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Found 12 results

  1. QUESTION: Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a "Palean" basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. ANSWER: The author implies that Palean baskets were not uniquely palean due to the absence of palean boats and magnanimous size of the Brim river along with the discovery of “palean” baskets in Lithos. This argument is based on various assumptions like the Brim river has not changed in depth and/or width since prehistoric times. Also, the transportation system of the time in which palean basket was prevalent has not been thoroughly stated and the possibility of many modes other than Brim river is undermined in the argument. First and foremost reason weakening the argument is that the brim river’s gigantic dimensions have not been clearly stated. It is possible that the river might be mightier during the prehistoric times. This could have been conducive to trading of the Palean baskets to neighbouring areas on foot. In due course of time the river might have been inundated with water and thus this undermines the statement “and so the ancient Paleasn could have crossed it only by the boat”. Even if we continue with the assumption of Brim river being deep and broad, absence of Palean boats does not necessarily mean absence of commodity exchange between Paleans and Lithos. No clear mention of the prehistoric time beign devoid of any boats is stated. This leads to the possibility of presence of other communities’ boats leading to facilitation of movement of Palean baskets from Palea to other areas. Lithos could fetch the baskets from Palea in their own boats – not requiring Paleans’ boats. This could also lead to the possibility of Lithos being tradesmen. Hence the conclusion can not be based on the absence of Palean boats. Moreover, no clear mention of any other mode of transporting goods, particularly baskets, have been mentioned. This is a clear indicative of a weak argument based on the assumption that Brim river is the only mode through which movement of Palean basket could have been made possible. People at the prehistoric times might be creative to trade by making hanging rope structures through which only baskets and money in return could be moved. Also, use of trained animals as carriers could have been prevelant. We can thus project that the author’s argument is based on many assumptions that are not thoroughly supported by facts required.
  2. Hello peeps! I am new on this forum and I am very happy I found this gem! I am a French student preparing the GRE. My English language skills are definitely okay, but of course 'ok' is not enough for the GRE I practiced the dreaded Argument Essay for the first time today and a feedback would help me to evaluate what my strengths and weaknesses are. I know an in-depth analysis is time consuming, any small comment will help! Thank you very much Subject: The following appeared in a memorandum from the manager of WWAC radio station. "To reverse a decline in listener numbers, our owners have decided that WWAC must change from its current rock-music format. The decline has occurred despite population growth in our listening area, but that growth has resulted mainly from people moving here after their retirement. We must make listeners of these new residents. We could switch to a music format tailored to their tastes, but a continuing decline in local sales of recorded music suggests limited interest in music. Instead we should change to a news and talk format, a form of radio that is increasingly popular in our area." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. Answer: In this essay, the author examines the audience decline of local rock-music radio WWAC station and suggests to remediate the situation by capturing a new audience with a format change. To support this proposal, the author makes several hasty assumptions regarding the causes for audience decline and the preferences of the new target demographic, thus failing to make a cogent case for a format shift. Citing the decline in listener numbers, the author implies that a change of format could remediate the issue. However, he does not provide satisfying explanations regarding the origin the decrease. Numerous factors could have provoked the drop: an excessive number of commercials, a lack of eclecticism in the musical selection, or a poor choice of radio presenters, could all result in losing listeners. In the absence of an in-depth survey or market study, it is hazardous to point out rock music as the key elements needing to be altered. Secondly, the author suggests population growth did not result in audience gain, because the new residents are retired. This claim bears two suppositions, one being that people into the retirement age bracket do not like the current format (rock music), and the other that they INDEED listen to the radio. While this may sound plausible, there is again no supporting element to this thesis. We do not know if retirees dislike rock, or if they simply do not listen to the radio. If this latter argument were true, then no format change could appeal to this audience segment. Building upon these premises, the author examines what format would be best catered to this new target. Arguing that a local decline in recorded music indicates a lack of interest in music, he proposes a talk and news approach instead . It is easy to see holes in this argument. The rise of free music streaming platforms, such as Youtube or Spotify for example, might have caused the sales to fall. Recorded music sale is too narrow of a criteria to evaluate people’s fondness for music. Going to the opera, going to a live band performance, or playing the violin or all indicate interest in music, yet can not be quantified through music sales only. While WWAC should take action to countervail decline in audience, the author did not manage to provide compelling arguments to support a format change. Rebranding the station from rock-music to a talk and news oriented channel might very well result in alienating the radio’s original audience, with no guarantee that new listeners will won over in the process.
