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  1. Prompt: Paleo diets, in which one eats how early hominids (human ancestors) did, are becoming increasingly popular. Proponents claim our bodies evolved to eat these types of food, especially bone broth, a soup made by cooking animal bones for several hours. They believe it has many health-promoting nutrients, such as cartilage, which can heal our joints, and chondroitin, which promotes nerve regeneration. Skeptics point out that ingested cartilage can’t replenish cartilage in your knees or elbows and ingested chondroitin doesn’t make our brains any healthier. Yet, there is strong anecdotal evidence that people who consume bone broth have fewer metabolic and inflammatory diseases than those who don’t. Therefore, ancient humans knew something about our physiology that we don’t, and that by emulating the way they ate, we can cure many chronic illnesses. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted. My response: Diets are an essential part of our daily lives. So what we put in our bodies matters to a great extent. Everybody has different preferences and different body types and issues they try to address with varying diets. Although for most people a diet is about being palatable, having a healthy, physically benefitting diet has become increasingly popular nowadays as people realise the importance of eating healthy instead of only following your taste bud's preferences. Although throughout history, diets played a major role, in recent decades, humans have been obsessed with diets for maintaining their physical appearances, as well as for improving their quality of life and health. Many "diet fads" have come and gone in the last few years one of which is the Paleo Diet. Paleo diets are considered to be healthy due to its raw nutrients and simplistic ingredients but let's dig a little deeper into why it may not be as accurate. The fact that having animal bone dishes is the main source of nutrition, it is stated that due to the consumption of cartilages, bones in our bodies tend to get stronger. But it is also established that our bones cannot absorb the nutrients from these digested cartilage. In fact there isn't enough proof that our bodies benefit from the cartilage in these soups. They may have a hand in helping with metabolic and inflammatory diseases as people have reported. But this benefit could arise due to many other factors or other nutrients and there isn't sufficient data to establish that bone broth may have contributed to the fall in such diseases. If this was conducted as a survey, their family health history as well as other existing diseases must be taken into consideration. Again, promotion of nerve regeneration and it's impact on our brains would need extensive studies which could increase or decrease the chances of possessing these diseases based on common pre-existing conditions. Also, stating that ancient humans understood human physiology would be a bold statement to make. Ancient humans just started discovering the wonders of everything around them so they definitely didn't have enough information to establish something is useful for curing diseases. The most probable cause for them adopting this diet would be the increased variety of flavours they got exposed to and it's also possible they noticed a boost in energy due to the increased intake of proteins in their diets. Everything else was probably based on assumptions or temporary changes which could be due to a variety of factors and we can't certainly say for sure since there is no recorded evidence of this. Therefore, from the above arguments, I believe it's possible this diet could benefit us, but the data provided is insufficient to make concrete, confidable conclusions in favour of Paleo diets being beneficial for chronic illnesses.
  2. This is an argument task topic off of the ETS page. I used a random number generator to pick the topic, and timed it out to 30 minutes. I am using Magoosh as my study prep, so I am using the guidelines used from them! This is my first attempt at an argument task, so any help would be appreciated! Thanks in advance! Topic: The following is a letter to the editor of an environmental magazine. "Two studies of amphibians in Xanadu National Park confirm a significant decline in the numbers of amphibians. In 1975 there were seven species of amphibians in the park, and there were abundant numbers of each species. However, in 2002 only four species of amphibians were observed in the park, and the numbers of each species were drastically reduced. One proposed explanation is that the decline was caused by the introduction of trout into the park's waters, which began in 1975. (Trout are known to eat amphibian eggs.)" Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument. Essay: The argument that the introduction of trout into the park’s waters is to blame for the decrease of the number of amphibious species is flawed for numerous reasons. There are several different reasons and possibilities that a decrease in the numbers of species can occur. The fact that the trout were introduced in 1975, and almost 30 years later there’s a decrease in numbers, could be a mere coincidence. All species must compete for survival, even in parks. The seven original amphibious species in the park may have competed other species to extinction. The animals must compete for food, mating, shelter, water, and several other things. Therefor, seven species in close quarters in a park could have been too much demand on the environment, leading some species to fall off the grid. The time between 1975 and 2002 is almost 30 years, which can be well more than a lifetime in many species. Similar to how normal environments change, the park where these animals live also changes. A drop in numbers could have resulted in an environmental change such as more or less rain in certain years, or maybe the park’s management changed over the years, resulting in a change in the upkeep of the park facilities. The amount of how this park could have changed in a matter of 27 years is endless. The letter states that the trout were introduced in 1975 and 27 years later they noticed the decrease in the amphibians. Meaning, the amphibians could have dropped in numbers at any point between those times. It could simply be a happenchance that the trout were introduced into the park at that time. The amphibians could have started to slowly decrease before then, or they could have had a more drastic change maybe only a few years before the numbers were recorded in 2002. Since the statistics weren’t recorded on a normal basis, there is no way to show when this phenomenon occurred within the park, therefor not being able to blame the trout introduction. There is no obvious proof to show that the trout are the reason for the reduction of amphibians found in the park. There are several ways this could have occurred over the course of 27 years and a simple cause and effect does not account for the numerous other factors that should be considered in this conclusion.
