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Found 78 results

  1. Issue Prompts: Claim: In any field — business, politics, education, government — those in power should step down after five years. Reason: The surest path to success for any enterprise is revitalization through new leadership. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. In each field of study and society, those in power are in control of high-level, high-pressure issues. They are experts in their fields and they have spent, sometimes decades, working to get there. The ones who last have gotten where they are have done so on merit, skill, and knowledge. Cycling through those preeminent in their field every five years would lead to a lower level of success overall, constant, chaotic change, and ridding institutions of one of their most valuable keys to continued success: trust in their leader’s abilities and judgement. The adage, “knowledge is power” holds true for many fields, especially ones as prominent as business, politics, and government. Most fields benefit from people in power who have deep knowledge of their area and are experts - scientists who have spent decades researching the same topic, teachers who have specialized in one area of study, and CEOs who have spent their careers with the same company. Having wells of knowledge creates leaders who can draw on their own stores and their personal experience to solve dynamic problems and forge strong entities, such as businesses, governments, and universities. There is also the opposite side of the adage, which says that “power corrupts” - a phrase that looks over a fundamental element of high-powered, high-performing entities and institutions. Namely, if there is corruption (moral, financial, or legal) it will not be tolerated on the scale of CEOs, Presidents, and scholars. Suggesting that those in power should change every five years also cuts out one of the most valuable aspects of having a seasoned, veteran member in a leadership role: losing that much industry-specific or company-specific knowledge, and arguably more important, the trust that is built over 5 years, is tantamount to firing and hiring all new people every five years. The intrinsic knowledge that is gained with experience is not transient from one leader to another, as is not their leadership style or the trust they have built over time. These factors are more crucial to the success of companies, the happiness of employees, and the performance of the leader than anything else they do. Getting rid of someone after so little as five years would certainly add new leadership- whether that new leadership would “revitalize” is unlikely. Five years is not much time when talking about the life cycles of companies, educational institutions, and certainly not governments. Leaders set the culture and the style of their organization, which takes time to do - and undo. Changing leaders so quickly would likely muddle the culture, create backlash among employees, and be slower in reality that many would think. A change in leadership is also not guaranteed to revitalize the company. It would keep things in a state of flux, never allow for the normal flow of things to be establised, and detract from the important work being done. Ultimately, Trying to revitalize an organization is better acheived in strategy than in leadership changes. Talking about central institutions such as government and education, and changing something as important as their leadership is unwise and unreasonable to do so often and five years. Argument Prompts: The following is a recommendation from the Board of Directors of Monarch Books. "We recommend that Monarch Books open a café in its store. Monarch, having been in business at the same location for more than twenty years, has a large customer base because it is known for its wide selection of books on all subjects. Clearly, opening the café would attract more customers. Space could be made for the café by discontinuing the children's book section, which will probably become less popular given that the most recent national census indicated a significant decline in the percentage of the population under age ten. Opening a café will allow Monarch to attract more customers and better compete with Regal Books, which recently opened its own café." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. This argument from the Board of Directors leaves many unanswered questions that ultimately lead to flawed logic. Primarily, their comparison that adding a cafe would allow Monarch Books to better compete with Regal Books relies on basic assumptions that the two stores are the exact same. the question that needs to be answered is: what is Monarch’s customer base? They have a well-established customer base that relies on them for their wide selection of books, but we need to know how many of their customers would spend money in their cafe and how many more customers the added cafe would attract. If their customer base is more frugal, the cafe could fail; if their base is a significant portion of the town, can they expect the cafe to attract more customers to their bookshop? If Monarch Books’ does not make much money from their kids’ section, if their customers are affluent, and/or if they have a smaller portion of the town as their customer base, adding the cafe in lieu of the kid’s section could add to their success. Another question needing an answer is how much of their sales/how much of their client base is geared toward kids? If their kids’ section is a large part of their store and their store’s profits, getting rid of the section all together could make them less profitable. If their base is family-oriented, parents and their children may stop patronizing the store wholly. A cost-benefit analysis needs to be done comparing the kids’ section sales to the cafe’s projected sales in order to make an informed decision about whether to install the cafe and get rid of the kids’ section. If Monarch’s customer base is not family oriented and children do not frequent their store, adding the more profitable cafe could help Monarch compete better with Regal. Lastly, we need to answer the question of if Monarch adding a cafe will allow it to more directly compete with Regal books. The assumption made was that Regal Books and Monarch Books are the exact same and the only differentiating factor between them was Regal’s cafe. We need to establish other differences that could account for Monarch’s need to compete with Regal. We need to know the location of the stores - if Regal is closer to a university than Monarch, if they are in a wealthier part of town, if Monarch is outside the city, etc. Knowing the size and selection of their collections would help us see better the difference in clientele and spending habits; finally, we need to know if Regal Books’ success is in large part due to their cafe, or some other factor of their store. If Regal has a large kids’ section and their cafe has been wildly successful, as well as establishing that the two stores are similar, Monarch could let go of their kids’ section and put in a cafe to avoid fighting for sales in both areas. Overall, we need to answer these questions in order to make an informed decision about Monarch’s next business decision. With the forthcoming information, we cannot accurately decide whether or not a cafe is the right choice for Monarch. **I didn't edit at all, so it's very raw
