essay topics on the ETS site (can be found here if interested). Many of these prompts stand out to me as particularly relevant in our (USA's) current political climate. For example: To be an effective leader, a public official must maintain the highest ethical and moral standards. Unfortunately, in contemporary society, creating an appealing image has become more important than the reality or truth behind that image. Claim: Any piece of information referred to as a fact should be mistrusted, since it may well be proven false in the future. Reason: Much of the information that people assume is factual actually turns out to be inaccurate. Here's my main concern/question: if the topic seems to be begging for a connection to current events (#fakenews), do you include it in the essay because it's (a) an easy point to make and the first thing that comes to mind and time is limited and (b) proof that you're aware of what's happening around you politically? OR, do you avoid it in case there is a risk that the human grader who receives your essay might have a different political orientation or might find it inappropriate for you to reveal your political affiliation in a standardized test format? Am I over-thinking this? Is there a chance one could receive a lowered score with effective writing that ultimately criticizes our current administration if the grader is sympathetic to that administration? Or would they recuse themselves from grading the essay? Thanks for your thoughts!!
  21. Hi everyone, I just started studying for the GRE Verbal and did a mock test. I got all the sentence equivalents and the text fill in the blanks right (basically all the vocab right), but I usually get a little bit more than half right for the reading comprehension questions. What will be my GRE score for the verbal section? and any tips to improve reading comprehension??
  22. Hello everyone, I hope all is well. I was wondering if you guys please grade both my GRE AWA essays. I would like an expert to take a look at them for me, someone who has a very good knowledge of GRE testing. I would also like your constructive feedback. It will be helpful. I have attached the essays to this post. They are in the uploaded file. Thank you! Argument Task Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a "Palean" basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. The following passage contains a weaken argument that is based off of assumptions of a village. These are the reason I believe the argument is incoherent. The archeologists were exclusively studying Palea, which has ancient baskets. But they found the baskets in Lithos, so they conclude those baskets are not Palean. Plus there were no boats in Paelea. The argument is faulty. There could be interminable possibilities why both villages have similar archaeological artifacts. I wonder if archaeologists consider that maybe the people of Lithos and Palea are from the same culture or from the same ethnic group. People from similar cultures tend to have similar ways of life, even from a geographical distance. The river might have divided the groups, but it may not have divided their similarities. Archaeologists claim that there are no boats present in Palea but at the same time the Brim River is present. It is possible that migration took place among the villages. The river boating used to be one of the main transportation in early human history. It is likely that the village dwellers migrated upstream or down stream, left their belongings and resettled to different areas. If two villages are present across from each other and there is a river between the two, then river boating must have taken place. The archeologists did not mention any boats present in the village of Lithos. They might want to consider that the villagers of Palea may have migrated to the village of Lithos and took their belongings along. The passage states that Palea was found before Lithos. I wonder in which time period were the villages established. The question is whether one of them is more ancient than the other. There is no reservation in my mind that during the prehistoric times, there were geographic alterations. Sometimes geographical changes do have an impact on the lifestyle of early human beings. The woven baskets represent the lifestyles of the people of Palea and the people of Lithos. Since the river is present, I would not disregard the possibility that flooding took place between the two locations. The following passage is incoherent because it fails to analyze the evidence and the setting revolving the prehistoric village of Palea. The dots do not seem to be connected which makes the argument faulty. Issue Task To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. An individual must study the foundations of all types of societies in order to understand the characteristics of a society. Only evaluating major cities will give the individual a parochial view of society. To gauge the characteristics of society, an individual must study the foundation of civilizations. The history of civilizations paved a way for the many characteristics of societies, which includes law, science, arts and a variety of more. Societies were based off of how human beings should supposedly function in the natural world. A good paradigm would be the roles between men and women. The roles of women and men became distinguishable since the dawn of men. In most countries, men are viewed as the breadwinners and women are viewed as the caretakers. Even though the roles have become more blurred due to the promotion of equal rights for both sexes, this distinction is reflected across the globe. This illustration demonstrates that societies across the globe are intertwined when it comes to the roles of both sexes. To have a common idea of the roles of men and women in the world, an individual must include all the parts of the world to get a good inkling of where this social construct was derived from. Studying major cities only will give the individual a one-sided story. Exclusively studying major cities will give the individual a narrow-scope of the characteristics of a society. Major cities that have an urban setting such as London and New York have a more diverse population where anything is plausible. They are both the melting pot of different cultures, ethnicities and backgrounds. The characteristics of each group within the city are variable and are not consistent with one another. If an individual is going to exclusively study major cities, then that individual is using the characteristics of a major city to define every society in this world, which I believe is impossible. The characteristics of one location should not mirror the characteristics of all locations across the globe. The characteristic of a major city in California does not mirror the characteristics of a village in Papua New Guinea. I would understand why a person would want to solely study a major city. Major cities that have an urban setting are often more dynamic and more enhanced because they have a higher population density. Major cities that are well known tend to have a lot of history. Their history is what shaped them up to this day. Their evolution to become major cities does give an individual us an insight on how societies developed over time and it gives us an insight on what characteristics helped those societies to become more prosperous. Plus, studying cities or areas across the globe can be a challenge. I believe in order to study the characteristics of a society an individual must acknowledge the foundation of civilization. I believe the characteristics were part of that foundation and have reflected the prosperity and development of a society.
