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  1. Issue Topic : The best way for a society to prepare its young people for leadership in government, industry, or other fields is by instilling in them a sense of cooperation, not competition.The young people can be taught about leadership in government, industries and other fields through cooperation rather than competition. Young minds are naive and malleable. Hence, they can be taught easily about the needs to become a successful leader.To begin with, instilling the sense of cooperation, the act of doing things together in peace and harmony can be an effective method to build a leader among young people. Any task can be carried out with through discussion, supporting each other ideas and plan. This develops trust and believe among themselves, which helps to conduct work effectively. For instance, various clubs are established in schools, colleges and university to develop teamwork and leadership skills within students. To conduct programs, students need to come up with certain work plan and implement them properly. This builds sense of responsibility in their young minds that can be helpful in future.Given that, competition can also bring out best of oneself. In situation as such, one needs to put best foot forward. When young ones are frequently send to competions, they will understand the need to being the best. In future also they will imbibe the requirement to be the best. When one comes out as the best in bunch of people, they can surely lead others to path of success.All in all, i believe development of cooperation among young people are must for them to develop leadership rather than competion. Leader needs to lead the whole group to success as individual success of a leader does not account for successful leadership.
  2. I'm using Magoosh as my GRE Study Prep, and following the guidelines they used! I got the topic off the ETS website and used a random generator to pick the topic. I timed myself exactly 30 minutes. This is my first attempt, so it's probably pretty rough :) and this is an Issue Task Essay! Topic: Educators should base their assessment of students' learning not on students' grasp of facts but on the ability to explain the ideas, trends, and concepts that those facts illustrate. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. Essay: Almost everyone at some point in their lifetime will take a test to assess their knowledge supposedly learned on a certain subject matter. Educators should base this assessment of a student’s knowledge, not simply by testing their factual remembrance and memory, but also by questioning how they can apply that information into real world situations. Schools and other educational programs have become to be known as teaching through memorization. They are assessing their students’ using test after test, and enforcing them to study via flashcards and other memory-strengthening tools. This continues throughout the length of the class, ending the program with similar assessments that they began with. This shows that the educators are focusing more on cramming the students with factual information, rather than them building upon the knowledge they have already been taught and assessing them in a new manner. While it is imperative for students to have and hold on to this knowledge of factual material, they must be able to understand the big picture in order to apply it to real world situations. Simply knowing or recognizing terminology will not suffice once they must use this knowledge they have learned into their field later in life. An aspiring scientist might know a single chemical reaction, but if they cannot apply this to a bigger, broader experiment, then the information can be deemed useless. With this being said, grasping facts is the foundation of their ability to explain bigger ideas and concepts of that subject. To an extent, assessing students’ understanding of the basic facts of a subject is imperative before expecting them to be able to comprehend and explain the more elusive concepts that make up everyday life. Therefor, teachers should assess students on their comprehension of factual information before moving on to more difficult material in the hierarchy of the subject. Though, this is not saying that these kinds of assessments should be the sole basis of the students’ understanding of an entire subject. Educators assessing the true knowledge learned by their students is much more complex than a simple factual multiple-choice test. Teachers need to go more in depth in their assessments in order to prove that their students’ can understand and explain difficult concepts and ideas regarding the subject they have apparently been teaching.
  3. As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate. Efficiency has always been human's weakest point. Rise of technology have revolutionized the way people think about a particular task that required laborious thinking. Human's dependency on technology does not undermines their thinking ability, but instead it eases their efforts. It is evident that technology have developed the world to a great extent. Technologies like computers have been of great use that reduce the difficulty of the problem and makes it easier for humans. For example, a basic application like Microsoft Excel changed the way people used to keep financial records. Earlier keeping records was a tedious work.Once a data was entered it was difficult for a person to make changes without. And sometimes those changes made the work look dirty and untidy. Contrasting to that, Excel application has provided the options of Adding repetitive data, changing the values and easy categorization of data that reduced the difficulty of maintaining such hectic records. Such technologies have been implemented all over the world. Furthermore, technology is time saving. Calculations that required profound human thinking efforts that take several minutes can be solved within seconds using scientific calculators. Additionally, writing down used to be a lengthy process. For example, as a journalist writing each and every word of the interviewee used to be tedious and sometimes interviewer could forget or miss few points mentioned by the interviewee. But technologies such as audio or video recording have eased the work of remembering and writing down everything. Also, few applications like speech-to-text have narrowed down the effort. There are also many applications that is used to allocate a person's daily task according to the time and then remind of the task at allotted hour of the day. There are various technology that improves human thinking ability. Games such as puzzle games can improves human's problem solving and analytical abilities. Additionally few games improves brain's reflexes; games genre such as action polishes our brain's quickness to respond to a problem. Using such technologies makes a person's brain more efficient. Also some applications like Focus helps a person stay focused at the work he/she has to do. The information that once required hours and hours of searching through the books can be at your computer screen in seconds. Internet that is a pool of great knowledge only requires few seconds of typing a query and the information is fetched to you in no time. Although, sometimes humans rely too much on technologies that makes human brain lazy to think for itself. Calculations such as basic additions and subtract are better done in the mind instead of relying on a calculator. But every coin has two sides and the advantages of technology by far outweighs its disadvantages. Technology makes a human more efficient and smarter. Limited dependency on technology reduces human efforts and errors.