  2. Issue Prompts: Claim: In any field — business, politics, education, government — those in power should step down after five years. Reason: The surest path to success for any enterprise is revitalization through new leadership. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. In each field of study and society, those in power are in control of high-level, high-pressure issues. They are experts in their fields and they have spent, sometimes decades, working to get there. The ones who last have gotten where they are have done so on merit, skill, and knowledge. Cycling through those preeminent in their field every five years would lead to a lower level of success overall, constant, chaotic change, and ridding institutions of one of their most valuable keys to continued success: trust in their leader’s abilities and judgement. The adage, “knowledge is power” holds true for many fields, especially ones as prominent as business, politics, and government. Most fields benefit from people in power who have deep knowledge of their area and are experts - scientists who have spent decades researching the same topic, teachers who have specialized in one area of study, and CEOs who have spent their careers with the same company. Having wells of knowledge creates leaders who can draw on their own stores and their personal experience to solve dynamic problems and forge strong entities, such as businesses, governments, and universities. There is also the opposite side of the adage, which says that “power corrupts” - a phrase that looks over a fundamental element of high-powered, high-performing entities and institutions. Namely, if there is corruption (moral, financial, or legal) it will not be tolerated on the scale of CEOs, Presidents, and scholars. Suggesting that those in power should change every five years also cuts out one of the most valuable aspects of having a seasoned, veteran member in a leadership role: losing that much industry-specific or company-specific knowledge, and arguably more important, the trust that is built over 5 years, is tantamount to firing and hiring all new people every five years. The intrinsic knowledge that is gained with experience is not transient from one leader to another, as is not their leadership style or the trust they have built over time. These factors are more crucial to the success of companies, the happiness of employees, and the performance of the leader than anything else they do. Getting rid of someone after so little as five years would certainly add new leadership- whether that new leadership would “revitalize” is unlikely. Five years is not much time when talking about the life cycles of companies, educational institutions, and certainly not governments. Leaders set the culture and the style of their organization, which takes time to do - and undo. Changing leaders so quickly would likely muddle the culture, create backlash among employees, and be slower in reality that many would think. A change in leadership is also not guaranteed to revitalize the company. It would keep things in a state of flux, never allow for the normal flow of things to be establised, and detract from the important work being done. Ultimately, Trying to revitalize an organization is better acheived in strategy than in leadership changes. Talking about central institutions such as government and education, and changing something as important as their leadership is unwise and unreasonable to do so often and five years. Argument Prompts: The following is a recommendation from the Board of Directors of Monarch Books. "We recommend that Monarch Books open a café in its store. Monarch, having been in business at the same location for more than twenty years, has a large customer base because it is known for its wide selection of books on all subjects. Clearly, opening the café would attract more customers. Space could be made for the café by discontinuing the children's book section, which will probably become less popular given that the most recent national census indicated a significant decline in the percentage of the population under age ten. Opening a café will allow Monarch to attract more customers and better compete with Regal Books, which recently opened its own café." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. This argument from the Board of Directors leaves many unanswered questions that ultimately lead to flawed logic. Primarily, their comparison that adding a cafe would allow Monarch Books to better compete with Regal Books relies on basic assumptions that the two stores are the exact same. the question that needs to be answered is: what is Monarch’s customer base? They have a well-established customer base that relies on them for their wide selection of books, but we need to know how many of their customers would spend money in their cafe and how many more customers the added cafe would attract. If their customer base is more frugal, the cafe could fail; if their base is a significant portion of the town, can they expect the cafe to attract more customers to their bookshop? If Monarch Books’ does not make much money from their kids’ section, if their customers are affluent, and/or if they have a smaller portion of the town as their customer base, adding the cafe in lieu of the kid’s section could add to their success. Another question needing an answer is how much of their sales/how much of their client base is geared toward kids? If their kids’ section is a large part of their store and their store’s profits, getting rid of the section all together could make them less profitable. If their base is family-oriented, parents and their children may stop patronizing the store wholly. A cost-benefit analysis needs to be done comparing the kids’ section sales to the cafe’s projected sales in order to make an informed decision about whether to install the cafe and get rid of the kids’ section. If Monarch’s customer base is not family oriented and children do not frequent their store, adding the more profitable cafe could help Monarch compete better with Regal. Lastly, we need to answer the question of if Monarch adding a cafe will allow it to more directly compete with Regal books. The assumption made was that Regal Books and Monarch Books are the exact same and the only differentiating factor between them was Regal’s cafe. We need to establish other differences that could account for Monarch’s need to compete with Regal. We need to know the location of the stores - if Regal is closer to a university than Monarch, if they are in a wealthier part of town, if Monarch is outside the city, etc. Knowing the size and selection of their collections would help us see better the difference in clientele and spending habits; finally, we need to know if Regal Books’ success is in large part due to their cafe, or some other factor of their store. If Regal has a large kids’ section and their cafe has been wildly successful, as well as establishing that the two stores are similar, Monarch could let go of their kids’ section and put in a cafe to avoid fighting for sales in both areas. Overall, we need to answer these questions in order to make an informed decision about Monarch’s next business decision. With the forthcoming information, we cannot accurately decide whether or not a cafe is the right choice for Monarch.
  3. Governments should place few, if any, restrictions on scientific research and development. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. ======= Research and development are important ascpects for growth of our society. From stepping on the Moon to the quest of habitating Mars, we have achived a lot in terms of technology. Sometimes, research can also be destructive and to keep the same in check, Government should place a few restrictions over how we pursure research. There should not be too many restrictions so as to affect the efficiency of our researchers but a few sothat we do not develop another weapon of mass distruction like nuclear bombs. Too many restrictions lead to delay in progress and slow down the develpoment. Investors and researchers tend to move their comapnies and labs to places where there is minimum goverment restrictions so that they can focus more on there reseach than filing for permits. Pharma companies are granted many patients each year by govt so that there hardworkis not taken away by their competitiors. However, if there were no restrictions imposed on there patients, these companies would keep on rasing the prices of drug so high that people would not be able tobenefit from it. Therefore, restriction on patient tenure and price cap helps to make sure that the research and develpment is actually helping the common people. Restrictions are necessary in areas like military research where their is national security involved. There is fulx of restructions to ensure that no data is leaked and national interest in manitained. Restrictions should be limited so that the efficiency of research is not affected and does not demotiviate our reserachers. ======= Also if possible, please explain the score and some areas where I should improve. Thank you so much!
