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Found 72 results

  1. “Students should fund their education with part-time work that they do while they study.” I agree with the speaker, as anything which is available at free of cost will loose its value. A student who spends his own money might know to value of class hours and he won’t skip a period in purpose. The student will also try to study well and try to get good grades to not waste his hard earned money he paid for education. The part-time job if it is relevant to the student’s field of study will definitely improve his knowledge and also he will get a practical knowledge and it will help in his future career. I is also a fact that spending valuable time in part time jobs rather than studying is not going to improve ones academic scores. Instead of wasting hours in jobs, one can focus in research in his field of study or gain knowledge outside his field of study. Various studies conducted suggest that the relaxation of brain is required for good health and mental ability to learn. Apart from studies and work, we need to allocate a adequate amount of time for our hobbies and entertainment. Also, a person who is living independently may find it difficult to spend his little earned money on education and satisfying his basic needs as-well. Medicine and Education should be free of cost to ensure that all the citizens irrespective of their financial status could get a proper education.
  2. SpaceCowboy113

    AWA Issue Task review please!!

    Hello everyone, im planning on taking the GRE this year and would be very thankful if anyone could review my issue task essay. Thank you so much in advance. To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Characteristics of a society: Culture, Religion, Political. Opinion: True but not totally. Reasons: Culture in the rural area of the country. Although it is true that many of a society’s characteristics can be evidenced by studying its major cities, leaving out minor cities or towns might produce a biased result originating a misconception. Some of the most important characteristics of a society are culture, religion and politics. And all three may vary greatly depending on the location of study. A society’s culture can be almost fully understood by studying the major cities since its were people from many parts of the country come together. The only problem is that when so many traditions get mixed, the original essence of culture is lost. People are so lost in a sea of traditions that no one holds a unique identity anymore. This can be evidenced in Colombia, Cali is one of its major cities and serves as home for people from all over the country and abroad. Some may argue that Cali displays the whole cultural spectrum of the country, but the truth is that Salsa is not the most important component of Colombian culture. One would have to travel to Salento or Manizales which are both small towns in order to pickup coffee from the fields or listen to traditional stories since Cali offers neither. Moreover, religion has been shifting greatly in the last few years. Globalization and access to information has made people more critic. This along with news that damage the catholic church reputation has created a wave of skepticism in major cities where studied people live. This is not the case for small towns and minor cities were the church influence might be far too great and people may not be as informed as in major cities. For instance, the religious point of view might be very different in Cali when compared to Buga which is a small town greatly known for its church which is said to hold a religious treasure from times past. Contrary to the statement, the political view of a country is not determined by the political view of the major cities. In Colombia people from the cities wished for a more socialist government which would concentrate its efforts on education and keeping the newly acquired peace. On the other hand, people from the countryside wished for a far right government which would attack rebel groups that constantly produce violence. Therefore, although major cities do hold a large number of people which can provide an idea of a society’s most important characteristics. It is unwise to leave towns and minor cities out of the picture, since it is thanks to the little details given by them that a society’s characteristics can be truly understood.
  3. Statement: To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. My essay: One must have diversifying knowledge to understanding the characteristics of the society. Apparently, major cities contain people from different places which could be an advantage in studying the characteristics of major cities. Recently a person named Ron, my friend who got the job in the Delhi which is a major city in the India, moved to that place.He has not studied anything about the city behaviour and ended up coming back within two months. However, the characteristics of the major cities need not be the same as the minor cities. I strongly believe that one must understand the major cities characteristics to understand the society
  4. Hello! I'm studying for the GRE and have been practicing my writing. If anyone could offer suggestions on how I did, or suggestions to improve, that would be awesome. Thanks in advance. Topic: As we acquire more knowledge, things do not become more comprehensible, but more complex and mysterious. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. My Response: Throughout time, the rate of aquring knowledge has increased at an exponential rate. Through the acquisition of more knowledge and research, some of the greatest inventions have been made, leaving a great and lasting impact on society. Overall, as we aquire more knowledge, things become tend to bemore comprehensible. One example of how acquiring knowledge makes something more comprehensible is the invention of the smart watch. The smart watch is a device that a person wears that collects data about a person’s sleep and fitness levels throughout the day. The smart watch presents this data, as well as an analysis of the information, to the user. This knowledge can be helpful because it helps us understand the interworkings of our bodies. A common data element that smart watches capture are our sleep patterns. The watch records how much time per night we are in light, deep, and REM sleep. This knowledge can help us determine if we are getting a good night’s sleep, and how we can change our behaviors to improve our lives. The invention of a smart watch and the resulting comprehension of our body’s sleep system was all triggered by someone who acquired knowledge of technology and decided to invent the device. A second example of how learning more about something leads us to understanding is the field of psychology as a whole. As more research is conducted by psychologists, we learn more about the motivatons of people. This knowledge of psychology can be used in endless contexts, but one example is learning and development. Through understanding the motivations of people and how our brain’s store and access information, we can optimize the presentation of material to students, so that they can learn more efficiently. In turn, when people learn more, they are more productive. The only reason humans understand the best way to teach others is because psychologists gained the knowledge of how a human’s brain works. However, even though knowledge creates understanding of previous questions, it can also produce even more questions based on our new understanding of a subject. For example, in the 1980’s we learned that AIDS was caused by HIV. This was an important discovery that lead to understanding the disease in the medical community. However, this lead to even more questions about the sources of HIV, and what kind of measures we could take as a society to combat the issue as a whole. Sometimes it is true that we simple don’t know what we don’t know. Overall, as humans gain more knowledge, things become more comprehensible. As time has gone on, the human race has learned more about many important topics, which has lead to a society that can invent amazing technologies, help others to learn, and heal disease.