  4. “Students should fund their education with part-time work that they do while they study.” I agree with the speaker, as anything which is available at free of cost will loose its value. A student who spends his own money might know to value of class hours and he won’t skip a period in purpose. The student will also try to study well and try to get good grades to not waste his hard earned money he paid for education. The part-time job if it is relevant to the student’s field of study will definitely improve his knowledge and also he will get a practical knowledge and it will help in his future career. I is also a fact that spending valuable time in part time jobs rather than studying is not going to improve ones academic scores. Instead of wasting hours in jobs, one can focus in research in his field of study or gain knowledge outside his field of study. Various studies conducted suggest that the relaxation of brain is required for good health and mental ability to learn. Apart from studies and work, we need to allocate a adequate amount of time for our hobbies and entertainment. Also, a person who is living independently may find it difficult to spend his little earned money on education and satisfying his basic needs as-well. Medicine and Education should be free of cost to ensure that all the citizens irrespective of their financial status could get a proper education.
  5. To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. The true characteristics of a society can only be found in small towns and villages where heritage and traditions sill in extant. The most of urban cities are diversified by people from different societies who came and settled in for various reasons such as education and employment. Urban cities are developed mostly with benchmark of cities from western countries. In major cities of India like Chennai, Bombay and Bangalore, we can see the population of non-natives are more than natives, due to this the birds-view study of a major city will not produce an accurate result of its true characteristics. In contrast, small towns and villages, we can still see a vast number of people still holding their customs and traditions for generations- the traditional festivals, foods, Old Gods, martial arts etc can be seen celebrated there which were long forgotten by urban community. However, due the amorphous development of internet and media, the small towns even getting changed. As per saying “change is the only thing will never change” – the characteristics of the socity will also will not be constant. The one which is considered as rule may considered as taboo in future. Still, the results collected from the any one developed urban part of a vast nation will not reflect the character of the bucolic village next to it.
  6. Hi Guys, can someone help me with analyzing and giving a critique on my essays. I wrote these essays when I hadn't started preparing for GRE. These were the first essays I wrote to kick start my GRE prep. Please have a look at it and suggest me how to improve my essay writing skills and how to structure my essays better. If you have any tips and strategies or any study material, please do share. Issue Task: A nation should require all of it's students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college. essay_section_1_question_1_2018.txt Argument Task: The following is a memorandum from the business manager of a television station. “Over the past year, our late-night news program has devoted increased time to national news and less time to weather and local news. During this time period, most of the complaints received from viewers were concerned with our station’s coverage of weather and local news. In addition, local businesses that used to advertise during our late-night news program have just canceled their advertising contracts with us. Therefore, in order to attract more viewers to the program and to avoid losing any further advertising revenues, we should restore the time devoted to weather and local news to its former level.” Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence would be needed in order to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. essay_section_1_question_2_2018.txt
  7. Hello! I am new here, I just started to prepare for the GRE test. These are the first writing tasks I've done and I am in need of critics for my essays. I live in Argentina and here it's extremely difficult to find someone around who know about this. So, if anyone can read these stuff and help me a bit I'd be very thankful. Issue Task Educators should teach facts only after their students have studied the ideas, trends, and concepts that help explain those facts. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. It is always complicated to define which facts are worth of teaching, and which are optional.Even more, it is harder to find the way to teach them. Some teachers prefer to give a proper context before laying down any facts, while others do exactly the opposite: learn the facts first, then (if there is time to spare) let's do a revision of what lead to them. Instead of doing a full background of the facts or just give them, wouldn't be better to find a balance? Having a developed background about the ideas and trends of fact can be vital to fully understand it. The Bastille take by the poor people during French Revolution is tightly related to what was happening: the King's army was killing them on the streets, destroying any chance of political change. The Bastille was the central deposit of weapons powered by gunpowder. If they took the place, they could fight against historic repression. Darwin's journey through Galapagos Islands is crucial for Origin of the Species. It is in that place where he could confirm several ideas about evolution, watching the slight and big differences between birds' beaks. Also, when the students have more information and not just the fact itself they may develop a broader perspective. One can see how everything and anything can affect the outcome of an action, a fact. Would Darwin have published Origin of the Species if he hadn't been able to see those birds? What would have happened if he hadn't see them? Would Democracy was we know it exist if those men didn't take the Bastille? It is important for a student, and for any person, to grasp at least a bit of the interconnection that exists between facts and context. But this approach can be very impractical. In the tight school schedules that rule the education system is hard to find enough time to teach and explain fully the ideas and trends that lead to an outcome. And given that difficulty, a new one arises: if there is not enough time, then a classification between vital and not important ideas should be developed. This can change too much between teachers and institutions, since it may