  4. Hello all! I'm new to TheGradCafe and this is my first post. I wrote these 2 essays within a 30-minute time interval (more or less working on it) each during my preparation for the GRE. It would mean a lot to me if you could critique these essays, based on the criteria for assessing essays according to the Official Guide. It would be helpful if you could also give me an approximate score on 6 for each. Thanks in advance! Here are the essays: Issue Task: Claim: Major policy decisions should always be left to politicians and other government experts. Reason: Politicians and other government experts are more informed and thus have better judgment and perspective than do members of the general public. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. I disagree with the claim and the reason on which it is based upon because it is not only too generalized but also takes into account the views of only a certain faction, when the policy holds good for all. There is no guarantee that politicians and government experts are the most well read and well informed people out there. There is no minimum education required to stand as a candidate in elections. There is also no resume or interview process as in other professions. The candidates who stand for elections are voted in by the public based on their promises, oratory skills, their Party's reputation and also to some extent what kind of work they have done for the people. They are one among the public, so they are no more like the rest of us in terms of the information they have to make such important decisions. Important policy decisions must take into consideration the views of those it impacts, that is the majority or the public. It makes it a fair decision and will be hence be appreciated more. A given policy or law would affect different strata of people differently. A survey should be conducted with a good representation or fraction from each stratum, which would give the officials useful information on how the law would impact. If there is a negative impact, the policy could also be amended or modified accordingly. After all, who knows the pain points of the public better than the public itself? Hence, the officials cannot take unilateral decisions. There should also proper representatives of the public in the government to represent and convey the needs of the public accurately But, we must consider seasoned politicians and government experts who have analysed the dynamics of the nation and give them due credit. They may have a different perspective on the matter than the common man, but only when put together do they reap the maximum benefit for the nation. Thus, the major policy decisions should not be left in the hands of the politicians and government experts blindly. The public, from which they have been elected and for whom the policies are, must know what is going on and also have a reasonable say in it. This alone would result in the maximum efficiency of the policy. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Argument Task: The following appeared in a memorandum from the manager of KNOW radio station. "Several factors indicate that KNOW radio can no longer succeed as a rock-and-roll music station. Consider, for example, that the number of people in our listening area over fifty years of age has increased dramatically, while our total number of listeners has declined. Also, music stores in our area report decreased sales of rock-and-roll music. Finally, continuous news stations in neighboring cities have been very successful. We predict that switching KNOW radio from rock-and-roll music to 24-hour news will allow the station to attract older listeners and make KNOW radio more profitable than ever." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the prediction and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the prediction. There are several assumptions in the statement that haven't been accounted for. This includes assumptions that listeners in the 50 plus age bracket don't enjoy rock music. An direct relation has been portrayed between the increase in the number of older listeners and the decrease in the total number of listeners, without explanation. There is also an unexplained, underlying assumption that the younger crowd does not enjoy Rock music. Rock and Roll music was all the rage back in the fifties, from where we can also trace its origin, with the rise in popularity of legendary bands like The Beatles and Queen. Hence, it is not preposterous to assume that the current 50 plus age bracket would not only have been exposed to Rock and Roll, but may also have loved it. The music when played on KNOW station, would have taken them fondly back down memory lane. They would have, in fact, thoroughly enjoyed the experience. Hence, assumtption that the older generation does not enjoy Rock music is not only presumptuous but also invalid. There is also the assumption that only the older generation even listens to the radio. There would definitely be a significant portion of the younger crowd who would listen to the radio as they travel to work, school or college in the traffic, which cannot be ignored. Among this crowd, there would also be a significant portion who would possess an old bone in them and would enjoy rock music. This is evident in the sheer crowd that appears in Rock concerts these days and there is no dearth of the younger crowd. The Beatles and Queen still continue to be cherished as the most extraordinary bands of all time, which is proof enough. In the statement, a direct relation has been extended between the decrease in the number of older listeners and the decrease in the total number of listeners. The younger listeners may simply have gone out of town due to work or further studies. Due to extreme weather conditions they may even have gone to temporarily stay in a summer home or a hill station on holiday. There are innumerable such reasons why they would have moved away temporarily but the cannot be used as excuses for the failure of KNOW station. The decreased sales in the music stores may be due to the decrease in the quality of Rock music these days. It may also have been due to the high cost of the records which may not be affordable to the majority of the working class. These days, with the rise of platforms such as Spotify and Apple Music, there is little need for people to buy physical copies of records from music stores. This could also have been a probable cause for decline in sales. It could not have been directly related to the decrease in popularity of the KNOW station. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  5. Question To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Response Societies are often measured by the development of its major cities. But on second thought it seems that the idea in itself is quite wrong. It is not the city that makes up society, but the people. We can have a well-developed city, but with unhappy residents. We are also ignoring the fact that rural areas don't contribute to the culture, economy etc of a society. By defining the characteristics of society by just studying its major cities handicaps the whole argument as it is simply ignoring the rural part of society. The rural part can have a major population, for example, in a country like India nearly 70% of the population dwell in villages. This case is true for the major of the developing countries. In fact, the rural parts contribute to society in a lot of ways, be it economy through farming, animal husbandry etc, culture by their local traditions, beliefs, festivals etc. By simply measuring a society by cities will be incomplete and wrong. Even if we assume that the major part of the society consists of cities, then by simply studying it won't tell us the true color of the society. It is quite possible that majority of wealth is distributed among a small percentage of the population, and most of the people live under the poverty line. On average, it will seem that the city is doing great, but is it correct to say that when most of the population is struggling to even get two square meals? This inequality in the division of wealth is often the case in a lot of cities, which lead to the development of slum areas, and the condition of those areas are quite petty. It is also possible that on average the people of the city are doing quite good, but still living in the city is problematic. The city can be quite polluted, which is often the cost of development by setting up factories and industries. A lot of cities in China is facing this issue, where people have enough wealth, but they lack pure air to breathe. Should wealth be the only criteria for defining a society? Even a city can be small and underdeveloped, but people living there could be happy and content with their life. Friendly neighbors, helpful people, good environment these factors affect the people on a day-to-day basis and should not be ignored. To conclude, I would like to state that by just studying the cities for knowing the characteristics of a society, we are not doing justice to the conclusion of the study. As we are ignoring a major part of the population which reside in rural areas, and also by just studying a city we can't know the conditions of the residents.
  6. Question Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a "Palean" basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. Response The argument does not provide enough evidence to solidly reach the conclusion that Lithos' baskets were not of Palean origin, by ignoring the facts like changing geography, the presence of alternate routes etc. The argument simply believes that the geography of a region remains constant over the course of years, but that is not the case as proved by a lot of studies. For example, Sahara, the largest desert of the world, used to be green and lush. Movement of tectonic plates, climatic variance, volcanic eruptions etc can change the geography of any region. So if the Brim River is very deep and broad currently, that may not be the case centuries ago. It is even possible that it may not have existed during that period. Have the argument given us some proof regarding the condition of Brim river in pre-historic time, even then we can't be sure that baskets found in Lithos is not of Palean origin. It is quite possible that the idea of Palean baskets could have traveled across any land route by some tribes who keep traveling constantly. There could have been existence of some trade routes between the city of Palea and Lithos. History is full of examples of trade between the various region which lead to exchange of items, ideas, and even culture. If the argument has shed some light over this that it would have been clearer and easier to reach any conclusion. Even if we assume that the idea of Palean baskets could not have traveled through land. Then also we can't be sure of the fact that baskets were not of Palean origin. It is quite possible that by keep searching we may get some source which proves that the city of Palea used to have means of traveling across water bodies. It is often the case in archaeology when some major discoveries are missed. For example, a lot of Egyptian Pyramids were found by chance through the pics of satellites. To conclude, I will like to state that we can't directly come to the conclusion that baskets of Lithos were not of Palean origin. The discoveries related to trade routes, some source which proves of Palean boats etc could sway the direction of the argument.
