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Found 34 results

  1. Scandals are useful because they focus our attention on problems in ways that no speaker or reformer ever could. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. For communities with a decent culture and a viable system, scandals may give useful results to fix the corrupted organisms in the system by appeasing the community about that specific corruptions. Hence, in theory the useful way of the scandals cannot be rejected, but in contrast of the assumption of living in non-aberrant societies, in reality it is very hard to find even one. Most people in modern societies live in a wasteful life where they do not grow any self-ability anda are hungry for any type of success. Therefore, the people you see everyday have a great chance of being a vicious zealot. After giving their hearts for some leader or some political party or some similar aspect of the society, there is no way of convincing him that the thing or person that he believes is may be a part of the scandal. To give an illustration, the president of Turkey, Erdoğan, actually persuaded his poor fanatics to go outside and fight against the soldiers with tanks while there was a coup attempt against him. Thus, I cannot see anyway that these people will turn their back to Erdoğan after a scandal. Actually, there were accusations against him and his colleagues from his party about stealing money. The result was a more powerful support for Erdoğan. Still, there may be some disagreements about that example by claiming that Erdoğan is an exception, or not every society is as corrupted as Turkish community. Even though we are hearing resignations after scandals, especially from Asian countries, with the technological revolution coming, the number of people who are tend to be fanatics will rise with the decline in the opportunity of finding jobs. Even in US, the greatest economy of our World and the land of freedom, it is possible to see people who are yelling ‘Heil Trump!’, a reference to a Nazi Slogan. Summarizing, as time moves on and the populations becomes greater, the number of fanatics and radicals will rise too which will lead to people who are rejecting, closing their eyes to the scandals related to their beloved leader or organization. In the past, scandals may give the societies the opportunity to fix the problems, but in our times it will lead to more polarized people who hate each other because they do not like each others’ radical and fanatic attitude.
  2. All college and university students would benefit from spending at least one semester studying in a foreign country.” Education is an important part of our life. Education means gaining knowledge from experience. Learning everyday chores, learning how to keep a pet or even learning how to knit a sweater. These aren’t things you learn in schools/colleges. These are lessons that life and experience teach us .Experience teaches us more about this world than any physics, math or biology book can. Students who study abroad are likely to be more independent. The students will grow up to be well rounded and confident people. They attain leadership qualities and learn how to live a life in every situation.You are unlikely to learn how to take care of the pet you just adopted at college. Taking care of a pet helps one achieve a sense of responsibility. Traveling in itself is a big confidence booster. One learns how to deal with people from around the world. If the student wants he can learn the language of the country he is sent to. Any person who is pushed out of their comfort zone at this age will be a little uncomfortable initially, but will learn to adjust. Living alone in a foreign country will teach the students how to fend for themselves. They will learn to live in this big world on their own. Living away from your home, family and friends helps you build character. The student will always be alert of his surroundings since he is the only person he can rely on. If a student from America studies in Pakistan then he will be tasting a lot of spicy food. The cuisine is completely different from a typical American meal. He will see new values and traditions. The student can learn the national language spoken throughout the country (urdu). The culture is extremely different. The student will learn about the traditional dress of the country; the way wedding festivities take place. The student will learn to venerate the religion and culture of the people living there. They will learn how life is led in Pakistan. They will adapt to living a comfortable life in a third world country. On the contrary, sending every student will be cost effective. In an ideal world it would seem perfect but we don’t live in an ideal world. Some people might have trouble adjusting to the new culture. Some might not be aware of the societal norms such as in Pakistan a boy and girl never hug when they meet. They just shake hands. But that isn’t something one cannot get used to. There is also a language barrier initially, which may fade away once the person learns at least the necessary words spoken in the country. Sending students to foreign countries is for the benefit of every student. They learn so much more than they learn in their own protected environment. Since this is the question of our coming generation, why not add tolerance and patient to their list of qualities by sending them to see the different cultures in the world? Letting them see the world for what it actually is than what it is on tv. When it comes to traveling and exploring, there is no dearth of learning.
  3. GRE Practice Essays

    Hi! I'm new to the GradCafe and I'm not sure if this is where I should post this, but I thought I'd give it a shot. I'm currently studying for the GRE (taking it Aug 24th), and I wrote my first practice Issue and Argument Essays. I'm looking for someone to go over, critique, and score them. They are very rough, as this was my first go at it. I stuck to the 30 minute time limit. I would appreciate any feedback! Thank you! Mac Argument 1.docx Issue 1.docx
  4. Please GRADE my ISSUE ESSAY

    Question: The most effective way to understand contemporary culture is to analyze the trends of its youth.Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Answer: Culture is term that is representative of an entire society as a whole comprising of children,aged and the working class people and not just the just the youth. To analyze the culture,just focusing on the youth is quite likely to bear false results. An entire society is represented by the culture of a place. It is quite unfair to the other members of the society that is not the youth to not be part of the analysis being done on the contemporary culture.If a place 'Suwon' has a trend that developed just over a few recent years where people after their retirement prefer to stay in the cities itself rather than going to countryside,the above statement would fail in that case. Or if the high schools in Suwon taught the its students the laws of Physics by experimenting in the laboratories and not just on paper. Meanwhile,the culture of a place is also represented by its who are not so wealthy to follow what seems quirky.The middle-class people come up with their own version of trends that give the same output with a pocket-friendly budget. Ultimately,there is a class of people who do not easily adapt to the on-going trend.In fact,they come up with their own personal opinions and derivatives of the on-going contemporaries. As youth of a society has a fresh and open mindset,it is easier for them to pick up a particular tendency,follow each other and ultimately make it a trend. So the most popular trend of a culture may be existing in the youth. A large part of the society is not covered when just the youth is kept in focus to analyze the contemporary trend. It may be possible that the results of the analysis may miss most definitive part of a society's culture.
  5. Please GRADE my ISSUE ESSAY

