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  1. There seem to be a lot of threads asking the same thing popping up lately and I figured it might make sense to make an overall guide thread and then those who feel their answers still haven’t been adequately answered can post below for an idea of what their chances are. Here is a brief rundown of factors affecting your likelihood of getting into top-tier and well respected programs. If you fall below par in any one of these factors you can bump it up by being stellar in one of the others. I'll add to this if others point out other things I've left out. School requirements: Your first stop should be the school admissions website – this will tell you what prerequisites you need, give you an idea of GRE and GPA requirements and what work experience is expected (if any) GPA: From what I’ve seen/read over the years any GPA over 3.4 and you should be competitive. That’s not to say if your GPA is lower than 3.4 you’ll have no chance, but if you have a GPA above 3.4 you should be in good shape. GRE score: GRE scores seem to be most important for schools with demanding quantitative programs and for securing the top financial aid. Most schools will state the average GRE scores for their incoming classes on their website – use these to see how competitive you are. By and large you should be competitive if you score over 650 on verbal and quantitative and over 4.0 on the AWA. For the top schools over 700 seems to be closer to the mark. Work experience: For most programs it will be expected that you have at least 1-2 years of relevant experience in your field. This can be lowered a little if you have other pseudo-relevant work experience (management in the for-profit sector etc.) but you should have shown some level of professional interest in the area you hope to study at grad school. Applicants coming straight out of undergrad may find it very hard to get into the programs aimed more at junior/mid-career professionals such as Johns Hopkins SAIS and Princeton’s WWS. Language skills: For a lot of programs being able to speak a second language is a must, while for others it is just a very good selling point. If you can show experience working in a foreign language this will show adaptability and will endear schools looking to enrol a diverse group of applicants. Quantitative requirements: A lot of schools will want you to show experience in micro/macroeconomics and some maths/statistics courses. You can fullfil these through undergrad classes or by taking courses at a community college/diploma program. Overseas experience (work, study and teaching): Work overseas and study abroad are also viewed extremely favourably by admissions committees and if you have taught English abroad, worked in the Peace Corps or otherwise gained experience living in a developing country this will really strengthen your application. It also shows you to be a go-getter, and that you can bring this outside experience to grad school study. Statement of Purpose: This is where it all comes together. This is your chance to impress the admission committee and show how your personal 'arc' has brought you to this point - being the perfect addition to their grad school. This more than any other part of your application will determine how admit committees view you as an applicant and it's also one of the only application variables that's completely under your control. Having a cohesive narrative that brings together life experience, past academic history and professional experience is a must. It also gives you a great chance to showcase your writing style - so make sure no grammar/spelling mistakes make it into your final revision. Great list of SOP pitfalls If your profile matches at least 3 or 4 of the criteria listed above then you are competitive to apply to an MPA/MPP/IR program. What is most important about any grad school application is showing fit – that is how your profile matches the speciality of that school and its program. If you can’t articulate compelling reasons why you are a good match for them and vice versa, question whether you should be applying to that program. A note on applying to top schools: It is worth noting that nobody here can tell you what your chances of getting into a top program (Harvard, Princeton, Georgetown etc.) because getting into a top program requires a certain amount of luck as well as a great profile. Some people get offers from Harvard with a 2.9 GPA, but also happen to have singlehandedly retaken an allied command post in the Korengal valley. It’s down to who reads your application and what they happen to be looking for with the current application cycle. Spend time improving the elements of your application that you can (GRE, work experience, languages) and don’t waste time freaking out about the things you can’t change (GPA). If you’ve read all of the above and really still can’t tell if your application is competitive, post your profile below.
  2. sfahmed

    GRE Score Validity

    HI, I'm applying to grad school programs for the Spring/Fall of 2020. The problem is that I took my GRE in November 2014. If I complete my applications before November 2019 to the schools on my list, will my application still be considered? Or will my GRE scores have expired by then? All websites say scores are valid for a 5 year period. Thanks!
