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Found 40 results

  1. Hello everyone, I recently took a diagnostic GRE practice test and scored a 156 on verbal and 154 on quant. I was wondering what the likely hood of getting above a 165 on both sections would be. Have any of you been able to increase your score more than 10 points per section? I will be taking the GRE on October 7th. Thank you
  2. Hi all, Firstly, I would like to thank everyone who responded to my previous posts. Your suggestions and support are invaluable and they are very important to me at this very stressful and lonely stage of thesis writing. I don't have big problems with grammar, paraphrasing and using academic language to write, but I am struggling to produce clear and concise sentences. I can write grammatically correct sentences, but they are often clumsy and difficult to read. Although I will go with my main supervisor's suggestion to hire a copy-editor for my thesis, I wish to hear some tips to improve academic writing. I have been trying the followings. (1) Grammarly: I installed this software when I saw it in YouTube. It is better than Word to pick up typos and grammatical mistakes. At least my co-supervisor has complained less about my writing. (2) PerfectIt: I found it from google and it is very helpful in ensuring consistencies in spelling (e.g. email vs e-mail) and the use of abbreviations etc. (3) I have tried reading out things aloud too, but this does not work quite well for me. I think it is down to I am a non-native English speaker and I am not good at picking up weird sentences from reading. What are your suggestions? I feel that I should do my best rather than relying on the copy-editor. Thanks. Hope.for.the.best
  3. What kind of writing did you use for your sample? Was it a school paper, if so was it the newest thing you had written? When a school has a limit of say 20 pages Max do you send over a 19 page paper? Would a, say, 12 page paper been seen as not sufficient enough? How many used a portion of a longer paper or thesis? Last, what kind of things did you do to edit it before submission (deleting title page and class number, date, etc.). Do you keep your bibliography or get rid of it? Do you add an abstract or German Zusammenhang/Zusammenfassung?
  4. Hello there:) this is my first try on Issue essay. I would love to hear an opinion from GRE expert. Thanks in advance. The issue topic claims that all parents should be required to volunteer time to their children’s school. Even though I can see the positive outcome of the parents’ involvement in their children school life, I disagree with the statements’ imperativeness. First of all, even though the school setting often considers that the children education should be a cooperation between the school’s staff and parents of the child, often times the thin line between these two entities is being disrupted. For example, overly controlling parents might assume roles that are inappropriate for the school setting, involving punishments and verbal restrictions toward their child. I think school should be a safe and stress-free environment where the child is protected even from their own parents control. From my experience, I can surely say that my mother’s frequent visits to my school gave anxiety and stress even though she had the best intention. Furthermore, parents’ frequent visits to school can create a drama with the teachers and other parents. For instance, coming from a very traditional background where the parents had special commissary meetings during school time, the arguments and monetary issues were often created. That would form some tension between the parents and would manifest itself in the relationship of the children. Moreover, the situation would get even stickier, when the personnel of the school got involvement in the issue. So, if keeping the parents away from school would ensure a peaceful environment for a child, then it is a good idea to keep it that way. Finally, it is a good idea to use the parents’ influence on the children outside the school to reinforce the knowledge gained during their education. Seeing the parents at school every time, would cause carelessness in the part of the child. For example, when I saw my mother was at school I was sure she would find out about my homework and what I was supposed to do at home. So, I would be careless when listening to teachers or recording the assignments into my journal. However, if I knew my mom was not in the school and she cannot record the assignment for me, I would be extra attentive and would not want to disappoint her when I get home. All in all, while there are some positive outcomes in regard of parent’s involvement into their child’s school affairs, I disagree with the statement that parents should be required to volunteer time to their children’s schools.