  3. Hi all, I am studying for my GRE and would love some feedback on my essays, considering this is my weak point. I'm a bit out of practice when it comes to writing essays so any advice would be greatly appreciated. Also, an estimated "score" would be helpful, if possible . Thank you Argument Essay Practice Prompt: the following memorandum is from the Edwintown City Council: " This year, in view of our pledge to be more environmentally conscious, we will be requiring all homeowners within the city limits to recycle their glass, plastic, and paper waste.according to a recent study by Edwintown University, the volume of trash in Edwintown and it's surrounding environs has increased by 20% over the past 15 years. By enforcing recycling laws for all houses within the city limits, we will improve the aesthic and public health ocnditions of our area." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered to decide how likely the stated recommendation is to yield the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers To these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. Response: Upon conducting research, Edwintown has decided to put recycling regulations into place to improve the aesthetics of town, and to improve the health conditions. This puts in question the what the town is currently doing, how the plan to uphold this regulation, and the possible changes that lead to this regulation being a necessity. With an abundance of cities across the U.S. And the world taking an environmentally conscious stance, it can prove valuable to look at other cities as a model for Edwintown’s plans. Many other cities have started putting an emphasis on separating waste into appropriate categories to reduce wasn't enough within the community. For instance, one way Santa Cruz County tried to encourage less waste was to reduce the size of the trash cans, and increase the size of the recycling and compost bins. This has worked by forcing a household to separate their waste because of limited space. Homeowners are able to have a regular sized trash bin, but at a higher fee, once again encouraging people to waste less and recycle more. This has worked, because Santa Cruz is one of the most environmentally conscious cities in Central California. While putting in place a recycling regulation may be good for the city, it leads to the question of how will cities enforce the new regulations. How will city officials make sure homeowners are handling up their end of the bargain? Will the trash collectors provide surveyed information? Will the police department be involved? What will the consequences be if laws are not upheld? In theory, forcing homeowners to recycle sounds like an easy fix to improve city aesthetics, but you have to remember somehow it does need to get enforced; which means city workers (or whoever else will enforce the law) will need to be trained on how to do so, and homeowners will need to be educated about what can be recycled,composted,and simply thrown away. The research done by Edwintown University stated that in 15 years the amount of trash outside of the city has increased. Although this may be true it also raises speculation about the other aspects that may have changed in the same amount of time. For instance, if the population has increased proportionally to the amount of trash around the city has increased, it is likely that the increase in levels of trash is a result of the population and not negligent homeowners. If this is the case, the town should make educating the community about different types of waste to prevent an unneccescary amount of trash labeling let out. By mandating Edwintown homeowners recycle their glass, plastic, and paper waste town officials are hoping to improve the aesthetics of town and improve heAlth conditions. Many other cities have taken steps to eliminate excess waste within the community. By following the models of other cities Edwintown May be able to decrease the amount of waste that it’s citizens Produce. However, it is important to make sure that the increase in trash isn’t just the result of negligent homeowners.