be heavily influenced by personal points of view and different formation background between teachers. Nonetheless, it is important to not overlook any of these extremes. A fact without context is meaningless, and too many trends, ideas, and context without their outcomes are too abstract. The best way is to relate both sides at the same time, so the student can learn the important facts with their corresponding context, and give them meaning. Argument Task Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia. Using an observation-centered approach to studying Tertian culture, he concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. Recently another anthropologist, Dr. Karp, visited the group of islands that includes Tertia and used the interview-centered method to study child-rearing practices. In the interviews that Dr. Karp conducted with children living in this group of islands, the children spent much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. Dr. Karp decided that Dr. Field's conclusion about Tertian village culture must be invalid. Some anthropologists recommend that to obtain accurate information on Tertian child-rearing practices, future research on the subject should be conducted via the interview-centered method. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. In order to understand culture and behavior, in particular the Tertian ones, researchers need to get information and perspective about traits and costumes practiced along a community. According to the text, both observation and interviews have been done. Since the latter has been selected to continue they should be children-centered, and in parallel do interviews with adults in the community. For both groups, the following questions -among others- should be asked. One of the key ones would be how much time they pass with their parents. If their rearing is done by their biological parents, it is logical to think that most of the children day-to-day experiences will happen with them. It is in those experiences where most children learn about their place in the world, being instructed and formed by parents or people with some sort of importance in their life. For that, time needs to be spent together. Another question would be if in case of a problem or doubt who the children go to; a father or mother? the oldest person at their village? a determined group? In that way, researchers could have a vague (but otherwise important) idea of who is or are the authority figures for the children. Authority is very much related to parents or people with rearing function. A third one could be about their living situation. Do they live with other children? With adults? How many? Did they grow up together, with the same group of people? The living organization can further develop the net of connections between children and adults; those who live with the children may have an important part in their rearing, as much as to share a place with them. Finally, observation shouldn't be discarded. Even with a set of complete questions to flesh out children ideas and experiences, behavior observation can add new information and help to understand systems of authority and can give a view unaffected by children costumes. Sometimes people aren't completely honest or clear in surveys and interviews, so it is important to have other sources of information. So, in order to have a more complete representation of Tertian culture, this set of questions could be useful to start an expanded research on the topic.
  8. Hello, I would like to know if anyone could read my essay and give some comments on what to improve. Thank you all! Mars_o Issue task 1st try.pdf
  9. Would anyone be willing to score my GRE practice essays for me? I have attached the issue and argument essays for your review. If I have not put this in the right forum, please let me know. Issue Task Essay 1 on 10.30.17.docx
  10. Can someone please score my essay? This is my first attempt at trying to write the Issue Task and the Argument Task in 30 mins. Please give me some advice. Thanks for your time!! Issue Task 1.docx Argument Task 1.docx
  11. Issue Essay Critical judgment of work in any given field has little value unless it comes from someone who is an expert in that field. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. Experts spend time and effort studying a certain field to gain expertise, and to be able to understand a range of works that come out of their chosen field. The more familiar an expert is with the issues and specifics of their field, the better they can assess other works within their field of expertise. Due to their deep understanding of the details and nuances of a field, an expert is much better suited to give critical judgement on work in that field than someone not as familiar with that field. Someone who is considered an expert in their field has presumably spent a large amount of time learning about the details and nuances of their chosen field. Therefore, they have a deeper understanding of topics related to their field than someone who has not devoted as much of their time to expertise in that same field. In critiquing a work borne out of their chosen field, an expert has valuable experience to draw from in offering criticism or support of the work. Jane Goodall, a celebrated scientist of primate anthropology, would offer highly valued critical judgment on a paper by another scientist that examines the eating habits of a group of chimpanzees. In contrast, Stephen Hawking, while also a celebrated scientist, would not be able to offer the same level of judgment on that paper, as it is outside his area of expertise. Experts know the details and nuances of their work better than someone not in that specific field, and so they are better equipped than anyone to critique work in their own field. If someone is not an expert in a field yet is offering critical judgment on a work from that field, they likely would not be able to understand certain specifics of issues the work introduces. Therefore, their criticism may be misguided, or may focus on unimportant parts of the work. This kind of critique is not valuable, as it does not get at the root of what the work is based on. However, it could be said that someone who is not an expert in that field could give a valuable outside perspective on a piece of work since they are able to see the big picture. Although in some cases this outside perspective could be valuable, in general, it is still more valuable to have another expert’s opinion on a work in their own field. Due to a deep understanding of a field, an expert’s critical judgment on a work in that field is ultimately more insightful and valuable than someone outside this field. Argument Essay The following appeared as a letter to the editor of a national newspaper. "Your recent article on corporate downsizing* in Elthyria maintains that the majority of competent workers who have lost jobs as a result of downsizing face serious economic hardship, often for years, before finding other suitable employment. But this claim is undermined by a recent report on the Elthyrian economy, which found that since 1999 far more jobs have been created than have been eliminated, bringing the unemployment rate in Elthyria to its lowest level in decades. Moreover, two-thirds of these newly created jobs have been in industries that tend to pay above-average wages, and the vast majority of these jobs are full-time." *Downsizing is the process whereby corporations deliberately make themselves smaller, reducing the number of their employees. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. This argument is flawed, mainly because it makes no connection between the ability of the majority of competent workers who have lost jobs as a result of downsizing to get these newly created jobs in Elthyria. Just because more jobs have been created than have been eliminated since 1999, does not mean that those workers who have lost jobs as a result of corporate downsizing will necessarily get these created jobs. The fact that more jobs have been created than have been eliminated does not affect the claim that the majority of victims of corporate downsizing face serious economic hardship before finding other suitable employment. The fact that two-thirds of these newly created jobs are in industries that tend to pay above-average wages and are full-time, also does not mean that those who have lost jobs as a result of downsizing will get these new jobs and consequently will not suffer economic hardship. There is no evidence that the victims of corporate downsizing have the skills necessary to obtain a job in the industries that tend to pay above-average wages and are full-time. Therefore, there is no guarantee that these high paying full-time jobs are accessible to workers looking for new jobs as a result of downsizing. In addition, the other third of these new jobs could be low-paying or part-time jobs, that would not be able to support workers that have lost their jobs as a result of corporate downsizing. Therefore, this fact provides no evidence to suggest that these workers will not face serious economic hardship. Further, the recent report on the Elthyrian economy does not necessarily undermine the article on corporate downsizing, because the findings of the report as detailed in the letter do not disprove the article’s claim. The fact that the unemployment rate in Elthyria is the lowest its been in decades, does not dictate the employment rate of workers who have lost their jobs due to downsizing. In order to strengthen this argument, evidence in the Elthyrian economy report needs to be brought forth providing that the majority of victims of downsizing in Elthyria are eligible for and able to secure these newly created jobs that pay above-average wages and are full-time.
  12. Please review below essay: Some people believe that corporations have a responsibility to promote the wellbeing of the societies and environments in which they operate. Others believe that the only responsibility of corporations, provided they operate within the law, is to make as much money as possible. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. Essay: This topic raises the controversial issue of whether Corporation have responsibility to enlighten wellbeing of the Societies and Environments in which they operate or not. Everyone have different point of view based on their experience. Indisputably, corporations runs and are more concerned about growth and profit they make from their business. Nevertheless, how much they make relies on people working for them and their productivity towards companies growth, and surroundings supporting flexibility in how they operate. Thus, I generally disagree with the opinion that only responsibility of corporation is to make money provided they work within law, and would argue that as corporation work because of people and environment they operate in, they indeed owes responsibility to promote the wellbeing of the societies and environments. First of all, Growth of these corporations are marked by people who use their Products, work for them, society enduring their presence. And I would like to point out that corporation accelerates development of the society. To illustrate, let us look at the example of tech giants such as Facebook, Google, Microsoft, amazon etc. who are at top corporates with wealthy investors, shareholders and geek employees. Let's take example Hyderabad City, Microsoft built India Headquarters which has given jobs to Technical Scholars plus work to many illiterate labourers as a part of maintenance, After their initiation in City, there is new wave of growth in Hyderabad which has transformed whole city into IT Hub. In this regard, obviously corporate has direct impact on the people and how it changes society. Consequently, it is pretty obvious that the development of corporation is correlated with development of the Society. Furthermore, if corporation only believe in making money and not caring for environment around it, then that investment won't sustain long. For example, Damages caused by Gulf OIL Spillage is still known to many. How it polluted environments and inhabitants living in that Area, it was catastrophic. Both common sense and personal experience have told us that growth is true only when all are growing else it is loss. Hence, all the evidence above demonstrates that Corporate have responsibilities towards society, environment and making money won't be a real growth as it won't last long. Admittedly, Some corporation with low budget has risks while taking decision on responsibilities they poses towards society. This is true especially when it comes to Corporation having huge funding and ten times profit. In addition, corporates do have responsibilities towards their employees and rentals which they have to pay on time. However, the above argument does not constitute a sufficient support to claim that all corporates are running low and have no money for the society or keeping in mind environmental impacts while building any type of chemical factory. Because some corporates simply believes in filling their own pockets, and ignoring their responsibilities intentionally. In conclusion, although some people support corporation to not involving in growth of the society or environment they operate, but their development is done by societies and friendly environment in which their people work. As long as some areas are involved, Corporate responsibly holds towards benefits of the people. In fact, Government should involve setting corporate auditory body to oversee corporates based on their revenue.