  5. Scandals are useful because they focus our attention on problems in ways that no speaker or reformer ever could. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. (I don't know why some are bolded and some arent but heres my response) I think the argument presented above is too much of a blanketed statement in too many ways to hold true. The statement requires us to make an assumption: either the “scandal” is completely related to the problem at hand, or the “scandal” is not related to the problem at hand. The statement is also assuming, if the scandal were related to the problem, that the public would accurately make the connection of said scandal being a direct cause of said problem without any influence from a speaker or reformer. If the reader is assuming that the scandal is not at all related to to the problem at hand, then the scandal would be further distracting from the problem that said reformer or speaker is trying to hone in on. The scandal would have no benefit to a reform. If the reader is assuming that the scandal is related to the problem at hand, then one also has to ask if the general population is connecting “the problem” with the scandal. For example, if the scandal is that border patrol agents are separating families who are illegally crossing the United States border, then we have to ask ourselves if that focuses the public’s attention on a border security problem or an acquisition of citizenship problem. If the scandal is that a high-schooler brought a gun to school and killed students, then we have to ask ourselves if that focuses our attention on a gun control problem or a mental health awareness problem. While the scandal would fuel a conversation, the type of conversation is unpredictable and would cause a fray in the population’s opinion of what problem caused the scandal. The term “problem” is too blanketed to make an accurate opinion on the argument at hand, because the “problem” is up to the individual that is interpreting the scandal. It is far too difficult to predict how a population will interpret a scandal and which “problem” the attention will be focused on. The words “scandal” and “argument” are extremely dependent on the situation at hand. Furthermore, a speaker or reformer could possibly assist the public’s focus by telling them what lead to the scandal - identifying the problem - and how to fix it.
  6. People's behavior is largely determined by forces not of their own making. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. People invetibaly are shaped by external circumstances, as is also said by psychologists. You see every day how one automatically becomes rowdy and energetic at a football stadium, clearly influenced by the thousands of foot-thumping football fans cheering for their teams. On the other hand, one acquires an air of civility when attending a ball or a royal event. These examples clearly show how one is a slave to one’s surroundings. If we look at children and see how they develop, it is often seen that the offspring of educated, white-collar workers, whether they are scientists, businessmen or engineers, will inevitably turn out to be responsible and thoughtful citizens. A child surrounded by logical, thoughtful parents, who focus on building positive traits, will be inclined to exercise his or her mind. On the other hand, if you look at the children of working class people or those from broken families, you will see a distinct pattern emerging, wherein the child will not be too keen on going to school or that he does not value relationships. Why would he when he has never seen his parents valuing theirs. No wonder psychologists emphasise the importance of providing a positive, encouraging environment for children. Our surroundings influence us in myriad ways. Not just individuals but whole societies are impacted by forces not of their own making. For instance, if you live in a fair, free and just society, you would be more prone to treating men and women fairly, but if you have grown up in a patriarchal society, you would tend to sideline women. You would not think twice before judging a woman on what she wears or what she eats, drinks or who she goes out with, a thing for which you would be scorned in the West. Further, it is often seen that people in violent areas, where there is little respect for the law, tend to be less civil than those living in more respectable places. However, one cannot totally assume that this argument is infallible. Clearly, you can do a lot to regulate your behaviour. History is replete with examples of men who have fought against the odds and the circumstances to change the world. Nelson Mandela lived in a country afflicted with aparthied, but he chose to battle this ideology, inspired by the works of nonviolent and fair-minded leaders like Mahatma Gandhi. Even then, it is clear how forces beyond our control heavily influence our behavior. If we recognise this and work towards correcting this bias of ours, we can definitely become better human beings.
  7. The following appeared in an article written by Dr. Karp, an anthropologist. “Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia and concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. However, my recent interviews with children living in the group of islands that includes Tertia show that these children spend much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. This research of mine proves that Dr. Field’s conclusion about Tertain village culture is invalid and thus the observation-centered approach to studying cultures is invalid as well. The interview-centered method that my team of graduate students is currently using in Tertia will establish a much more accurate understanding of child-rearing traditions there and in other island cultures.” Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strenghten the argument. Anthropologist Dr. Karp says that Dr. Field’s conclusion about Tertian village culture is invalid and so is the observation-centered approach to studying cultures. This argument is flawed as it contains causal, analogical and statistical errors, which once corrected will unravel the argument, thereby proving that its assumptions and implications are incorrect. Firstly, Dr. Karp after interviewing some children living in a group of islands that include Tertia finds that the children spoke more about their parents than other adults in the village. This he says proves that Dr. Field’s conclusion that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents is invalid. Dr. Karp hereby commits a causal error. Just because children spoke more about their biological parents than other adults in the village doesn’t mean they weren’t parented by the whole village. Dr. Karp provides little explanation as to how he reached this particular conclusion. Had he provided more information on who spent how much time on raising the children, his argument would have been stronger. Secondly, Dr. Karp commits the analogical error, saying that since he proved Dr. Field’s conclusion about the village wrong, he has proved the observation-centered approach to studying cultures wrong. This statement does not hold water. The observation-centered approach must be broad-based and could have been used correctly by several anthropologists in the past. In order to make such a strong statement, Dr. Karp should have provided more data and explained how he thinks this approach is wrong, typically taking a systematic approach and studying the technique closely, such as its methodoly. Lastly, Dr. Karp doesn’t say anything about the size of the sample of interviews his team has collected. If the size is too small or not representative enough of the whole village, his findings will prove to be incorrect. Further, the methodology used by his team of graduate students has not been discussed; it could be possible that they asked the wrong questions to the children, not asking them more about the time they spent with their biological parents. This shows that there are plenty of gaps in the argument, which if rectified will illustrate that Dr. Karp’s argument lacks substance and hence is flawed. As pointed out, these errors are serious, which if not corrected can result in one making wrong conclusions. Until and unless, Dr. Karp systematically provides considerably more information, we cannot make any statement about whether or not Dr. Field’s conclusion about children in Tertia being raised by the entire village is false.