  5. Hi all, In preparing for the GRE (ugh) I've been reading through potential issue essay topics on the ETS site (can be found here if interested). Many of these prompts stand out to me as particularly relevant in our (USA's) current political climate. For example: To be an effective leader, a public official must maintain the highest ethical and moral standards. Unfortunately, in contemporary society, creating an appealing image has become more important than the reality or truth behind that image. Claim: Any piece of information referred to as a fact should be mistrusted, since it may well be proven false in the future. Reason: Much of the information that people assume is factual actually turns out to be inaccurate. Here's my main concern/question: if the topic seems to be begging for a connection to current events (#fakenews), do you include it in the essay because it's (a) an easy point to make and the first thing that comes to mind and time is limited and (b) proof that you're aware of what's happening around you politically? OR, do you avoid it in case there is a risk that the human grader who receives your essay might have a different political orientation or might find it inappropriate for you to reveal your political affiliation in a standardized test format? Am I over-thinking this? Is there a chance one could receive a lowered score with effective writing that ultimately criticizes our current administration if the grader is sympathetic to that administration? Or would they recuse themselves from grading the essay? Thanks for your thoughts!!
  6. Hello everyone, I hope all is well. I was wondering if you guys please grade both my GRE AWA essays. I would like an expert to take a look at them for me, someone who has a very good knowledge of GRE testing. I would also like your constructive feedback. It will be helpful. I have attached the essays to this post. They are in the uploaded file. Thank you! Argument Task Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a "Palean" basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. The following passage contains a weaken argument that is based off of assumptions of a village. These are the reason I believe the argument is incoherent. The archeologists were exclusively studying Palea, which has ancient baskets. But they found the baskets in Lithos, so they conclude those baskets are not Palean. Plus there were no boats in Paelea. The argument is faulty. There could be interminable possibilities why both villages have similar archaeological artifacts. I wonder if archaeologists consider that maybe the people of Lithos and Palea are from the same culture or from the same ethnic group. People from similar cultures tend to have similar ways of life, even from a geographical distance. The river might have divided the groups, but it may not have divided their similarities. Archaeologists claim that there are no boats present in Palea but at the same time the Brim River is present. It is possible that migration took place among the villages. The river boating used to be one of the main transportation in early human history. It is likely that the village dwellers migrated upstream or down stream, left their belongings and resettled to different areas. If two villages are present across from each other and there is a river between the two, then river boating must have taken place. The archeologists did not mention any boats present in the village of Lithos. They might want to consider that the villagers of Palea may have migrated to the village of Lithos and took their belongings along. The passage states that Palea was found before Lithos. I wonder in which time period were the villages established. The question is whether one of them is more ancient than the other. There is no reservation in my mind that during the prehistoric times, there were geographic alterations. Sometimes geographical changes do have an impact on the lifestyle of early human beings. The woven baskets represent the lifestyles of the people of Palea and the people of Lithos. Since the river is present, I would not disregard the possibility that flooding took place between the two locations. The following passage is incoherent because it fails to analyze the evidence and the setting revolving the prehistoric village of Palea. The dots do not seem to be connected which makes the argument faulty. Issue Task To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. An individual must study the foundations of all types of societies in order to understand the characteristics of a society. Only evaluating major cities will give the individual a parochial view of society. To gauge the characteristics of society, an individual must study the foundation of civilizations. The history of civilizations paved a way for the many characteristics of societies, which includes law, science, arts and a variety of more. Societies were based off of how human beings should supposedly function in the natural world. A good paradigm would be the roles between men and women. The roles of women and men became distinguishable since the dawn of men. In most countries, men are viewed as the breadwinners and women are viewed as the caretakers. Even though the roles have become more blurred due to the promotion of equal rights for both sexes, this distinction is reflected across the globe. This illustration demonstrates that societies across the globe are intertwined when it comes to the roles of both sexes. To have a common idea of the roles of men and women in the world, an individual must include all the parts of the world to get a good inkling of where this social construct was derived from. Studying major cities only will give the individual a one-sided story. Exclusively studying major cities will give the individual a narrow-scope of the characteristics of a society. Major cities that have an urban setting such as London and New York have a more diverse population where anything is plausible. They are both the melting pot of different cultures, ethnicities and backgrounds. The characteristics of each group within the city are variable and are not consistent with one another. If an individual is going to exclusively study major cities, then that individual is using the characteristics of a major city to define every society in this world, which I believe is impossible. The characteristics of one location should not mirror the characteristics of all locations across the globe. The characteristic of a major city in California does not mirror the characteristics of a village in Papua New Guinea. I would understand why a person would want to solely study a major city. Major cities that have an urban setting are often more dynamic and more enhanced because they have a higher population density. Major cities that are well known tend to have a lot of history. Their history is what shaped them up to this day. Their evolution to become major cities does give an individual us an insight on how societies developed over time and it gives us an insight on what characteristics helped those societies to become more prosperous. Plus, studying cities or areas across the globe can be a challenge. I believe in order to study the characteristics of a society an individual must acknowledge the foundation of civilization. I believe the characteristics were part of that foundation and have reflected the prosperity and development of a society.