    Question: The most effective way to understand contemporary culture is to analyze the trends of its youth.Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Answer: Culture is term that is representative of an entire society as a whole comprising of children,aged and the working class people and not just the just the youth. To analyze the culture,just focusing on the youth is quite likely to bear false results. An entire society is represented by the culture of a place. It is quite unfair to the other members of the society that is not the youth to not be part of the analysis being done on the contemporary culture.If a place 'Suwon' has a trend that developed just over a few recent years where people after their retirement prefer to stay in the cities itself rather than going to countryside,the above statement would fail in that case. Or if the high schools in Suwon taught the its students the laws of Physics by experimenting in the laboratories and not just on paper. Meanwhile,the culture of a place is also represented by its who are not so wealthy to follow what seems quirky.The middle-class people come up with their own version of trends that give the same output with a pocket-friendly budget. Ultimately,there is a class of people who do not easily adapt to the on-going trend.In fact,they come up with their own personal opinions and derivatives of the on-going contemporaries. As youth of a society has a fresh and open mindset,it is easier for them to pick up a particular tendency,follow each other and ultimately make it a trend. So the most popular trend of a culture may be existing in the youth. A large part of the society is not covered when just the youth is kept in focus to analyze the contemporary trend. It may be possible that the results of the analysis may miss most definitive part of a society's culture.
  6. Hello everyone, I hope all is well. I was wondering if you guys please grade both my GRE AWA essays. I would like an expert to take a look at them for me, someone who has a very good knowledge of GRE testing. I would also like your constructive feedback. It will be helpful. I have attached the essays to this post. They are in the uploaded file. Thank you! Argument Task Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a "Palean" basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. The following passage contains a weaken argument that is based off of assumptions of a village. These are the reason I believe the argument is incoherent. The archeologists were exclusively studying Palea, which has ancient baskets. But they found the baskets in Lithos, so they conclude those baskets are not Palean. Plus there were no boats in Paelea. The argument is faulty. There could be interminable possibilities why both villages have similar archaeological artifacts. I wonder if archaeologists consider that maybe the people of Lithos and Palea are from the same culture or from the same ethnic group. People from similar cultures tend to have similar ways of life, even from a geographical distance. The river might have divided the groups, but it may not have divided their similarities. Archaeologists claim that there are no boats present in Palea but at the same time the Brim River is present. It is possible that migration took place among the villages. The river boating used to be one of the main transportation in early human history. It is likely that the village dwellers migrated upstream or down stream, left their belongings and resettled to different areas. If two villages are present across from each other and there is a river between the two, then river boating must have taken place. The archeologists did not mention any boats present in the village of Lithos. They might want to consider that the villagers of Palea may have migrated to the village of Lithos and took their belongings along. The passage states that Palea was found before Lithos. I wonder in which time period were the villages established. The question is whether one of them is more ancient than the other. There is no reservation in my mind that during the prehistoric times, there were geographic alterations. Sometimes geographical changes do have an impact on the lifestyle of early human beings. The woven baskets represent the lifestyles of the people of Palea and the people of Lithos. Since the river is present, I would not disregard the possibility that flooding took place between the two locations. The following passage is incoherent because it fails to analyze the evidence and the setting revolving the prehistoric village of Palea. The dots do not seem to be connected which makes the argument faulty. Issue Task To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. An individual must study the foundations of all types of societies in order to understand the characteristics of a society. Only evaluating major cities will give the individual a parochial view of society. To gauge the characteristics of society, an individual must study the foundation of civilizations. The history of civilizations paved a way for the many characteristics of societies, which includes law, science, arts and a variety of more. Societies were based off of how human beings should supposedly function in the natural world. A good paradigm would be the roles between men and women. The roles of women and men became distinguishable since the dawn of men. In most countries, men are viewed as the breadwinners and women are viewed as the caretakers. Even though the roles have become more blurred due to the promotion of equal rights for both sexes, this distinction is reflected across the globe. This illustration demonstrates that societies across the globe are intertwined when it comes to the roles of both sexes. To have a common idea of the roles of men and women in the world, an individual must include all the parts of the world to get a good inkling of where this social construct was derived from. Studying major cities only will give the individual a one-sided story. Exclusively studying major cities will give the individual a narrow-scope of the characteristics of a society. Major cities that have an urban setting such as London and New York have a more diverse population where anything is plausible. They are both the melting pot of different cultures, ethnicities and backgrounds. The characteristics of each group within the city are variable and are not consistent with one another. If an individual is going to exclusively study major cities, then that individual is using the characteristics of a major city to define every society in this world, which I believe is impossible. The characteristics of one location should not mirror the characteristics of all locations across the globe. The characteristic of a major city in California does not mirror the characteristics of a village in Papua New Guinea. I would understand why a person would want to solely study a major city. Major cities that have an urban setting are often more dynamic and more enhanced because they have a higher population density. Major cities that are well known tend to have a lot of history. Their history is what shaped them up to this day. Their evolution to become major cities does give an individual us an insight on how societies developed over time and it gives us an insight on what characteristics helped those societies to become more prosperous. Plus, studying cities or areas across the globe can be a challenge. I believe in order to study the characteristics of a society an individual must acknowledge the foundation of civilization. I believe the characteristics were part of that foundation and have reflected the prosperity and development of a society.
  7. Help with scoring AW essays for the GRE

    Hey guys I really need your help indicating me what score should my essays receive. I need an indicator to see how is mi development in his section. Thanks a lot! Argument task Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia. Using an observation-centered approach to studying Tertian culture, he concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. Recently another anthropologist, Dr. Karp, visited the group of islands that includes Tertia and used the interview-centered method to study child-rearing practices. In the interviews that Dr. Karp conducted with children living in this group of islands, the children spent much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. Dr. Karp decided that Dr. Field's conclusion about Tertian village culture must be invalid. Some anthropologists recommend that to obtain accurate information on Tertian child-rearing practices, future research on the subject should be conducted via the interview-centered method. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. The paragraph above is flawed for numerous reasons and some additional information is required if the conclusions of dr Karl are considered valid. The questions which could be elaborated in order to validate the claims of dr Karp vary from contrasting the situation and costumes of tertia island inhabitants and ways of raising their children 20 years ago and the changes made in that area. The scope of the investigation should also be asked and the population included in the method used by dr karp for his study. A question that could be asked in order to determine the Veracity of dr karp affirmation about dr field investigation is which changes have occurred during the last twenty years in tertia island. Analyzing the situation or drastic changes in lifestyle could explain why nowadays dr karp found a different way of rising children. A lot of events could have happened during that period so to confirm or reject dr karp claim it would be necessary to ask to a representative a mount of tertia inhabitants what have happened during those 20 years and which events could have modified the rearing practices of their infants. Another questionable point of dr karp conclusions that pretend to invalidate dr field results is the place where the new studies were developed. In the study carried out by the first investigator only the island of tertia is mentioned but in the description of the second study carried out by dr kArp it mentions that he visited and studied the group of island that includes the island of tertia. That difference could certainly invalidate the conclusion of dr karp because the two studies were not carried out to population of the same place because in the second one more islands were studied and it is not determined in the study which percent of the interviews were carried out in the specific island of Tertia so the representation of the results found in this place is imponderable. The third important question to make is to determine which was the population included in the method developed by dr karp. As the paragraph indicates he visited various islands and tertia was one of them but it doesn't indicate if the research was focused on tertia island or in any other island, it also lacks of precision because it doesn't indicate what percentage of the population was interviewed in order to make conclusions, it neither indicates which were the characteristics of the population interviewed so information about this study is vague and can not be considered reliable. Referring to the first study it doesn't mention the duration of the observation or which variables were considered in the study made. So to prove the affirmation of dr karp it would be necessary to ask him which was the method used to determine the population of study and the sample and how can he correlate it to the population observed by dr field. Because the argument of dr karp lacks of validity the three questions mentioned above which are related with changes in time, place where the studies were developed and sample considered in the study are necessary and could certainly evaluate the relevance of his affirmation.
  8. GRE Writing Task

