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  1. ISSUE TASK Some people believe that corporations have a responsibility to promote the well-being of the societies and environments in which they operate. Others believe that the only responsibility of corporations, provided they operate within the law, is to make as much money as possible. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. My response: The prompt brings into focus the role of powerful corporations in people's lives, which is quite subtle and behind the curtains but significant. A grocery store chain, retail stores, restaurants and so on, may seem like a small part of our daily lives, but they involve many business functions that directly or indirectly depend on our other functions of our lives. Hence, I am of the opinion that corporations most definitely have an ethical responsibility towards society because along with money they possess tons of power. It's pretty much an established fact that money isn't the only defining factor for the success of a project or even an individual's accomplishments for that matter. It's essential for keeping it afloat, but only focusing on this one aspect leads to deterioration in other more important supporting factors of a business like employment satisfaction, affecting social changes in the society, business practices that affect the environment, ethical foundations and so forth. Large Corporations that have been in an industry or market beyond a significant period of time, tend to have strong influence which also is an ode to their evolution because of how they have thrived in the domain they work in for so many years. Let's take Amazon as an example. It began as a small book keeping business that now, almost two and a half decades later, has become a powerful and a well known conglomerate and the most well known brand in our time. Maybe 25 years ago, they didn't have much of a responsibility because they were still finding their way through cementing their establishment in the industry. But now, after seeing their company grow and becoming an expert, which eventually led them to succeed, also brings in the responsibility factor towards other industries, consumers, the environment and their own corporation as well. After gaining all possible insights, you can only improve your services which doesn't always mean making more money. Let's look at the ethical repurcussions of corporations. Let's say a hypothetical company would like to expand their offices and buildings to increase productivity and they seem to focus on building projects in rural areas due to access to space and lower costs of building compared to cities. In such situations it is essential that the company seek permission from local communities since there's a possibility people will be displaced and also consider how much the local biodiversity is going to be affected by their project; The local flora and fauna must ideally not be disrupted as this can, in the long run, have dire consequences in the form of negative environment changes. Alternate arrangements must be made in order to protect these communities as well as the biodiversity in the area. If these factors are considered, the people in these areas are going to be relieved, while also creating new opportunities for both the local community as well as the expanding corporation and all in all leading to development with less problematic and more positive consequences. While it is true that in the initial years of starting and handling a business, yes money plays a huge role in determining its success. But in hindsight, this must not be done at the expense of others which includes the society as well as the environment. Hence focus on sustainable business practices is a must, as a solution to balance the money and society factor to lead to a more prosperous, enlightened future. In conclusion, being focused on the company goals while essential shouldn't lead to being inconsiderate as it will most definitely disrupt certain factions of society and the environment. For any large corporation, being mindful of their impact and taking steps to curtail the negative effects is of utmost importance for a more optimistic and brighter future for them as well as everybody else.
  2. Undergraduate students majoring in Business or in the Sciences should not be required to take any courses in the Humanities since those courses won’t benefit their future careers. Write a response to the prompt in which you discuss whether or not you agree or disagree. Be certain to fully develop your position and carefully consider ways in which your position could be challenged. Experts have gone through various teaching systems that could be efficient as well as save time for students. Every country has a varying process of evaluation for a child's "intelligence". In my opinion, the main features that are relevant to a system that could be called efficient would ultimately be how useful it would be to the students in their daily lives. In an undergraduate course, a student spends considerable amount of money, time and effort to gather credits and build their portfolio to make them appealing for future job prospects which would eventually improve their lives. But are these job related courses sufficient to lead a wholesome life? Aren't other characteristics involved while undergoing these tasks? We shall discuss this below. Now, with regards to a Business or Science degree or any course related to these fields, I would completely agree with students having to take certain humanities subjects along with their majors. Now, it may seem irrelevant, but subjects like languages, which would involve writing and grammar courses, is very useful for students trying to write their job applications, their SOPs or other important documents related to work or further studies. Having a strong hold of a singular language can make a student stand out and pass on their ideas in a clear and succinct manner in a collaborative environment. A course on basic finances, especially for a science student would also be very helpful for their out of work lives too as these things are very hard to grasp for someone not of the same background. These tasks are essential for their everyday lives as well. A crash course on psychology would greatly impact a student's ability to thrive in a work environment with many other people as they would get a better understanding of how to deal with difficult situations and how to manage things like stress and anxiety, which are very common in any adult's life. Now, one may argue that this would take up alot of useful time off a student's time in their undergraduate course, to which a possible solution would be to probably involve more interactive sessions and less theoretical concepts with regards to these classes and avoid going too in-depth for these courses unless students are willing to make up more time for it, in which case there could be an advanced version of these classes. Another arguement could be that students may rather skip these things which can be learnt on their own, which may be true, but not everybody can deal with these efficiently. Alot of times, in training phases while joining a company, students undergo people training too to help them with seemingly simple things like team building, communication, dispute resolutions etc. It would greatly help students get industry ready by undergoing such basic trainings with their course which they would inevitably need in their daily lives as well.