  3. Hello! I am new here, I just started to prepare for the GRE test. These are the first writing tasks I've done and I am in need of critics for my essays. I live in Argentina and here it's extremely difficult to find someone around who know about this. So, if anyone can read these stuff and help me a bit I'd be very thankful. Issue Task Educators should teach facts only after their students have studied the ideas, trends, and concepts that help explain those facts. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. It is always complicated to define which facts are worth of teaching, and which are optional.Even more, it is harder to find the way to teach them. Some teachers prefer to give a proper context before laying down any facts, while others do exactly the opposite: learn the facts first, then (if there is time to spare) let's do a revision of what lead to them. Instead of doing a full background of the facts or just give them, wouldn't be better to find a balance? Having a developed background about the ideas and trends of fact can be vital to fully understand it. The Bastille take by the poor people during French Revolution is tightly related to what was happening: the King's army was killing them on the streets, destroying any chance of political change. The Bastille was the central deposit of weapons powered by gunpowder. If they took the place, they could fight against historic repression. Darwin's journey through Galapagos Islands is crucial for Origin of the Species. It is in that place where he could confirm several ideas about evolution, watching the slight and big differences between birds' beaks. Also, when the students have more information and not just the fact itself they may develop a broader perspective. One can see how everything and anything can affect the outcome of an action, a fact. Would Darwin have published Origin of the Species if he hadn't been able to see those birds? What would have happened if he hadn't see them? Would Democracy was we know it exist if those men didn't take the Bastille? It is important for a student, and for any person, to grasp at least a bit of the interconnection that exists between facts and context. But this approach can be very impractical. In the tight school schedules that rule the education system is hard to find enough time to teach and explain fully the ideas and trends that lead to an outcome. And given that difficulty, a new one arises: if there is not enough time, then a classification between vital and not important ideas should be developed. This can change too much between teachers and institutions, since it may be heavily influenced by personal points of view and different formation background between teachers. Nonetheless, it is important to not overlook any of these extremes. A fact without context is meaningless, and too many trends, ideas, and context without their outcomes are too abstract. The best way is to relate both sides at the same time, so the student can learn the important facts with their corresponding context, and give them meaning. Argument Task Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia. Using an observation-centered approach to studying Tertian culture, he concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. Recently another anthropologist, Dr. Karp, visited the group of islands that includes Tertia and used the interview-centered method to study child-rearing practices. In the interviews that Dr. Karp conducted with children living in this group of islands, the children spent much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. Dr. Karp decided that Dr. Field's conclusion about Tertian village culture must be invalid. Some anthropologists recommend that to obtain accurate information on Tertian child-rearing practices, future research on the subject should be conducted via the interview-centered method. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. In order to understand culture and behavior, in particular the Tertian ones, researchers need to get information and perspective about traits and costumes practiced along a community. According to the text, both observation and interviews have been done. Since the latter has been selected to continue they should be children-centered, and in parallel do interviews with adults in the community. For both groups, the following questions -among others- should be asked. One of the key ones would be how much time they pass with their parents. If their rearing is done by their biological parents, it is logical to think that most of the children day-to-day experiences will happen with them. It is in those experiences where most children learn about their place in the world, being instructed and formed by parents or people with some sort of importance in their life. For that, time needs to be spent together. Another question would be if in case of a problem or doubt who the children go to; a father or mother? the oldest person at their village? a determined group? In that way, researchers could have a vague (but otherwise important) idea of who is or are the authority figures for the children. Authority is very much related to parents or people with rearing function. A third one could be about their living situation. Do they live with other children? With adults? How many? Did they grow up together, with the same group of people? The living organization can further develop the net of connections between children and adults; those who live with the children may have an important part in their rearing, as much as to share a place with them. Finally, observation shouldn't be discarded. Even with a set of complete questions to flesh out children ideas and experiences, behavior observation can add new information and help to understand systems of authority and can give a view unaffected by children costumes. Sometimes people aren't completely honest or clear in surveys and interviews, so it is important to have other sources of information. So, in order to have a more complete representation of Tertian culture, this set of questions could be useful to start an expanded research on the topic.