    ARGUMENT The following appeared in a letter to the editor of the Balmer Island Gazette. "On Balmer Island, where mopeds serve as a popular form of transportation, the population increases to 100,000 during the summer months. To reduce the number of accidents involving mopeds and pedestrians, the town council of Balmer Island should limit the number of mopeds rented by the island's moped rental companies from 50 per day to 25 per day during the summer season. By limiting the number of rentals, the town council will attain the 50 percent annual reduction in moped accidents that was achieved last year on the neighboring island of Seaville, when Seaville's town council enforced similar limits on moped rentals." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. Reducing the number of mopeds in Balmer island won’t decrease number of accidents involving pedestrians and mopeds because it is not clear what were the primary reasons for accidents in Balmer Island. A number of reasons vary the number and type of accident such as road conditions, time of day, year, driving under influence, etc. The argument compares accidents in Balmer Island to that of accidents in Seaville island last year. The argument fails to substantiate this data with population in each town and residents in the city. We don’t know if there was similar population increase in Seaville, or mopeds are the preferred means of transportation in Seaville. Thus, what worked in Seaville doesn’t necessarily work for Balmer Island. The argument recommends limiting the moped rental by half in Balmer Island. However, we don’t have enough data to support how many accidents occurred involving mopeds and pedestrians in the overall accident statistics of Seaville. It is possible that most residents relied on cars and there were few pedestrian areas. If the argument had stated the population in Seaville, popular choice of vehicle, etc. then we could compare Seaville to Balmer Island. The argument fails to provide that information. It is also not clear what time the accidents were occurring in Balmer Island. Most of the statistics might account for accidents in the night due to poor vision, condition of roads or if the car drivers were driving under influence. In such cases, it is less likely that pedestrians or mopeds for that matter were involved in the accidents. In lack of supporting data, the argument is invalid. Thus, it cannot be estimated that accidents will reduce by half in Balmer Island by reducing the number of mopeds by half. It cannot be assumed that what worked for Seaville will work for Balmer Island because of difference in residents, their choice of commute and time of accidents. ISSUE Nations should pass laws to preserve any remaining wilderness areas in their natural state, even if these areas could be developed for economic gain. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. Nations should definitely pass laws to preserve any remaining wilderness areas in their natural state because these wilderness are home to indigenous flora and fauna, and bases for natural resources vital for survival such as water and air. Preservation of wilderness is also gaining global attention and this will help countries attend necessary attention. The world is urbanizing at a fast pace and green belts are quickly converting to concrete jungles. Wilderness areas should be preserved so that urbanizing them doesn’t endanger existence of animals and birds. Several species of animals and birds have become extinct and a few are on the verge of extinction. This is a potential threat to natural ecosystem. The habitation of plants and animals should prolong to conserve animals and plants. Growing conversion of wilderness is also contributing to global warming. Preserving and promoting wilderness, apart from housing indigenous birds and animals, also maintains the microclimate. The rapid change in microclimate pose threat for disasters such as flooding during monsoon, landslides, wildfires, rise in local temperature, etc. These disasters are costly, in terms of lives and resources. Therefore, preservation of wilderness help maintain the local temperature and contribute in control of flooding and landslides. At present, all the countries in the world are focusing their economic activities on controlling global warming, reduction of carbon production etc. Therefore, all the countries are joining their hands together to promote wilderness and establish protected zones. Many countries have gained global attention due to diversity attained by preservation of wilderness. This also increases recreational and research-focused tourism in particular places. Therefore, preservation of wilderness also contributed to economic opportunities through tourism. Converting wilderness for economic gain might be short term, however, this depletes the sources of water and threat existence of indigenous flora and fauna. If wilderness is preserved, it will benefit economically via tourism.
  9. GRE AWA Writing

    Hello everyone, I hope all is well. I was wondering if you guys please grade both my GRE AWA essays. I would like an expert to take a look at them for me, someone who has a very good knowledge of GRE testing. I would also like your constructive feedback. It will be helpful. I have attached the essays to this post. They are in the uploaded file. Thank you! GRE - AWA Tasks June 5, 2017.docx
  10. I completed these timed essays as practice and would love some feedback! I've never take the GRE before and am open to any advice. I know that my sentence maturity could improve and if I had more time I would have definitely worked more on that. GRE ARGUMENT TASK.docx GRE ISSUE TASK.docx
  11. I have taken the GRE once before, and am now studying for my second try. I have written my first practice Issue and Argument Task essays and am looking for an expert to critique my work. If you are familiar with the Official Guide assessment criteria, please also include your estimated holistic score for each. Thank you! W1D6 Issue Task.docx W1D6 Argument Task.docx
  12. GRE Issue review for rookies