  3. I'll be applying to humanities programs in the fall and I would like to improve my GRE verbal score. I scored a 580 (I think 82%, at the time) on the previous version of the test. Ideally, I would like to score in at least the 90th percentile (what would that be on the new scale?). When I was studying the first time, I often scored in my desired range on Power Prep and other practice tests, but didn't perform on test day. I knew all of the Kaplan 500, Barron's 800, a bunch of new words I found in PR, worked on that crazy list of 3000+ words, and took notes on every new word I saw. I still remember most of those words and more since I've been working on my vocab as I do coursework in my Master's program. I did timed practice questions for hours multiple days a week for at least three months before the test. My primary question is, given the changes to the GRE, what is the best way to study and improve on the verbal section now that there aren't the vocab-focused questions (antonyms/analogies)? Should I return to flashcards and vocab games again? I'm thinking about just working through the ets practice questions, but wouldn't mind another book either. Are the new Kaplan/PR/Barron's verbal guides up to snuff yet? I'd like to take the GRE in August. I'd like any suggestions on a six-month study plan. I'm not worried about the writing, and I scored a 670 on the math section the last time which I think is more than enough competence for a humanities student (although I'll freshen up my skills, don't want an embarrassing score)/
  4. LeonidBasin

    Difficulty Grasping the GRE

    Hi,Thanks for this wonderful forum and great people who visit it!I recently took the GMAT but did not do too well on it. I did well on the Verbal section, but Math has always been difficult for me. I am trying to take the GRE, as I find that it fits my style of learning (information covered, topics) better. What recommendations do you guys have for improving GRE Quantitative Section? I am hoping to pursue an MBA and get into a Business School.Regards,GRE Student
  5. I currently have Manhattan for GRE, and my first test score was acceptable (163/160) but not for my top school. I've exhausted most of the materials and practice tests with Manhattan and was wondering if anyone is currently using Magoosh? How is it, do you feel the practice tests have been helpful?
  6. psychgirl44

    GRE Study Recommendations

    Hello! I take the GRE in 6 days. I'd like some advice on how my remaining time would best be spent studying (specifically math). I'm using Magoosh, and while I do great on the easy/medium questions, I really struggle with the hard or very hard ones. Should I continue practicing and mastering these medium level questions or should I focus on learning the hard ones? Also, I plan on applying to Ph.D. counseling psychology programs. Does anyone know how much GRE scores matter or how much weight is given to them for these kinds of programs?
  7. What's the best way to tackle the last couple weeks of studying for the GRE and how did you stay motivated through the final push of studying? I am taking the GRE in about 3 weeks. I've been studying for a couple of months and took my second power prep about 3 weeks ago and scored well/where I was aiming for in verbal (166) and about as well as I have been in quant (150). Would like to score similarly (or better!) when I take the test, however I've had to take a couple of weeks off of studying (traveling, moving, etc.) and am starting my final GRE prep before I take the exam. Any advice on how to best focus my studying and improve my score in the last couple of weeks? Should I just keep drilling example questions? I'm tempted not to do another full practice exam since I've hit my target score and to focus on reviewing vocabulary and doing practice problems from Kaplan/Manhattan 5lb book--thoughts? And any math cramming advice? I know you can't really cram for the GRE, but I don't want to put too much time into studying math as I doubt it matters that much for my program (art history) but I'd like to bring up my score a little bit if I can as it is on the low side. Thanks!!
  8. Hello Everyone, I have obtained my bachelor's degree (BSc) in Business Information Systems from a UK University. Now I want to apply for a Masters in Computer Science for Top Schools in the US and Canada. The problem is that I did not study math during my bachelor's degree. I have a GRE score of (V-157, Q-165) and 2 years of experience in Software Engineering and a GPA of 3.6. I want to know my chances of admission to top schools for MS in CS. Can you give me some advice and tell me approximate chances of admission?
  9. I am applying for the ME PhD program at Penn State starting Spring 2019. I have only contacted one professor from the department. He has encouraged me to apply but has not yet set up an interview. Anyway, I'm planning to apply. I have a relatively good resume with a few years of research and teaching experiences, several published works including a textbook, some book chapters, and some journal papers and conference proceedings. I have received my master's degree in the US so the English proficiency exam will be waived for me. My GPA is 3.6. However, I'm afraid if my GRE score is not competitive enough as I've got 168, 150, and 3.5 in quant, verbal and writing respectively. I wanted to ask my friends here who just became admitted in this department for Fall 2019 or even the recent years look at my scores and let me know if it's competitive or not. Thanks in advance.