  4. I originally took the GMAT and I was advised to try to take the GRE after failing the GMAT. I took the GRE and received the same score. I am now focused and ready to study with the Magoosh 3 month study guide. I need extreme help in writing, is there anyone out there that would be willing to grade/comment on my practice essay I did in 30 mins? Your help is greatly appreciated. Argument Essay - Practice 1 9-30-18.docx
  5. Hi there! I could really use some input on two practice essays I recently wrote, one for the argument and one for the issue prompts. If anyone has 20 minutes to spare, it would be a huge help! Feel free to be as critical as needed, any help is appreciated! Thanks! GRE Practice Essays.docx
  6. Prompt/Directions The following is a recommendation from the business manager of Monarch Books. "Since its opening in Collegeville twenty years ago, Monarch Books has developed a large customer base due to its reader-friendly atmosphere and wide selection of books on all subjects. Last month, Book and Bean, a combination bookstore and coffee shop, announced its intention to open a Collegeville store. Monarch Books should open its own in-store café in the space currently devoted to children's books. Given recent national census data indicating a significant decline in the percentage of the population under age ten, sales of children's books are likely to decline. By replacing its children's books section with a café, Monarch Books can increase profits and ward off competition from Book and Bean." Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
  7. Issue Essay Critical judgment of work in any given field has little value unless it comes from someone who is an expert in that field. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. Experts spend time and effort studying a certain field to gain expertise, and to be able to understand a range of works that come out of their chosen field. The more familiar an expert is with the issues and specifics of their field, the better they can assess other works within their field of expertise. Due to their deep understanding of the details and nuances of a field, an expert is much better suited to give critical judgement on work in that field than someone not as familiar with that field. Someone who is considered an expert in their field has presumably spent a large amount of time learning about the details and nuances of their chosen field. Therefore, they have a deeper understanding of topics related to their field than someone who has not devoted as much of their time to expertise in that same field. In critiquing a work borne out of their chosen field, an expert has valuable experience to draw from in offering criticism or support of the work. Jane Goodall, a celebrated scientist of primate anthropology, would offer highly valued critical judgment on a paper by another scientist that examines the eating habits of a group of chimpanzees. In contrast, Stephen Hawking, while also a celebrated scientist, would not be able to offer the same level of judgment on that paper, as it is outside his area of expertise. Experts know the details and nuances of their work better than someone not in that specific field, and so they are better equipped than anyone to critique work in their own field. If someone is not an expert in a field yet is offering critical judgment on a work from that field, they likely would not be able to understand certain specifics of issues the work introduces. Therefore, their criticism may be misguided, or may focus on unimportant parts of the work. This kind of critique is not valuable, as it does not get at the root of what the work is based on. However, it could be said that someone who is not an expert in that field could give a valuable outside perspective on a piece of work since they are able to see the big picture. Although in some cases this outside perspective could be valuable, in general, it is still more valuable to have another expert’s opinion on a work in their own field. Due to a deep understanding of a field, an expert’s critical judgment on a work in that field is ultimately more insightful and valuable than someone outside this field. Argument Essay The following appeared as a letter to the editor of a national newspaper. "Your recent article on corporate downsizing* in Elthyria maintains that the majority of competent workers who have lost jobs as a result of downsizing face serious economic hardship, often for years, before finding other suitable employment. But this claim is undermined by a recent report on the Elthyrian economy, which found that since 1999 far more jobs have been created than have been eliminated, bringing the unemployment rate in Elthyria to its lowest level in decades. Moreover, two-thirds of these newly created jobs have been in industries that tend to pay above-average wages, and the vast majority of these jobs are full-time." *Downsizing is the process whereby corporations deliberately make themselves smaller, reducing the number of their employees. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. This argument is flawed, mainly because it makes no connection between the ability of the majority of competent workers who have lost jobs as a result of downsizing to get these newly created jobs in Elthyria. Just because more jobs have been created than have been eliminated since 1999, does not mean that those workers who have lost jobs as a result of corporate downsizing will necessarily get these created jobs. The fact that more jobs have been created than have been eliminated does not affect the claim that the majority of victims of corporate downsizing face serious economic hardship before finding other suitable employment. The fact that two-thirds of these newly created jobs are in industries that tend to pay above-average wages and are full-time, also does not mean that those who have lost jobs as a result of downsizing will get these new jobs and consequently will not suffer economic hardship. There is no evidence that the victims of corporate downsizing have the skills necessary to obtain a job in the industries that tend to pay above-average wages and are full-time. Therefore, there is no guarantee that these high paying full-time jobs are accessible to workers looking for new jobs as a result of downsizing. In addition, the other third of these new jobs could be low-paying or part-time jobs, that would not be able to support workers that have lost their jobs as a result of corporate downsizing. Therefore, this fact provides no evidence to suggest that these workers will not face serious economic hardship. Further, the recent report on the Elthyrian economy does not necessarily undermine the article on corporate downsizing, because the findings of the report as detailed in the letter do not disprove the article’s claim. The fact that the unemployment rate in Elthyria is the lowest its been in decades, does not dictate the employment rate of workers who have lost their jobs due to downsizing. In order to strengthen this argument, evidence in the Elthyrian economy report needs to be brought forth providing that the majority of victims of downsizing in Elthyria are eligible for and able to secure these newly created jobs that pay above-average wages and are full-time.