  8. The best way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. The prompt says that the best way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones. Now many might say that to spare the rod is to spoil the child, but the fact is that positive reinforcement can result in remarkable improvement in a student. This essay will discuss why the best way to teach is to praise positive actions and give examples in support of this claim. In education, as we all know, if you keep criticizing the student and not praise his or her achievements, it can lead to discouragement and in extreme cases, can cause the student to lose interest in studies. This has been proven time and time again. Therefore, in the developed world, there is heavy emphasis on positive reinforcement and building children’s confidence as in formative years, a negative or traumatic school experience can be detrimental to a person’s mental health. On the other hand, the developing world still seems to be stuck in the past, with teachers sticking to old hectoring tactics even resorting to beating when the child has made mistakes. They believe that if children are complimented for their achievements, they will complacent or that they will become arrogant. One can only witness how detrimental it has been to the developing world’s progress. Moreover, it is evident how the West has implemented this positive reinforcement in the field of sports to its advantage; it is arguably producing the best sportsmen in the world. A coach would typically focus on what the athletes are doing well and help them build on these successes. Most athletes are taught the power of visualisation, wherein they would imagine how well they would play in the game before it begins, thereby helping them get into a positive state of mind and alleviate stress and anxiety. Even in performance art, the teacher would often stress on the artistes’ strengths, accentuating them in order to get the best out of them. For instance, while casting, directors or casting directors would only choose those actors for a particular role, who can naturally play it, as in they will only cast a serious man in a serious role or an artful person in a cunning role. This being said, one can understand how totally ignoring negative actions can be disastrous. So one needs to be cautious in not totally ignoring negative actions, how else will a person learn from his or her mistakes. But at the same time it is a common mistake to lay all the focus on rectifying faults insead of building on strengths or positive actions. Thus as we can see how positive reinforcement can help people realize their potential, the best way, indeed, is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones as much as one can.
  9. Kaitlin Wheeler

    GRE AWA Issue and Argument Critique

    Could someone edit my essays and tell me how to improve. These are my first practice essays and would appreciate further guidance. Thanks!! Essay 1 The Argument Quiot plant.docx GRE Essay - Experts.docx
  10. Hi Guys, can someone help me with analyzing and giving a critique on my essays. I wrote these essays when I hadn't started preparing for GRE. These were the first essays I wrote to kick start my GRE prep. Please have a look at it and suggest me how to improve my essay writing skills and how to structure my essays better. If you have any tips and strategies or any study material, please do share. Issue Task: A nation should require all of it's students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college. essay_section_1_question_1_2018.txt Argument Task: The following is a memorandum from the business manager of a television station. “Over the past year, our late-night news program has devoted increased time to national news and less time to weather and local news. During this time period, most of the complaints received from viewers were concerned with our station’s coverage of weather and local news. In addition, local businesses that used to advertise during our late-night news program have just canceled their advertising contracts with us. Therefore, in order to attract more viewers to the program and to avoid losing any further advertising revenues, we should restore the time devoted to weather and local news to its former level.” Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence would be needed in order to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. essay_section_1_question_2_2018.txt
  11. Recent incursions by deep-sea fishermen into the habitat of the Madagascan shrimp have led to a significant reduction in the species population. With the breeding season fast approaching, the number of shrimp should soon begin to increase. Nonetheless, the population should not return to the levels before the fishing boats arrived. Because this trend is expected to continue over the next several years, the Madagascan shrimp will quickly become an endangered species. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. The argument doesn't seem to be coherent, making several assumptions without reasoning through the various questions coming to mind. Firstly, it doesn't make clear as to why the species population fell sharply, merely saying that recent incursions by deep-sea fishermen into the habitat of Madagascan shrimp led to the drop in population. The argument doesn't say whether the fishermen caught shrimp or fishes that the shrimp fed on. We just don't know what caused the population drop. There could be other reasons for this that may not be linked to the fishermen's incursions in the area. For instance, global warming could have caused the water temperature to rise, making the area unsuitable for shrimps or there could have been an environmental catastrophe such as a big oil spill that killed the shrimp. Secondly, the argument says that shrimp population should not return to levels before the fishing boats arrived, adding that this may result in Madagascan shrimp becoming an endangered species. This statement isn't logically sound. Even if we assume that the shrimp's population declined due to the fishermen, what's to say the species will not become extinct if the population doesn't return to its previous levels. The deep-sea fishermen can still catch the remaining shrimp, and thereby reducing their number bit by bit every year until they go extinct. Thirdly, if we assume that the shrimp's number doesn't reach levels before the fishermen had arrived, they can still catch the shrimp and reduce their population drastically. Further, if the shrimps were not to increase in population and the fishermen were not to catch them, how do we know that their numbers will increase, not knowing how many times their breeding season occurs in a year and how much time do they take to muliply. These are all gaping holes in the argument. Unless these things are made clear we can't reach the conclusion that the argument has reached. Also, we are also not told how many times the fishermen come to the area. Do they come once in a year, six months, three months or every month? Before making any more deductions from this argument, we need to be told what is the population of shrimp in the region and how many shrimps have the fishermen supposedly caught. Without these numbers, the argument comes across as vague. Only when we know how fast do the shrimp multiply and how many are caught can we make projections about the extinction of the shrimps. These are some of the assumptions made in the argument and without answering the abovementioned specific questions, we can't reach this conclusion. To be cogent, the author needs to think through the argument.