  10. For PhD programs (continental for me, but I'm not sure that matters), what should my GRE score goals be (both minimum and ideal for verbal and math)? Also, what is more important the writing sample or the GRE scores? I am trying to decide how much time to dedicate to both. Currently my Verbal is a 161 and my math is a 162. Thanks for the help!
  11. Tarun Dang

    Gre argument essay review

    Hey guys please have a look at my essay and suggest any possible changes.Any type of suggestions would be helpful. essay1.docx
  12. Anupam Pandey

    Essay Review

    Please review my essay response for the following argument task: The following was presented as part of a business plan by Apex Corporation. "To answer the increased demand for artisan coffee, Apex Corporation is releasing a new line of coffee, "Gourmet Select." Apex Corporation will first introduce the coffee into major supermarkets, where it hopes word-of-mouth advertising will sustain sales. After a few months Apex Corp. will run an advertising campaign aimed at television and radio while simultaneously releasing the brand to several major chain restaurants. Based on this strategy, Apex Corporation hopes to make "Gourmet Select" one of the top sellers in the coffee market." Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted My response:- The given argument is flawed for many reasons.First of all,it is assuming that people will like a new line of coffee to fulfill their need for artisan coffee.If it doesn't exactly match their needs,they will not buy it. A new line of coffee may not be having the requirements of the users in terms of what they are expecting as an artisan coffee.FIrst,we need to test the new line on targeted customer segment before releasing it into supermarkets by investing good amount of money on renting a store inside supermarket and keeping some stock.If they simply start with a supermarket without analysing and forecasting their revenue properly,the business will not succeed.Word of mouth advertisement may not be enough.Thus,we need to have a free trial before going big in business. It is assuming a sequence of marketing process without backing up with any evidence about how the steps taken in this order could help them become one of the top sellers of coffee in the market.And going for advertisements in TV and radio after a few months doesn't make that much sense.They could start advertising immediately on these platforms to attract wider users and to understand whether their new product will succeed.Then,if it does,they can release it several major chain restaurants.Therefore,advertisements need to be done carefully. Their is no comparison indicated with other coffee brands to provide evidence for why this brand will succeed and become one of the best sellers. It is not clear why are they hoping that this brand will succeed based on one marketing strategy which may not work out.Business depends on proven models and strategies,not on vaguely hoping to succeed.They need a marketing strategy in which they also need to explain about their product's unique features which makes it stand out in the market such as how good it tastes and how healthy it is etc..It can be endorsed by a renowned celebrity who actually liked the product and he/she can explain his/her experience with the product.This keynote needs to be broadcasted to wider audience.If it succeeds,it will increase brand loyalty and this new product will work once it launches in the market.Thus,we need to have very strong marketing strategy to make the new product a success. In a nutshell,the argument depends of various unstated assumptions discussed above to become true before we can conclude anything about the success of the new product.
  13. Hello. I recently took the GRE and got a score that I thought was pretty good: 166Q / 164V / 4.5 AWA. I would like to aim for a top 10 program and I've heard that 166Q is too low for these programs and that 167/168 on GRE Quant should be the aim. Is this true? Does 1 or 2 points really make that much of a difference for operations research / management science master's programs? It seems a bit ridiculous to study another month or so just to bring up my score by 2 points, but I'm not sure whether this is actually what's required of applicants these days. Any input would be appreciated. Thanks!
  14. I took the GRE on October 30 and received the following: 157V, 162Q, 5.5 AWA. I'm trying to get into a decent master's program for applied statistics/quantitative methods. I'm completely fine with what I scored on verbal and writing, but my quant score was dramatically lowered than what I both hoped for and expected. On most practice tests, I was scoring around 165/166Q. Is it worth retaking when there's little chance I will improve my verbal and AWA scores, just quant?