  8. This is the link: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1cxP5A0tTesyKRLdCN2GboT3d2TCc5deABr6x_oIcDaY/edit?usp=sharing My essay starts from the bold capitulation, "Start".
  9. I've been working really hard to better my score in the other sections, but haven't hit the essay portion of the test as well as I would've like...Thanks in advance for taking a look at this. Everything you need is below. Here is an official scoring guide as well for ya: https://www.ets.org/gre/revised_general/prepare/analytical_writing/argument/scoring_guide Prompt: The following is taken from a memo from the advertising director of the Super Screen Movie Production Company. "According to a recent report from our marketing department, during the past year, fewer people attended Super Screen-produced movies than in any other year. And yet the percentage of positive reviews by movie reviewers about specific Super Screen movies actually increased during the past year. Clearly, the contents of these reviews are not reaching enough of our prospective viewers. Thus, the problem lies not with the quality of our movies but with the public's lack of awareness that movies of good quality are available. Super Screen should therefore allocate a greater share of its budget next year to reaching the public through advertising." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. My response: In the argument stating Super Screen should spend more money on advertising movies, the author makes several unwarrated assumptions. First of all, the author states that the marketing department reported increased positive reviews, but only on specific movies. It is unclear at this point what types of movies the survey reported satisfaction ratings on. For example, the survey could have just asked those who took the survey how they felt about the good movies that Super Screen produced, and left the bad movies out. It is possible that Super Screen produced bad movies that no one wanted to see, and this may be the reason for the lack of people attending the movies, but we are not told what these "specific Super Screen movies" are and, thus, can not assume that all the movies are "good" ones. To make this a fair report, the marketing department could attempt sharing with the audience proof that Super Screen movies that recieved a satisfaction rating were random. Donig so would ensure the audience that the satisfaction rating of those movies were fair. Also, provides faulty reasoning that these surveys reached the same pool as all the other mentioned years. Perhaps, these surveys were given ot a remote population that were unfamiliar with Super Screen movies. The author even neglects to share with the audience that the survey questions were even the same as last year. Therefore, the audience has no reason to believe that these surveys were not biased in some way. Another obvious fallacy in this argument is that the only thing that could bring people to watch Super Screen movies is the advertisement. Since the author does not tell us where these movies can be watched, we are left not knowing that maybe customer service, price, or even acessability could be a potetntial problem as well. All these problems could prevent people from watching their movies also. In sum, to make the author's argument more sound, the author would need to define what specific movies the reviewers reported on, and provide information about what methods the marketing department gained this report. Without more information, the reader of this argument has no way to conclude if spending more of the budget really is the best choice in this case.