  3. A nation should require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college.Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. In day to day technology became large and most crucial part of society, where people meet, poke, share and update themselves, so as society, until we truely adopt the basis of our need. As tech become complex and modern, so as society, which people need to adopt before their legally become decision maker.Firstly, as today with a 1.8 billion population, with competition of approximately 27 countries, people need to choose their cup of tea, before they can legally land into some degree. Nation should make their legal policy, to understand the competition in emerging world, where every person should get the proper knowledge, juxtapose of technologies, their field of interest and, prerequisites as well.General idea behind the manipulation of the curriculum , is providing, out of the box, which surely help him/her before he get some campus latte.Secondly,Sophomore when generally land into the college, without having any proper prerequisites end up wavering, about that particular area of interest ,which is not popular to him/her as a tennager. Which makes him more reliable on professors, classmates, and most awkward, when, he himself can’t figure out why he has selected that profession. Nevertheless, student become hopeless, which turn him with wrong connections, losing sincerity in classroom, as well not keeping pace with lectures.Furthermore, when person was prepared, just before landing to any university, he/she can score good marks, sought university list according to ranking, make connections with professors or person who is already in this profession and make more out of it, so when he just arrive in college, with hot latte, he/ she knows which direction is right and not only this he can easily grasp, if something stucks.Moreover which, help him to bring something for the welfare of society.At last nation should provide a general curriculum as well as the extra hypothesis vitae, which help him along the accomplishment of going into a perfect university for him, therefore a nation should not require all of its students to study the same national curriculum until they enter college.
  4. As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate. Efficiency has always been human's weakest point. Rise of technology have revolutionized the way people think about a particular task that required laborious thinking. Human's dependency on technology does not undermines their thinking ability, but instead it eases their efforts. It is evident that technology have developed the world to a great extent. Technologies like computers have been of great use that reduce the difficulty of the problem and makes it easier for humans. For example, a basic application like Microsoft Excel changed the way people used to keep financial records. Earlier keeping records was a tedious work.Once a data was entered it was difficult for a person to make changes without. And sometimes those changes made the work look dirty and untidy. Contrasting to that, Excel application has provided the options of Adding repetitive data, changing the values and easy categorization of data that reduced the difficulty of maintaining such hectic records. Such technologies have been implemented all over the world. Furthermore, technology is time saving. Calculations that required profound human thinking efforts that take several minutes can be solved within seconds using scientific calculators. Additionally, writing down used to be a lengthy process. For example, as a journalist writing each and every word of the interviewee used to be tedious and sometimes interviewer could forget or miss few points mentioned by the interviewee. But technologies such as audio or video recording have eased the work of remembering and writing down everything. Also, few applications like speech-to-text have narrowed down the effort. There are also many applications that is used to allocate a person's daily task according to the time and then remind of the task at allotted hour of the day. There are various technology that improves human thinking ability. Games such as puzzle games can improves human's problem solving and analytical abilities. Additionally few games improves brain's reflexes; games genre such as action polishes our brain's quickness to respond to a problem. Using such technologies makes a person's brain more efficient. Also some applications like Focus helps a person stay focused at the work he/she has to do. The information that once required hours and hours of searching through the books can be at your computer screen in seconds. Internet that is a pool of great knowledge only requires few seconds of typing a query and the information is fetched to you in no time. Although, sometimes humans rely too much on technologies that makes human brain lazy to think for itself. Calculations such as basic additions and subtract are better done in the mind instead of relying on a calculator. But every coin has two sides and the advantages of technology by far outweighs its disadvantages. Technology makes a human more efficient and smarter. Limited dependency on technology reduces human efforts and errors.