  15. I have taken two of the practice tests in the Super Power Pack (PDF form) and scored very high on the verbal (165 and 164, respectively). My quant has been eh (152 to 159, respectively) on the PDF practice tests. I took PowerPrep today and only got 160 on verbal (somewhat lower than expected) and 158 on quant (around what I would expect given the last PDF test had me at 159). Is verbal generally easier in the PDF practice tests than in PowerPrep? Or am I just crossing my fingers that I had an off day when it came to verbal? PowerPrep 1's verbal seemed a lot more confusing to me than verbal sections on Magoosh and the Super Power Pack practice tests. What has been everyone else's experiences here? Thank you all in advance!
  16. T. Wong

    Should I retake GRE for AWA?

    Hi folks, I am an international student pursuing MA in AUS, and will apply for Fall 2020 PhD later this year, Physical Anthro or Archae track, depends on the program. Here's my question: Should I retake GRE for AWA its own sake? Other scores of mine are ok (i guess): 90th percentile above in both V and Q, 113 in TOEFL with 26 in Speaking, 3.8/4.0 undergrad GPA, Distinction in MA so far. But i only received 3.5 on AWA. As i am going to apply some top programs (UMich, Duke, UCLA, etc.), will this AWA score hold me back? Or, will a decent Writing Sample compensate it? No way I can tell my WS will be decent tho. Thanks for any feedback!
  17. Issue Prompts: Claim: In any field — business, politics, education, government — those in power should step down after five years. Reason: The surest path to success for any enterprise is revitalization through new leadership. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. In each field of study and society, those in power are in control of high-level, high-pressure issues. They are experts in their fields and they have spent, sometimes decades, working to get there. The ones who last have gotten where they are have done so on merit, skill, and knowledge. Cycling through those preeminent in their field every five years would lead to a lower level of success overall, constant, chaotic change, and ridding institutions of one of their most valuable keys to continued success: trust in their leader’s abilities and judgement. The adage, “knowledge is power” holds true for many fields, especially ones as prominent as business, politics, and government. Most fields benefit from people in power who have deep knowledge of their area and are experts - scientists who have spent decades researching the same topic, teachers who have specialized in one area of study, and CEOs who have spent their careers with the same company. Having wells of knowledge creates leaders who can draw on their own stores and their personal experience to solve dynamic problems and forge strong entities, such as businesses, governments, and universities. There is also the opposite side of the adage, which says that “power corrupts” - a phrase that looks over a fundamental element of high-powered, high-performing entities and institutions. Namely, if there is corruption (moral, financial, or legal) it will not be tolerated on the scale of CEOs, Presidents, and scholars. Suggesting that those in power should change every five years also cuts out one of the most valuable aspects of having a seasoned, veteran member in a leadership role: losing that much industry-specific or company-specific knowledge, and arguably more important, the trust that is built over 5 years, is tantamount to firing and hiring all new people every five years. The intrinsic knowledge that is gained with experience is not transient from one leader to another, as is not their leadership style or the trust they have built over time. These factors are more crucial to the success of companies, the happiness of employees, and the performance of the leader than anything else they do. Getting rid of someone after so little as five years would certainly add new leadership- whether that new leadership would “revitalize” is unlikely. Five years is not much time when talking about the life cycles of companies, educational institutions, and certainly not governments. Leaders set the culture and the style of their organization, which takes time to do - and undo. Changing leaders so quickly would likely muddle the culture, create backlash among employees, and be slower in reality that many would think. A change in leadership is also not guaranteed to revitalize the company. It would keep things in a state of flux, never allow for the normal flow of things to be establised, and detract from the important work being done. Ultimately, Trying to revitalize an organization is better acheived in strategy than in leadership changes. Talking about central institutions such as government and education, and changing something as important as their leadership is unwise and unreasonable to do so often and five years. Argument Prompts: The following is a recommendation from the Board of Directors of Monarch Books. "We recommend that Monarch Books open a café in its store. Monarch, having been in business at the same location for more than twenty years, has a large customer base because it is known for its wide selection of books on all subjects. Clearly, opening the café would attract more customers. Space could be made for the café by discontinuing the children's book section, which will probably become less popular given that the most recent national census indicated a significant decline in the percentage of the population under age ten. Opening a café will allow Monarch to attract more customers and better compete with Regal Books, which recently opened its own café." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. This argument from the Board of Directors leaves many unanswered questions that ultimately lead to flawed logic. Primarily, their comparison that adding a cafe would allow Monarch Books to better compete with Regal Books relies on basic assumptions that the two stores are the exact same. the question that needs to be answered is: what is Monarch’s customer base? They have a well-established customer base that relies on them for their wide selection of books, but we need to know how many of their customers would spend money in their cafe and how many more customers the added cafe would attract. If their customer base is more frugal, the cafe could fail; if their base is a significant portion of the town, can they expect the cafe to attract more customers to their bookshop? If Monarch Books’ does not make much money from their kids’ section, if their customers are affluent, and/or if they have a smaller portion of the town as their customer base, adding the cafe in lieu of the kid’s section could add to their success. Another question needing an answer is how much of their sales/how much of their client base is geared toward kids? If their kids’ section is a large part of their store and their store’s profits, getting rid of the section all together could make them less profitable. If their base is family-oriented, parents and their children may stop patronizing the store wholly. A cost-benefit analysis needs to be done comparing the kids’ section sales to the cafe’s projected sales in order to make an informed decision about whether to install the cafe and get rid of the kids’ section. If Monarch’s customer base is not family oriented and children do not frequent their store, adding the more profitable cafe could help Monarch compete better with Regal. Lastly, we need to answer the question of if Monarch adding a cafe will allow it to more directly compete with Regal books. The assumption made was that Regal Books and Monarch Books are the exact same and the only differentiating factor between them was Regal’s cafe. We need to establish other differences that could account for Monarch’s need to compete with Regal. We need to know the location of the stores - if Regal is closer to a university than Monarch, if they are in a wealthier part of town, if Monarch is outside the city, etc. Knowing the size and selection of their collections would help us see better the difference in clientele and spending habits; finally, we need to know if Regal Books’ success is in large part due to their cafe, or some other factor of their store. If Regal has a large kids’ section and their cafe has been wildly successful, as well as establishing that the two stores are similar, Monarch could let go of their kids’ section and put in a cafe to avoid fighting for sales in both areas. Overall, we need to answer these questions in order to make an informed decision about Monarch’s next business decision. With the forthcoming information, we cannot accurately decide whether or not a cafe is the right choice for Monarch.
  18. Governments should place few, if any, restrictions on scientific research and development. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. ======= Research and development are important ascpects for growth of our society. From stepping on the Moon to the quest of habitating Mars, we have achived a lot in terms of technology. Sometimes, research can also be destructive and to keep the same in check, Government should place a few restrictions over how we pursure research. There should not be too many restrictions so as to affect the efficiency of our researchers but a few sothat we do not develop another weapon of mass distruction like nuclear bombs. Too many restrictions lead to delay in progress and slow down the develpoment. Investors and researchers tend to move their comapnies and labs to places where there is minimum goverment restrictions so that they can focus more on there reseach than filing for permits. Pharma companies are granted many patients each year by govt so that there hardworkis not taken away by their competitiors. However, if there were no restrictions imposed on there patients, these companies would keep on rasing the prices of drug so high that people would not be able tobenefit from it. Therefore, restriction on patient tenure and price cap helps to make sure that the research and develpment is actually helping the common people. Restrictions are necessary in areas like military research where their is national security involved. There is fulx of restructions to ensure that no data is leaked and national interest in manitained. Restrictions should be limited so that the efficiency of research is not affected and does not demotiviate our reserachers. ======= Also if possible, please explain the score and some areas where I should improve. Thank you so much!
