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Found 17 results

  1. Hi! I am a European MSc student trying to get more relevant research experience in preparation of my PhD apps next year, and I now find myself writing a cover letter for a US internship postition. I need to answer the following question, and I am not sure how to go about it: How do you hope to use your upbringing, background and/or life experiences to enhance your internship experience. Should I focus on how my background helped me develop the academic/informal skills to succeed in an internship? Is this more of a specific diversity/overcoming challenges-focused question? Should I be talking about personal difficulties? Should I focus on my extracurriculars/outreach activities? In the European applications I have encountered so far the focus was very strongly on purely academic qualifications, so I am worried I might be blind to some cultural clue about how to answer this question. Any tips about what I might be expected to focus on in my answer to this question would be very much appreciated!
  2. Hello!! Does anyone have any experience writing motivational statements for Dutch universities? I'm an American applying for a Masters at the Universiteit van Amsterdam and I'd really appreciate anyone who can give it a look-over and offer some advice I might have missed. I've never applied for an international university so I have no real way of knowing if I'm approaching it the right way. Thank you so much, and good luck all!!
  3. I'm a current senior in college, and am applying to grad. schools for fall 2022. I'm interested in high energy theory, and I have had some research experience in ads/cft correspondence, kaluza-klein theory, computational particle physics. However, I'm not certain as to which particular topic I might want to focus on during my PhD. Now that I'm writing my SOP, I'm concerned if writing something in the lines of "I am interested in high energy theory" in the introductory/first paragraph would be too vague and thus, not helpful. (I would be writing about professor's specific works in the last paragraph or so.)I would appreciate any advice.
  4. Hello everyone, I have received some contradictory advice regarding whether I should mention professors in my SoP. I know that mentioning a few professors can be risky, but I was trying to mention professors who may share my research interests as a way of showing my "fit" and explaining why I chose that program. Of course, I am aware that my fit is mainly signaled by my research interests, but I wanted to say something about the department and program/why I am applying there. I would like to hear your opinion on this.
  5. Hello! Could someone please review my SOP for CMU's MSE program? SOP Guidelines are provided by the program.
  6. Hey guys! I've been working on my SOP for PhD (BA holder) in cultural anthropology for over a month now and the more I read it, the less I believe in it. I'm on a tight turn around (Dec 1st) and could really use some guidance! The one program requires a 500 word SOP/Personal statement and the other wants a 1000 SOP + 500 words on what I assume is a personal statement. If anyone would be wiling to take a look please send me a message and I'll get you what I have. Also, good luck to everyone out there who is nearing the end of their application process, you can do this (simultaneously trying to tell myself the same😅) !!
  7. Hi all, I am planning to apply to PhD in a couple of universities in the States and Canada in Spanish literature. I have written my first draft of SOP. Would anyone help me out by revising the same?
  8. Hey Guys, I was planning on the April 2020 intake. I had applied to 5 - 7 colleges for the same. Half of the colleges are either closed or not taking admissions because of the current pandemic situation. As a my entire process got postponed. Now i have a lot of time on my hands, so i decided to make use of it in some productive way. With that in mind, i started to rework on my Statement of Purpose. I had found it hard to make one earlier too and with no good samples for reference it was quiet a lengthy process. But this time around, after going through many many sample SOP's i found a pretty need little guide to a perfect SOP and SOP Samples segregated with respect to both Branch-wise and Country-wise. I found these articles quite insightful and thought to share them. Anyone out there looking for help on their SOP, should definitely go through them. They helped me create a great Statement of Purpose. Hope they help you in some way too!🤞 Cheers!😃
  9. I'm a student from Mexico, applying to a PhD program in Mathematics. The GRE Subject test is not required, but strongly recommended. Unfortunately, the test is only offered in two cities of my country and it was impossible for me to travel to take it. On the other hand, I have a really good GPA and a pretty good score on the GRE General Test (more widely available). My question is, should I address my lack of GRE Subject test score in my SOP? I feel like I should explain why I didn't take it, but I don't see where it is appropriate. Maybe in the 'supplemental documents' section? Thank you!