  13. Hello everyone! I am new to the Grad Cafe. I'm looking forward to getting to know you guys. I was wondering if you guys can do me a favor. I'm preparing for the GRE actual exam. I recently worked and finished the writing portion of it (both the argument and issue task). I need someone to help me evaluate my writing skills and score both of my papers (0-6, in 0.5 increments). The person has to be an expert on GRE testing or someone who has done very well in the GRE exam. I would like to know how my progress is on the writing portion of the GRE. Both papers are attached to this post. I would appreciate for your help. Thank you! Issue Task Practice - GRE.docx Argument Task Practice - GRE.docx
  14. A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. Education is the backbone of any nation’s success. Education is responsible for providing the knowledge, skills and training necessary for a nations development. The topic above raises the delicate issue of whether all students below the college level should study the same national curriculum. Indisputably, this policy has its proponents who argue that, students below the college level are not mature enough to take decisions about their educational development. Hence it would serve a nation better to decide one universal curriculum for all students. Notwithstanding the fact that some individuals make wrong educational choices which might affect their future, this occurrence is easily avoided with the aid of good counselling at educational institutions. Therefore, I argue that a nation with the same educational curriculum for all students would be highly detrimental to the development of capable citizens to run the nation. First of all, humans are complex organisms, everyone having disparate interests, dreams and ambitions hence requiring a curriculum to fit these specific needs. I would like to point out that, this variety of interests is key to the holistic development of a nation. After all without diverse ideas it is impossible to solve major life problems. To illustrate, some students may have interest and talents in painting or music, others might have interests in mathematics or science or even history. All these fields together serves as the driving force behind a great nation. A nation cannot be great if everyone were a teacher, or a farmer, rather a good mix of different experts serves for a great nation. In addition, should individuals abandon their interests to follow a national curriculum whether it favours their interests or not? If that is so, this will lead to the loss of numerous hidden talents in a greater of students. Consequently, it is pretty obvious that students be given the opportunity to select a preferable educational curriculum among a variety of curricula. Furthermore, if a singular national curriculum is to be developed, how will it be designed? Specifically, will the curriculum favour a broad based system where a bit of each field is studied or will it be limited to a few fields deemed important? Either ways can be problematic. To illustrate, a student exceptionally good at some fields but poor at others might have his/her educational growth stymied by those unfavorable fields in a broad based system. Conversely, in a limited system, an individual with talents in a field not encompassed in the curriculum might never unearth that talent. Moreover, the cliché, ‘Jack of all trades master of none’, tells us that generalizations never aid in tackling serious problems which require specialization. Admittedly, opposing school of thought argue that students below the college level are too young to make right career decisions. However, the above argument does not constitute a sufficient support to the claim that general national curriculum can ensure better career decisions for an individual. Because the only way one can make better career decisions lies not in the type of curricula but rather in knowledge of oneself and aid from parents, teachers and counselors. In conclusion, an educational system can be likened a sculptor; A good sculptor must know and understand the differences in his raw materials whether wood, clay or marble and sculpt them accordingly to produce a desired end product. As Einstein famously said, “Everybody is a Genius. But If You Judge a Fish by Its Ability to Climb a Tree, It Will Live Its Whole Life Believing that It is Stupid.”