  10. Hi, If someone would be kind enough to read the two argument essays provided below and give a score out of six. This way I can see where I am standing as far as the AWA is concerned. Thanks, Abdullah Argument 1 The following appeared in a memo from the director of student housing at Buckingham College. "To serve the housing needs of our students, Buckingham College should build a number of new dormitories. Buckingham's enrollment is growing and, based on current trends, will double over the next 50 years, thus making existing dormitory space inadequate. Moreover, the average rent for an apartment in our town has risen in recent years. Consequently, students will find it increasingly difficult to afford off-campus housing. Finally, attractive new dormitories would make prospective students more likely to enroll at Buckingham." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. Response The piece of memo provided lacks evidence in terms of the housing needs of the students of Buckingham College. First and foremost, more light needs to be shed upon these housing needs. For example the needs might be of provision of food which would be related to the college mess rather than the dormitories. It could also be that students require more bathrooms due to the excessive sharing and in-availability due to their large population. Secondly, there is no guarantee that the enrollment of the college will double over the next 50 years and there are countless reasons. For instance a college opens up in the near future and the intake of students increases there meaning the enrollment of the Buckingham college would face a severe jolt by the hands of the new competitor. Another possibility could be of students opting to study out of town due to fact that the quality of education has drastically increased elsewhere as compared to Buckingham college. The construction of new dormitories does not guarantee the increased enrollment of prospective students to the college. One reason could be that the college increases the housing fees for the students in order to sustain the added expenses of the new dormitories. Also due to the fact that the provision of new dormitories might lead to the need of more classrooms and a larger teaching faculty due to the expected increase in the number of students. This in turn would make the parents of the prospective students have second thoughts. Thus, the enrollment of students is not directly linked to the quantity of dormitories and the argument fails to analyze and point out other, possibly more contributing factors. Argument 2 The following appeared in an article written by Dr. Karp, an anthropologist. "Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia and concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. However, my recent interviews with children living in the group of islands that includes Tertia show that these children spend much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. This research of mine proves that Dr. Field's conclusion about Tertian village culture is invalid and thus that the observation-centered approach to studying cultures is invalid as well. The interview-centered method that my team of graduate students is currently using in Tertia will establish a much more accurate understanding of child-rearing traditions there and in other island cultures." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. Response The account of Dr. Karp fails to justify the fact that Dr. Field carried out his work 20 years ago during which the upbringing of the children in Tertia islands might have changed drastically. May be twenty years ago, children were acutally brought up by the the entire village due to the fact that the parents were busy in social work. Gradually as time passed, the biological parents realised that they must give more time to their children and thus changed their habits. Also the children of Tertia talking more of their biological parents does not imply that they were neccessarily brought up by them. It could also be that they were taken care of at a very young age by the villagers and as they grew up, their biological parents started spending more time with them so they could recall them and recognize their status in their early lives. Lastly the interview-centered method of understanding child-rearing traditions faces many questions. Firstly, how many of the total population of Tertian children were interviewed. Secondly, how many of the children were mature enough to give accurate accounts of their childhood and biological parents. Lastly, if true, how does the multiple accounts of the biological parents by the Tertian children provide evidence as to who they were actually raised by. There could be a possibility that the villagers who reared them constantly mentioned their biological parents to them from an early age to make them more familiar to them once they become mature and are eventually reunited wth them in the future. Therefore all missing evidence provided above clearly weakens the argument provided above.