  7. I'm going to Brandeis for an MA in philosophy this fall, and plan to apply to PhD programs after that. I took the GRE last summer and scored 169V/155Q/4.0W. The verbal is good and the quantitative is fine for this field, but the writing score is not ideal. That being said, I don't know how I would really go about improving it. I did do a bunch of practice tests before taking the test. I'm also a good academic writer, generally get A's on papers and can definitely produce a solid writing sample. Any advice about whether to retake and if so, how to effectively study for the writing section?
  8. Hi all - I'm looking to take some type of online writing course this Summer as a bit of a refresh. Does anyone have a specific online writing course that they would recommend? Lots of universities offer them, and many online education websites (e.g. Coursera) have them, but I don't know what would be best. Recommendations? Thanks!
  9. Writing the Statement of Purpose is hard. It's supposed to be. It is a synthesis of years of experience and intellectual development, but, depending on your program, it is also a very purpose-driven document. It forces you to think clearly about why you want to take this next step, and how best to communicate that vision to different stakeholders. The Masters of Public Policy was my program of choice, and I can't think of better preparation. Before the process I considered myself a strong writer; my personal Bible is Strunk and White, and my work has performed well in the professional contexts it has been tested. Still, the Statement of Purpose is hard. So, I thought I might offer a few pieces of advice. They may not be helpful, but they're what I wish someone would have told me. Disclaimer: I realize the hard sciences and research-driven SOPs have specific research requirements. While my SOP didn't require that, I'd venture to guess the creative processes are still similar. 1. If you feel like your first drafts are "perfect", you're doing it wrong. It's relatively easy to string together a narrative and slapdash a philosophy into a few relatively coherent paragraphs (or pages, as the prompt may be). You're applying to graduate school. Everyone can do that. Play with structure, from narrative to thesis driven, always understanding writing as the aligning of audience and purpose. Figure out what works best for you and why it works best. What are the weaknesses you are compensating for, the strengths you are accentuating, and how can you do that with a "show" rather than "tell" execution? How can you set a tone? How can you be different while still being you? These are the questions behind the white page and blinking cursor, and by answering them through writing exercises or more "informal" writing sessions (I prefer pen and paper), you can begin to create a fully functioning draft. 2. Give yourself time to sit on a "fully functioning" draft for two weeks before doing anything with it. I'm terrible with time management, so the first school I applied to also happened to have the most worked-over, crafted SOP. By being able to shelve it and come back with fresh eyes, I could do a re-write as opposed to a revise, emphasizing certain parts and cutting others. Once I felt comfortable with this document, I started sharing it among my network of LOR writers, peers I admire, etc., which leads me to... 3. Listen to all of your advice, but also none of it. Everyone who has a note is pointing something out that isn't working, even if their identification is off or their diagnosis doesn't work. So be open to potential changes. That said, if you're taking the road less traveled and are truly being a little original, a little novel, a little -- dare I say -- interesting, some people will hate it. One of the people I admire most said of my final draft something along the lines of "It's well written, but it's certainly not what I would have written." At the time it felt like a slight (or a huge blow), but I've grown to appreciate the sentiment. Only one person really understands your Statement of Purpose, so while constantly looking for a better execution is a virtue, being confident in your basic construction is essential. Unfortunately, you're still an academic, which means... 