  10. Hello! I am applying to social work/counseling programs and today is the first day I am sitting down and thinking about how i will be writing my personal statements/SoP. The reason I am in this field is because of a difficult home life and living with people who have mental illness. I want to be personal and real about why I am applying but I do not know what is considered too personal or how much is too much. Does anyone have any advice? Whether its the amount I should include or the topics I should definitely include/definitely want to avoid. thank you so much!
  11. Can someone help me out to critique my SoP. It is very urgent Symmetry breaking in quantum mechanics is an important concept used to characterize the phases of matter. Crystals break translational symmetry, magnets breaking time-reversal and rotational symmetry, and superconductors breaking gauge symmetry are all different states of matter. The symmetry of crystal structure leads to various electronic Bloch states in a material on which the entire band theory of non-interacting fermions is established. Going through the recent advances in the band theory, I was intrigued by a different phase of material characterized by the topology of band structure without breaking any symmetry, having dissipation less spin-polarized conducting edge states protected from disorder by time-reversal symmetry. Experimental study of these novel phases of matter with an emphasis on the possible applications in spintronics and quantum computing is my motivation to pursue a Ph.D. at the Department of X at UCSB. Topological insulators are insulating in bulk and have a conducting state at the edge with opposite spin electrons traveling in opposite directions (spin momentum locking). A recent proposal by Samarth et al. combining the topological insulator phase with magnetic ordering has given a unique way to generate spin currents for spintronic applications. Another ambitious proposal relies on solving the decoherence problem of qubits, which is a major source of error in a quantum computer. Topologically protected non-trivial states in proximity to superconductors give rise to emergent anyons (Majorana quasiparticles) with non-abelian braiding statistics when exchanged among each other. Fermions or Bosons do not carry any information when exchanged and are abelian but these quasiparticles carry the information of braid with a phase term in their wavefunction. As proposed by Kitaev et al. If researchers could create several of these anyons next to each other and shuffle them around, their quantum states would remember how they had been rearranged and thus encode information. As a part of my study, I would like to develop the materials which can host these Majorana modes with the robustness against the environment provided by topology. TMDCs with their 1T’ phase and more recently discovered T’’ phase in WTe2, MoS2 can be a possible host to these quasiparticle excitations. These theoretical proposals require careful material design and innovative methodologies for their observation and analysis. According to me, prediction, fabrication, observation, and potential applications are four important steps for the life cycle of any new concept in physics and topological insulators are currently in their infancy, with theories significantly advancing at a rapid pace while leaving experimentalists behind. I would like to shorten this gap between theory and experiments through my Ph.D. thesis. Most of my research experience as an undergraduate was carried out in the chemical and structural analysis lab of Prof. Bratindranath Mukherjee, trying to develop an efficient catalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction in fuel cell applications. In my sophomore year, I was involved in an exploratory project trying to synthesize nanocomposite of Au and MoS2 for photo electrocatalytic applications. Shi et al. have already demonstrated this proposal of utilizing metallic nanoparticles to inject hot electrons to semiconductors upon irradiation with photons. Mie scattering theory applied to gold nanoparticles by Jain et al. demonstrated a much higher intensity resonance peak of nanorods as compared to spheres or flowers in the required wavelength due to localized surface plasmon property. Combining both the effects we developed the nanocomposite of 1T phase of MoS2 formed by lithium intercalation of 2H MoS2 with Au nanorods, developed by the seed growth methods. Optimizing the aspect ratio of nanorods, we were able to enhance the turnover frequency, reduce the overpotential and increase the current density of the electrolysis reaction. As a sophomore with the course structure involving three-dimensional bravais lattices, two-dimensional materials were interesting to study. To further my quest and fulfill my excitement for