@swarthmawr thanks for the feedback! I hate theory (I know, I'm a bad English person) so I didn't incorporate much, really relied on criticism and sources from other fields. The trickiest bit was justifying making an argument about Black masculinity when the protagonist in the novel is white, but I found some wonderful sources including a book called Playing in the White that were really helpful. I read a ton of Trudier Harris-Lopez (always a pleasure for me!), and incorporated some (I think) interesting pieces, including a passage from "Chickamauga" to argue that American masculinity and the image of the white "conqueror" have always been intertwined, and an article about fallen women in Victorian novels (I argue that Giovanni is treated similarly in GR). I looked at some psych sources about Black masculinity and fatherhood, particularly transmission of values. Also Cleaver's commentary on Baldwin in Soul on Ice and a lot of Baldwin's own essays. I also posited that the protagonist's view of femininity had a lot of Gothic elements, that was probably the most "fun" but of the paper to me. I feel like his construction of femininity was like a dangerous black hole, more about being not male (lacking, haha, I see you Freud, but I still hate you) rather than anything else.
I feel like there's so much, I'm not really communicating it clearly...this grad app stress-induced hangover probably isn't helping 😛 Anyways if you want to see my sources or chat further let me know, I could geek out about this forever, I love GR so dearly!