4. You're probably going to hate your SOP by the time you send it out. It's never going to be a perfect distillation of your potential as a graduate student or professional in your field. It's never going to talk the adcomms into admitting you. It's never the all-powerful document we make it out to be in our minds when we are obsessing over dependent clause construction. Still, it's the one-thing (outside of maybe the GRE) you can really control heading into admissions, which makes it a lightning rod for doubt and self-loathing. So, unless your mental health is much better than mine, you're pretty much destined to hate your SOP until... 5. When you finally know where you're going to go, take a look at the SOP you wrote. Most people tell you to tailor your SOP to the school, and while I agree with this sentiment wholeheartedly, I also felt it was important to be honest about my study and career aspirations, even if they didn't align perfectly with the school. That's not strategery out of the "How to Write Your Way Into Grad School" game plan, but at the end of the day it led me to a school with a great fit that also happens to be Top 5 in my field. Also, I'm surprised to report, outside of one typo, one misplaced however, and one flawed introductory clause, it was a document I can be proud of. Good luck, and remember. It's supposed to be hard.
  10. Is anyone on here doing a three-year PhD? I know one of the pitfalls of European programs is the lack of time to publish, present, etc. outside of the dissertation. I'm getting a lot of conflicting messages from professors and students about expected productivity in projects outside of their dissertation. Most of the students in my program I've spoken to don't seem too worried about anything besides their dissertation. My adviser wants me to present 2x a year and to simply "read everything" - not worrying about writing until later. If I'm writing a full paper for a conference, I'd like to publish if I can. On the other hand, I have to finish a big chunk of the dissertation in the first year if I'm to upgrade. I'd like to be competitive for jobs when I graduate and I'm sure my classmates do to, but as far as I know I'm the only one that's thinking this way. What are your thoughts? How would you balance writing on the side in such a time frame? What is reasonable?
  11. Hello, Everyone! My wife and I wanted to tell everyone about our new online course, The Grad Academy. We've taught graduate students across the nation through our face to face workshops, and we just recently put everything online. We teach graduate students the skill sets they need to succeed in their MA and PhD programs, including conquering academic writing, demystifying academic reading, and decreasing impostor phenomenon feelings. Our participants have reported increases in productivity, reading, and writing (93%, 95%, 95%) and 100% of participants very strongly or strongly (94%, 6%) recommended The Grad Academy to other graduate students. If you're interested, we posted one module from The Grad Academy on The Literature Review Matrix, available on Youtube here: The Full Grad Academy Provides Information on: Impostor Phenomenon and Academia How to Think Like Successful Academics Academic Efficiency Conquering Academic Reading Demystifying Academic Writing Mastering Academic Research We're hoping that The Grad Academy can reach the students who haven't been able to come to our face to face workshops. We also have a blog at http://thegradacademy.com/blog/. Wishing you all the very best, Jonathan and Jayme Cisco, PhD The Grad Academy: JOIN.THEGRADACADEMY.COM (Note: We've tried to contact the moderators prior to submitting this announcement. We don't want to spam anyone. We're happy to remove this if inappropriate.)