  7. ankitg

    Argument task review

    The following appeared in a letter to the editor of the Balmer Island Gazette. "On Balmer Island, where mopeds serve as a popular form of transportation, the population increases to 100,000 during the summer months. To reduce the number of accidents involving mopeds and pedestrians, the town council of Balmer Island should limit the number of mopeds rented by the island's moped rental companies from 50 per day to 25 per day during the summer season. By limiting the number of rentals, the town council will attain the 50 percent annual reduction in moped accidents that was achieved last year on the neighboring island of Seaville, when Seaville's town council enforced similar limits on moped rentals." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answeredin order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. ===== The above argument in wrong on various accounts. Primarily because of many assumptions being made without the underlying supporting facts. The argument assumes that reducing the number of rental mopeds to half would result in all attaining a 50 percent annual reduction in moped accidents. This assumption is made without the supporting fact that how each moped directly contributes to accidents. Even if every moped directly contibutes to increase in accidents, the population increases in the summer months and the cap for rental companies will be enforced during the same season. If going by the assuption, this should help reduce the accidents in that summar season only, however the assuption over the annual modep accidents is being made instead of only the summer season. The argument also assumes that what worked for the neighboring island Seaveille will work for the island of Balmer. No details regading the cities population and traffic conditions have been mentioned. It could be possible that the city of Seaville also improved the roads and imposed stricter traffic rules which lead to the decrease in accidents. Even if the two cities are entirely similar and have same traffic structure, there could be a possibility that the city of Seaville had very few visitors last year which in turn lead to 50 perecent reduction in accidents. The limit of 50 per day has been reduced to 25 per day but the arguemntdoes not mention any limits on the number of such different moped retal companies that can operate in the city. Since the limit has been reduced, these rental companies may open a new company under a different name which in turn would again offer another 25 mopeds. This way the number of modeps available for retal might remain the same. The argument could have been improved if no new companies were allowed to give mopeds for rental. Because the argument makes number of unwarranted assumptions, it fails to convience how the recommendation will show the predicted results. ======= Also if possible, please explain the score and some areas where I should improve. Thank you so much!
  8. “Students should fund their education with part-time work that they do while they study.” I agree with the speaker, as anything which is available at free of cost will loose its value. A student who spends his own money might know to value of class hours and he won’t skip a period in purpose. The student will also try to study well and try to get good grades to not waste his hard earned money he paid for education. The part-time job if it is relevant to the student’s field of study will definitely improve his knowledge and also he will get a practical knowledge and it will help in his future career. I is also a fact that spending valuable time in part time jobs rather than studying is not going to improve ones academic scores. Instead of wasting hours in jobs, one can focus in research in his field of study or gain knowledge outside his field of study. Various studies conducted suggest that the relaxation of brain is required for good health and mental ability to learn. Apart from studies and work, we need to allocate a adequate amount of time for our hobbies and entertainment. Also, a person who is living independently may find it difficult to spend his little earned money on education and satisfying his basic needs as-well. Medicine and Education should be free of cost to ensure that all the citizens irrespective of their financial status could get a proper education.
  9. SpaceCowboy113

    AWA Issue Task review please!!

    Hello everyone, im planning on taking the GRE this year and would be very thankful if anyone could review my issue task essay. Thank you so much in advance. To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Characteristics of a society: Culture, Religion, Political. Opinion: True but not totally. Reasons: Culture in the rural area of the country. Although it is true that many of a society’s characteristics can be evidenced by studying its major cities, leaving out minor cities or towns might produce a biased result originating a misconception. Some of the most important characteristics of a society are culture, religion and politics. And all three may vary greatly depending on the location of study. A society’s culture can be almost fully understood by studying the major cities since its were people from many parts of the country come together. The only problem is that when so many traditions get mixed, the original essence of culture is lost. People are so lost in a sea of traditions that no one holds a unique identity anymore. This can be evidenced in Colombia, Cali is one of its major cities and serves as home for people from all over the country and abroad. Some may argue that Cali displays the whole cultural spectrum of the country, but the truth is that Salsa is not the most important component of Colombian culture. One would have to travel to Salento or Manizales which are both small towns in order to pickup coffee from the fields or listen to traditional stories since Cali offers neither. Moreover, religion has been shifting greatly in the last few years. Globalization and access to information has made people more critic. This along with news that damage the catholic church reputation has created a wave of skepticism in major cities where studied people live. This is not the case for small towns and minor cities were the church influence might be far too great and people may not be as informed as in major cities. For instance, the religious point of view might be very different in Cali when compared to Buga which is a small town greatly known for its church which is said to hold a religious treasure from times past. Contrary to the statement, the political view of a country is not determined by the political view of the major cities. In Colombia people from the cities wished for a more socialist government which would concentrate its efforts on education and keeping the newly acquired peace. On the other hand, people from the countryside wished for a far right government which would attack rebel groups that constantly produce violence. Therefore, although major cities do hold a large number of people which can provide an idea of a society’s most important characteristics. It is unwise to leave towns and minor cities out of the picture, since it is thanks to the little details given by them that a society’s characteristics can be truly understood.