  11. So, this was my first go at it, so it'll probably be easy for you to grade. Having said that, I know I need to work on getting more length within the 30 minute time frame. I'm more interested what you think about how fluid the essay is and what assumptions you think I missed or also could have focused on. Also, here is some grading criteria that might help:https://www.ets.org/gre/revised_general/prepare/analytical_writing/argument/scoring_guide. Everything else is here below. Thank you in advance! The prompt: The council of Maple County, concerned about the county's becoming overdeveloped, is debating a proposed measure that would prevent the development of existing farmland in the county. But the council is also concerned that such a restriction, by limiting the supply of new housing, could lead to significant increases in the price of housing in the county. Proponents of the measure note that Chestnut County established a similar measure ten years ago, and its housing prices have increased only modestly since. However, opponents of the measure note that Pine County adopted restrictions on the development of new residential housing fifteen years ago, and its housing prices have since more than doubled. The council currently predicts that the proposed measure, if passed, will result in a significant increase in housing prices in Maple County. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the prediction and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the prediction. My essay: The preceeding argument states that housing prices in Maple County will significantly increase if restrictions on housing developemnt are placed on the county’s farmland. This premise is not valid, as it relies on too many unsound assumptions. First, by believing that the housing prices will increase as they did in Pine County, the argument assumes that Maple County has to be similar to Pine County. Perhaps, the houses built in Maple County would be more affordable for the people there, than in Pine county. Because the argument paragraph neglects to state similarities between the two counties, the reader has no way of knowing how one county could follow the same trend as another, ultimately having same effect from the restriciton. To strengthen the premise, the author should describe to the reader the similarities Maple County has to Pine County, and the people there, reenforcing why the housing prices would rise. Another assumption that the argument fails to recognize is how things may change over time. It is stated that the housing prices in Pine County more than doubled from the same restricitons, but this was over 15 years ago. Therefore, the author believes that what was true fifeteen years ago, is true today. Even if we treated these counties as equal, this is an obvious fallacy because maybe the economy is better today for Maple County than it was back then for Pine County, and thus, the effect may favor more to that of Chestnut County, only increasing moderately. To make the argument more believable, the author must give reasons why the economics of today are similar to the economics fifeteen years ago for Pine County. In conclusion, the author relies on several unwarranted assumptions to prove that the predicted result of Maple County’s plan will be similar to that of Pine County’s.
  12. Argument: Several charitable organizations in Pleasantvillle provide opportunities for teenagers to engage in community service. These organizations have a great need for volunteers, but in recent years, the number of teenager volunteers has significantly declined. The Pleasantville school board should take measures to increase the number of volunteers. teachers, parents, and other community members agree that is important for young people to learn the value of community service. requiring high school students to engage in community service would provide much-needed assistance to worthy local charities and would also help young people understand the importance of giving back to their community. for this reason, the Pleasntville school board should institute a program requiring students of Pleasantvillle high school to complete 40 hours of community service prior to graduation. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Response: Now a days, teenagers have more responsibilities and less leisure time and should not have another requirement of completing 40 hours of community service on their backs, limiting other important necessities they may have. Teenagers are very involved in sports, prepping for college in all sorts of ways and some even have jobs. Instead they should be given the choice but shown the importance of why and let them choose. High school is a tough time for teenagers. They are trying to balance school, sports, jobs and more. They may or may not have time to take part in social media. Although charity is important and builds character, they need to be taught that character first and be able to choose if they want make a good decision or not. College is competitive meaning students are doing all they can to get accepted. This includes taking accredited college courses in High school, performing in sports or extra curricular activities, working to build their resume and studying for the SAT(a test for students to be accepted into college). Teenagers may be more stressed if they are pushed into another responsibility. This may also cause teenagers rebel, push them over the limit or quit because it is too much to handle. Instead of forcing the teens into community service, the School Board should educate them on the importance of community service. One way they can do this is to use the ongoing motivation of getting into college as a booster with the idea that more community service can get increase their chances of getting into a good school. They can also educate them on time management so they can inevitably fit in some volunteer hours. Also incentives such as extra credit to the students who perform the most community service could also motivate the teenagers. Educating them, instead of pushing them into it can be more beneficial because it can build the students character by choosing a non-selfish decision and it can also create a more positive attitude among the students instead of the community service becoming a drag or time waster in their naive minds. Overall, the school board should not force students into 40 hours of community service due to teenagers busy schedule and for their mental health of not feeling overwhelmed but instead enlighten them about the option of participating in it. There are always alternative and positive ways into getting more participants in community service than to negatively push them into it. Some students may be able to juggle it all while other teenagers can not add anymore to their plate of responsibilities.
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