the 2-dimensional material phases, I was granted an opportunity at the Defence Research and Development labs in Pune, India, under Dr. Balasubramanian to work on the rockstar and seminal 2-dimensional material, Graphene. With electronic structure characterized by Dirac cone-like linear dispersion of electrons, graphene shows excellent conductivity, flexibility, and tunability in the electronic structure. We developed a hydrogen storage solid-state material by the growth of Ni- based Metal-organic framework on graphene. Graphene provided excellent stability to the structure and a controllable adsorption and desorption cycle of hydrogen molecule by an applied external electric field. The results obtained are in the process of being published in an international journal with a good impact factor. Although the project was more experimental but during the two months, I began realizing that I was more interested in understanding the physics of the problem by the analysis of electronic structure and density of states. I met people performing theoretical calculations by DFT trying to understand adsorption, desorption energies on the material surface. With my significant base of undergraduate level quantum mechanics and a curious mind, I modeled a small system of our composite to understand the energies of adsorption and desorption states using VdW corrected DFT simulations. Back to Varanasi advancing my research in Mukherjee sir lab in chalcogenide materials, I took an independent project performing temporal study of different phases of Nickel selenide and reduced graphene oxide heterojunction by XRD and TEM performing parallel electrochemical measurements to analyze the most efficient and active phase for electrocatalysis. We presented the two parallel studies in the form of an oral presentation at the national conference on energy materials, one of them winning the best oral presentation award as well. Alongside working through the book on solid-state physics by Kittel as a junior, I got interested in understanding the electronic band structure, its tunability by material design perspective and how it can help us in achieving the desired properties and performance. I realized that the chemical synthesis route is not sufficient enough to get highly phase pure material and a defect-free lattice is required to probe and study the actual band structure and fundamental properties of materials. I wrote to Prof. Stefano Agnoli and Gaetano Granozzi at the University of Padova in Italy and got an opportunity to work on two-dimensional chalcogenide materials and understand their growth by molecular beam epitaxy. Hands-on experience with XPS, ARUPS and STM helped me in understanding the spin-orbit coupling, its influence on the electronic structure, the atomic structure of material and surface states. We observed the indirect to direct bandgap transition in the electronic structure on a reduction in the thickness of the layered structure to monolayer which and attributed it to the orbital hybridization effects in thicker layers. Concludingly, the effect of these properties on the HER activity was analyzed by performing the ex-situ electrochemistry and in-situ electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy. Different from Ultra High Vacuum-STMs, our home-built EC-STM used tunneling through electrolytes to dynamically analyze the surface in the hydrogen evolution active region. As illustrated and demonstrated in the paper by Mitterreiter et al. we observed the additional noise in the EC-STM signal at the dopant site which is attributed to the local catalytic activity and thus concluded that Co sites are more active for HER. Contrary to the earlier proposed results we did not observe any activation of the basal plane upon doping with transition metals. The results were presented in the form of a poster at the Annual Technical Meeting organized by the Indian Institute of Metals. Being an undergraduate in metallurgy, I have had a strong knowledge in the understanding and observation of crystal structure and their importance for efficient material design. The freedom given by the parent university in the form of electives has allowed me to take several advanced courses in electronic properties of materials, quantum mechanics and condensed matter physics. Recognizing my interest in physics, I have been involved in several reading projects under physics faculty, Dr. Rajeev Singh and Prof. Sandip Chatterjee and self pedagoging myself to understand the complex ideas of topological condensed matter. Discussions with them outside classroom hours has refined my understanding of several concepts and improved my scientific temperament. A paper titled “A short course on topological materials” by Asboth et al. has helped me to understand the concept of Berry phase, Chern number and