    Hi, Guys Please help me review this issue. Any feedback is more than welcome. Thanks Young people should be encouraged to pursue long-term, realistic goals rather than seek immediate fame and recognition. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Long-term goal, though provide overall roadmap and instruction, most often will be confront with certain issues like how to setup the ultimate goal and what is the step required to achieve them. Short term fame and recognition, however, is more easy to grasp and since mostly people consider candidates’ qualification based on their previous achievements, higher recognition will benefit us with more approval and thus more opportunities. So young people--not saying wrong to maintain long-term goal if they know for sure what it is—needs to focus more on immediate fame and recognition. Immature and inexperienced, it is often overwhelming for young people to realize their goals and thus hard to setup comprehensive and applicable plan. On the other hand, seeking fame and recognition, even though sounds mundane, is clear in terms what need to be accomplished. During their path of achieving fame and recognition, they may potentially reshape their goals and detail plans. Also, people’s qualification being judged based on their past performance. Achieving fame and recognition, will leads to higher evaluations, and larger changes of success. For example, more than required number of students apply same grad school, and only those who have solid testing and researching background will be considered. Thus what we achieved before entering grad school, the academic recognition, is the determent factor for the success. As young people, it is not easy, and most of time not even realistic, to have a clear understanding of our life’s purpose, thus “long-term goal” may change based on our understanding of our strengthen and what society needs. With that much uncertainties, immediate fame and recognition, is a better way to start.
  13. Request for Review - GRE ISSUE

    Please be kind enough to rate and review my Issue response for GRE essay. Thank you :-) Scandals are useful because they focus our attention on problems in ways that no speaker or reformer ever could. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. It is important to keep public attention on social problems to ensure the smooth functioning of a society. Two ways of focusing that attention are scandals and public debates by reformers and speakers. Scandals are usually discarded for dramatizing petty issues, however, therein lies the usefulness of scandals: Scandals capture the attention of the public on problems in such profound ways that may not be possible for most reformers or speakers. Often in public debates the discussions on problems only touch the tip of the iceberg. It may be that the intelligentsia is either not fully aware of the magnitude of the problem or, they do not delve into the details to maintain political correctness. Either way, the reformers and speakers fail to pique the public's interest. On the other hand, scandals have the potential to reveal the depth and the magnitude of the issue in one instant. For instance, the revelations by Edward Snowden regarding mass surveillance carried out by the National Security Agency led to a public outcry against the breach of privacy. Many social activists and critics had been pointing out this issue previously as well, but it never gained as much traction as it did after the Edward Snowden episode. Thus, scandals are useful in grabbing public attention in a way that the intelligentsia can not. In addition to revealing the true depth and magnitude of an issue, scandals can also bring to the fore issue that were not even the part of public debate. Issues such as pedophilia and rape, though prevalent in the society, are not discussed in most Muslim countries. Debate on such issues and their public acceptance is a taboo. In such circumstances reformers and speakers can not discuss these issues in public as the society refuses to lend an ear to them. However, if a scandal about these issues is reported in the media, the public will be to talk about such issues. Hence, scandals prove to be useful in bringing problems to the agenda of public debate. However, some problems are of a nature that can best be addressed by the relentless efforts of speakers and reformers. The Suffrage movement in the late 18th and early 19th century for women's right to vote is a quintessential example of a problem that was solved by persistent efforts of speakers and reformers. Figures such as Eliabeht Caddy Stanton and Alice Paul did not wait for a scandal to break out. They realized the problem, gathered mass support by organizing protests and writing literature, and eventually led to the passage of the 19 Amendment in the constitution of USA that allowed women the right to vote. To sum, scandals are useful, in majority instances at least, because they capture the focus the attention of public on problems in ways that most speakers and reformers may not be able to do.
  14. Would anyone like to grade my essays?

    Here are my two writing section samples. This is the first time I've tried a timed writing section. If you have a moment and would like to provide some feedback, I thank you in advance Claim: In any field—business, politics, education, government—those in power should step down after five years. Reason: The surest path to success for any enterprise is revitalization through new leadership. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. Oftentimes, our society is lead to believe that change always implies something good. However, change that occurs too often, and without direction, may lead to disasterous results. I argue that those in power, whether it be in business, education, politics or government, should not have to step down after five years. First of all, leadership does not always need to be renewed in order for an institution to be successful. Although the renewal of leadership may lead to some systematic changes that result in an overall positive outcome for an institution, oftentimes there is no method to prove that these results will occur. However, there is one conclusion that usually can be agreed upon: with new leadership comes new rules, or at least a slightly different ones than with the previous leader. New rules do not automatically entail a successful paradigm. The rules of the new leadership might lead a company, university, or whole country into complete chaos. Although changing the leadership might give a fresh start to an organization, choosing a new leader is not always the most reliable way to create positive change within a system. Secondly, a leader that is in power for longer than five years isn’t always past his or her prime. The current person of power might actually be in the process of instigating change within a system and that change would be stunted or even completely destroyed due to the new leadership. Having a policy which forces the leadership to change every five years would mean that each leader, no matter the situation, would have to fit their plan for a system into a mere five years; this is absurd. Understandably, five years is too short for many leaders, especially those who prove to be competent at their job. However, there are some cases in which having the leadership change every five years might prove effective. In the United States, the president changes every four years; this allows for other political parties and, perhaps, minority positions, to have a chance at a position of power, rather than having one ruling party. The same goes for some businesses: in growing fields, such as IT or any other technology-related area, there is always a massive growth rate. Having a veteren within a technology-related field wouldn’t be as useful as in other more stable categories, such as at a University. However, even in these fast-growing field cases, having a limit of five years seems too short – if a person of power is doing well in their position, they should have the ability to continue their leadership. Taken from the example given above – even the president of the United States is allowed a second term. In conclusion, I have aruged that those in a position of power – whether is be in business, education, politics, or government – should not have a five-year cap on their leadership. A recent study of eighteen rhesus monkeys provides clues as to the effects of birth order on an individual's levels of stimulation. The study showed that in stimulating situations (such as an encounter with an unfamiliar monkey), firstborn infant monkeys produce up to twice as much of the hormone cortisol, which primes the body for increased activity levels, as do their younger siblings. Firstborn humans also produce relatively high levels of cortisol in stimulating situations (such as the return of a parent after an absence). The study also found that during pregnancy, first-time mother monkeys had higher levels of cortisol than did those who had had several offspring."" Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument. The argument that an experiment with eighteen rhesus monkeys provides clues as to the effects of birth order on an individual’s levels of stimulation is flawed for numerous reasons. First, the argument makes the assumption that rhesus monkeys and humans have almost identical physiologies. Also, the argument uses confusing language that could lead to equivocation of terms, as well as unreliable numbers. Finally, the argument assumes a causal relationship between cortisol and stimulation within the mother and the child, when we have little or no reason to believe this claim. The main problem with this experiment is the fact that humans and rhesus monkeys do not have identicial physiologies. Small physiological differences can take a huge toll on a body; cortisol, although present, might have a different effect on the human physiological system than on the monkeys. The argument mentions that there is a relationship between stimulating situations, which “primes the body for increased activity levels” but does not clarify if this also applies to the human body. If the argument were to include information on the effect of cortisol on the human body, the study would have a stronger argument but not quite solid since monkeys and humans are innately different. Another problem with the argument this study makes is about the vagueness of the language, as well as the statistics. The report of the study relies on the term “stimulating situations.” However, the study does not provide a through account of the meaning of the term. In such cases, if the definition were to be too broad (i.e. simulating situations could be seeing a new object, or watching the death of ones mother), then the results of the experiment would be much less significant. If the argument were to clarify narrow and precisify the unclear terms, then the thesis would be much better supported – perhaps a better comparison between the stimulation in the mother and child. As for the statistics, there is an issue with the number of participant monkeys – only 18! This small sample wouldn’t be representative of any results within scientific literature; furthermore, there were no statistics taken from humans. The argument would be stronger if the statistics were taken from a much larger sample group, as well as a human sample group. The last issue with this argument which I will address is related to the casual assumption between cortisol in mothers and children. Although the argument provides examples of when cortisol and stimulation are connected (i.e. an encounter with an unfamilar money; return of a parent) there isn’t a strong connection established between the levels of cortisol present within the mother and the effect on the infant, as the first-born. Perhaps the high levels of cortisol were not caused by the fact that the infant was first-born, but that the mother was experiencing a new situation for the first time. If the argument were to make clear that there are no other factors causing the change in cortisol, as well as some more experimental evidence which supports the relationship between cortisol present in the mother on the child, then the argument would be much stronger. In conclusion, the argument that an experiment with eighteen rhesus monkeys provides clues as to the effects of birth order on an individual’s levels of stimulation is flawed for numerous reasons, and should be investiaged further before making any strong claims.
  15. GRE Issue Review