  10. Statement: To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. My essay: One must have diversifying knowledge to understanding the characteristics of the society. Apparently, major cities contain people from different places which could be an advantage in studying the characteristics of major cities. Recently a person named Ron, my friend who got the job in the Delhi which is a major city in the India, moved to that place.He has not studied anything about the city behaviour and ended up coming back within two months. However, the characteristics of the major cities need not be the same as the minor cities. I strongly believe that one must understand the major cities characteristics to understand the society
  11. Hello! I'm studying for the GRE and have been practicing my writing. If anyone could offer suggestions on how I did, or suggestions to improve, that would be awesome. Thanks in advance. Topic: As we acquire more knowledge, things do not become more comprehensible, but more complex and mysterious. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. My Response: Throughout time, the rate of aquring knowledge has increased at an exponential rate. Through the acquisition of more knowledge and research, some of the greatest inventions have been made, leaving a great and lasting impact on society. Overall, as we aquire more knowledge, things become tend to bemore comprehensible. One example of how acquiring knowledge makes something more comprehensible is the invention of the smart watch. The smart watch is a device that a person wears that collects data about a person’s sleep and fitness levels throughout the day. The smart watch presents this data, as well as an analysis of the information, to the user. This knowledge can be helpful because it helps us understand the interworkings of our bodies. A common data element that smart watches capture are our sleep patterns. The watch records how much time per night we are in light, deep, and REM sleep. This knowledge can help us determine if we are getting a good night’s sleep, and how we can change our behaviors to improve our lives. The invention of a smart watch and the resulting comprehension of our body’s sleep system was all triggered by someone who acquired knowledge of technology and decided to invent the device. A second example of how learning more about something leads us to understanding is the field of psychology as a whole. As more research is conducted by psychologists, we learn more about the motivatons of people. This knowledge of psychology can be used in endless contexts, but one example is learning and development. Through understanding the motivations of people and how our brain’s store and access information, we can optimize the presentation of material to students, so that they can learn more efficiently. In turn, when people learn more, they are more productive. The only reason humans understand the best way to teach others is because psychologists gained the knowledge of how a human’s brain works. However, even though knowledge creates understanding of previous questions, it can also produce even more questions based on our new understanding of a subject. For example, in the 1980’s we learned that AIDS was caused by HIV. This was an important discovery that lead to understanding the disease in the medical community. However, this lead to even more questions about the sources of HIV, and what kind of measures we could take as a society to combat the issue as a whole. Sometimes it is true that we simple don’t know what we don’t know. Overall, as humans gain more knowledge, things become more comprehensible. As time has gone on, the human race has learned more about many important topics, which has lead to a society that can invent amazing technologies, help others to learn, and heal disease.
  12. Scandals are useful because they focus our attention on problems in ways that no speaker or reformer ever could. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. (I don't know why some are bolded and some arent but heres my response) I think the argument presented above is too much of a blanketed statement in too many ways to hold true. The statement requires us to make an assumption: either the “scandal” is completely related to the problem at hand, or the “scandal” is not related to the problem at hand. The statement is also assuming, if the scandal were related to the problem, that the public would accurately make the connection of said scandal being a direct cause of said problem without any influence from a speaker or reformer. If the reader is assuming that the scandal is not at all related to to the problem at hand, then the scandal would be further distracting from the problem that said reformer or speaker is trying to hone in on. The scandal would have no benefit to a reform. If the reader is assuming that the scandal is related to the problem at hand, then one also has to ask if the general population is connecting “the problem” with the scandal. For example, if the scandal is that border patrol agents are separating families who are illegally crossing the United States border, then we have to ask ourselves if that focuses the public’s attention on a border security problem or an acquisition of citizenship problem. If the scandal is that a high-schooler brought a gun to school and killed students, then we have to ask ourselves if that focuses our attention on a gun control problem or a mental health awareness problem. While the scandal would fuel a conversation, the type of conversation is unpredictable and would cause a fray in the population’s opinion of what problem caused the scandal. The term “problem” is too blanketed to make an accurate opinion on the argument at hand, because the “problem” is up to the individual that is interpreting the scandal. It is far too difficult to predict how a population will interpret a scandal and which “problem” the attention will be focused on. The words “scandal” and “argument” are extremely dependent on the situation at hand. Furthermore, a speaker or reformer could possibly assist the public’s focus by telling them what lead to the scandal - identifying the problem - and how to fix it.
  13. People's behavior is largely determined by forces not of their own making. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. People invetibaly are shaped by external circumstances, as is also said by psychologists. You see every day how one automatically becomes rowdy and energetic at a football stadium, clearly influenced by the thousands of foot-thumping football fans cheering for their teams. On the other hand, one acquires an air of civility when attending a ball or a royal event. These examples clearly show how one is a slave to one’s surroundings. If we look at children and see how they develop, it is often seen that the offspring of educated, white-collar workers, whether they are scientists, businessmen or engineers, will inevitably turn out to be responsible and thoughtful citizens. A child surrounded by logical, thoughtful parents, who focus on building positive traits, will be inclined to exercise his or her mind. On the other hand, if you look at the children of working class people or those from broken families, you will see a distinct pattern emerging, wherein the child will not be too keen on going to school or that he does not value relationships. Why would he when he has never seen his parents valuing theirs. No wonder psychologists emphasise the importance of providing a positive, encouraging environment for children. Our surroundings influence us in myriad ways. Not just individuals but whole societies are impacted by forces not of their own making. For instance, if you live in a fair, free and just society, you would be more prone to treating men and women fairly, but if you have grown up in a patriarchal society, you would tend to sideline women. You would not think twice before judging a woman on what she wears or what she eats, drinks or who she goes out with, a thing for which you would be scorned in the West. Further, it is often seen that people in violent areas, where there is little respect for the law, tend to be less civil than those living in more respectable places. However, one cannot totally assume that this argument is infallible. Clearly, you can do a lot to regulate your behaviour. History is replete with examples of men who have fought against the odds and the circumstances to change the world. Nelson Mandela lived in a country afflicted with aparthied, but he chose to battle this ideology, inspired by the works of nonviolent and fair-minded leaders like Mahatma Gandhi. Even then, it is clear how forces beyond our control heavily influence our behavior. If we recognise this and work towards correcting this bias of ours, we can definitely become better human beings.