  12. Hey yall! So I got good news for my MFA poetry applications-- I'm a Berkeley local and applied to SFSU's MFA program as well as CCA's MFA and got into both! I am having a lot of trouble figuring out what I should do. I'd appreciate as much advice as possible! Right now I'm thinking about these things: SFSU: is a LOT cheaper, and I'm getting a scholarship for the first semester; amazing staff; offers teaching certification included with degree; is located kind of far away so commuting will be a pain depending on how many days a week I am actually on campus [tuition is approx 7k per year] CCA: private art school; offering me a more prestigious array of scholarships even though it will still end up more expensive than SFSU; no teaching certification; amazing campus, but i'll be surrounded by people who are mostly willing or able to dive into an insanely high tuition and idk how comfortable id feel being in that environment as a low income person of color [tuition is approx 40k per year, but i would basically be receiving 70% of my tuition covered] I've also been traveling all month for academic events and its made it super hard to organize the pros and cons of each. Basically floundering a little!!! Thank you in advance <3
  13. If you're anything like me, you're thinking "jeez I haven't heard back/gotten accepted anywhere yet....wth will I do this fall?" In my desire to have some sort of a plan (if only for being able to work towards something and remain sane), I've thought of a thousand other things I'd like to/plan to do if I don't end up going to graduate school. Some are silly (biologist-turned-celebrity-chef) and some are legitimate (gain more research experience and network), but all have the potential to be extremely valid come graduation in a few months. What about you?
  14. Dear members of theGradCafe, I am a PhD student who is in need of a wonderful writing tutor. I've searched all the forums listed on this website whose postings are related to the writing improvement, but besides the suggestions, like "write more to get better," I failed to find information about hiring a writing tutor as a way to improve writing. I know hiring a tutor is the most expensive way to improve your writing, yet I believe it is a relatively less risky method of improving my writing skills than the method of writing and reviewing my own paper over and over without feedbacks. I am happy to pay for the tutor if he/she can improve my writing. Can anyone recommend a great writing tutor for me? (I live in Pittsburgh, but ONLINE tutor would be just fine as well)
  15. Hey all. So for those of you who have had interviews that included writing samples, how long did you have to write them? 10 minutes?...5 minutes?! 😱 Was there any word-count or character limit/minimum? Any subject matter you might suggest to review? I know it may sound like a lot but honestly, ANY tips would be helpful. I am terrified about the writing sample especially after knowing now that it is unavoidable so I'm trying to prepare as much as I can. I already planned on setting a timer and writing about certain things about myself or SLP in that time to get ready for it, but it would really ease my anxiety if I had a better idea of the amount of time I'd be working with or any helpful info.
  16. I'm applying for an internship to study a master's in a U.S. university to specialize in graphics programming and simulation. I'm from Spain, and they rate the SoP from 1 to 8. If I don't get 8 points I get disqualified because of the competitivity and low total number of granted internships. I will share this statement with my professors too but I would really appreciate some help online. Please have a look and tell me if it is boring, or if you honestly like it. The maximum length is 3 pages, so If you find any useless and generic area I will delete it. All criticism is welcomed. I've already been told that my Universities section is weak, that I need to say something special about each one. What do you think about that? Btw, the link in the document is not available yet. Thanks in advance.
  17. Hi guys, I am studying for the GRE and I recently wrote my first practice papers (in about 2 or 3 months) for the analytical writing section on the GRE. I was wondering if anyone would mind reading these essays over and critiquing me on what I can do to improve my writing and my GRE score. I am a lot more confident with my argument essay than I am with my issue essay. Thanks! Argument Essay Practice 1.docx Issue Essay Practice 1.docx
  18. I didn't know where to post to get advice, I'm hoping at least this is a good place to start. Yes I do realize this is quite late in the application season. Background: Originally after my B.A degree in biology, I took a year to volunteer at OMSI in Portland while applying for research tech. jobs in neuroscience. I was hired for a neuroscience lab at MIT where i worked for 2 years and had a middle-author publication. I then tried applying to Ph.D programs in the fall of 2014, no interviews and no admissions. I then applied for MS programs and then was accepted for a Bioinformatics MS degree at Georgia Tech. I'm finishing a 3-semester professional development degree with no thesis but with research work in a neuroscience & genetics lab - no chance for publications. Question: What is the best way to describe my meager research experience to a Ph.D program in neuroscience? I am concerned that my lack of publications and accomplishments in 5 years since my BA will hurt me and that my MS degree will be disregarded. Should I try a different field? bioinformatics, biology or psychology? I am having alot of issues trying to fit my skills and accomplishments where none seem to exist or are relevant. I feel rather stupid for trying.