  5. Hello everyone! i'm about to take the GRE and TOEFL in about two months. The strategy i'm taking for the Analytical writing section has been to practically write 2 essays per day, but i think i also need some feedback...especially since english isn't my first language. Any more suggestions about how i should prepare for this or the other sections are very much welcomed. Thank you so much for your help. Issue task Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position. Most of us could have empathy for students that are about to graduate from high school and are now reflecting on the field they will choose for their life. As many of us could remember, this time is one of the most stressful we will experience, because at that time we lack the knowledge to make informed decisions about the career path we want to take. It doesn’t help that during this time of uncertainty young people become vulnerable to the influence of individuals with bad advice about the path they should take. In my opinion the claim made in the passage about how students should choose their field of study based solely on positions available is not only damaging to society but also affects students’ opportunities of employment in the future. Firstly, this passage suggests that the number of positions available in the workforce should be the most important factor – if not the only factor- when choosing a career path. After all what else would you expect of a career than to have plenty of job opportunities once you graduate? Yet the author of this passage fails to consider that the quantity of job opportunities does not equate quality in job opportunities; Opportunities with a good salary, a healthy work environment or health care. For several fields, there exist a wide variety of position in the market, yet this aren’t necessarily opportunities that would allow you to achieve financial stability and a healthy work-life balance. Careers in Graphic design or Communications are an unfortunate example of this, because once students are out in the workforce, they may encounter jobs with a seriously low pay, yet a plethora of responsibilities. Secondly this passage seems to suggest that a school should only be graduating students from fields that have practical use outside of the universities. Fields in medicine, science and engineer are presented as examples of career paths that have a tangible contribution to the society. It is understandably that most people would hold this opinion, given the impact that scientific discoveries and the development of artifacts have had in our daily life; There is no individual in the world who doesn’t need a doctor, after all. But this idea fails to consider that just because a certain career appears to lack a practical use doesn’t mean that it is useless to society. There exist many areas apart form the hard science whose improvement and research directly affect the way humans live. Think of areas in psychology, politics and arts. These are not fields that produce artifacts or whose contributions have immediate and tangible results, but that overall deal with serious issues in society that aren’t entirely visible, and therefore need exhaustive examination in order to be overcome. Discouraging students from pursuing those fields would prevent them from making serious contributions and carry out change in the world. Finally, since the belief that certain fields have more tangible contribution in our society is painfully common, so is the idea that skills found in less demanded fields like humanities, aren’t skills worth learning. The claim is that most students should be focused on improving abilities relevant to the fields in mathematics or science, since these are the ones that would allow them to advance in their career path, make relevant contributions and overall make them attractive to future employers. But let us not forget that although skills in mathematics and science are indeed crucial for those areas, the so-called soft skills (Interpersonal communication, writing ability and management) are relevant in any field. Employers aren’t entirely looking for employees with knowledge of hard science. They often need people with good interpersonal skills and critical thinking to enhance the communication dynamics in their business. In fact, because most scientists lack this crucial skill is that employers look for people in the humanities, making students from those fields not only relevant but competitive. In conclusion I believe is not advisable to choose a field solely on the quantity of job opportunities available in the workforce, since there are more important factors that should be taken into consideration. When is time to choose a career, students should be encouraged to research the fields the are interested an evaluate them based on the quality of job opportunities, relevance of those fields contribution to society and their competitiveness. With this information at hand, perhaps students would have a better time deciding on the future of their education and make choices they won’t regret. Argument task The following recommendation was made by the president and administrative staff of Grove College, a private institution, to the college's governing committee. "We recommend that Grove College preserve its century-old tradition of all-female education rather than admit men into its programs. It is true that a majority of faculty members voted in favor of coeducation, arguing that it would encourage more students to apply to Grove. But 80 percent of the students responding to a survey conducted by the student government wanted the school to remain all female, and over half of the alumnae who answered a separate survey also opposed coeducation. Keeping the college all female will improve morale among students and convince alumnae to keep supporting the college financially." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. This passage discusses the option of whether an all-female College should begin to admit men into their programs. It appears that the administrative staff is mostly concerned with the financial repercussions that transitioning into a coeducation system would bring to Grove College. Yet the surveys made by the student government may not provide accurate information whether this decision will or will not improve the school’s finances. In the first place, the administrative staff should evaluate why the independent survey gave substantially different results from the one made by the student government, and why both results demonstrate enough evidence of the general opinion of the students on this matter. Further review should be made to the student government survey to make sure they aren’t choosing specific groups of people that they know are against admitting men into Grove College. Also staff should review the student sample that answered the survey and determine if whether it is representative of the student population, because although 80% of the students who took the survey want the college to remain an all-female school, this doesn’t mean that that is the desire of 80% of the students in Grove College. Making sure that the sample of students answering the survey is in fact representative of the overall student population would help to make to determine the overall desire in students to accept or deny admission to men in the school. Finally, it is stated that preventing current female students to stop supporting the school financially is one of the main reasons why the school is deciding on remain an all-girls college. Yet there is not enough evidence to support this belief. Both because we aren’t that the two surveys made provide accurate results of the student’s opinion, but also because it implies men students won’t be enough to support the school financially. Although most faculty members hold the opinion that admitting men would increase the number of students at Grove college, evaluating the level of attractiveness the school may have to male students would be an important factor to consider.