  4. Argument Two years ago, radio station WCQP in Rockville decided to increase the number of call-in advice programs that it broadcast; since that time, its share of the radio audience in the Rockville listening area has increased significantly. Given WCQP's recent success with call-in advice programming, and citing a nationwide survey indicating that many radio listeners are quite interested in such programs, the station manager of KICK in Medway recommends that KICK include more call-in advice programs in an attempt to gain a larger audience share in its listening area. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. My response starts from here: There are two different radio stations in different regions, two years ago by increasing the call-in programs in one radio station the number of audiance increased, it dose not mean that the same increase in the audiance will happen to the other station. Success of WCQP by increasing the call-in advice programs can not ensure us that another radio station KICK could gain similar success by including call-in programs if we consider certain other facts that effect the ammount of audiance. The WCQP and KICK are two differnet radio stations, their theme could be different, one could be news station other could be entairtainment station. So, every station has it’s own requirments furthermore, both of these stations are in different areas, and people living in these areas could have different taste. Now on the base of this assumption that WCQP gaied audiance by including the call-in advice programs we can never be sure that KICK would also get the same gain of audiance. However, by mentioning that the needs of both the radio stations are same, they are of same nature and have similar audiance the very assumption can become valid. There is a also difference of time, WCQP increased the number of call-in advice programs two years ago it is quite possible that the trend has been changed and now people like to have scheduled programs rather than varying call-in advise programs. So, this asumption falls apart in this way. We cannot rely on the nation wide survey results, as this survey could not be specific about the call-in advice programs. Moreover it is not mentioned that the survey was performed recently or it was performed some decades back. Things change and so the trends of people. That’s why backing up this argument by this survey do not make this assumption valid but if it is mentioned that the survey was performed recently and that this survey was sepecifically related to the call-in advise programs than the above argument becomes valid. Two stations are different and are in differnet regions so the sucess story of one station can never ensure the sucess of another station.
  5. I would appreciate any feedback on my Argument TAsk and Issue prompt essays for the GRE. If you are tight for time even some pointers instead of completely grading them would be welcome! Thanks in advance, I appreciate your help. Issue Prompt: To be an effective leader, a public official must maintain the highest ethical and moral standards. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. Answer: To be effective leaders, public officials must maintain the highest ethical and moral standards. A person without high ethical and moral standards does not have an adecuate framework within which to make judgments in the best interest of the good of others. Ethical and moral standards like not stealing, taking bribes, telling the truth or even as seemingly trite as arriving to a meeting are invaluable in order to use public funds to further the interests of society. As a result, people without high ethical and moral standards are often just engulfed in trying to aplacate their ego or fill their pockets. A person in public office is often charged with creating provisions for limited resources to meet the needs of the most vulnerable. Wether this is the mayor of a city who is creating social housing projects, improving public spaces or creating a healthy environment of citizens to enjoy fullfilling lives or a Minister of national defense in charge of ensuring and promoting the safety of the entire country. It is the highest ethical and moral standards that enable public officials to be effective leaders, making decisions for the well-being of others and holding others as more valuable than themselves. Furthermore, public officials are often in the public eye, appearing on the television, radio and social media, their lives are exposed for the world to see. Their example will be followed by those watching them. Children and adolescents often looking up to these public figures are taking note of their behaviour, how they are portrayed to treat their peers, co-workers, subordiantes and families. It is evident that their leadership will contribute or hinder the funcioning of society. However, it can be said that people like Hitler, responsible for heneous acts of genocide, were great leaders and did not have high ethical or moral standards. It is important to qualify this argument that leaders that will furthe public good and use their positions of leadership for positive change must have high ethical and moral standards. In conclusion, public officials, effecitive in achieving what they are intedend to do, look out and further the public good, who will also be a good example and further the correct funcionting of society must have the highest ethical moral standards. Argument Task: The following memorandum is from the business manager of Happy Pancake House restaurants. "Recently, butter has been replaced by margarine in Happy Pancake House restaurants throughout the southwestern United States. This change, however, has had little impact on our customers. In fact, only about 2 percent of customers have complained, indicating that an average of 98 people out of 100 are happy with the change. Furthermore, many servers have reported that a number of customers who ask for butter do not complain when they are given margarine instead. Clearly, either these customers do not distinguish butter from margarine or they use the term 'butter' to refer to either butter or margarine." Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument. Answer: Customer satisfaction should be the first priority of a manager of a chain of restaurants. This does not seem to be the case for Happy Pancake House restaurants, who are making decisions based on the happiness of the owners and the bottom line and not the happiness of the costumers. It is clear that the conclusion arrived at by the manager that the change from butter to margarine has had little impact on the customers, is unwarranted based on the evidence provided in his memorandum. The manager explains that 2% of the customers have complained, and while this is 2 of 100 customers, Happy Pancake House, given that it has restaurants in the southwestern United States, is likely to have more than 100 customers. If the chain has 10,000 customers then the number of unsatisfied customers is already 200 people. Therefore, it is important that the argument presents the total number of customers that do frecuent the chains where this change has taken place to be able to determine with more precision the number of unsatisfied customers in order to make a more accurate conclusion about the impact of the change on customers. Furthermore, it is unclear wether or not the servers have been requested to report every instance when a customer has expressed his or her dissatisfaction with the change. It is likely that only the servers who are experiencing consistent complaints from customers report the cases to their managers. For the argument to be strengthened we would need to know that all the servers have been given explicit instructions to repot any case of customer disatisfaction related to the change from butter to margarine. Furthemore, we would need to know that there have been systematic and intentional efforts to gather and sistematize the instances of disatisfaction to determine that there has in fact been little impact on customers. Lastly, the manager assumes that because Pancake House patrons do not complain upon being given margarine instead of butter is because they don’t distinguish the difference when there are many other reasons that could account for them not complaining. For example, they could rightfully assume that the Pancake house does not have butter, they could feel bad complaining to waiters who are often paid minimum wage and have very limited influence on store product stocking policy, they could be busy and need to go or a plethora of other reasons. What is probable is that if they do prefer butter over margerine they could choose to go to a restaurant that does offer it. In conclusion, the manager’s memorandum makes unwarranted the conclusions based on limited evidence that customers have been minimally impacted by the change of butter to margerine. Clearly this blattant disregard for evidence based conclusions demostrate a lack of regard for the interest of customers and is clouded with greed, since margarine is more inexpensive than margarine and what the change likely means is that the store makes a higher revenue, albeit in the short run.
  6. Would anyone be willing to score my GRE practice essays for me? I have attached the issue and argument essays for your review. If I have not put this in the right forum, please let me know. Issue Task Essay 1 on 10.30.17.docx
  7. Issue Essay Critical judgment of work in any given field has little value unless it comes from someone who is an expert in that field. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. Experts spend time and effort studying a certain field to gain expertise, and to be able to understand a range of works that come out of their chosen field. The more familiar an expert is with the issues and specifics of their field, the better they can assess other works within their field of expertise. Due to their deep understanding of the details and nuances of a field, an expert is much better suited to give critical judgement on work in that field than someone not as familiar with that field. Someone who is considered an expert in their field has presumably spent a large amount of time learning about the details and nuances of their chosen field. Therefore, they have a deeper understanding of topics related to their field than someone who has not devoted as much of their time to expertise in that same field. In critiquing a work borne out of their chosen field, an expert has valuable experience to draw from in offering criticism or support of the work. Jane Goodall, a celebrated scientist of primate anthropology, would offer highly valued critical judgment on a paper by another scientist that examines the eating habits of a group of chimpanzees. In contrast, Stephen Hawking, while also a celebrated scientist, would not be able to offer the same level of judgment on that paper, as it is outside his area of expertise. Experts know the details and nuances of their work better than someone not in that specific field, and so they are better equipped than anyone to critique work in their own field. If someone is not an expert in a field yet is offering critical judgment on a work from that field, they likely would not be able to understand certain specifics of issues the work introduces. Therefore, their criticism may be misguided, or may focus on unimportant parts of the work. This kind of critique is not valuable, as it does not get at the root of what the work is based on. However, it could be said that someone who is not an expert in that field could give a valuable outside perspective on a piece of work since they are able to see the big picture. Although in some cases this outside perspective could be valuable, in general, it is still more valuable to have another expert’s opinion on a work in their own field. Due to a deep understanding of a field, an expert’s critical judgment on a work in that field is ultimately more insightful and valuable than someone outside this field. Argument Essay The following appeared as a letter to the editor of a national newspaper. "Your recent article on corporate downsizing* in Elthyria maintains that the majority of competent workers who have lost jobs as a result of downsizing face serious economic hardship, often for years, before finding other suitable employment. But this claim is undermined by a recent report on the Elthyrian economy, which found that since 1999 far more jobs have been created than have been eliminated, bringing the unemployment rate in Elthyria to its lowest level in decades. Moreover, two-thirds of these newly created jobs have been in industries that tend to pay above-average wages, and the vast majority of these jobs are full-time." *Downsizing is the process whereby corporations deliberately make themselves smaller, reducing the number of their employees. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. This argument is flawed, mainly because it makes no connection between the ability of the majority of competent workers who have lost jobs as a result of downsizing to get these newly created jobs in Elthyria. Just because more jobs have been created than have been eliminated since 1999, does not mean that those workers who have lost jobs as a result of corporate downsizing will necessarily get these created jobs. The fact that more jobs have been created than have been eliminated does not affect the claim that the majority of victims of corporate downsizing face serious economic hardship before finding other suitable employment. The fact that two-thirds of these newly created jobs are in industries that tend to pay above-average wages and are full-time, also does not mean that those who have lost jobs as a result of downsizing will get these new jobs and consequently will not suffer economic hardship. There is no evidence that the victims of corporate downsizing have the skills necessary to obtain a job in the industries that tend to pay above-average wages and are full-time. Therefore, there is no guarantee that these high paying full-time jobs are accessible to workers looking for new jobs as a result of downsizing. In addition, the other third of these new jobs could be low-paying or part-time jobs, that would not be able to support workers that have lost their jobs as a result of corporate downsizing. Therefore, this fact provides no evidence to suggest that these workers will not face serious economic hardship. Further, the recent report on the Elthyrian economy does not necessarily undermine the article on corporate downsizing, because the findings of the report as detailed in the letter do not disprove the article’s claim. The fact that the unemployment rate in Elthyria is the lowest its been in decades, does not dictate the employment rate of workers who have lost their jobs due to downsizing. In order to strengthen this argument, evidence in the Elthyrian economy report needs to be brought forth providing that the majority of victims of downsizing in Elthyria are eligible for and able to secure these newly created jobs that pay above-average wages and are full-time.
  8. Hi everyone I'd be really thankful if somebody could judge my essay. I'd be happy to read your text (if you are taking the test as well). Thanks a lot! (Btw do you think it is too short? Approx 320 words.) Here goes my essay: Two years ago, radio station WCQP in Rockville decided to increase the number of call-in advice programs that it broadcast; since that time, its share of the radio audience in the Rockville listening area has increased significantly. Given WCQP's recent success with call-in advice programming, and citing a nationwide survey indicating that many radio listeners are quite interested in such programs, the station manager of KICK in Medway recommends that KICK include more call-in advice programs in an attempt to gain a larger audience share in its listening area. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. The manager of the radio station KICK intends to increase the audience share in their listening area but fails in creating a sound argument for following the actions of WCQP radio station. To begin with the station manager argues that WCQP's audience share has increased because of their increasing number of call-in advice programs. This assumption disregards any impact other management choices of WCQP may have had. For example they may have, in addition to increasing the call-in advice programs, raised their investment in marketing. Which may have increased the number of people aware of the radio station. Additionally WCQP's change happened two years ago, while this type of radio program may have been popular during that time this may have changed. There is no guarantee that the audience is still interested in this type of program. Not only does the time impact the results of the change the region is also an important factor to consider. Rockville's and Medway's population my be completely different. For example Rockville could be a town with a large percentage of retired people and families. If in that case Medway mainly had a population of students and young professionals their interests would be significantly different. The author does not discuss this point at all. The authors introduction of a nationwide study,citing great interest in this type of programs brings up a large amount of questions about the study. Neither the number of participants nor the demographic or the authority which conducted that survey is mentioned. Assuming that the number of people did not exceed 100 people and the questioned individuals were all pensioners. The result of the survey would be irrelevant for KICK's decision making as it did not cover a large enough or varying enough set of people. As a result, given the argument that the station manager provided one cannot confidently say that radio station KICK should introduce more call-in advice programs as his recommendation is not sufficiently backed up.