  15. As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. This topic raises the controversial issue of whether the world’s reliance on technology to solve problems leads to the deterioration of humans ability to think for themselves. Indisputably, technology has rendered some portions of the public lazy. Some individuals depend highly on technology in their day-to-day activities and without technology might be stymied in their attempts to solve problems. Notwithstanding the hindrance that absence of technology might pose to solving real life problems, this does not reduce humans ability to think for themselves. Thus, I generally disagree with the opinion that a world without the aid of technology will be a world with more thoughtful humans. Therefore, I argue that the presence of technology rather serves as a booster to the thinking ability of humans; making them more effective and efficient in tackling problems. First of all, technology in the hands of thinking men leads to great strides and leaps in human development. I would like to point out that, considering the era before the advent of sophisticated technology, human development was slow if not at a standstill. However, the dawn of sophisticated technology notably during the 20th-21st century lead to improvement in human creativity and problem solving ability. To illustrate, let us look at the example of a vaccine for polio. Before the availability of technology necessary to develop such a vaccine existed, no one dared to imagine or think about a cure despite the numerous human lives lost to polio. In stark contrast, with the presence of technology, humans thought, dreamt and came up with ideas to work out a vaccine to solve the problem of polio. Consequently, it is pretty obvious that the presence of technology does not reduce the thinking ability of humans Furthermore, technology has vastly improved communication making it possible for great minds at different ends of the globe to share ideas and think together. Specifically, research work in all fields has been vastly improved. Intellects from different origins can publish their ideas and findings on internet based platforms allowing for experts in that field to interact with one another, piece ideas together and solve global problems. Moreover, both common sense and personal experience have told us that the connection of more varying ideas about a particular problem can help overcome that problem swiftly. Hence, all evidence above demonstrates that technology does anything but boost human thinking. Admittedly, opposing school of thought argue that technology makes humans lazy and underuse their thinking faculties. An example being, the use of computers to perform mathematical calculations instead of humans doing it themselves. However, the above argument does not constitute a sufficient support to the claim that humans think less when technology is present. Because most of these calculations performed by computers are mundane and tedious and do not require the creative thinking ability of humans. If anything, they amount to a waste of brainpower on unnecessary calculations. In conclusion, although technology leads to humans avoiding some tasks requiring brainpower; such tasks are usually mundane and do not exhibit higher thinking. In fact, with the aid of technology humans are able to think up and imagine things that during a time of low technology were considered unfathomable.
  16. Hello! I've written an issue essay for awa portion. I would really appreciate it if I could get some feedback on it. I wrote this under real test conditions so please be harsh if necessary. Thanks in advance. A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. All students deserve the same quality of education and to be provided with the tools to succeed in the future. I believe that a nation should require all of its students to study the same curriculum until they enter college because this measure allows every student to succeed on equal terms as well as guarantees that everyone has received the educational background necessary to make it in college. When all of the students in a nation are required to follow the same curriculum it levels the playing field for everyone. This measure guarantees that all students will have been exposed to the same material and thus ensures the students’ qualifications for admissions are well deserved. I believe that if all students have the same educational background it would be easier for universities to evaluate whether a student is ready for the rigor of their curriculum and accurately predicts their success in comparison to their peers. Being accepted into college is the most important goal for most high school students. Therefore, it is equally important to have the same opportunity to get in as any other student in the country when it comes to academics. It is also important to note that not all students are the same and treating them as such may be detrimental to their learning potential. This eminent downfall in the previously lauded system can be accounted for by promoting different teaching styles from all teachers to make sure that all students have the opportunity to excel. Also, promoting the same general curriculum does not take away the student’s opportunity to stand out from the crowd and follow their passions. They will still have electives to choose from and extra-curricular activities. In conclusion, a nation should definitely require the same curriculum until college because it exposes all students to the material necessary to succeed in the future. Although there are potential downfalls, I believe there are ways to account for them.
  17. Hi all, I'm trying to figure out where I need to improve in terms of my writing capabilities. I know there are a lot of people ask for reviews so i thought I would offer to trade services? Anyone interested? Arguemnt task- palean baskets.docx
  18. Hi all, I'm trying to figure out where I need to improve in terms of my writing capabilities. I know there are a lot of people ask for reviews so i thought I would offer to trade services? Anyone interested?
  19. Hi, I wrote my first issue essay as a practice for the GRE and it didn't go very well. I would appreciate if anyone could give some tips and critiques on the essay itself. ------------ As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. The ability of humans to think for themselves will not deteriorate as people rely more and more on the use of technology because it can aide us in extending our knowledge and, as history has shown, we will develop a more advanced way of thinking if we have the advanced technology to fulfill minial tasks. ----------- Believing that humans' ablity to think for themselves will deteriorate for relying on technology is an inaccurate cause and effect assumption. If we, as a society, develop the technology then we will always be above it intellectually. The increasing amount of technology is a reflection of our growth as a race. We are able to use technology to support the knowledge we already have and to extend that knowlege. Relying on technology will not hinder people's abbility to think for themselves. Instead, I believe that relying on technology will naturally push people to think of increasingly difficult problems to solve as a society. Historically, we have already seen this happen. For example, when early neuroscientists and psychologists were attempting to study the brain without the proper technology they developed faulty theories of brain functionality such as the idea of phrenology. In time, with the development of sophisticated machinery to study the brain scientists have been able to ask and answer more questions about the brain then they had ever been able to do before this technology existed. Rather then deteriorating humans' ability to think for themselves, relying on technology has actually helped us to push the envelope and continue to develop new ways of answering questions. However, it is important to consider that the increasing use of technology to solve problems may hinder our understanding of simpler problems. For example, if you use a calculator for all your math problems, you will not be able to fully understand the mathematical concept. In conclusion, Humans' ability to think for themselves will not deteriorate as people rely more on technology. It will actually extend our knowledge and push us to think of more sophisticated problems to solve.