  14. The following appeared in an article written by Dr. Karp, an anthropologist. “Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia and concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. However, my recent interviews with children living in the group of islands that includes Tertia show that these children spend much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. This research of mine proves that Dr. Field’s conclusion about Tertain village culture is invalid and thus the observation-centered approach to studying cultures is invalid as well. The interview-centered method that my team of graduate students is currently using in Tertia will establish a much more accurate understanding of child-rearing traditions there and in other island cultures.” Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strenghten the argument. Anthropologist Dr. Karp says that Dr. Field’s conclusion about Tertian village culture is invalid and so is the observation-centered approach to studying cultures. This argument is flawed as it contains causal, analogical and statistical errors, which once corrected will unravel the argument, thereby proving that its assumptions and implications are incorrect. Firstly, Dr. Karp after interviewing some children living in a group of islands that include Tertia finds that the children spoke more about their parents than other adults in the village. This he says proves that Dr. Field’s conclusion that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents is invalid. Dr. Karp hereby commits a causal error. Just because children spoke more about their biological parents than other adults in the village doesn’t mean they weren’t parented by the whole village. Dr. Karp provides little explanation as to how he reached this particular conclusion. Had he provided more information on who spent how much time on raising the children, his argument would have been stronger. Secondly, Dr. Karp commits the analogical error, saying that since he proved Dr. Field’s conclusion about the village wrong, he has proved the observation-centered approach to studying cultures wrong. This statement does not hold water. The observation-centered approach must be broad-based and could have been used correctly by several anthropologists in the past. In order to make such a strong statement, Dr. Karp should have provided more data and explained how he thinks this approach is wrong, typically taking a systematic approach and studying the technique closely, such as its methodoly. Lastly, Dr. Karp doesn’t say anything about the size of the sample of interviews his team has collected. If the size is too small or not representative enough of the whole village, his findings will prove to be incorrect. Further, the methodology used by his team of graduate students has not been discussed; it could be possible that they asked the wrong questions to the children, not asking them more about the time they spent with their biological parents. This shows that there are plenty of gaps in the argument, which if rectified will illustrate that Dr. Karp’s argument lacks substance and hence is flawed. As pointed out, these errors are serious, which if not corrected can result in one making wrong conclusions. Until and unless, Dr. Karp systematically provides considerably more information, we cannot make any statement about whether or not Dr. Field’s conclusion about children in Tertia being raised by the entire village is false.
  15. The best way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. The prompt says that the best way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones. Now many might say that to spare the rod is to spoil the child, but the fact is that positive reinforcement can result in remarkable improvement in a student. This essay will discuss why the best way to teach is to praise positive actions and give examples in support of this claim. In education, as we all know, if you keep criticizing the student and not praise his or her achievements, it can lead to discouragement and in extreme cases, can cause the student to lose interest in studies. This has been proven time and time again. Therefore, in the developed world, there is heavy emphasis on positive reinforcement and building children’s confidence as in formative years, a negative or traumatic school experience can be detrimental to a person’s mental health. On the other hand, the developing world still seems to be stuck in the past, with teachers sticking to old hectoring tactics even resorting to beating when the child has made mistakes. They believe that if children are complimented for their achievements, they will complacent or that they will become arrogant. One can only witness how detrimental it has been to the developing world’s progress. Moreover, it is evident how the West has implemented this positive reinforcement in the field of sports to its advantage; it is arguably producing the best sportsmen in the world. A coach would typically focus on what the athletes are doing well and help them build on these successes. Most athletes are taught the power of visualisation, wherein they would imagine how well they would play in the game before it begins, thereby helping them get into a positive state of mind and alleviate stress and anxiety. Even in performance art, the teacher would often stress on the artistes’ strengths, accentuating them in order to get the best out of them. For instance, while casting, directors or casting directors would only choose those actors for a particular role, who can naturally play it, as in they will only cast a serious man in a serious role or an artful person in a cunning role. This being said, one can understand how totally ignoring negative actions can be disastrous. So one needs to be cautious in not totally ignoring negative actions, how else will a person learn from his or her mistakes. But at the same time it is a common mistake to lay all the focus on rectifying faults insead of building on strengths or positive actions. Thus as we can see how positive reinforcement can help people realize their potential, the best way, indeed, is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones as much as one can.
  16. Kaitlin Wheeler

    GRE AWA Issue and Argument Critique

    Could someone edit my essays and tell me how to improve. These are my first practice essays and would appreciate further guidance. Thanks!! Essay 1 The Argument Quiot plant.docx GRE Essay - Experts.docx
  17. Hi Guys, can someone help me with analyzing and giving a critique on my essays. I wrote these essays when I hadn't started preparing for GRE. These were the first essays I wrote to kick start my GRE prep. Please have a look at it and suggest me how to improve my essay writing skills and how to structure my essays better. If you have any tips and strategies or any study material, please do share. Issue Task: A nation should require all of it's students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college. essay_section_1_question_1_2018.txt Argument Task: The following is a memorandum from the business manager of a television station. “Over the past year, our late-night news program has devoted increased time to national news and less time to weather and local news. During this time period, most of the complaints received from viewers were concerned with our station’s coverage of weather and local news. In addition, local businesses that used to advertise during our late-night news program have just canceled their advertising contracts with us. Therefore, in order to attract more viewers to the program and to avoid losing any further advertising revenues, we should restore the time devoted to weather and local news to its former level.” Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence would be needed in order to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. essay_section_1_question_2_2018.txt
  18. Recent incursions by deep-sea fishermen into the habitat of the Madagascan shrimp have led to a significant reduction in the species population. With the breeding season fast approaching, the number of shrimp should soon begin to increase. Nonetheless, the population should not return to the levels before the fishing boats arrived. Because this trend is expected to continue over the next several years, the Madagascan shrimp will quickly become an endangered species. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. The argument doesn't seem to be coherent, making several assumptions without reasoning through the various questions coming to mind. Firstly, it doesn't make clear as to why the species population fell sharply, merely saying that recent incursions by deep-sea fishermen into the habitat of Madagascan shrimp led to the drop in population. The argument doesn't say whether the fishermen caught shrimp or fishes that the shrimp fed on. We just don't know what caused the population drop. There could be other reasons for this that may not be linked to the fishermen's incursions in the area. For instance, global warming could have caused the water temperature to rise, making the area unsuitable for shrimps or there could have been an environmental catastrophe such as a big oil spill that killed the shrimp. Secondly, the argument says that shrimp population should not return to levels before the fishing boats arrived, adding that this may result in Madagascan shrimp becoming an endangered species. This statement isn't logically sound. Even if we assume that the shrimp's population declined due to the fishermen, what's to say the species will not become extinct if the population doesn't return to its previous levels. The deep-sea fishermen can still catch the remaining shrimp, and thereby reducing their number bit by bit every year until they go extinct. Thirdly, if we assume that the shrimp's number doesn't reach levels before the fishermen had arrived, they can still catch the shrimp and reduce their population drastically. Further, if the shrimps were not to increase in population and the fishermen were not to catch them, how do we know that their numbers will increase, not knowing how many times their breeding season occurs in a year and how much time do they take to muliply. These are all gaping holes in the argument. Unless these things are made clear we can't reach the conclusion that the argument has reached. Also, we are also not told how many times the fishermen come to the area. Do they come once in a year, six months, three months or every month? Before making any more deductions from this argument, we need to be told what is the population of shrimp in the region and how many shrimps have the fishermen supposedly caught. Without these numbers, the argument comes across as vague. Only when we know how fast do the shrimp multiply and how many are caught can we make projections about the extinction of the shrimps. These are some of the assumptions made in the argument and without answering the abovementioned specific questions, we can't reach this conclusion. To be cogent, the author needs to think through the argument.