  19. Hello! I heard that this forum was the perfect place to ask the kind community for help with statement of intent/purpose revisions? Could someone help me by taking looking at my statements and offer feedback or with writing revision. Any feedback at all would be greatly appreciated!
  20. Hi, I'm new to this forum as well as grad school life. And since English isn't my native language, I need help with reviewing this short essay of mine. I think it may sound not academically written or too plain. I'll appreciate any help. “What steps would you recommend be taken to make health care in America more available to everyone?” Increasing Value Based Healthcare in America It is imperative to restructure the healthcare system with the aim of value for patients and shift away from a supply-driven system. To deliver more value, healthcare providers should focus solely on quality. To achieve this, they need to deepen their expertise so as to serve all complicated and interrelated needs of patients during their full course of care. Care should revolve around patient medical conditions. Additionally, as care is administered the results achieved should be measured against the patient’s needs. For example, diabetes involves other conditions like renal disease, hypertension, and retinal disease among others. Therefore, care delivered to diabetic patients should incorporate all these needs. Providers should move to bundled payments for care cycles. Patients with acute conditions pay one price to cover all treatments and interventions performed on them during their full care cycle (Porter and Lee 24). As a result, they achieve best outcomes at lower prices. Another step to take is integrating healthcare systems. The first step is defining the scope of services a provider can perform and eliminate unrealistic lines of service. Volume is concentrated by medical condition and moving non-severe cases out of heavily resourced facilities. Integrating care in this manner across the network of facilities and incorporating community resources adds value for patients, providers and improves the whole structure. Certain principles need to be adhered to while measuring the cost of care. Cost depends on the actual resources used in delivering care, which includes time devoted, the capacity cost of each resource and support costs required. The total cost incurred should be for the full cycle of care of the patient and not for line items, departments or services. Community providers should affiliate with a higher tier of providers to assist in complex conditions and redistribution of patients depending on the severity of the condition. Works Cited Bernstein, L. "Once again, U.S. has most expensive, least effective health care system in survey." Washingtonpost (2014). Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/to-your-health/wp/2014/06/16/once-again-u-s-has-most-expensive-least-effective-health-care-system-in-survey/ "Health Care Facts: Why We Need Health Care Reform." ObamaCareFacts (n.d.) Retrieved from http://obamacarefacts.com/healthcare-facts/ Ridic, G., Gleason, S., Ridic., O. "Comparisons of Health Care Systems in the United States, Germany and Canada." Mater Sociomed 2012; 24(2): 112–120 "Patients' Rights." JetWriters (n.d.) Retrieved from http://jetwriters.com/euthanasia-essay/ Porter, Michael E., and Thomas H. Lee. "The strategy that will fix health care." Harv Bus Rev 91.12 (2013): 24. Also, in future when I am writing my thesis and stuff should I have someone proofread it? Or since the committee knows that my English isn't perfect, they may not pay too much attention to it but concentrate more on the actual research?