  19. Prompt: To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. I agree that the most important characteristics of a society come from its major cities. As you study the metropolitan area, there will be an abundance of factors that arise. For one, the city’s culture has a huge impact on the society as a whole. The prevalence of community plays another role. Lastly, society has much to do with the city’s economy. When we study a city’s culture, we can evaluate the various personalities, languages, and cuisines that are accepted within their society. Finding the most prevalent to the most limited tells us more about the society than we think. Learning how the city functions, for example how the majority of the population commute to the city, can determine a role of the society. Another way to learn about the society is to determine if there’s a well-built community. Community teaches us how society has progressed, more about the population making up the total society, and how to make it better. Lastly, the economy is usually built from major cities. How well the economy is doing plays a vital factor on how and why the society is the way it is. Learning the area that generates the most income tells us the future of the society. However, some societies are influenced by a group of rural areas. If the city doesn’t have a strong community, culture or economy, the outskirts could the be leading factor of one’s society. For example, the state of Georgia’s political standing has much to do with their society. The city of Atlanta has a difference viewpoint from the rest of the rural areas but the rural makes up the majority of the “society” in the state of Georgia. Furthermore, I would agree that in most places the city is where I’d start to dissect if I wanted to learn more about their society. There will be vast differences between major cities and the rural counterparts but the city is more likely to have fluctuations and progressive changes that shape the society.
  20. I recently took the GRE and got a score of 166Q (90th percentile) /164V (94th percentile) /4.5 AWA. I have a very good GPA (not to be braggadocios) and I think I can get some solid recommendations for master's programs in applied math and statistics, so I'm aiming for top programs. However, most of the top 8 or so programs have median/average accepted GRE scores of 168Q or higher, which seems ridiculously high. I'm not quite sure how to feel about my 166Q since it's right on the 90th percentile, so I feel that it may be just slightly low for these programs but otherwise a very good score. So considering this, should I retake the GRE just to increase quant score by 2 or more points? I feel like the marginal return might not be all that great, but I would like to get into good programs. I'm also domestic/US citizen so I'm not sure whether that's a factor in my application and how adcoms look at my GRE score. I'm quite new to the graduate application process and have no reference point from family or many friends that have gone to STEM master's. Thanks for any insights!
  21. SamanthaRosochacki


    "Over the past two years, the number of shoppers in Central Plaza has been steadily decreasing while the popularity of skateboarding has increased dramatically. Many Central Plaza store owners believe that the decrease in their business is due to the number of skateboard users in the plaza. There has also been a dramatic increase in the amount of litter and vandalism throughout the plaza. Thus, we recommend that the city prohibit skateboarding in Central Plaza. If skateboarding is prohibited here, we predict that business in Central Plaza will return to its previously high levels." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. The following argument is flawed for numerous reasons. Just because there has been an increase number of skateboarders does not mean that is why the sales of Central Plaza have decreased. There are many things that need to be taken in account in order to make this a valid argument. Things change greatly in the result of two years. The assumption that the number of shoppers has decreased in two years because of the skateboarders is too vague. What was the economy like two years ago? The economy might have been better two years ago than it is now, resulting in fewer shoppers. If the shoppers of Central Plaza are not making the same money they were two years ago will decrease their shopping. If, the argument states that the economy has not changed or has gotten better would give this argument more validity. The author made another vague statement discussing the increase of litter and vandalism throughout the plaza. With no evidence to back up this statement does not result in it being the fault of the skateboarders. If the customers are the ones that are littering or vandalizing the plaza, then that is not because of the skateboarders. Also, has the town that the Central Plaza is in, has had increased crime rates? If so, that would be a possible explanation to why there has been an increase in litter and vandalism. By making the assumption that the litter in the plaza is because of the skateboarders and that is resulting in decreased sales, weakens the argument. Also, how much has the number of skateboarders increased? With no statistical data, it does not show how ‘drastic’ the increase of the skateboarders was. If it turned out to not be that big of an increase it would further weaken the argument. Finally, another possibility to take into account is if the demographic has changed in the last two years. Has there been an increase in young residents in the area? If so, that could result in the plaza not having as much business. If the stores within the Central Plaza are not intriguing to the residents, they will not want to shop there. Also, another risk to take into account, is if there have been any new plazas built in the area. With that being said, may result in the shoppers at the Central Plaza to travel to the new shopping plaza. The authors assumption that the increased number of skateboarders is what has caused the decreased number of shoppers at the Central Plaza is too vague and does not provide any support.