several proposed models (SSH model, Kane-Mele model, Zhang model) to develop a solid understanding of the theory. Together with my varied interdisciplinary experiences as an experimentalist with a good understanding of theory, I believe I would be able to contribute towards the high level of research carried out at UCSB. I have a solid understanding of the point group and space group symmetries important for topological state engineering in 2D and 3-dimensional materials. UCSB is my top choice because it is home to highly experienced and famed experimentalists working in topological insulators and spintronics. It provides me with world-class facilities and a highly stimulating and natural environment for research to flourish. Especially the work performed in the laboratory of Susanne Steemer is particularly interesting to me, as she is trying to design quantum materials and engineer the electronic states with the help of strain-induced effects and external electric field. A recent paper by Qian et al. demonstrated that strain engineering can help in the transition from a trivial topological state to a non-trivial state in the 1T’ phase of WTe2 important for switching characteristics for device applications. Utilization of STEM (scanning transmission electron microscope) in Susanne's lab can further help in the study of atomic-level defects (like antisite defects) which can deteriorate topological insulator properties. Chris Palmtrom’s lab, who is a pioneer in spintronics, at UCSB is equipped with world-class facilities for the growth of high-quality materials and heterostructure of low dimensional materials and semiconductors. A recent paper from the Palmstrom group on the realization of quantized Majorana conductance in InSb nanowires in proximity to Al has paved the way for quasiparticle braiding for the realization of TQC. Hence, UCSB, with its excellent facilities and faculties would be a perfect assortment of my previous experience and prospects as a researcher. Not only in academia, but I have also tried to incorporate my knowledge of materials to bring a change in the lives of people who are deprived of amenities like electricity. While participating in one of the Social Entrepreneurship events organized by the HULT International Business school, we presented our ideas for the utilization of piezoelectric sensors to harness energy from the motion and movement. We incorporated these piezoelectric in footwears, walking panels and analyzed the amount of energy we can generate by this simple modification. Although not highly efficient, these can be used as an alternative source of energy in highly deprived and hilly areas. During this project, I realized that materials can bring a change in the world and innovative ways to optimize their properties can bring a positive impact to the major pressing problems of society. My entire journey as an undergraduate, I have been guided by great lecturers and professors who have incorporated in me a love for the subject, always helping me in overcoming different obstacles with due guidance and mentoring. Following them, I want to remain in academia and transfer the wisdom and knowledge which I have gained from these amazing personalities for the growth of the next generation individuals. I enjoy the art of teaching myself and have been an active member of the physics and astronomy club of the college, where we try to teach and develop the interest of young undergraduates towards the subject and mentor them to pursue their interests. I have been organizing Saturday sessions for the past one year teaching young undergraduates the importance of studying economics and continuously writing for the business blog. I am a firm believer that knowledge grows with sharing and I have learned countless new things interacting with the students trying to develop in them a desire to understand nature. I believe that It is my duty to pass this information to the unknowing, which I am trying to achieve through articles and blogs and will continue to do by remaining in academia. I have been an active writer for our science magazine “Corona” where I have written articles breaking the myths about quantum mechanics, black holes and other areas which have been falsely represented by some popular science. In my free time, you would find me practicing music or playing a synthesizer. I have been trained in classical Indian music right from my childhood which grew as my most important hobby. Music gives me inspiration, energy and, most importantly happiness to others.
  12. Hi, everyone. I'm looking to improve my SOP for the above mentioned program. Non-native speaker here, so my SOP doesn't look up to the mark here. Hopefully you guys can suggest something? Please let me know if you can take out the time - I'll DM you my SOP for review. Thanks!