  9. Please evaluate my argumentative essay for the analytical writing section of the GRE. I'm particularly concern about the development and quality of my counterarguments. I will gladly return the favour! The current argument cites a survey of Mason City Residents' favourite recreational activities to support increasing the budget to clean the river and the annual riverside recreational facilities. The following argument, however, is flawed because it extrapolates the result of a survey to support a causal effect. Firstly, the water sports, swimming, boating, and fishing, all require different river conditions that the author fails to recognize. While the cleanness and hygiene of the river may improve following river maintenance, the condition of the river may still not be suitable for these activates. The author does not examine whether there are proper boating docks; attractive scenery; calm swimming conditions; or vibrant sea life conditions. In essence, the term "quality" undermines these necessary conditions to attract city residents to the river. Considering that the "quality" of the river is suitable for the conditions for the resident's favourite riverside recreations, they may still choose to enjoy these activities else where or in a minimal number of times. This analysis touches on the broad generalization of the survey. More specifically, the survey asks the residents to rank their "favourite" recreational activity. not how often they partake in their favourite recreational activity or where they prefer to partake in these activities. For many residents, boating and fishing may be a family affair where everyone has to interrupt their normal routine to set aside a time for a extended trip or longer excursion. Despite improving the quality and cleanliness of the river, the resident may still choose alternative rivers or lakes to partake in their favourite water activity. The argument also leaves many other unanswered questions about the relevance of the survey. The author attempts to relate the result of the surveys to public opinion that may have been circulating for years. While a survey, as irrelevant ask it may be, is representative of the residents, residential complaints may be the opinion of a few minorities or highly critical few. Therefore, the line of reasoning that cleaning the river will increase recreational activity is not consistent and therefore, unwarranted. The author's argument that increasing the budget for riverside recreational activities is a necessity since the improved quality of the river will attract the city residents is unwarranted.
  10. Question e following appeared in a memo from the new vice president of Sartorian, a company that manufactures men's clothing. "Five years ago, at a time when we had difficulties in obtaining reliable supplies of high quality wool fabric, we discontinued production of our alpaca overcoat. Now that we have a new fabric supplier, we should resume production. This coat should sell very well: since we have not offered an alpaca overcoat for five years and since our major competitor no longer makes an alpaca overcoat, there will be pent-up customer demand. Also, since the price of most types of clothing has increased in each of the past five years, customers should be willing to pay significantly higher prices for alpaca overcoats than they did five years ago, and our company profits will increase." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. My argument essay. This is my first attempt to write an arguement essay. ( It's been a while) The argument states that the company will be profited by starting to manufacture the alpaca overcoat. This is based on the premises that, a 5 year stop in production would have increased the market demand. Moreover, the recent surge in clothing price and no competitor manufacturing the same coat, adds to favor of the manufacturer. However, on careful examination, the argument is found to be baseless and is rife with assumptions. First, a generalization is made by assuming the same market scenario in the present and 5 years back. There could have been a lot of changes in the market. The advent of new low cost materials could have deteriorated the market for woolen products.Therefore the above mentioned assumption of generalization doesn’t correlate with the author’s prediction of getting higher profits. Second, sufficient proof is not showcased regarding the capability of the new supplier of wool. Assuming a case of increase in demand, if the supplier is not able to cope up it will lead to backlog in availability. It can lead to dissatisfied customers who may seek competitor products. In such a case the company would lose on its customer bank and this can give way to loss of market share. The author mentions about the recent surge in the price of clothes. But he fails to provide by magnitude with which the price has increased. There is no mention regarding the increase in price with respect to woolen clothes. There could be possiblity of increase in prices for cotton clothes whereas the price of wollen products might have decreased. In such a scenario the company would plunge into a loss rather gain any profit. Finally, the author fails to take into consideration the manufacturing price of the jacket. If the cost price of the jacket is steep then it would difficult for the manufacturer to sell the product in the market. This may lead to increase in iventory leading to loss for the organization. In summary, the argument fails to prove solid ground, given that there are compelling arguments against the authors claim.
  11. The following appeared in a memo from the director of student housing at Buckingham College. "To serve the housing needs of our students, Buckingham College should build a number of new dormitories. Buckingham's enrollment is growing and, based on current trends, will double over the next 50 years, thus making existing dormitory space inadequate. Moreover, the average rent for an apartment in our town has risen in recent years. Consequently, students will find it increasingly difficult to afford off-campus housing. Finally, attractive new dormitories would make prospective students more likely to enroll at Buckingham." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. The following argument is flawed for numerous reasons. Primarily, the argument is based on the unwarranted assumptions that adding new dormitories to the Buckingham College will serve the housing needs of new students. First, the director is pointing out that based on current trends, the enrollment will double in the next years. There are several ideas that might contradict this. For example, new schools might open in the following years near Buckingham College, thus making students choose them over Buckingham. Also, degrees interest might change over the next years and if Buckingham College does not offer what students are looking for, then students might not choose Buckingham. Second, the author is referring to the recent rise of rent of apartments in town and how this will make very difficult for students to afford off-campus renting. There are many options for students to afford this kind of housing, and let’s remember that not all students like to live inside campus. Maybe some of them will ask for a loan, others might search for different scholarships that will help them pay part of the rent, and others might look for other two or three students that are also willing to pay rent, thus dividing the spending and making it more affordable. Another assumption is that by creating new dormitories prospective students will be more tempted to enroll at Buckingham’s. Reinforcing the previous observation, many students might not like to live inside campus, thus this option would not be appealing at all. Also, while this option might be tempting for some people, one of the most important reasons students choose one college over another is the study plan or curriculum, so adding new dormitories might not be a real deal-breaker for the majority of them. Because the argument makes several unwanted assumptions, it fails to make a convincing cause that new dormitories at Buckingham College will help with the enrollment of new students.