  12. Universities should require students to take courses only within those fields they are interested in studying. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. Although it seems practical for universities to offer courses within those fields that the students are interested in, it does itself no favours by doing so: becoming less flexibile in terms of offering diverse courses will only reduce students' choice, thereby limiting their creativity in research. In today's times, when interdisciplinary courses are encouraged, universities will limit themselves by clearly differentiating between various fields. There is an increasing need for students to think on multiple levels, especially as rapid technological advances are bringing togther, and not segregating, the sciences and arts to offer enriching experience to the consumer. For instance, laptops are not only a utility to crunch numbers, but a style statement with increasingly user friendly designs, courtesy Apple, taking the consumer market by storm. One can also see how technology and the medical world are coming together, wherein some doctors operate on patients located thousands of miles away via computer-operated robots. This will increase consumer welfare, with scientific innovations leading to cheaper products. Letting students study persuasive prose as well as mathematics will only open up their minds, enabling them to understand that there is mathematics in writing compelling prose and that mathematics requires good instincts. Some of the greatest innovations have come from America, where interdisciplinary studies are encouraged, helping students think creatively and breaking the mould. Who would have thought you could get everything under the sun, from the most insignificant items such as toothpick to expensive, top-notch laptops, at your doorstep at the click of a button. If it were not for Amazon, which took the lead and today enjoys immense market power, our lives wouldn't have become significantly easier! Amazon chief Jeff Bezos married latest techonology with keen business sense to come up with this revolutionary and simple idea. I am guessing his education at the Ivy League must have played a part in his original thinking. On the other hand, compartemtalising students into either science, arts or commerce fields at the age of 16, leaving little room for them to explore other fields have reaped no dividends for a country like India. At a time, when everything merges into everything, you can't have engineers with no communication skills or journalists not knowing basic arithmetic: after all, journalists will become better if they use quantitave techniques to back their stories with data, like The New York Times or other top newspapers do. My point is that in today's age, where the next economic boom will be primarily hinged on the next big idea, we need to keep ourselves and our education open and flexible, enabling the youth to think out of the box.
  13. QUESTION: The following is a memorandum from the business manager of a television station. "Over the past year, our late-night news program has devoted increased time to national news and less time to weather and local news. During this time period, most of the complaints received from viewers were concerned with our station's coverage of weather and local news. In addition, local businesses that used to advertise during our late-night news program have just canceled their advertising contracts with us. Therefore, in order to attract more viewers to the program and to avoid losing any further advertising revenues, we should restore the time devoted to weather and local news to its former level." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. (MY) ANSWER: While it may seem like the right thing to do after a cursory evaluation, the idea of retraction from national news and paying more attention to local and weather news has its pros and cons. The memorandum does not offer a solution by being in tone dismissive of the existing operations of the station. The two disadvantages in the current scenario which the manager notes are complaints from viewers and cancellation of contracts with local business owners. However, firstly he fails to produce any hardcore data as evidence, indicating lack of effort to examine the trend. A better way to deal with it would have been to conduct surveys and note the data obtained. Secondly, losses that the manager seems to be bothered by do not need to be of magnitude or consequence. National news by its very nature could glue the greater section of viewers on to screen (while too many local advertisements may have at an earlier stage caused resentment in them). The businesses that have backed out might have other reasons. Equally, things might be actually going against the station because of its own complacency, such as hiring a narrow set of journalists and not hiring designers (for weather reports) and marketers (for advertising). A regular performance and quality check might be missing. Admitting to such loopholes is what can make the whole argument trustworthy in the end. Although the comment made seems to be failing to make an impact in a business meeting, if properly supported with facts by the manager, it can drive the executives to take a call on the issue, encouraging the shift away from national news. All in all, there needs to be further elaboration in the memorandum. WHAT SCORE DO YOU THINK THIS WOULD DESERVE?
  14. To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ While it apparently makes sense to want to focus on major cities to understand the most important characteristics of a society, it may not help you to fully comprehend its workings, which are based on deeply held beliefs and ideas. It is true that bigger cities are melting pots of various cultures, bringing together people of diverse backgrounds, but, you will never understand the soul of the society, unless you understand its history and its roots. Culture in bigger cities or metropolitans become homogonised, if only superficially; people, especially those who moved to the bigger cities from small towns or villages, tend to change and evolve in order to fit in, but they never truly transform. Their beliefs and ideas of the world have already crystallized largely before they move to bigger cities, which become apparent once you probe a little deeper. On the surface, a large city will always appear to be more progressive and liberal. To really investigate and understand the spirit of a society, one needs to delve deeper into its soul: the vast expanse of rural hinterland and the small towns. Though you will witness some dying rituals and beliefs, on the whole, you will begin to understand the society more deeply through its history, its culture, its ideas of a nation, its founding fathers – needless to say, they didn’t just connect with the peoples of the bigger cities, but the whole of the country or society to bring about a revolution. It is vital to understand how a society eats, what it grows, what it wears, how it treats its women, what political ideology it espouses and so on and so forth. If and only if you witness and understand the problems the common man across a country from every part of the society faces and how he or she deals with it, will you appreciate it. The problems and lifestyle of the people in major cities will generally be starkly different from that of villages, which is why, I believe, one needs to observe the country or society as a whole to truly understand it.
  15. Prompt/Directions The most effective way to understand contemporary culture is to analyze the trends of its youth. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.