  13. Hello Everyone, so i'm applying for Grad school in Belgium to further on M.Sc Geography. well everything seem to be going fine until i got stuck on the statement of purpose. I decided to check out some of the SOP review experts online, some of them charge a fortune for a work that looks scripted and lacking in true identity. So I have decided to post a copy of my SOP over here, I will be glad if anyone can just look through and share their opinion. Thank you in advance. Growing up I was always fascinated about the world we live in, I often wondered how plants grow from seeds? What forms the rain? And always asked, what is above the blue sky? I was that curious Kid. The questions kept coming and some of the answers I found interesting but not convincing. These curiosities made me passionate about geography and thus lead to the pursuit of a bachelor’s degree in Geography. As an undergraduate, my perspective changed, from curiosity and passion to a need to proffer solutions to the various environmental problems faced in our society and how it affects our daily lives. During my bachelor’s study, part of my course work involved the study of Remote sensing and Geographic Information System (G.I.S), I was amazed by the many application of GIS in our lives and the enormous unexplored potentials of GIS, most specifically in acquiring spatial data for the study of climate change, land-use changes, mapping, and agriculture, especially in precision farming which combines sensor data and imaging with real-time data analytics to improve farm productivity. This experience made me realize that the application of spatial data to boost agriculture productivity especially in Africa has not been fully explored. The food and Agriculture organization FAO estimates that to satisfy the growing demand driven by population growth and diet changes, food production will have to increase by at least 60 percent in the next decades, but the possibility of achieving this seems less feasible with the challenges posed by Climate change. The effect of climate change is strongly felt in agrarian society, where yearly reduction in agricultural yield is driving communities into extreme poverty, hunger, and insecurity. An example is the recurring clashes between farmers and nomadic herdsmen caused by shrinking and receding vegetation that has affected grazing fields. These changes are also marked by excess or lack of adequate rainfall, seasonal floods and the loss of arable lands to droughts and desert encroachment. But besides this climate issues are the everyday and global discussions of urban congestion, seasonal floods and urban overcrowding due to poor planning. These problems have a far-reaching implication on the environment, food production, and political stability. Many of these could be mitigated if real-time data are used in decision making. I strongly believe the application of GIS can provide timely intervention aimed at preventing or solving these problems. Putting all these into consideration, the need to provide a rapid solution inspired my further study in the field of GIS at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. I hold a strong research interest in the use of GIS and remote sensing in making informed decisions on land use, land cover mapping, and planning. Fortunately, at Vrije Universiteit Brussel my research interest is well aligned with the focus of the department on urban remote sensing, monitoring and modeling of urban dynamics, map projection design and will provide the perfect opportunity to learn, contribute and work with experts whom share similar research interests as I.I absolutely have no doubt that I will be receiving supervision from one of the finest in the field at the prestigious Vrije Universiteit Brussel. In other prepare myself and get acquainted with fieldwork and data collection, I had a six month internship as a survey assistant at the Office of the Surveyor-General of the Federation North-West zonal office in Nigeria, this position helped me develop a hands-on field experience, it was a practical way of exerting all I have read in books and studied in the classroom. I learned from handling the survey instrument to the main process of data acquisition, and also the vital aspect of analyzing and presenting this data for use. This experience was of great help during my undergraduate thesis as my research focused on “The distribution and impact of the prepaid system on household energy consumption”, the research involved understanding how the prepaid system has affected household energy consumption. After my Bachelors’ degree, I got a position as a Geography teacher in a secondary school, I was tasked with preparing the students for their Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (SSCE); our course work involved a general introduction to geography, both Physical and Human Geography. I also had the opportunity to introduce the students to map reading. As part of our term project, I was able to successfully set up a mini metrological station at the school where we took a daily temperature reading, wind speed, wind direction and rainfall amount. I saw the position as an opportunity to advance my leadership skills while also improving my knowledge of geography. A high point for me was when the majority of my students passed with distinction in their SSCE, I felt really proud of my achievement. My interest has not limited my scope to GIS only but also spread across both physical and human geography. Presently I am studying journals and papers that highlight the effects of climate change on land use and agricultural productivity. Also one of my memorable experiences is a field trip to the Mambila Plateau in Nigeria, where I observed the surrounding landforms and its vegetation and explore how these landforms influence the socio-economic activities in that environment. Concerning my personality, I believe I am a very responsible individual who loves to learn new things in life and to seek new experiences. I enjoy observing nature and interacting with people. I consider myself to be a highly motivated and diligent student; I am certain to push through with the dedication I have always worked with to accomplish my goals and gain more knowledge and insight in Geography. In closing I believe I will highly benefit from this master's program, as international experience will provide an opportunity to work with diverse individuals, who are highly involved in the field of geography. But also I will be contributing to the various body of research in the department while also setting leadership examples both on and off the campus, I am confident that this program offers the perfect blend of courses so as to build a rigid foundation for my career. With a burning desire to learn more and venture ahead in my favorite field, I apply for the graduate program in Geography that I will ultimately stretch my passion of becoming a GIS expert and consultant.