  22. Topic: Governments should place few, if any, restrictions on scientific research and development. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. The government has always had a strong hold on all areas of research and development. But, what if the government had few to no rules on scientific research and development? There are many potential risks and disasters that could result if there are no regulations on scientific research and development. The government needs to focus on the common good and limits in order to protect the societies safety. The government needs to have restrictions on all scientific research and development. If there are no restrictions on scientific research and development the results of the research may not be for the common good. Having no limits on scientific research allows invasive testing on humans. For example, if a scientist wanted to test a new medicine on a person and did not have any regulations to go through in order to test this medicine, it could possibly harm another human greatly. Also, having no restrictions on research could increase the extinction of animals. If there are no rules on how many rabbits or birds a scientist could try chemicals on, that could kill more animals and increase the chances of extinction. There needs to be limits to all scientific research and development in the interest of the common good. How far is too far? A society relies on rules and regulations. If there are no rules how far could a person go? We have seen from time and time again that the world cannot live without rules. There has been no time in history where a society has worked without having any rules or limitations. If the world cannot live without regulations, how can scientific research and development? The government not having any control of scientific research in any capacity could harm the society. It can be said that having no regulations on scientific research and development could allow scientists to discover things quicker. But, finding things quicker does not mean they are ethical. Where do we draw the line? Allowing a scientist to do whatever he or she wants, brings a potential risk to the society. If there are no inspections or rules to follow, how does a scientist know what he or she is doing is safe? For example, is a scientist is researching a chemical and had no rules on how he or she can or cannot practice with this chemical and ends up getting sick and dying or endangering others in the building? There needs to some type of rule in order to make sure everything is safe. In order to live in a safe and secure world there needs to be regulations and rules. It is very important to have these rules in place for the common good. The government needs to have restrictions on all scientific research and development.
  23. Hello all! I'm new to TheGradCafe and this is my first post. I wrote these 2 essays within a 30-minute time interval (more or less working on it) each during my preparation for the GRE. It would mean a lot to me if you could critique these essays, based on the criteria for assessing essays according to the Official Guide. It would be helpful if you could also give me an approximate score on 6 for each. Thanks in advance! Here are the essays: Issue Task: Claim: Major policy decisions should always be left to politicians and other government experts. Reason: Politicians and other government experts are more informed and thus have better judgment and perspective than do members of the general public. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. I disagree with the claim and the reason on which it is based upon because it is not only too generalized but also takes into account the views of only a certain faction, when the policy holds good for all. There is no guarantee that politicians and government experts are the most well read and well informed people out there. There is no minimum education required to stand as a candidate in elections. There is also no resume or interview process as in other professions. The candidates who stand for elections are voted in by the public based on their promises, oratory skills, their Party's reputation and also to some extent what kind of work they have done for the people. They are one among the public, so they are no more like the rest of us in terms of the information they have to make such important decisions. Important policy decisions must take into consideration the views of those it impacts, that is the majority or the public. It makes it a fair decision and will be hence be appreciated more. A given policy or law would affect different strata of people differently. A survey should be conducted with a good representation or fraction from each stratum, which would give the officials useful information on how the law would impact. If there is a negative impact, the policy could also be amended or modified accordingly. After all, who knows the pain points of the public better than the public itself? Hence, the officials cannot take unilateral decisions. There should also proper representatives of the public in the government to represent and convey the needs of the public accurately But, we must consider seasoned politicians and government experts who have analysed the dynamics of the nation and give them due credit. They may have a different perspective on the matter than the common man, but only when put together do they reap the maximum benefit for the nation. Thus, the major policy decisions should not be left in the hands of the politicians and government experts blindly. The public, from which they have been elected and for whom the policies are, must know what is going on and also have a reasonable say in it. This alone would result in the maximum efficiency of the policy. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Argument Task: The following appeared in a memorandum from the manager of KNOW radio station. "Several factors indicate that KNOW radio can no longer succeed as a rock-and-roll music station. Consider, for example, that the number of people in our listening area over fifty years of age has increased dramatically, while our total number of listeners has declined. Also, music stores in our area report decreased sales of rock-and-roll music. Finally, continuous news stations in neighboring cities have been very successful. We predict that switching KNOW radio from rock-and-roll music to 24-hour news will allow the station to attract older listeners and make KNOW radio more profitable than ever." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the prediction and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the prediction. There are several assumptions in the statement that haven't been accounted for. This includes assumptions that listeners in the 50 plus age bracket don't enjoy rock music. An direct relation has been portrayed between the increase in the number of older listeners and the decrease in the total number of listeners, without explanation. There is also an unexplained, underlying assumption that the younger crowd does not enjoy Rock music. Rock and Roll music was all the rage back in the fifties, from where we can also trace its origin, with the rise in popularity of legendary bands like The Beatles and Queen. Hence, it is not preposterous to assume that the current 50 plus age bracket would not only have been exposed to Rock and Roll, but may also have loved it. The music when played on KNOW station, would have taken them fondly back down memory lane. They would have, in fact, thoroughly enjoyed the experience. Hence, assumtption that the older generation does not enjoy Rock music is not only presumptuous but also invalid. There is also the assumption that only the older generation even listens to the radio. There would definitely be a significant portion of the younger crowd who would listen to the radio as they travel to work, school or college in the traffic, which cannot be ignored. Among this crowd, there would also be a significant portion who would possess an old bone in them and would enjoy rock music. This is evident in the sheer crowd that appears in Rock concerts these days and there is no dearth of the younger crowd. The Beatles and Queen still continue to be cherished as the most extraordinary bands of all time, which is proof enough. In the statement, a direct relation has been extended between the decrease in the number of older listeners and the decrease in the total number of listeners. The younger listeners may simply have gone out of town due to work or further studies. Due to extreme weather conditions they may even have gone to temporarily stay in a summer home or a hill station on holiday. There are innumerable such reasons why they would have moved away temporarily but the cannot be used as excuses for the failure of KNOW station. The decreased sales in the music stores may be due to the decrease in the quality of Rock music these days. It may also have been due to the high cost of the records which may not be affordable to the majority of the working class. These days, with the rise of platforms such as Spotify and Apple Music, there is little need for people to buy physical copies of records from music stores. This could also have been a probable cause for decline in sales. It could not have been directly related to the decrease in popularity of the KNOW station. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  24. Need suggestions regarding best colleges and programs for MS in computer science related fields. Below are my scores & details : GRE Score : 158 (Quant) + 142 (Verbal) [unofficial] Work experience : '6 years 8 months' in I.T. firm as 'Data Warehouse ETL Developer'. Bachelor's degree : 'Bachelor of Technology' in 'Electrical & Electronic Engineering' GPA 2.7.
  25. Hey Everyone- I'm a long time PhD dreamer and finally decided it is time to actually apply for a program. I really do not have people in my life who have pursued this level of education and I feel pretty lost. For example, I'm looking at university website's and seeing that application deadlines are Dec/Jan mostly - I assume that means they will not be re-opening until next Dec/Jan (Dec 2019/ Jan 2020)? Or is it similar to undergrad programs where a application season opens again for a different semester start? I have my MSW from University of Michigan, 2015 .GPA 3.8, advanced standing, policy focus. I have worked since then in case management at a hospital, and currently in long term care at a continuing care retirement community. I am very analytical and love data - my (very loose) research interests are to make SW a more subjective field where possible to earn wider respect for the field. I'm also interested in organizational policy development. I enjoy teaching as well and have been part of some staff training in both of my post MSW jobs. I have reached out to a few professors from undergrad and my Masters program who are willing to write a reference. To them my strong writing skills are what have stood out. I know I should be trying to publish something, and I have little formal research experience other than what was completed for assignments in my Masters program statistics course. I have not taken the GRE yet, plan to take in the next few months. The head of my undergrad SW dept. suggested I look at Top 10 PhD programs because of the rank of my MSW school. I was also accepted to Columbia and UPenn MSW programs. Any advice from anyone out there??? Looking for honesty here

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