  16. Prompt/Directions The following is a recommendation from the business manager of Monarch Books. "Since its opening in Collegeville twenty years ago, Monarch Books has developed a large customer base due to its reader-friendly atmosphere and wide selection of books on all subjects. Last month, Book and Bean, a combination bookstore and coffee shop, announced its intention to open a Collegeville store. Monarch Books should open its own in-store café in the space currently devoted to children's books. Given recent national census data indicating a significant decline in the percentage of the population under age ten, sales of children's books are likely to decline. By replacing its children's books section with a café, Monarch Books can increase profits and ward off competition from Book and Bean." Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
  17. cherokeecierra

    Issue Essay 1: Would Love a Review!

    Hi everyone! I'm in the midst of prepping for the GRE through Magoosh and was just assigned 2 essays for my study plan today. In Magoosh's resources, it lists this website as a place where you can post essays and hopefully get feedback from others. That said, I'm posting the first essay I wrote today, an Issue essay. I'd love any feedback or review anyone is willing to give, as I don't have a writing tutor. Please feel free to butcher as needed, this is my first attempt at a GRE essay, so I'm sure it's a bit rough. The essay is pasted below. Thanks! Much appreciated! Cherokee Washington Prompt: "The well-being of a society is enhanced when many of its people question authority." Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Often Times throughout history, authority figures, people who hold positions of power, and governmental systems are questioned by the societies they rule. It is true that those in power are elected to rule and guide the public based on their merit, rhetoric, and intentions, however, there are cases in which authority figures seek to only benefit select groups within society, rather than every member of said society. That said, I believe that the well-being of a public can be enhanced when those in power are questioned. Essay: Often Times throughout history, authority figures, people who hold positions of power, and governmental systems are questioned by the societies they rule. It is true that those in power are elected to rule and guide the public based on their merit, rhetoric, and intentions, however, there are cases in which authority figures seek to only benefit select groups within society, rather than every member of said society. That said, I believe that the well-being of a public can be enhanced when those in power are questioned. Within American history, we see a pattern of questioning authoritative figures on countless occasions since the beginning of our nation’s establishment. Take the system of slavery for example. Perhaps one of the most detrimental financial and prejudiced decisions made by European slave traders, slavery in the United States has damaged our society in more ways than one. By capturing and enslaving people with dark skin that strayed from the ideals of whiteness, Europeans created a monster of a system that caused people to become indentured to their masters, become separated from their families, live and work in unfathomable conditions, and even lose their lives. More importantly, slavery and the concepts of racial hierarchy that stem from it have trickled down into today’s society, leaving current members of the American population to be mistreated or slain for being Black or brown. Clearly, Oppression has taken on various iterations (some which are more tolerable today than those practiced in during the civil rights era), however this transformation of ideology was only made possible by members of society who questioned authority. If individuals such as Malcolm X, Rosa Parks, Maya Angelou, Muhammad Ali, and even Colin Kaepernick had not bravely challenged the powers that dictated their worth and privilege in this country, then many Black bodies could still be picking cotton for hours on end rather than owning companies and acting as CEO’s. Another example of beneficiary questioning of authority stems from the 2018 film, “Black Panther.” In the film, the superhero T’Challa (also known as Black Panther) is identified as the king of Wakanda, a thriving self-sufficient African country that has been untouched by the evils of colonialism. Although Wakanda is part of the greater whole of Africa, T’Challa and his Wakandan predecessors see the country’s success stemming from keeping out of international affairs. No other country (other than those in Africa) know that Wakanda exists, despite the many resources it poses to aid other societies in enhancing technology and other areas. With this initial unwillingness to keep Wakanda and its resources to itself in mind, T’Challa’s cousin Killmonger attempts to take over the throne, stating that Wakanda is wrong for not aiding its American brothers and sisters in their own struggle against colonial powers. Ultimately, though Killmonger approach is more damaging than beneficial to all Black and brown bodies throughout the world, T’Challa decides to extend those resources out to America and help minorities enhance their own cities, thus bettering society as a whole through the betterment of all lives, not just white lives. In all, through these two examples of questioning authority, we see both pros and cons to said questioning. Although systems can be well-run within a society and not need be enhanced, (e.g. acceptance of the first amendment) there are certain systems that benefit only one part of society while harming others. In order to fully benefit every member of a society, we must take into account those who may be at a detriment and make things fair.
  18. Argument Two years ago, radio station WCQP in Rockville decided to increase the number of call-in advice programs that it broadcast; since that time, its share of the radio audience in the Rockville listening area has increased significantly. Given WCQP's recent success with call-in advice programming, and citing a nationwide survey indicating that many radio listeners are quite interested in such programs, the station manager of KICK in Medway recommends that KICK include more call-in advice programs in an attempt to gain a larger audience share in its listening area. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. My response starts from here: There are two different radio stations in different regions, two years ago by increasing the call-in programs in one radio station the number of audiance increased, it dose not mean that the same increase in the audiance will happen to the other station. Success of WCQP by increasing the call-in advice programs can not ensure us that another radio station KICK could gain similar success by including call-in programs if we consider certain other facts that effect the ammount of audiance. The WCQP and KICK are two differnet radio stations, their theme could be different, one could be news station other could be entairtainment station. So, every station has it’s own requirments furthermore, both of these stations are in different areas, and people living in these areas could have different taste. Now on the base of this assumption that WCQP gaied audiance by including the call-in advice programs we can never be sure that KICK would also get the same gain of audiance. However, by mentioning that the needs of both the radio stations are same, they are of same nature and have similar audiance the very assumption can become valid. There is a also difference of time, WCQP increased the number of call-in advice programs two years ago it is quite possible that the trend has been changed and now people like to have scheduled programs rather than varying call-in advise programs. So, this asumption falls apart in this way. We cannot rely on the nation wide survey results, as this survey could not be specific about the call-in advice programs. Moreover it is not mentioned that the survey was performed recently or it was performed some decades back. Things change and so the trends of people. That’s why backing up this argument by this survey do not make this assumption valid but if it is mentioned that the survey was performed recently and that this survey was sepecifically related to the call-in advise programs than the above argument becomes valid. Two stations are different and are in differnet regions so the sucess story of one station can never ensure the sucess of another station.