  19. Universities should require students to take courses only within those fields they are interested in studying. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. Although it seems practical for universities to offer courses within those fields that the students are interested in, it does itself no favours by doing so: becoming less flexibile in terms of offering diverse courses will only reduce students' choice, thereby limiting their creativity in research. In today's times, when interdisciplinary courses are encouraged, universities will limit themselves by clearly differentiating between various fields. There is an increasing need for students to think on multiple levels, especially as rapid technological advances are bringing togther, and not segregating, the sciences and arts to offer enriching experience to the consumer. For instance, laptops are not only a utility to crunch numbers, but a style statement with increasingly user friendly designs, courtesy Apple, taking the consumer market by storm. One can also see how technology and the medical world are coming together, wherein some doctors operate on patients located thousands of miles away via computer-operated robots. This will increase consumer welfare, with scientific innovations leading to cheaper products. Letting students study persuasive prose as well as mathematics will only open up their minds, enabling them to understand that there is mathematics in writing compelling prose and that mathematics requires good instincts. Some of the greatest innovations have come from America, where interdisciplinary studies are encouraged, helping students think creatively and breaking the mould. Who would have thought you could get everything under the sun, from the most insignificant items such as toothpick to expensive, top-notch laptops, at your doorstep at the click of a button. If it were not for Amazon, which took the lead and today enjoys immense market power, our lives wouldn't have become significantly easier! Amazon chief Jeff Bezos married latest techonology with keen business sense to come up with this revolutionary and simple idea. I am guessing his education at the Ivy League must have played a part in his original thinking. On the other hand, compartemtalising students into either science, arts or commerce fields at the age of 16, leaving little room for them to explore other fields have reaped no dividends for a country like India. At a time, when everything merges into everything, you can't have engineers with no communication skills or journalists not knowing basic arithmetic: after all, journalists will become better if they use quantitave techniques to back their stories with data, like The New York Times or other top newspapers do. My point is that in today's age, where the next economic boom will be primarily hinged on the next big idea, we need to keep ourselves and our education open and flexible, enabling the youth to think out of the box.
  20. QUESTION: The following is a memorandum from the business manager of a television station. "Over the past year, our late-night news program has devoted increased time to national news and less time to weather and local news. During this time period, most of the complaints received from viewers were concerned with our station's coverage of weather and local news. In addition, local businesses that used to advertise during our late-night news program have just canceled their advertising contracts with us. Therefore, in order to attract more viewers to the program and to avoid losing any further advertising revenues, we should restore the time devoted to weather and local news to its former level." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. (MY) ANSWER: While it may seem like the right thing to do after a cursory evaluation, the idea of retraction from national news and paying more attention to local and weather news has its pros and cons. The memorandum does not offer a solution by being in tone dismissive of the existing operations of the station. The two disadvantages in the current scenario which the manager notes are complaints from viewers and cancellation of contracts with local business owners. However, firstly he fails to produce any hardcore data as evidence, indicating lack of effort to examine the trend. A better way to deal with it would have been to conduct surveys and note the data obtained. Secondly, losses that the manager seems to be bothered by do not need to be of magnitude or consequence. National news by its very nature could glue the greater section of viewers on to screen (while too many local advertisements may have at an earlier stage caused resentment in them). The businesses that have backed out might have other reasons. Equally, things might be actually going against the station because of its own complacency, such as hiring a narrow set of journalists and not hiring designers (for weather reports) and marketers (for advertising). A regular performance and quality check might be missing. Admitting to such loopholes is what can make the whole argument trustworthy in the end. Although the comment made seems to be failing to make an impact in a business meeting, if properly supported with facts by the manager, it can drive the executives to take a call on the issue, encouraging the shift away from national news. All in all, there needs to be further elaboration in the memorandum. WHAT SCORE DO YOU THINK THIS WOULD DESERVE?
  21. To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ While it apparently makes sense to want to focus on major cities to understand the most important characteristics of a society, it may not help you to fully comprehend its workings, which are based on deeply held beliefs and ideas. It is true that bigger cities are melting pots of various cultures, bringing together people of diverse backgrounds, but, you will never understand the soul of the society, unless you understand its history and its roots. Culture in bigger cities or metropolitans become homogonised, if only superficially; people, especially those who moved to the bigger cities from small towns or villages, tend to change and evolve in order to fit in, but they never truly transform. Their beliefs and ideas of the world have already crystallized largely before they move to bigger cities, which become apparent once you probe a little deeper. On the surface, a large city will always appear to be more progressive and liberal. To really investigate and understand the spirit of a society, one needs to delve deeper into its soul: the vast expanse of rural hinterland and the small towns. Though you will witness some dying rituals and beliefs, on the whole, you will begin to understand the society more deeply through its history, its culture, its ideas of a nation, its founding fathers – needless to say, they didn’t just connect with the peoples of the bigger cities, but the whole of the country or society to bring about a revolution. It is vital to understand how a society eats, what it grows, what it wears, how it treats its women, what political ideology it espouses and so on and so forth. If and only if you witness and understand the problems the common man across a country from every part of the society faces and how he or she deals with it, will you appreciate it. The problems and lifestyle of the people in major cities will generally be starkly different from that of villages, which is why, I believe, one needs to observe the country or society as a whole to truly understand it.