  21. I realize its a little wordy but it was my first time practicing with a timer! See attached word doc. I left errors as is since that's how they'll be graded on test day. Thanks!!! practice essays 1.docx
  22. Critical judgment of work in any given field has little value unless it comes from someone who is an expert in that field. Is it possible to ask astronomers qualify an article related to the IVP, a new procedure to fertilize women that once believed that they cannot have a baby? Even sophisticated astronomers, in the case of IVP, are nothing more than normal people. Qualifying every work requires an expert who knows everything related to the work’s field. Judging a work is not a facile procedure that everyone can handle. In fact, analyzing a work in any given field won’t have a value unless someone with sufficient knowledge attempts to qualify that work. for one, it should be mentioned that every work in any field, from teaching Alphabet to convoluted articles in quantum physics, are based on the specific level of knowledge. The more complex the work is; the more knowledge will be required. For example, writing an article regarding inventing new methods to teach Alphabet to youth is not merely enumerated as a highly sophisticated procedure in comparison to writing an article related to calculating dark hole’s energy in space. However, both require experts with sufficient knowledge and training as well. Now, when it comes to judging a work in any given field, the situation is more challenging. Judging requires analyzers to have obtained sufficient knowledge in order to be familiar with facts, theories to prepare a probity judgment. Also, analyzers should devote enough time to scrutinize the work with all available perspectives, qualify assumptions and examine conclusion based on its supposition. Hence, it can be concluded that judging besides sufficient knowledge, require hardworking and energy to be a trustworthy judging. Moreover, as human’s understanding is not comprehensive and has been growing, every day scientists publish new theories and discover facts that reshape preceding works and articles done by previous scientists. Also, some theories might lose its validity because scientists may reach new facts that contradict with previous theories. Therefore, for qualifying a work, one should have the most pristine knowledge in order to analyze the assumptions and the conclusion of the work with new theories. For instance, economists once believed that the supply curve of petroleum was a line with positive slope, however, after so many years’ economists publish a new theory in which they state that the supply curve of petroleum is a line with a negative slope as its demand curve. Now imagine an ordinary person attempts to prognosticate the future trend of oil demand based on its price and supply; what would happen? Surely this misleading forecast will cause big companies lose their money. In other respects, if ordinary people instead of experts attempt to judge works, there might be some negative consequences regarding this plight. For one, people with little understanding of any field are not qualified to judge works since they lack sufficient knowledge to take into account all possible perspectives to judge a single work. these people might not see some assumptions of a particular work which in return cause a fallacious judgment. Also, unsophisticated analyzers do not have up-to-date knowledge and their judgment might base on primitive theories that now are wrong. For instance, in Islamic republic of Iran, some analyzers came with an idea that charging high-interest rate is a reasonable movement in order to keep people’s money in banks and eliminate people’s incentive to get loans. However, Iranian economists now consider this movement as a deteriorative task which in return diminish people into poverty. Therefore, if people with little knowledge try to qualify a work like an article or a political and economic decision, the conclusion will be wrong and without value. To sum up, judging a work is not as easy as some people think that even ordinary people with little knowledge can do. In contrast, qualifying a work requires a great deal of knowledge to recap the logic behind and uncountable hours of studying new ideas and theories to examine works with most recent theories and facts.
  23. Hi, I am about to start writing a lengthy thesis (minimum 40 pages) and wondering which way to go. Google docs has been my go-to for a very long time but doesn't offer full Chicago style footnotes. I have encountered several formatting issues. For example, when the footnote is too long and goes to the next page, there is a large gap left between written text and the footnote line making it look like I am attempting to make the essay longer. I also get the same issue randomly even if the footnotes stay on the same page. Google docs also has a weird format to it when it prints. The margins always seem to huge and cut off the page numbers. Though I have found a fix for this but not the footnote situation. In Word, I never get formatting issues but requires me to have the program on my device. I have a Chromebook and while they do offer an online version of Word it is slow and just buggy at times. I have also never been fond of carrying my work by USB or even in Microsoft cloud. Docs is simply more convenient than Word. Google docs works better for me because I prefer writing on public computers as opposed to my laptop at home so I can access my paper on any computer. But when I need to work at home, Docs is better. However, for the sake of formatting the paper and for future professional publications of papers, Word seems to be the way to go and I should get familiar with it? What do you use? In your experience, and if you have ever sent a manuscript for publication, what is better for a long paper that requires heavy footnoting?