  14. I am interested in pursuing my Doctoral studies in X-ray Astronomy. I was introduced to this field in the first semester of my M.Sc. programme, when I was looking for a subject of study for my thesis project. I started reading in detail about the field of study and some major science missions launched since the very first discovery of extraterrestrial X-rays. During the same time I familiarised myself with the methods of studying X-ray sources and the tools and techniques as explained by NASA’s HEASARC.I read on review papers and worked on my analysis skills by attempting to reproduce the results of thoroughly studied X-ray Binary systems. I started the literature survey on Neutron Star X-ray Binaries which were studied by RXTE and familiarised myself with the various spectral and timing characteristics observed. The initial idea for my thesis work was to conduct a long term study on a few such sources to understand the development in their behaviour over the years of operation of the RXTE mission. It was during this time when I attended a workshop on India’s first multiwavelength satellite ASTROSAT. After attending one such workshop where we were taught the nuances of comprehensive spectral analysis of ASTROSAT data, led by Professor Ranjeev Misra of IUCAA, my M.Sc. thesis work eventually was finalised to be on “SPECTRAL-TIMING ANALYSIS OF SWIFT J1658.2-4242 USING ASTROSAT DATA” where I worked with Dr. V. Jithesh at IUCAA. For this thesis, I then started to understand the literature of Black Hole X-ray Binaries, their spectral and timing characteristics and the association of them to the accretion process. With the other major missions like XMM-Newton observatory, INTEGRAL, NICER, Chandra and SWIFT, I hope to get more insights on understanding the core physical processes taking place in an accretion disk and how it leads to the various features which we see. I have been fortunate to be a part of a majorly X-ray driven workshop conducted between University of Southampton, UK and IUCAA, India where I got an opportunity to interact with doctoral, post-doctoral students and professors from India and UK who are pursuing their research in the same field. Some of those lectures were aimed on accretion processes, X-ray binary systems and timing analysis methods which motivated me to pursue my further education and a research career in this field. Currently, I am working on AstroSat data analysis using LAXPC-SXT data where I have been performing comprehensive spectro-timing analysis using some standard analysis techniques established by well cited research papers under the guidance of Prof. Ranjeev Misra. During the course of my M.Sc thesis and for the current project I have trained myself with various X-ray data analysis tools. The current project demands comprehensive use of those techniques to analyze the LAXPC-SXT data of galactic X-ray sources which add to my skills. I believe that I am well suited for the Ph.D. position offered as my field of interests, skills and experience acquired by working on X-ray Astronomy suits it well.
  15. I am starting to write my Statement of purpose and I am currently doing Btech in ECE but want to pursue CS/Informatics in TUM,Germany.How should i justify my change of major(I am genuinely not interest in ECE), also I had 2 backlogs in 2nd year which I have cleared now but my percentage dropped ,should I mention this?My current GPA is 7 acc to Indian scale and 2.5 according to German scale.Please advise.
  16. Hi! Growing up I have had multiple chronic illnesses that have shaped my life. In recent years I have been able to be a full time college student without the illnesses getting in the way. After getting my PhD I want to work with children with chronic illness and other health issues. Some mentors have told me to include my health history in my personal statement while others have warned me to avoid it at all cost. Since it directly relates to my research interest and future career goals, should I include my medical history in my application? Thanks!
  17. Would anyone who got in/applied to grad school be willing to provide me with an example of a statement of purpose? Is there a difference between a personal statement anf statement og goals/purpose? Also, do you typically include all your research experience? Thanks!
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