  22. Prompt/Directions The most effective way to understand contemporary culture is to analyze the trends of its youth. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.
  23. Prompt/Directions The following is a recommendation from the business manager of Monarch Books. "Since its opening in Collegeville twenty years ago, Monarch Books has developed a large customer base due to its reader-friendly atmosphere and wide selection of books on all subjects. Last month, Book and Bean, a combination bookstore and coffee shop, announced its intention to open a Collegeville store. Monarch Books should open its own in-store café in the space currently devoted to children's books. Given recent national census data indicating a significant decline in the percentage of the population under age ten, sales of children's books are likely to decline. By replacing its children's books section with a café, Monarch Books can increase profits and ward off competition from Book and Bean." Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
  24. cherokeecierra

    Issue Essay 1: Would Love a Review!

    Hi everyone! I'm in the midst of prepping for the GRE through Magoosh and was just assigned 2 essays for my study plan today. In Magoosh's resources, it lists this website as a place where you can post essays and hopefully get feedback from others. That said, I'm posting the first essay I wrote today, an Issue essay. I'd love any feedback or review anyone is willing to give, as I don't have a writing tutor. Please feel free to butcher as needed, this is my first attempt at a GRE essay, so I'm sure it's a bit rough. The essay is pasted below. Thanks! Much appreciated! Cherokee Washington Prompt: "The well-being of a society is enhanced when many of its people question authority." Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Often Times throughout history, authority figures, people who hold positions of power, and governmental systems are questioned by the societies they rule. It is true that those in power are elected to rule and guide the public based on their merit, rhetoric, and intentions, however, there are cases in which authority figures seek to only benefit select groups within society, rather than every member of said society. That said, I believe that the well-being of a public can be enhanced when those in power are questioned. Essay: Often Times throughout history, authority figures, people who hold positions of power, and governmental systems are questioned by the societies they rule. It is true that those in power are elected to rule and guide the public based on their merit, rhetoric, and intentions, however, there are cases in which authority figures seek to only benefit select groups within society, rather than every member of said society. That said, I believe that the well-being of a public can be enhanced when those in power are questioned. Within American history, we see a pattern of questioning authoritative figures on countless occasions since the beginning of our nation’s establishment. Take the system of slavery for example. Perhaps one of the most detrimental financial and prejudiced decisions made by European slave traders, slavery in the United States has damaged our society in more ways than one. By capturing and enslaving people with dark skin that strayed from the ideals of whiteness, Europeans created a monster of a system that caused people to become indentured to their masters, become separated from their families, live and work in unfathomable conditions, and even lose their lives. More importantly, slavery and the concepts of racial hierarchy that stem from it have trickled down into today’s society, leaving current members of the American population to be mistreated or slain for being Black or brown. Clearly, Oppression has taken on various iterations (some which are more tolerable today than those practiced in during the civil rights era), however this transformation of ideology was only made possible by members of society who questioned authority. If individuals such as Malcolm X, Rosa Parks, Maya Angelou, Muhammad Ali, and even Colin Kaepernick had not bravely challenged the powers that dictated their worth and privilege in this country, then many Black bodies could still be picking cotton for hours on end rather than owning companies and acting as CEO’s. Another example of beneficiary questioning of authority stems from the 2018 film, “Black Panther.” In the film, the superhero T’Challa (also known as Black Panther) is identified as the king of Wakanda, a thriving self-sufficient African country that has been untouched by the evils of colonialism. Although Wakanda is part of the greater whole of Africa, T’Challa and his Wakandan predecessors see the country’s success stemming from keeping out of international affairs. No other country (other than those in Africa) know that Wakanda exists, despite the many resources it poses to aid other societies in enhancing technology and other areas. With this initial unwillingness to keep Wakanda and its resources to itself in mind, T’Challa’s cousin Killmonger attempts to take over the throne, stating that Wakanda is wrong for not aiding its American brothers and sisters in their own struggle against colonial powers. Ultimately, though Killmonger approach is more damaging than beneficial to all Black and brown bodies throughout the world, T’Challa decides to extend those resources out to America and help minorities enhance their own cities, thus bettering society as a whole through the betterment of all lives, not just white lives. In all, through these two examples of questioning authority, we see both pros and cons to said questioning. Although systems can be well-run within a society and not need be enhanced, (e.g. acceptance of the first amendment) there are certain systems that benefit only one part of society while harming others. In order to fully benefit every member of a society, we must take into account those who may be at a detriment and make things fair.
  25. Argument Two years ago, radio station WCQP in Rockville decided to increase the number of call-in advice programs that it broadcast; since that time, its share of the radio audience in the Rockville listening area has increased significantly. Given WCQP's recent success with call-in advice programming, and citing a nationwide survey indicating that many radio listeners are quite interested in such programs, the station manager of KICK in Medway recommends that KICK include more call-in advice programs in an attempt to gain a larger audience share in its listening area. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. My response starts from here: There are two different radio stations in different regions, two years ago by increasing the call-in programs in one radio station the number of audiance increased, it dose not mean that the same increase in the audiance will happen to the other station. Success of WCQP by increasing the call-in advice programs can not ensure us that another radio station KICK could gain similar success by including call-in programs if we consider certain other facts that effect the ammount of audiance. The WCQP and KICK are two differnet radio stations, their theme could be different, one could be news station other could be entairtainment station. So, every station has it’s own requirments furthermore, both of these stations are in different areas, and people living in these areas could have different taste. Now on the base of this assumption that WCQP gaied audiance by including the call-in advice programs we can never be sure that KICK would also get the same gain of audiance. However, by mentioning that the needs of both the radio stations are same, they are of same nature and have similar audiance the very assumption can become valid. There is a also difference of time, WCQP increased the number of call-in advice programs two years ago it is quite possible that the trend has been changed and now people like to have scheduled programs rather than varying call-in advise programs. So, this asumption falls apart in this way. We cannot rely on the nation wide survey results, as this survey could not be specific about the call-in advice programs. Moreover it is not mentioned that the survey was performed recently or it was performed some decades back. Things change and so the trends of people. That’s why backing up this argument by this survey do not make this assumption valid but if it is mentioned that the survey was performed recently and that this survey was sepecifically related to the call-in advise programs than the above argument becomes valid. Two stations are different and are in differnet regions so the sucess story of one station can never ensure the sucess of another station.
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