    This is my first attempting at writing GRE essays and I would appreciate it a lot if any person could critique them for me. In exchange, I could critique yours. Thanks a lot in advance. The Prompt : As we acquire more knowledge, things do not become more comprehensible, but more complex and mysterious. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. ESSAY : Knowledge is power. As human beings-the only creatures on earth gifted with inquisition, it is our responsibility to utilize this gift to the fullest to acquire knowledge. The function of knowledge is both to understand things and improve things as they are today, and the process of acquiring it happens as we ask a lot of questions and search for answers. As children, we are all taught a set of rules and code of conduct by adults in our surroundings. We are naive observers of the universe around us and naturally inclined to ask questions when something fails our assumed reasoning or sparks our curiosity. Bill Waterson, the cartoonist responsible for Calvin and Hobbes often illustrated the inquisitive phenomenon of Calvin- A 6 year old who keeps asking his dad questions of various kinds--sometimes philosophical, sometimes scientific and some just related to the current state of the world under his observance. For examples “Why is he not allowed to drive a car?”. While he understands the answers which maybe factually inaccurate, He is never satisfied with them and is always introspecting, reading or probing for more information. Which illustrates that, our thirst for knowledge is unquenchable. Which illustrates that even when we do have answers, there is some unknown that allures us. Also, knowledge, in its broadest sense is infinite. There is no finite amount of knowledge which when learned and understood satisfies our curiosity. Knowledge is also, not merely a consumption tool, we create with knowledge. Ever since the dawn of time and early evolution, mankind sought to improve their quality of life and progress forward. We invented fire by rubbing flints together, made tools, invented cooking meat instead of raw consumption, the wheel instead of walking on foot and as of today, we are coming up with cars that drive themselves. This constant invention wouldn’t have been possible without some complexity and mystery that allures man to seek more. Sir Isaac Newton is another classic example that acquiring knowledge is a constant process, while he was intrigued by the apple falling down from the tree and invented gravity. He wasn’t satisfied with it as an end all be all for all natural phenomenon. He seeked to understand gravity with reference to other objects in the solar system, he invented his famous laws of motion and his scientific achievements led to various other inventions today which could only have been possible while trying to question and extend his line of work. Thus, seeking knowledge happens with the realization that there is more to learn and there is more than the known that requires our understanding. Great philosophers too, are a prime example of how knowledge becomes more mysterious and susceptible to questioning, inquisition and understanding, Acquiring knowledge is a constant process that humans undergo for self-improvement and improvement of the society. While there is something that defies our understanding or intuitive knowledge, we seek it--gather as many resources as possible to understand it, at which point it is our choice to probe further and find answers to other questions or be satisfied with our current understanding of the world.
  16. Issue Essay feedback

    Hello! I am taking the GRE in a month and I have taken a couple of practice tests now. I would really appreciate it if I can get feedback on this Issue Task essay I wrote for one of them. I'm not sure how this works in the forum but I'm happy to correct someone else's issue task to return the favor. Let me know if you want for me to correct yours as an exchange for some feedback on mine. - Michelle The best way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. Teaching is a hard feat: as a teacher, you have to encourage positive behaviors and discourage negative behaviors, all while keeping your students motivated. Therefore, disregarding negative behaviors when teaching and just praising positive behaviors does not foster learning. Just praising positive behaviors should be avoided. Negative actions should be analyzed and talked though to make sure the student learns from their mistakes. A good example that shows the importance of correcting negative behaviors is studying for the GRE. My goal while studying was to learn all the topics the GRE was going to test me in and answer as many questions correctly. While doing practice questions, I kept track of the questions I had answered correctly and questions I had answered incorrectly. If I had just rewarded myself for the times I got questions right and ignored those which I answered incorrectly, I would have not made much progress. If I had not corrected the questions I got wrong, I would have kept on making the same mistakes when answering future questions that test me on similar topics and kept on getting the questions wrong. Therefore, it was essential for me to go back to the negative questions I answered ad see what flaws I had in my thought process for answering to get the questions right the next time. Take for example a child who is being taught good habits at home. The child is taught to put their dishes in the sink every time they are done eating. Every time the child remembers to put the dirty plates in the sink, the parents praise the child and the child learns to put the dishes in the sink after eating. Moreover, the parents want the child not to interrupt people when other people are not talking. Although the parents want to teach the child this, the parents ignore the faults of the child every time the child interrupts someone. This will probably make the child keep on interrupting people when the other person speaks because they are not being told not to do it. If the child was told by their parents to not interrupt someone when they are talking, the child would learn from their mistakes and get better at not interrupting people. This does not mean that praising good actions is detrimental to learning. Praising good actions reinforce on the person to keep on behaving the same way and therefore learn. If I had not rewarded myself when I got a section right in the GRE, I would have been burned out when studying. Rewarding myself every time I got a question right helped me be motivated in learning. If the parents of the child had not praised the child every time they put the dirty dishes on the sink, the child would have no motivation to learn this behavior. Rewarding positive actions is not enough to foster thorough learning and would not help people learn from their mistakes. Correcting negative behaviors when learning something is necessary to foster thorough learning. If only positive behaviors were praised, negative ones would keep on happening, and people would just keep on doing the positively reinforced ones and not the negative ones.Therefore, the best way to teach is to reinforce positive behaviors and correct negative behaviors.
  17. Please grade my new issue essay