  6. Question "Technology, while apparently aimed to simplify our lives, only makes our lives more complicated." Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Response Technology, although at times difficult to navigate, makes our lives easier and more efficient. Thanks to technology, we can save money, time, and also be more connected to each other. Thanks to technology, we can do tasks much faster than we did before and from the comfort of our homes. We can shop online, order a cab from our cell phones, or find the information we need in just a few seconds. Back in the days, when I was a student, I spent hours in the library navigating books. Now, almost all the information I need is available online, and just "one click away". Not only technology saves us a lot of time, but enhances communications. In the era of the internet, we do not have to wait three days for a letter to arrive: we send an email which is received by the addresse almost instantaneously. We can also talk to someone who lives 10,000 km away on Skype at almost no cost. Furthermore, technology can favor a better use of resources. Companies, for instance, save a lot of space and money since documents can now be digitally stored. Back in the days, computers did not exist and most of the information such as contracts, tax returns and bills was stored in paper. Consequently, companies needed to have big warehouses for storing purposes, which was a waste of space and money that nowadays can be used for something else. It is true that technology can feel overwhelming sometimes, especially since it is constantly evolving and requires its users to be in a constant process of learning. However, even if at the beginning we need to invest a considerable amount of time to learn a new technology, in the end, it pays off. Take for example and older technology as a calculator and compare it with a newer technology like Microsoft Excel. It is true that Excel might not be the easiest thing to navigate when one is not familiar with it. Excel can be scary. But if you spend some time in learning its tricks, in the end it will save you a lot of time. Not only it allows to trace all the steps taken to make a calculation, but it is also much faster. It can perform complicated operations in just seconds that with a simple calculator would take days. To sum up, despite some challenges that might come along with technology, when used wisely, it can signficantly simplify our lives and save us a lot of time.
  7. I'm taking the GRE for the first time in a few days, and I would really like it if anyone could help critique my essays. I have no idea where my essay scores lie on the GRE scale from 0-6, so if anyone has any advice or comments, please let me know! I would really like to improve as much as I can in the next few days, if possible. Anything is appreciated! Prompt 1 (Issue Task): The best leaders are those who encourage feedback from the people whom they lead. Essay 1: Leaders throughout history have all lead in their own way. Some do their best on their own, while others create the best solutions with their people by their side. Regardless, understanding the minds of citizens around you is a key aspect to governing. If you stand as a leader, it is important to encourage feedback from people around you. This will not only allow the people to feel involved in decision-making, but it will also provide different perspectives. Having more than one idea on an issue can lead to better governing in that it will give the leader a look from multiple angles. If a leader were to decide how to resolve all issues alone, it may be more difficult for the leader to succeed by reducing the likelihood of a problem being solved in the best way. Encouraging others to give their opinions on an issue will also create stronger future leaders. Great leaders should be able to share their wisdom and power with others while holding the ability to maintain a firm leadership on their own. If a powerful person is in charge and asks those around him to use their minds to help resolve an issue at hand, the people will grow in intelligence and confidence as a whole. Although having opinions of others can prove to be beneficial a lot of the time, there are also times where it is appropriate for a difficult decision to be made alone. Sometimes having different viewpoints from many people can make a decision more challenging. Hearing what others have to say can add bias to a solution, and sometimes the direction that the majority votes towards may not always be the best. If a leader is leaning toward one side, but the people are leaning toward the other, this may negatively impact the leader's decision. It is important to note that if someone is in charge, they are in charge for a reason, and the people must be able to trust their leader's judgement. Some of the world's best leaders lead alongside with their people. It is important to be wit others. Prompt 2 (Argument Task): The following was presented as part of a business plan by Apex Corporation. "To answer the increased demand for artisan coffee, Apex Corporation is releasing a new line of coffee, "Gourmet Select." Apex Corporation will first introduce the coffee into major supermarkets, where it hopes word-of-mouth advertising will sustain sales. After a few months Apex Corp. will run an advertising campaign aimed at television and radio while