  12. Hello everyone! I am new to the Grad Cafe. I'm looking forward to getting to know you guys. I was wondering if you guys can do me a favor. I'm preparing for the GRE actual exam. I recently worked and finished the writing portion of it (both the argument and issue task). I need someone to help me evaluate my writing skills and score both of my papers (0-6, in 0.5 increments). The person has to be an expert on GRE testing or someone who has done very well in the GRE exam. I would like to know how my progress is on the writing portion of the GRE. Both papers are attached to this post. I would appreciate for your help. Thank you! Issue Task Practice - GRE.docx Argument Task Practice - GRE.docx
  13. Hi! I just wrote this under real testing conditions. Please provide me with some feedback if you can, and don't be afraid to be harsh if necessary. I really need all the help I can get! Thanks The following appeared in a health magazine. "The citizens of Forsythe have adopted more healthful lifestyles. Their responses to a recent survey show that in their eating habits they conform more closely to government nutritional recommendations than they did ten years ago. Furthermore, there has been a fourfold increase in sales of food products containing kiran, a substance that a scientific study has shown reduces cholesterol. This trend is also evident in reduced sales of sulia, a food that few of the most healthy citizens regularly eat." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. Being aware of how reliable sources are is very important when it comes to believing everything you read. Learning to question everything is a quality that is most important to have in order to not believe fraught information. The argument that the citizen have adopted healthier lifestyles is flawed because it makes assumptions that are not supported by the evidence provided in the article. One of the main flaws of this article comes from the comparison of two populations. The article begins by stating that the citizens have adopted healthier lifestyles, but there is no mention of what their lifestyles were like before. It is mentioned that 10 years ago, the citizens did not conform to the government’s nutritional recommendations as well as they do now. The fallacy here is that two populations are being compared as if they were a cohort group. The people that lived in Forsythe 10 years ago are not necessarily the same people that live there now. Also, the government’s nutritional recommendations 10 years ago may not have been as good or as well-known as they are today. This argument also relies on survey information which may be misleading and biased. In order to make this argument more valid the magazine would need to specify the role of the government on nutrition 10 years ago and make sure that the surveys come from a representative sample of people. Another flaw of this argument is that it relies too heavily on sales of foods. It is mentioned that the sales of food have increased by four. It is tempting to believe that because the food contains Kiran the people are eating healthier, but there could be something else at play. The mass quantities of healthy food that are being bought today compared to 10 years ago may be due to an increase in population. This is something the article needs to account for to make the argument more valid. Also, there is also the possibility that more of the foods available in Forsythe today contain Kiran compared to 10 years ago. It is also important to acknowledge that only one scientific study has shown that kiran reduces cholesterol. The magazine article should not promote how healthy kiran is before more studies are carried out. The same goes for the reduced sales of sulia in Forsythe. The argument would be more valid if the article included percentages of the foods available that contain sulia. It may be that the sales have decreased because the availability of the product has decreased. In conclusion, the argument that the citizens of Forsythe are living healthier lives today than 10 years ago is flawed because it doesn’t provide enough supportive evidence to have a valid argument. The magazine article relies on assumptions of different populations and food sales to make an argument that falls apart with minimal questioning.
  14. Hi! this is my first attempt at writing the argument task for the gre. Please check it out and critique it if you can. Any advice is appreciated Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a "Palean" basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. Before deriving conclusions, it is important to make sure that the supporting evidencing is strong enough to support the argument. The argument that the woven baskets found by archeologists could not have been solely Palean is flawed because it is not supported by the evidence and, it doesn’t acknowledge the limits of archeology. The first assumption is that the baskets were made by Palean people because the baskets were found in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea. This piece of information is not strong enough to support such a claim. If the archeologists were to add that there is no evidence of other people living anywhere near the area or that the Palean people did not interact with other groups then that argument becomes stronger. For all we know, the baskets weren’t made by the Paleans at all. The architects also found another basket in Lithos and assumed that the Paleans couldn’t have made it because boats haven’t been found. This assumption doesn’t acknowledge the limits or archeology. Just because something has not been found does not mean it didn’t exist. The Paleans could have had boats, or they could have swam across the river. There are any number of possibilities. For this to be a stronger argument the archeologists could provide evidence that the river was just as deep and broad then as it is now. For all we know they could have walked across the land that is now a river It is also important to take into consideration the possibility that the Palean people were not in fact the only ones to weave the baskets, and the Lithos people wove them as well. This is merely a possibility among many. The archeologists could make a stronger argument by saying that the baskets were found in other places aside from Palea and Lithos. In that same way, it could be that the baskets were a gift to the Paleans, or that the Paleans used them to trade. The important thing is, that whatever claim the archeologists make needs to be supported by the evidence. In Conclusion, there are many weak assumption in this argument that could be made stronger if there were more information. The argument provided above is not supported by the evidence that accompanies it. Saying that the baskets were not uniquely Palean is not an assumption to make with the weak supporting evidence provided.