  20. [PROMPT] Technology, while apparently aimed to simplify our lives, only makes our lives more complicated. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. [RESPONSE] Technology, instead of simplifying our lives, has made it even more complicated. Technology is a great enabler. It has simplified our lives more than the complications that have arisen due to it. Today, it offers a plethora of solutions for everyday problems ranging from ordering food from a nearby restaurant to ride hailing services. It is not surprising that many a people cannot think of a world without the ever watchful eyes of technology. There is hardly any convenience related service that is not addressed by the technology existing in our times. The invention of telephone by Graham Bell was a ground breaking step in the way that man communicates. Sitting at home a prospective student can apply to any number of universities of her choice. This is the power of the internet, a gift from the womb of technology. The security infrastructure has greatly improved with technology with inventions such as the closed circuit television which enable us to monitor any suspicious activity for the safety of the general public. There is even the baby camera for working professionals which allows them to keep track of the baby while still being able to devote time for work. It is perhaps the immense benefits offered by technology, that it could be said that in some ways we have become hugely dependant on it. The amount of social interactions has decreased as people have replaced it with a simple test or voice message. A sense of lethargy is seen in people for tasks which they would otherwise have preferred to do the online way. Also there are cases of hacking by individuals and organisations into personal details of the general public which has been a cause of concern. By carefully measuring between the pros and cons, the cons of technology cannot be counted as a concession to the wide range of benefit that technology offers.
  21. To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities A society is composed of people with different backgrounds, cultures, choices and virtues. Yet what loops them together and presents the society as a whole is local interdependence and a harmonious existence of all. People in small cities are well connected with each other for their livelihood and therefore development through local interdependence, while big cities are more influenced with global factors over the local factors. Hence, to understand the characteristics of a society, one must study its small cities. Comparing a small city to a big city existing in India: In a small city like Lucknow, we can find generations living together in houses with common courtyards and kitchen gardens, festivals being celebrated together not just as holidays but evidences of rich history and guiding lessons for life, varied skill sets like cloth weaving, farming, pottery, etc. passed on from older generations which not only act as livelihoods but help build a close-knit self-sustaining society as well. On the other hand, a major city like Delhi has a different ecosystem altogether. Delhi’s economy is majorly based on the MNCs which attract workforce from different parts of the country and because people migrate to work in major cities, the culture is money based and relationships are more professional than personal. The “major city” is seen empty during festivals because 60% of the population in Delhi which is below 40 years and migrated, goes back home to celebrate with their families. Given the large population of 2 crore surviving on limited resources, people develop a money hungry and selfish attitude of surviving assuming their temporary existence in the city. Hence, as compared to Delhi, Lucknow is a better representation of authentic Indian society which is based on a rich cultural heritage, reverence for the elders and learnings from ancient scriptures passed through generations, attributed to their co-existence. However, if we look at the perspective of growth and adaptation of the best, major cities are a good representation of a society’s success. A major city like Mumbai is a house to the top notch Indian film industry, companies from all over the world and well developed rail – road - air networks. Studying Lucknow on this aspect might not say much about the model of growth in Indian society Based on above examples I believe that while big cities can give you a picture of growth, small cities are a representation of the roots of a society, which help understand how the society has evolved and its future based on the ethics inculcated in its basic element: the people!
  22. Question : "Some people believe that college students should consider only their own talents and interests when choosing a field of study. Others believe that college students should base their choice of a field of study on the availability of jobs in that field." Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. My answer: College is where the transition from a student to a professional takes place. Students should consider their innate talent while selecting the field of study as it is critical and decides his/her life. Firstly, college is a crucial period of one's life and it's what decide who he/or she will become later in life. Hence it has be aligned with one's core strength or personal interest. For example, if they are not good at Mathematics, then there is no point in studying Engineering or related courses. Likewise, they should think twice before choosing medicine if they are weak in Life Science subjects. Not only because they can't go back in time and change it, but they will be dealing with that subject thereafter. After graduation from college, they will either get a job in a related domain or studying a related branch of the same. Since it's something they want to deal with in their entire life it should be selected wisely. Secondly, college is not completely a joy ride. Actually, it's a roller-coaster journey with tiring works of assignments, test, projects, labs as well as enjoyable moments like tour, trips etc. The work load is heavy and to manage oneself through this period itself is a tough task. There are cases where students undergo mental illness like depression, insomnia due to the heavy work load. Meanwhile, for students to stay motivated, studying the subjects which they are passionate about will help them to stay on track. Otherwise, students feel like mugging up and eventually some of them will drop out from college succumbing to the pressure. Having said that to surive in this world, people need a job. And college education itself comes up with a huge price tag. To manage these, they need to get a job and this should also be one of the criteria while choosing a major and it can be managed to a certain extent. For example, if they are interested in learning literature instead of vocational courses, they can still get a job in teaching. Finally, college is the springboard to the outside world and and the decision of what to study should be made wisely. Primarily the interest of the student should be given weightage and then possibility of getting a job also be considered but that shouldn't prevent someone from pursuing something which they are really passionate about.