simultaneously releasing the brand to several major chain restaurants. Based on this strategy, Apex Corporation hopes to make "Gourmet Select" one of the top sellers in the coffee market." Essay 2: Many companies attempt and fail at making a new product a success, and oftentimes, it is the business plan that is responsible. Apex Corporation's business plan is weak and flawed in several ways. Firstly, an increased demand for artisan coffee will not necessarily be solved by introducing "Gourmet Select," a new line of coffee. Buyers may not want a new product but rather, more of an original product. Gourmet Select may not bring the same taste or be of the same quality as those products that consumers are already used to. Releasing a new line of coffee does not mean that the demand for artisan coffee will be met. Furthermore, the next step in Apex Corporation's business plan is a poor step because sustaining sales can require more than simply word-of-mouth advertising. Introducing Gourmet Select to major supermarkets may help sales increase a little, but there's no telling how much it will help sales. Relying on customers to spread the word of a new line of coffee is at the very least naive. If customers dislike the new coffee product, they may advertise the product negatively. Many factors of the new coffee line such as quality, taste, and smell must all be stellar for Apex Corporation to be confident in selling their coffee through word-of-mouth, but there is no way to know this through the presented business plan. Finally, advertising on the television, on the radio, and through major chain restaurants may increase sales, but it does not guarantee that Gourmet Select will become one of the top sellers in the coffee market. The product itself must prove to be of top quality in every aspect to make its way to the top of the coffee market, but this business plan mentions nothing of the product's quality. This argument should include reviews on Gourmet Select in order to predict how it will sell in the public market. Due to a number of flaws and weak assumptions, it can be concluded that this business plan will fail. Apex Corporation should review and improve each step in this strategy for a chance to make Gourmet Select a success.
  8. All college and university students would benefit from spending at least one semester studying in a foreign country.” Education is an important part of our life. Education means gaining knowledge from experience. Learning everyday chores, learning how to keep a pet or even learning how to knit a sweater. These aren’t things you learn in schools/colleges. These are lessons that life and experience teach us .Experience teaches us more about this world than any physics, math or biology book can. Students who study abroad are likely to be more independent. The students will grow up to be well rounded and confident people. They attain leadership qualities and learn how to live a life in every situation.You are unlikely to learn how to take care of the pet you just adopted at college. Taking care of a pet helps one achieve a sense of responsibility. Traveling in itself is a big confidence booster. One learns how to deal with people from around the world. If the student wants he can learn the language of the country he is sent to. Any person who is pushed out of their comfort zone at this age will be a little uncomfortable initially, but will learn to adjust. Living alone in a foreign country will teach the students how to fend for themselves. They will learn to live in this big world on their own. Living away from your home, family and friends helps you build character. The student will always be alert of his surroundings since he is the only person he can rely on. If a student from America studies in Pakistan then he will be tasting a lot of spicy food. The cuisine is completely different from a typical American meal. He will see new values and traditions. The student can learn the national language spoken throughout the country (urdu). The culture is extremely different. The student will learn about the traditional dress of the country; the way wedding festivities take place. The student will learn to venerate the religion and culture of the people living there. They will learn how life is led in Pakistan. They will adapt to living a comfortable life in a third world country. On the contrary, sending every student will be cost effective. In an ideal world it would seem perfect but we don’t live in an ideal world. Some people might have trouble adjusting to the new culture. Some might not be aware of the societal norms such as in Pakistan a boy and girl never hug when they meet. They just shake hands. But that isn’t something one cannot get used to. There is also a language barrier initially, which may fade away once the person learns at least the necessary words spoken in the country. Sending students to foreign countries is for the benefit of every student. They learn so much more than they learn in their own protected environment. Since this is the question of our coming generation, why not add tolerance and patient to their list of qualities by sending them to see the different cultures in the world? Letting them see the world for what it actually is than what it is on tv. When it comes to traveling and exploring, there is no dearth of learning.
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