  19. The best way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. Positive and negative aspects are two sides of coin. It is never a good practice to focus on one side and neglect the other sides. Teaching is the basic fundamental of our life. Negligence is the foundation of the life’s study cannot be accepted. As a result, it is never a best way to teach by praising for positive actions and ignoring the negative ones. Teaching, means to learn from our actions and we cannot ignore the actions which are not right as there are the most imperative learning of our life. Let’s exemplify, if you have cooked a dish which is cooked perfectly but the salt is in excess. You can never ignore the fact that the next time you have to decrease the quantity of salt. Ignorance is bliss. Learning from the mistakes make a recipe perfect. Negative result are as integral as the positive result to learn for the future. As praise for the good indeed motivates us but only praise won’t push the person to learn from it. Before the invention of the blub, Thomas Edison failed thousands of times. If he had ignored the failure and would have settled with a short achievement, we would never have lights in our home. Furthermore, he said the failure taught him 3000 things that cannot be used in the light bulb. As a result learning from the hard way is the best way. Teaching is the most pristine and difficult jobs of all. As we don’t have to make the person learn it but remember it for rest of the life and sometimes abrasive punishment teaches us the most imperative lesson of the life. The great warrior always learnt from the failure and from the deaths of their dear one, the lessons of their life. Teaching can never ignore any side of the result whether positive or negative. The best way to teach is to go hand in hand with praising for good actions and learning from the negative ones. Neither of the two aspects can be ignored in life. The following appeared in an article written by Dr. Karp, an anthropologist. “Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia and concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. However, my recent interviews with children living in the group of islands that includes Tertia show that these children spend much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. This research of mine proves that Dr. Field's conclusion about Tertian village culture is invalid and thus that the observation-centered approach to studying cultures is invalid as well. The interview-centered method that my team of graduate students is currently using in Tertia will establish a much more accurate understanding of child-rearing traditions there and in other island cultures.” Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. The following argument is flawed for numerous reasons. Primarily, the argument is based on the assumption that time doesn’t play any role the research. Furthermore, it is also considered that the rearing and talking about parents is equivalent. Thus making the weak argument that Tertian village culture as well as the observation-centered approach to studying cultures is invalid. The argument is mainly invalid owing to the reason that it doesn’t considered the fact that Dr. Field’s research was carried out twenty years ago. As the time changes the tradition also changes in the villages. The children who were observed by Dr Field are now adults and hence may be they were reared by the whole village but as the two decades have passed the parents are more protective towards the children and therefore tertian village culture is obsoleted. Dr Karp should have also interviewed the adults who were children at the time Dr Field study was executed. Though this would have given a much strong reason to extrapolate that the Tertain village culture was invalid yet this argument this fails to validate that the observation-centered approach to studying cultures is invalid. The argument also fails to give strong evidence that the children of Tertain are not reared by the whole village. The argument that the talk more about their biological parents only give any strong proof that they are reared by their biological parents. May be the children are not good in communicating or maybe they are repeating the things that the children of the other islands are answering. This can also be considered that they are reared by the whole village but they have more affection towards their parents. As a result, we can say that besides interviewing the children, observing the children’s lifestyle is an integral aspect to validate that Tertain village culture is not practiced. Therefore concluding that interview based approach is better approach that observation centered is inaccurate. As the argument has left many unanswered question as well as many factors has been ignored in the argument. Thus it fails to make convincing case that interview based approach is much more accurate understanding of child-rearing traditions.
  20. In order to become well-rounded individuals, all college students should be required to take courses in which they read poetry, novels, mythology, and other types of imaginative literature. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. As a college student, one is expected to develop different skills that will serve the general purpose of preparing him or her for a professional environment. There are qualities that one is expected to possess as a professional that could be divided into qualities that are specific to the particular field of the student's career, and general qualities that the student should develop in order to be prepared to face problems and interact with other professionals. The first set can be labeled as technical qualities, and the latter should include qualities such as critical thinking, interpersonal skills, general world knowledge and adaptability. One could argue that the college student will greatly benefit from focusing only on developing skills that will strengthen his/her technical skills throughout his/her college career. In other words, not being obligated to take general courses that will force him/her to read poetry, novels, mythology, and other types of imaginative literature. That is, if the major of the college student is not related to english, literature, writing, or other majors where reading imaginative literature is essential in the professional formation of the individual. However, one is ignoring the hidden benefits that reading imaginative literature could offer to a college student. Forcing them to engage in imaginative literature, could provide benefits such as broadening the student's vocabulary, advancing the student's skills in reading comprehension, involve the student in an artistic environment, or even help in developing the student's creativity. If the student focuses his/her college career on taking courses that are only directly related to their major, then the student is at risk of narrowing his/her perspective. The student's college career should be in greater percentage related to his/her specific field of study, however, some course load should be dedicated to other worldly subjects, where reading imaginative literature may be included. For example, a student who is pursuing a science major such as biology, will perhaps have little interest in taking a course on English Literature. This student will inevitably, given the fact that science majors are prepared to be methodological and analytical, is at risk of becoming an inflexible individual. If this biology student is forced to take courses such as English Literature, this student may learn to take a broader perspective in understanding other students that may follow a different way of thinking and processing things. This bioogy student may realize that in some occasions thinking artistically, instead of analitically, may offer advantages. In other words, this biology student may be able to develop the latter set of qualities mentioned in this text's introduction if the student is forced to take some courses that include reading imaginative literature. The student may develop critical thinking, interpersonal skills, general world knowledge and adaptability that will better prepare him/her for a professional environment.