  24. Argument: Several charitable organizations in Pleasantvillle provide opportunities for teenagers to engage in community service. These organizations have a great need for volunteers, but in recent years, the number of teenager volunteers has significantly declined. The Pleasantville school board should take measures to increase the number of volunteers. teachers, parents, and other community members agree that is important for young people to learn the value of community service. requiring high school students to engage in community service would provide much-needed assistance to worthy local charities and would also help young people understand the importance of giving back to their community. for this reason, the Pleasntville school board should institute a program requiring students of Pleasantvillle high school to complete 40 hours of community service prior to graduation. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Response: Now a days, teenagers have more responsibilities and less leisure time and should not have another requirement of completing 40 hours of community service on their backs, limiting other important necessities they may have. Teenagers are very involved in sports, prepping for college in all sorts of ways and some even have jobs. Instead they should be given the choice but shown the importance of why and let them choose. High school is a tough time for teenagers. They are trying to balance school, sports, jobs and more. They may or may not have time to take part in social media. Although charity is important and builds character, they need to be taught that character first and be able to choose if they want make a good decision or not. College is competitive meaning students are doing all they can to get accepted. This includes taking accredited college courses in High school, performing in sports or extra curricular activities, working to build their resume and studying for the SAT(a test for students to be accepted into college). Teenagers may be more stressed if they are pushed into another responsibility. This may also cause teenagers rebel, push them over the limit or quit because it is too much to handle. Instead of forcing the teens into community service, the School Board should educate them on the importance of community service. One way they can do this is to use the ongoing motivation of getting into college as a booster with the idea that more community service can get increase their chances of getting into a good school. They can also educate them on time management so they can inevitably fit in some volunteer hours. Also incentives such as extra credit to the students who perform the most community service could also motivate the teenagers. Educating them, instead of pushing them into it can be more beneficial because it can build the students character by choosing a non-selfish decision and it can also create a more positive attitude among the students instead of the community service becoming a drag or time waster in their naive minds. Overall, the school board should not force students into 40 hours of community service due to teenagers busy schedule and for their mental health of not feeling overwhelmed but instead enlighten them about the option of participating in it. There are always alternative and positive ways into getting more participants in community service than to negatively push them into it. Some students may be able to juggle it all while other teenagers can not add anymore to their plate of responsibilities.
  25. Claim: The emergence of the online "blogosphere" and social media has significantly weakened the quality of political discourse in the United States. Reason: When anyone can publish political options easily, standards for covering news and political topics will inevitably decline. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claims is based. Response: Over recent years, social media and blogging have become more common due to easy access to technology which has had a negative impact on the news and political issues in the United States. The affect bloggers have on social media is causing not only the news to decrease its reliable sources but also causing the people of America to not know what is true or not. People watch their daily newscasters religiously because they put their full trust in them. However lately the news have become more susceptible to gossip and social media issues than covering real facts. This is because the news has to now compete with social media and bloggers therefore diminishing the real topics in the world while increasing irrelevant topics. Although these topics may help get viewers to watch and focus on important topics, the majority of the topics are focused on smaller and non-important issues. People have become so used to gossip and entertainment that the news has to ultimately "dumb" their program down to issues such as what this political icon is wearing instead of what actions they are taking to help the community or people. The decrease in actual real news topics have made Americans confused in what is actually important or real and what is just fun or strictly opinionated. These non credited bloggers are making claims that are influencing the peoples opinions. The news networks have to follow up from these bloggers that so many people are following and continue their topics on the real news so they do not lose viewers. and continue to gain more. However, these topics the bloggers are refering to may not accredited or true, leaving Americans confused or with false information which the news viewers may be adding on to just so they can continue to make money. Although tis is causing a domino effect of dumbing down the news to further on dumbing down the American people. All in all, bloggers and social media people should control their opinions due to the affect it has on actual newscasters and their political topics they choose to discuss which have been declining in importance over the years. The American people should not have to guess if the news is reliable or if it is just another entertainment guide and the newscasters should not have to choose belittling topics just to keep viewers and compete with social media. There has to be middle ground.