    Taking the GRE is just a few days! I've been working really hard on the other sections, but am worrying a bit about the essays...Thanks in advance for looking at this,everything you need is below. Here is a scoring guide as well: https://www.ets.org/gre/revised_general/prepare/analytical_writing/issue/scoring_guide The Issue: The best way for a society to prepare its young people for leadership in government, industry, or other fields is by instilling in them a sense of cooperation, not competition. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. My response: In the before mentioned statement the author states that instilling a sense of cooperation, not competition, will better prepare the youth of a society for leadership roles. To the contrary, I myself agree that with a correct balance of the two qualities, competition will induce leadership for the next generation of leaders. First, one must recognize the fact that competition rears growth. This is what makes the capitalistic economy in America so great. For instance, businesses of all kinds are able to compete with each other to better appeal to their consumer. In order to maintain and increase productivity, they must continue trying and experimenting with the product so that consumer is more likely to buy from their company. This is advantageouss to the society, because -since these companies are allowed to compete- new and improved products are available to choose from. In addition, creativity will spark one's imagination to think critically and for oneself. If one is only taught to be exactly obedient in all things, then we could not grow as a society, thus hindering the creativity, as partly discussed in the above paragraph. In short, every member in the society would be nothing more than a robot, not able to think for themselves. At the same time, competition could easily be taken to the extreme. Someone that is too competitive can be a danger to society. For example, in presidential elections, some politicians will go as far as to lie and spread falsehoods about the opposing candidate in an effort to win the vote from the public. In this way, too much competition could damage a person's good caracter or create ill will for another person. One must remember to balance competition with a good dose of cooperation as to be fair to all parties in society. In the end, when preparing the next generation for taking on leadership roles in society, the older generation must not forget to teach friendly competition along with a fair dosage of cooperation. Forgetting to teach one without the other would mean shorthanding those young people, and suffering from inevitable future consequences.
  18. Issue Task: "A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college" School curriculum should be designed to equip the students with required skills and knowledge that will help them gain confidence to enter college and eventually, see success in college. Having single national curriculum across the country helps students from different schools attempt the preliminary exam, conducted by the government, in order to enter college, in a fair manner. A student or a teacher, wishing to move to a different city within the country, can do it, without worrying about the curriculum which is going to be the same across the country. Sometimes, students spend time learning some field that they have no interest in and they would be passionate to study a totally different field in college. Students from different schools with different curriculum could result in, getting challenged with different levels of difficulty to complete senior high school before entering college. This could lower quality of students because they were exposed to an easy curriculum and not letting their explore their full potential or help them grow their ability to learn to solve medium to complex problems. Therefore,a nation should require all of its students to study single effective national curriculum that is designed to equip the students with required skills and knowledge that will help them gain confidence to enter college and eventually, see success in college. Argument Task: The following is a memorandum from the business manager of a television station. "Over the past year, our late-night news program has devoted increased time to national news and less time to weather and local news. During this time period, most of the complaints received from viewers were concerned with our station's coverage of weather and local news. In addition, local businesses that used to advertise during our late-night news program have just canceled their advertising contracts with us. Therefore, in order to attract more viewers to the program and to avoid losing any further advertising revenues, we should restore the time devoted to weather and local news to its former level." This argument is flawed for numerous reasons. Primarily, the argument is based on the unwarrented assumption that the complaints from the viewers concerned with station's coverage of weather and local news is about the late-night news program which mostly concentrates on national news. The argument fails to provide any justification that local businesses reason for cancellation of advertising contracts with the television station in the argument presented is only due to their late-night news program that has devoted increased time to national news. It is possible that economy is down that the local businesses are executing cost cutting strategies or simply that local businesses were introduced some efficient low cost alternatives for advertisement.Had the argument provided additional information that could prove the cancellation of advertising contracts by the local businesses is due to late-night news program it could strengthen the argument. The argument also leaves many other unanswered questions. The argument vaguely mentions about the complaints regarding the station's coverage of weather and local news. Because it doesn't indicate whether the coverage of weather and local news, should be increased or reduced. The argument also assumes to attract more viewers by restoring the time devoted to weather and local news. It is possible that number of people watching the television could simply be reduced due to numerous other factors that doesn't have anything to do with the content broadcasted. Because the argument makes several unwarrented assumptions, it fails to make a convincing case that by restoring the time devoted to weather and local news to its former level could attract more viewers to the program and could improve the advertising revenues. Thanks a lot in advance for your time helping with your valuable feedback.
  19. I realize its a little wordy but it was my first time practicing with a timer! See attached word doc. I left errors as is since that's how they'll be graded on test day. Thanks!!! practice essays 1.docx
  20. Essay Evaluation