  21. JoséZavala

    Studying for AWA

    I did the GRE a couple of months ago and I didn't do well on the AWA section. I'm trying to study to retake the test, but it's really hard to improve your writing skills on your own, especially as an adult. It's hard for me to assess the quality of my own essays, and I'm struggling a lot with the time limit. I think I can write decent essays, but when I try doing it under 30 minutes I just get rubbish. And the time issue becomes all the worse when the prompt is about a topic I've never dedicated a single thought about, and there are many of those! Anyways, I'm starting this thread to see if anyone has a piece of advice to offer, or a struggle of his or her own to share. For example, if anyone has an idea on where to get feedback on essays—and I mean feedback, not just a score, you need to know the why behind the score to improve—I'm sure that would be very helpful for all of us. Even if it's a paid service. If some gracious soul has the time to review one of my essays, I'm attaching one about one of those topics I had never thought about before, and it took me well above 30 minutes to write—the 30 minute version is one of the worst pieces of writing out there, if anyone is curious to read it too. Dummy essay 2.2.docx
  22. MlhP4a

    Argumentative Essay Example

    Hello people! This is my first try of writing an argumentative essay and I kept it so short. Any comment would be appreciated since your help would help me to organize my future study plans for awa. Argument: People who use the artificial sweetener aspartame are better off consuming sugar, since aspartame can actually contribute to weight gain rather than weight loss. For example, high levels of aspartame have been shown to trigger a craving for food by depleting the brain of a chemical that registers satiety, or the sense of being full. Furthermore, studies suggest that sugars, if consumed after at least 45 minutes of continuous exercise, actually enhance the body’s ability to burn fat. Consequently, those who drink aspartame-sweetened juices after exercise will also lose this calorie-burning benefit. Thus it appears that people consuming aspartame rather than sugar are unlikely to achieve their dietary goals. My Essay: The author suggests that consuming aspartame can prevent people from reaching their dietary goals based on several reasons. However, this argument is not convincing as it uses some manipulative and weak assumptions while making the aspartame inferior to sugar. Firstly, author propounds that using aspartame will remove the feeling of satiation in people so that people will consume more food. However, this statement lacks detailed gross regarding how aspartame stops brain to sense satiation and author ignores the fact that people can resist their biological impulses and they may behave not in a way that their chemicals want them to behave. Secondly, She argues that sugar increases the ability of burning fat after at least 45 minutes of exercise while neglecting people who never exercise or those exercise less than 45 minutes. Therefore, by not taking effects of sugar into the consideration on these people, the author just gives a partial information that is in line with her idea. To sum up, These main problems make this argument flawed and not convincing. Thus, the author should give more detailed biological explanation about the effect of aspartame on brain chemicals and should take representative sample of people into the consideration while giving examples about how sugar affect satiation of people.
  23. Hi Everyone! This is my first time writing AWA essays for the GRE. I wanted to get a feel of where my responses are currently before I can move forward. Any insight would be appreciated. I am a native English speaker FYI. Issue Prompt: Some people believe that teaching morality should be the foundation of education. Others believe that teaching a foundation of logical reasoning would do more to produce a moral society. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented above. Teaching morality should be the foundation of education because it provides a basis for people to function well in a society in a way that logical reasoning alone isn't able to accomplish. Teaching morality allows society to be productive and creates meaningful interactions that aren't solely based on self-interest. Children aren't necessarily born with a sense of right or wrong, but rather learn from the environment around them. Humans' first instinct, generally, is to be self-interested in order to survive. Teaching morality tames that instinct in a way that logical reasoning isn't able to. Logically, it would make sense for humans to steal, cheat, and perhaps even murder to achieve what they want (Whether it be more money, fame, status or success). Working to earn everything you have is not something that makes sense logically when you can simply act in selfish ways and achieve what you want that way. However, teaching morality can allow people to think twice about their actions. For example, a child may re-consider stealing another student's lunch money to buy food for themselves if they were taught that stealing is morally wrong and that that kind of hurtful behavior towards another human being in unacceptable. In addition, teaching logical reasoning as the cornerstone of education doesn't necessarily produce moral people, especially when those people create cases of the "end justifiying the means". For example, in most workplaces, there are codes of ethics that govern the actions of worker, such as research laws that protect humans from being taken advantage of. If scientists are simply taught logical reasoning, for example, it would make sense logically to conduct unethical experiments on disadvantaged populations (such as terminally ill patients or disabled people) to advance the human condition. However, morality can allow scientists to distinguish right from wrong and to recognize when the end doesn't justify the means, which is something that logical reasoning fails to acknowledge. However, if logical reasoning is taught in accordance with morality, it can aid in the creation of a moral society. For example, if people are taught to care for the lives of other human beings, then humans come together to save each other during emergencies (such as fires). However, if people aren't taught how to think logically about how to safely evacuate people from a building, then the morality taught isn't sufficient and people could harm themsevles and the others they're trying to help (such as failing to properly evacuate a disabled person). However, if people are taught how to think logically in a crisis (step one, step two, etc.) along with being taught that human life is sacred and meaningful, then they'll know how to respond and help others properly without just necessarily saving their own skin (Which would make sense logically - it doesn't make sense to help someone else out in an emergency when you can escape yourself). A foundation of logical reasoning isn't enough to build a moral society because human instinct would lead people to use that logic to act is self-interested ways. Teaching a foundation of morality can tame the need to act selfishly and allows for the creation of meaningful interactions that acknowledges the wants and needs of other people. Argument Prompt: A pet food company recalled 4 million pounds of pet food in response to complaints that pets that had consumed the food experienced vomiting, lethargy, and other signs of illness. After the recall, the pet food company tested samples from the recalled food and determined that all chemicals found in the food were chemicals that are approved for use in pet food. Thus, the recalled food was not responsible for these symptoms, and the company should not devote further resources to the investigation. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. The conclusion that the pet food company shouldn't invest more resources into the recall investigation is flawed because the company didn't check for cross-contamination, time of production as a factor, or animal food sensitivity to make their assessment regarding their food. The company's declaration that the chemicals found in its food were approved for use in pet food doesn't mean that those chemcials weren't cross-contaminated with other chemicals that are harmful to pets. They assumed that the chemicals were the only aspects of the pet food that could've led to the harmful side affects. The company failed to investigate whether the machines used to manufacture the food at the time had residues of other ingredients that are harmful to pets or whether the packaging itself had harmful ingredients that contaminated the pet food. This is a phenomenon all too common with human food, and could have occurred with pet food. Spinach, for example, is an approved edible food that farms are able to sell, but occasionally spinach harvests become contaminated with feces and cause outbreaks of E.Coli or listeria in human populations, despite usually being safe to eat. Had the company mentioned that they investigated other aspects of the production process for signs of cross-contamination, then their conclusion would've made more sense. In addition, the company also assumed that time of production wasn't a factor in the harmful side affects. Perhaps even though the chemicals themselves are approved and safe for pet use, it's possible that some of these chemicals have a short life span and thus, a short shelf life that allows them to be safe to consume for pets. It could be possible that the company manufactured this batch of pet food several months before shipping it to supermarkets and pet stores in order to clear the previous batch of food at pet stores. The time between production and consumption could've attributed to the harmful side affects because some of the chemicals could've lost their edibility in that time. Had the company been open about when the food was manufactured, and had they done thorough research on the shelf life and safety of foods instead of assuming time wasn't a factor, then their conclusion would also be more plausible. Finally, the company assumes that approved usage of chemicals in pet food means that the chemcials are approved for ALL types of animals. Perhaps certain species of animals are known to be more sensitive to certain chemcials than others. It's possible that the pet food was better suited for cats, but if it was marketed as suitable for all types of pets, then it's possible that dog owners gave the food to their dogs when dogs are sensitive to a specific chemcial. One human example is the case of peanuts. Many people can eat peanuts without a problem and peanuts are an approved ingredient to use in many food products. However, there is a certain percentage of the population that is allergic to peanuts and can suffer severe health consequences from consuming them. It could be the same for this pet food and the chemicals in it. The company should've done more research on the compatibility of the chemicals with various animals types before assuming that ALL types of chemcials are suitable for all animals. By failing to consider other aspects about the chemicals in their pet food, the company failed to conduct a thorough investigation into the causes of vomiting, lethargy, and other illnesses. Having simply found that the chemcials are approved and safe for use in pet food isn't enough because there are many different factors that contribute to illness. The company should go back and put in more resources into this investigation.
  24. Would anyone be willing to score my GRE practice essays for me? I have attached the issue and argument essays for your review. If I have not put this in the right forum, please let me know. Issue Task Essay 1 on 10.30.17.docx
  25. Question "SuperCorp recently moved its headquarters to Corporateville. The recent surge in the number of homeowners in Corporateville proves that Corporateville is a superior place to live than Middlesburg, the home of SuperCorp's current headquarters. Moreover, Middleburg is a predominately urban area and according to an employee survey, SuperCorp has determined that its workers prefer to live in an area that is not urban. Finally, Corporateville has lower taxes than Middlesburg, making it not only a safer place to work but also a cheaper one. Therefore, Supercorp clearly made the best decision." Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Response This argument is flawed since it lacks enough evidence to support the case, and it is based on assumptions that might not hold true. First of all, the argument does not give enough reasons tu support the decision to move the headquarters from Middlesburg to Coporatesville wise. Would SuperCorp's revenues increase? Would the number of customers raise as a consequence? In other words: wil the decision be a good business decision? Furthermore, the arguments make a lot of assumptions about why things happened that are not well supported. It states the recent surge in the number of homeowners in Corporateville proves that it is a superior place to live than Middlesburg. But the surge might be due to other reasons. For example, it could be that rental is extremely expensive in Corporateville, making it more economically sensible to buy a house than to rent it. It could also be that housing in Corporateville is cheaper than in Middlesburg because there is more violence, which would not make it a better place to live than Middlesburg. The argument fails to provide any information about the reasons behind the surge in the number of homeowners at Corporateville. The argument also suggests that workers would prefer to live in Corporateville based on an employee survey that said they preferred to live in an area that is not urban. This argument is flawed for several reasons: first, even if we know that Middlesburg is an urban area, no information is provided about what kind of citiy Corporateville is. It could be an urban area as well. Second, living in a non urban area might not be the most important factor when deciding where to live. There could be other factors that they might assign more weight to as for instance, proximity to supermarkets or the quality of the schools areound. Furthermore, even if Corporateville was rural and living in a non urban area were the most important factor when making a decision about where to live, that does not necessarily mean that workers are going to move to Coporateville. There might be other considerations such as family connections or house pricing that might prevent them from moving. And most important: nothing is said about how the survey was conducted. It could be the case that is not at all representative of what workers really want: was the sample big enough? Was the sample representative of all workers? What were the questions in the survey that might give us more complete information about whether workers would actually move from Middleburg to Corporateville? Finally, the statement that says that because Corporateville has lower taxes, it is a safer and cheaper place to live makes absolutely no sense. It might be that taxes are cheaper precisely for the opposite reason, because the place is dangerous and needs to attract investment. Also, cheaper taxes do not guarantee cheaper prices in general. A tax is one of many other prices.
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