  23. Hello, here is my 2 essays: Topic = The best way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones. Praising positive actions and ignore negative ones can be a great way to teach, but it must be carefully executed. Students may feel galvanized to interact with the class and professor, since they will have a positive reward, making them give more of themselves for the class not only for the sake of grading, but also for a positive reinforce. It can make the relationship between students and professor closer, because some students may view the professor only as someone who will give a subject and the student just need to pass his/her class. You can easily find students in class who does not want to interact at all, fact which may interfere with their education, as well interfering in how the professor can measure the learning of his/her students, so praising their positive actions may give them the desire to interact more with the professor, class and on. The problems with this approach is exactly in how it will be executed, since not all negative actons can be tolerated or ignored, because it can lead to repetition or misbehavior form the students. Of course a student can be forgiven if comes late for class, but not even receiving a note or warning, he/she may think the professor does not care and turn that into a routine. It depends strongly in how the professor will approach the students with this technique, and it can surely help students interact more with the class and make their learning better. ================================================================================ The following appeared in an article written by Dr. Karp, an anthropologist. “Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia and concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. However, my recent interviews with children living in the group of islands that includes Tertia show that these children spend much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. This research of mine proves that Dr. Field’s conclusion about Tertian village culture is invalid and thus that the observation-centered approach to studying cultures is invalid as well. The interview-centered method that my team of graduate students is currently using in Tertia will establish a much more accurate understanding of child-rearing traditions there and in other island cultures.” Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. The island of Tertia or the the group of islands that include Tertia may have suffered a disaster 20 years ago, before Dr. Field studies, leaving several orphans that were raised by the elders of the village or some group, not necessarily making the studies of Dr. Field invalid. The children may talk more about their biological parents, but it doesn't prove they are being raised by them, since the parents can be living in another island or country and only coming to visit their children. The observation-centered method can be useful to provide details of the culture from citizens of Tertia, since the information gathered from interviews must have its veracity proven before being used to disprove another study.
  24. Some people argue that successful leaders in government, industry, or other fields must be highly competitive. Other people claim that in order to be successful, a leader must be willing and able to cooperate with others. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Indeed, successful leaders in government, industry, or any other fields are highly competitive in nature. Leaders should not only have to be competitive but also willing & cooperative in order to attain their goals towards the road to success. In today’s rapidly changing world where everyone is striving to succeed in their areas of expertise knows the importance of meeting new people, making friends/connections & working together all while maintaining good relations is an integral part of the success & the journey to achieve it. If every person sticks to these qualities & thinks in the same as the potential leaders think then there is no doubt we are to witness some great leaders in the near future who might change the world for good. Hence, to be successful in the field you like to work one must possess these qualities of success.
  25. TASK: Universities should require students to take courses only within those fields they are interested in studying. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. RESPONSE: While it may be beneficial in some ways to have students focus on their studies of interests at a University, the overall effect on the students would not meet their needs to "live," let alone amply succeed in today's society due to ever-changing demands of of our world. By restricting one's studies in higher education to one focus, the student would not be a well-rounded individual, which could serve detrimental when a related situation arises, as well as forces the assumption that the student would not be interested in any other field but one. In these two cases, following such a claim would ultimatley result to be costly to both the students and the world. In today's society, the needs of the people change daily, with no particular forewarning. In order for the needs to be better attended to, a variety of specialties need to be ready and accessible with experts in all types of fields. If higher education limited the field of study for a student to just one, the education for such individuals would also limit their opportunity in the world. For example, if a student were to only take courses in public health, he or she would not only need to take courses focused on public health theories, research and progress; to propoerly apply this field in the world, the student must simultaneously know the sociological trends in society as well as the various economic effects in the political and occupational world. Without such knowledge to tie basic public health studies, the conclutions and solutions to be made would not be well constructed and insuffient to tend to the public health issues, which would be financially costly for an unstable area of expertise. Individuals specializing in one field would not be able to adapt to other situations well due to their lack of being well-rounded, thus lacking their opportunity to succeed in their career. In conclusion, it may help drive one's career to have a focus in a specialty, but as long as their education is well-rounded. The world's demand are growing and malleable, which proves the need to be versatile in many disciplines of study, for the sake of the future. Limiting one's education is limiting the world's opprtunity to thrive and to live.
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