    Hi! I need someone to evaluate my essays please. I'd really appreciate your help. Here are my questions. As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Issue task.docx
  21. To understand the most important characteristics of a society, one must study its major cities. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Studying the major cities of a society is an effective way to understand that society's most important characteristics. Large cities tend to shape culture at large, and it is because of this heavy influence that examining these cities as microchasms of society can be so effective. Large cities are able to influence the political leanings of populations in other parts of a society. For example, in the United States, New York City and San Francisco are two cities that, despite the vast array of political opinions reflected in their populations, tend to lean left on the political spectrum. This, in effect, exhibits a large pull on the rest of their respective states, in terms of population size and the electoral college when presidential elections roll around. A major city's economy is also indicative of how the larger society treats wealth. If a city has a large wealth disparity, it can be inferred that the society as a whole may not value the most economically marginalized among them. It can also be indicative of larger societal policies that, as a whole, affect that society's economy. For example, the San Francisco Bay Area has one of the largest homeless populations in the nation while also boasting some of the richest homeowners in the nation, given the sky-high costs of houses in the area. This provides a glimpse into a larger societal attitude that values capitalist profit at the expense of those at the bottom rung of the financial ladder. If one examines the variety of large cities in the United States, however, one will find a wide range of housing costs and rates of homelessness, which also speaks to the economic diversity of American society. Finally, the current state of a given society is reflected in the leisurely activities that those in large cities partake in. For example, from a large city that boasts a vibrant tourist industry and nightlife, it can be inferred that the society at large is at peace – not at war – and that all is well. A large city in North Korea, however, would show the opposite of this and would reflect the state of the nation. In some cases, however, large cities may not always necessarily reflect the larger society. For example, if one were to examine Manila, Philippines or Cape Town, South Africa apart of from the rest of the country, one may falsely infer that, as a whole, the Philippines or South Africa is what would be considered a first-world country, as opposed to a third-world country. The reality, however, is that the state of these cities are heavily influenced by other factors including, but not limited to: tourism, higher concentrations of wealthy individuals, and economies that do not extend their effects to other parts of their respective societies. This is where examining a larger sample size of large cities in that society may be helpful. Thus, by studying a society's major cities, one can develop of a good sense of that society's most important characteristics. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a "Palean" basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. In order to evaluate the argument that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean, it is necessary to obtain evidence of whether or not the Palean people migrated, whether or not trade took place across the river, and what constitutes a Palean boat, as opposed to a boat from another village or culture. If such evidence were to emerge, it would weaken the argument that these baskets were not uniquely Palean. In order to make the above argument, one must have evidence of how long the Palean people had been residing on their side of the Brim River and of whether or not they were once a nomadic people. If evidence was found that the Palean people were nomadic prior to their settling down in the village of Palea, the above argument would be weakened by the possibility that the Palean people may have migrated from across the river. The argument asserts that the village of Palea was prehistoric, so if the Palean people were indeed nomadic, it is unknown whether or not they crossed the river before it became as deep as it currently is or perhaps before it even formed. The assumption that the Palean people have always been on the same side of the Brim River may be a faulty one, and any evidence of their travels as a people would weaken that argument. Furthermore, evidence regarding what trade was like at the time is necessary. The argument claims that boats identified as Palean have been found but makes no mention of whether or not boats from other villages or cultures have been discovered in the Brim River. Evidence of other boats, documents recording trade histories, or artifacts discovered in Palea that are distinctly of another culture would indicate that trade and communication did indeed occur across the Brim River. The argument could then be made that the baskets are indeed uniquely Palean, but were simply found across the river due to trade. This, in effect, would weaken the original argument that claims that the baskets are not unique to Palean culture. Lastly, as alluded to in the prior paragraph, the argument states that “no Palean boats have been found”. In order to support this argument, one would have to describe and explain what exactly would make a boat distinctly Palean as opposed to a boat being from a nearby village or from across the river. If such evidence of what a Palean boat was like were to emerge, it could support the argument that because no such boats were found in the river, the Paleans never crossed. This is problematic, however, for two reasons. First, even if the Paleans never crossed, that fact would not exclude the possibilities of other villages crossing over to the Palean side and taking Palean goods back to their own respective villages. Second, the only way to describe what a Palean boat would look like were if there were boats discovered in the river to begin with. Merely saying that “no Palean boats have been found” is insufficient, as the proponent of the argument would have to clarify whether or not boats, in general, were found, or if no boats unique to Palean culture were found. Thus, evidence consisting of either migration of a nomadic people, a vibrant trade economy, or the existence of boats from other cultures is necessary to sufficiently examine the argument that said baskets were not uniquely Palean.
  22. Magoosh Issue Essay

    First time poster on this forum. Thank you ahead of time for your feedback! Prompt: Technology, while apparently aimed to simplify our lives, only makes our lives more complicated. Essay Response: Technology has become more pervasive in our lives in the recent decades. Notably, the popularization of smart phones, gadgets, the internet, and similar innovations has enabled widespread access to and use of technology that purports to improve our lives. Although technology can and does simplify our lives in some instances, it also can make our lives more complicated in others. I will argue that technology has the ability to simplify and complicate our lives, and that is does not "only" make our lives more complicated. Here, I will examine how technology interacts with our lives in communication, navigation, and social media. Technology has provided us the ability to quickly connect with one another via platforms such as Skype, Google chat/hangout, and texting. Although nowadays we take ease of access to others for granted, it can arguably be said that such technology has simplified our lives. Instead of waiting days or weeks for postal services to convey important messages to loved ones, we can expect to have our messages delivered in a manner of milliseconds. However, such technology also can make our lives complicated. In using text-based chat, users may be tempted to shorten messages to get to the point, thereby reducing the amount of tone that can be conveyed. This may add to confusion, as humans have evolved to extract and interpret tone in messages. Text-based chat can also dramatically reduce our physical contact with each other as we grow accustomed to being on our computers or devices. Technology has the ability, therefore, to both simplify and complicate our lives. In navigation, technology has similarly made our lives more complicated while making smiplifying our lives at the same time. Instead of having to read physical maps, which involves more complicated procedures such as determining ones current location, determining direction, and physically identifying a path by oneself, we now have the ability to "plug and play," by entering in our destination into a navigation system and allowing complex global satillites to lay out the path for us. At the same time, navigation systems are another added distraction in our vehicles. With each added distraction, our lives become more complicated; not only do we have to drive safely by keeping our eyes on the road, but we now have to ensure that we are indeed focusing on the road ahead and not on our digital navigation systems in front of us or in our laps. Distracted driving due to a more complex environment in the vehicle is one risk that we take with navigation technology that does simplify our lives but at the same time can also add some complexity to our lives. Finally, social media technology has greatly simplified our lives by ensuring that we get around-the-clock news at the touch of our fingertips. This ability has greatly expanded our individual reach beyond the local community and into the global community. it has also enabled individuals to express their opinions and contribute to global discussions about topics that otherwise may have been difficult to learn about. Unfortunately, social media also can make our lives more complicated. Individuals now have to decide what truly matters to them; not all news is important to everyone. Furthermore, individuals have to decide how to manage social media so that what happens beyond their lives does not intrude too much into their lives. Social media management, for example, is now an important topic among socially engaged individuals who use social media technology. Therefore, social media is another form of technology that both simplifies and complicates our lives. In conclusion, many examples of technology simplify our lives. Technology has enabled us to be more connected to one another and takes away labor-intensive work. However, it is not true that technology "only" complicates our lives; examples of technology in communication, navigation, and social media demonstrate that technology can have both positive (simplifying) and negative (complicating) effects on our lives. Ultimately, individuals will need to determine the proper balance of the two for the technology that they are using.
  23. GRE ISSUE TASK EVALUATING