  23. The argument that luxury retailers should focus their attention to low-priced markets because of the higher unemployment rate and consumer fears is not entirely logically convincing, since it ignores crucial assumptions. Firstly, the argument assumes that average household has stopped spending the money on essential and non-essential items because of unemployment rate and consumer fears, yet it failed to give valid reason for this assumptions. There could be various reasons for decline in expenditure. Maybe this country resides in a place where people only shop during or before holidays and current calendar has no holiday in it as of today. Secondly, the author in the argument keep his focus one type of consumer group. If luxury retailers are affected by unemployment rate they can target different class of people who are archaic and cupid. Like during the recession of 1929 in USA, wealthy class decided to contribute by buying ingenuous stuff from local retailers. This step not even helped retailers during economy crisis but kept wealth class to fulfill their penchant for luxury. Also, retailers have the option to export their luxury goods to foreign country, like most of the Asian countries have done during the economic crisis. Finally, the argument assumes that luxurious items will be the first to get affected because of present economic climate therefore retailers have to focus on non-luxurious one. Again assumptions doesn’t hold good. Decrease in house hold expenditure doesn’t necessarily mean people will only buy non-essential items and none of the luxurious items will be sold. Even if the household expenditure is less people can be thrift and frugal, say someone is having wedding or someone is planning a birthday party , whatsoever may be the economic conditions those people will still buy luxurious items if they need. Thus the argument is not completely sound. The evidence in support of the conclusion that the retailers should focus on lower priced markets due to decrease in expenditure from average household because of higher unemployment and consumer fears does little to prove the conclusion, since it does not address the assumptions already raised. Ultimately the argument might have strengthen if the author could have mention the reasons for unemployment and have given valid support for the retailers to switch to non-essential items.
  24. The following appeared in a memo from the director of student housing at Buckingham College. "To serve the housing needs of our students, Buckingham College should build a number of new dormitories. Buckingham's enrollment is growing and, based on current trends, will double over the next 50 years, thus making existing dormitory space inadequate. Moreover, the average rent for an apartment in our town has risen in recent years. Consequently, students will find it increasingly difficult to afford off-campus housing. Finally, attractive new dormitories would make prospective students more likely to enroll at Buckingham." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. The following argument is flawed for numerous reasons. Primarily, the argument is based on the unwarranted assumptions that adding new dormitories to the Buckingham College will serve the housing needs of new students. First, the director is pointing out that based on current trends, the enrollment will double in the next years. There are several ideas that might contradict this. For example, new schools might open in the following years near Buckingham College, thus making students choose them over Buckingham. Also, degrees interest might change over the next years and if Buckingham College does not offer what students are looking for, then students might not choose Buckingham. Second, the author is referring to the recent rise of rent of apartments in town and how this will make very difficult for students to afford off-campus renting. There are many options for students to afford this kind of housing, and let’s remember that not all students like to live inside campus. Maybe some of them will ask for a loan, others might search for different scholarships that will help them pay part of the rent, and others might look for other two or three students that are also willing to pay rent, thus dividing the spending and making it more affordable. Another assumption is that by creating new dormitories prospective students will be more tempted to enroll at Buckingham’s. Reinforcing the previous observation, many students might not like to live inside campus, thus this option would not be appealing at all. Also, while this option might be tempting for some people, one of the most important reasons students choose one college over another is the study plan or curriculum, so adding new dormitories might not be a real deal-breaker for the majority of them. Because the argument makes several unwanted assumptions, it fails to make a convincing cause that new dormitories at Buckingham College will help with the enrollment of new students.
  25. Hello all, So my name is John Thomas, rising senior at Ursinus College. I am doing undergraduate research at both Ursinus and Temple, and doing an internship at a national taste testing facility known as RDTeam. I created my own major in Statistics here and am the first of my kind. Starting out as Bio, I had grades in the mid 2's , speaking GPA. I have climbed up to a 3.12 cumulative and will be taking probability in the fall. This is also when I will be applying but my fear is that I will not be considered since I will not have taken 3 courses in my major (Differential Equations, Mathematical Statistics, and Linear Regressions) at the time of my application. I would ideally like to get into a PhD program right out of college but I fear without these courses on my transcript I will not be able to. What are some ways I can overshadow this, or should I just put all my marbles into starting out as a Masters student? Also, if anyone has any east coast theoretical statistics programs, please list! Thank you all -John