  15. [PROMPT] SuperCorp recently moved its headquarters to Corporateville. The recent surge in the number of homeowners in Corporateville proves that Corporateville is a superior place to live than Middlesburg, the home of SuperCorp's current headquarters. Moreover, Middleburg is a predominately urban area and according to an employee survey, SuperCorp has determined that its workers prefer to live in an area that is not urban. Finally, Corporateville has lower taxes than Middlesburg, making it not only a safer place to work but also a cheaper one. Therefore, Supercorp clearly made the best decision. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. [RESPONSE] The argument that Supercorp has made the best decision of moving its headquarters from Middlesburg to Corporateville is open to debate. There are many assumptions that the author makes. The most glaring assumption is that lower taxes and a less urban setting directly qualifies Corporateville as the best destination for setting up Supercorp's new headquarters. The author mentions that due to the fact that Corporateville is a less urban area, it is a much safer place than Middlesburg. This may not be true as Corporateville may have an unusually higher crime rate than its counterparts. We just cannot say. Also the lower taxes may be a policy of the government to bring in more investment and after a few years the government may be tempted to raise the taxes, bringing the expenses at a comparable level to what the company had in Middlesburg. Another statement that invokes suspicion is the claim from the survey that the employees prefer t live in non urban areas. The authenticity of the survey may be called into question as it was not done by an independent outside organisation. Even after considering the survey authentic, the results may have been incorrectly interpreted. It may be the case that the employees at the lower spectrum of work who were, not surprisingly, in greater numbers preferred non urban areas while the top management which was fewer in numbers were greatly opposed to living in non urban areas. The surge in number of homeowners is in no way an indication of the superiority of Corporateville as compared to Middlesburg. This may have been a result of government subsidy on taxes which ultimately pulled a large number of people to invest in property here. Corporateville may as well have been a city lagging behind others and in an attempt to make it more attractive to industry and the general population certain policies and tax sops may have been introduced by the government and the duration up to which they will last is hard to say.
  16. Task: The Following report appeared in the newsletter of the West Meria Public Health Council. "An innovative treatment has come to our attention that promises to significantly reduce absenteeism is our school and workplaces. A study reports that in nearby East Meria, where fish consumption is very high, people visit the doctor only once or twice per year for the treatment of colds. Clearly, eating a substantial amount of fish can prevent colds. Since colds represent the most frequently given reason for absences from school and work, we recommend the daily use of Ichthaid--a nutritional supplement derived from fish oil--as a good way to prevent colds and lower absenteeism." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. RESPONSE: While the claim presented in the report provides a public health related concern, the evidence presented is not sufficient to uphold the claim itself. Such assumptions--such as the relationship between high fish consumption and doctor’s visits and the rate of absenteeism and colds will decrease by taking a dietary fish supplement--must be further substantiated before such a claim can be viable. The first assumption--that high fish consumption attributes to the amount of doctor’s visits people have annually--is barely explained. In order to uphold this piece of information, more information on the people of East Meria should be conveyed--the population of East Meria, number of physicians present in the area, number of people that visit their physician for a cold compared to all other visits. Many other factors can attribute to the low number of doctor’s visits to seek treatment for colds, such as over-the-counter medication, access to nearby physician, or healthy nutrition habits. Each would have an effect as to why a person may not visit a doctor for a cold. Secondly, the claim that taking a fish supplement will decrease the likelihood of getting a cold, thus decreasing the rate of absenteeism has gaps in itself. Relevant evidence should be presented in terms of the statistics of absenteeism in East Meria, the causes of absenteeism, and more information on the the effect of the fish supplement on the common cold. This claim also disregards any provided information from employees or youth that claim an “excused absence” specifically due to the common cold. Without the indicated information to substantiate a relation between the two, the claim is incomplete. The relationship between intaking a dietary fish supplement and prevention of the common cold needs more than mere assumptions to be considered viable. While this claim leads to a short term solution, it is too incomplete to determine any true effects.
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