    Critical judgment of work in any given field has little value unless it comes from someone who is an expert in that field. Is it possible to ask astronomers qualify an article related to the IVP, a new procedure to fertilize women that once believed that they cannot have a baby? Even sophisticated astronomers, in the case of IVP, are nothing more than normal people. Qualifying every work requires an expert who knows everything related to the work’s field. Judging a work is not a facile procedure that everyone can handle. In fact, analyzing a work in any given field won’t have a value unless someone with sufficient knowledge attempts to qualify that work. for one, it should be mentioned that every work in any field, from teaching Alphabet to convoluted articles in quantum physics, are based on the specific level of knowledge. The more complex the work is; the more knowledge will be required. For example, writing an article regarding inventing new methods to teach Alphabet to youth is not merely enumerated as a highly sophisticated procedure in comparison to writing an article related to calculating dark hole’s energy in space. However, both require experts with sufficient knowledge and training as well. Now, when it comes to judging a work in any given field, the situation is more challenging. Judging requires analyzers to have obtained sufficient knowledge in order to be familiar with facts, theories to prepare a probity judgment. Also, analyzers should devote enough time to scrutinize the work with all available perspectives, qualify assumptions and examine conclusion based on its supposition. Hence, it can be concluded that judging besides sufficient knowledge, require hardworking and energy to be a trustworthy judging. Moreover, as human’s understanding is not comprehensive and has been growing, every day scientists publish new theories and discover facts that reshape preceding works and articles done by previous scientists. Also, some theories might lose its validity because scientists may reach new facts that contradict with previous theories. Therefore, for qualifying a work, one should have the most pristine knowledge in order to analyze the assumptions and the conclusion of the work with new theories. For instance, economists once believed that the supply curve of petroleum was a line with positive slope, however, after so many years’ economists publish a new theory in which they state that the supply curve of petroleum is a line with a negative slope as its demand curve. Now imagine an ordinary person attempts to prognosticate the future trend of oil demand based on its price and supply; what would happen? Surely this misleading forecast will cause big companies lose their money. In other respects, if ordinary people instead of experts attempt to judge works, there might be some negative consequences regarding this plight. For one, people with little understanding of any field are not qualified to judge works since they lack sufficient knowledge to take into account all possible perspectives to judge a single work. these people might not see some assumptions of a particular work which in return cause a fallacious judgment. Also, unsophisticated analyzers do not have up-to-date knowledge and their judgment might base on primitive theories that now are wrong. For instance, in Islamic republic of Iran, some analyzers came with an idea that charging high-interest rate is a reasonable movement in order to keep people’s money in banks and eliminate people’s incentive to get loans. However, Iranian economists now consider this movement as a deteriorative task which in return diminish people into poverty. Therefore, if people with little knowledge try to qualify a work like an article or a political and economic decision, the conclusion will be wrong and without value. To sum up, judging a work is not as easy as some people think that even ordinary people with little knowledge can do. In contrast, qualifying a work requires a great deal of knowledge to recap the logic behind and uncountable hours of studying new ideas and theories to examine works with most recent theories and facts.
  24. Request for Issue Essay Critique

    Technology, while apparently aimed to simplify our lives, only makes our lives more complicated. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. My Response : In today's modern era, everybody is surrounded by technology and technology drives our lives from morning to night. Be it communication, transport, education or networking, technology has brought a huge change in the way we live. I disagree with the statement that technology makes our lives complicated instead of simplifying it. Decades ago, when mobile phones were not available, one has to send letters for communicating with their near and dear ones and that took days. Inventions of electromagnetic waves has made this so simple that you can reach to your relative in any corner of the world within a second. Moreover, after invention of internet, you can also video call on skype etc, which makes you feel like you are infront of your relative abroad. Not only personal communication but also proffesional communication has become easier and as a result globalisation of businesses has become possible. An IT company in US can get order from an client from Uganda and also get paid online. Social networking has made a huge change in a way we live. With Facebook you can be in touch with your friends and know whats going on in their lives without meeting them. Also platforms like Quora has made very easy to get information on any topic from experts of that field and that too at free of cost. Also with platforms like Edx.org, you can world class education from top universities like Harvard and MIT at the comfort of your home and that to free of cost. Also nowadays, there are lots of apps available in smartphones to govern almost any need of our lives. Technology has also improved the ways of transportation. The discovery of steam engine and internal combustion engine has revolutionised the transport. Bikes, scooters, cars, aeroplanes, trains etc has made private as well as public transport very easy. It is also true that you have to make yourself acquainted with technology, otherwise it may be a reason of discomfort or shame. For example, if you accidently post very private photos of you on facebook, you may invite social shame to you. Also being addicted whatsapp, facebook etc has caused mental enxiety. Some people has to check their messages and FB account like thousand times a day and they feel uneasy if they don't. Though these things complex our lives, their advantages are far more better than these small things. In short, if you make yourself acquainted with technology it can be hugely simplify your life.
  25. Some people argue that successful leaders in government, industry, or other fields must be highly competitive. Other people claim that in order to be successful, a leader must be willing and able to cooperate with others. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Indeed, successful leaders in government, industry, or any other fields are highly competitive in nature. Leaders should not only have to be competitive but also willing & cooperative in order to attain their goals towards the road to success. In today’s rapidly changing world where everyone is striving to succeed in their areas of expertise knows the importance of meeting new people, making friends/connections & working together all while maintaining good relations is an integral part of the success & the journey to achieve it. If every person sticks to these qualities & thinks in the same as the potential leaders think then there is no doubt we are to witness some great leaders in the near future who might change the world for good. Hence, to be successful in the field you like to work one must possess these qualities of success.