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Found 89 results

  1. Hi everyone, I am applying for a PhD at universities in the UK. I have recently finished the first draft of my personal statement. I would like to receive some constructive feedback, so I wonder if there is anyone who could advise me on improving my personal statement. Also, I am happy to swap with someone else to help you improve your personal statement. Hope to hear back from you! Thanks.
  2. Hi all, Firstly, I would like to thank everyone who responded to my previous posts. Your suggestions and support are invaluable and they are very important to me at this very stressful and lonely stage of thesis writing. I don't have big problems with grammar, paraphrasing and using academic language to write, but I am struggling to produce clear and concise sentences. I can write grammatically correct sentences, but they are often clumsy and difficult to read. Although I will go with my main supervisor's suggestion to hire a copy-editor for my thesis, I wish to hear some tips to improve academic writing. I have been trying the followings. (1) Grammarly: I installed this software when I saw it in YouTube. It is better than Word to pick up typos and grammatical mistakes. At least my co-supervisor has complained less about my writing. (2) PerfectIt: I found it from google and it is very helpful in ensuring consistencies in spelling (e.g. email vs e-mail) and the use of abbreviations etc. (3) I have tried reading out things aloud too, but this does not work quite well for me. I think it is down to I am a non-native English speaker and I am not good at picking up weird sentences from reading. What are your suggestions? I feel that I should do my best rather than relying on the copy-editor. Thanks. Hope.for.the.best
  3. Please help me by grading my essay written for this issue prompt. Please grade it in accordance to the GRE scoring guide .(https://www.ets.org/gre/revised_general/prepare/analytical_writing/issue/scoring_guide). Here is the issue -> “The most effective way to understand contemporary culture is to analyze the trends of its youth.” Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Essay Prompt -> Whenever it is required to understand any aspect of a culture, it is essential to underscore the factor which shapes the said culture. This gives us a better understanding of where the culture originates from and what caused the culture be like this today. Therefore, in today’s techno-centric world, the influence of the youth essentially shapes and molds the modern culture. Hence, any facet of the contemporary culture can be effectively understood by analyzing its youth’s trends. It is obvious that what shapes and defines the culture of today, can be a key to comprehend the said culture as well. Today’s youth, benefiting from technology and ease of exchanging ideas and communication, are evidently shaping the contemporary culture. For instance, consider today’s plethora of social media platform. On these platform exists several influencers and experts, many of whom have massive following. It is evident that whatever they’ll preach as a new or cool cultural trend, will be embedded in multitudes of their followers as gospel. The word-of-mouth of these followers will spread around like wildfire and soon enough, this gospel will become an amenable opinion for many people. Case in point, after the unraveling of the “Harvey Weinstein” sexual harassment case, many powerful social media celebrities like Gwenyth Paltrow, Angelina Jolie and more started preaching how toxic power-play can have adverse effects on the nascent artists, and started encouraging all the oppressed sexual harassment victims to break their silence and come forward. This empowered many artists, especially females and other common masses to stand up against sexual harassment. The daring stand fiercely spread all over the media by the youth and it became a trend. But, the instance does not end here. After the surge in the number of sexual harassment victims coming forward, the iconic philanthropist & celebrity Oprah Winfrey was moved to make her famous “Me Too” speech, sympathising with every one of the victims and empowering them to share their stories. This lead to a groundbreaking and trending “#MeToo” culture, which sent out a powerful statement underlining that sexual harassment will no longer be tolerated. Hence, from the aforementioned scenario, one can infer the cause of the the trend and how the trend propagated to the masses, along with how the trend caused the formation of a new and harassment-intolerant culture. Furthermore, it can be inferred that the youths act as a vector for spreading trends and opinion, and just in the way a scientist would better understand the cause of a disease by fully examining the vector of the disease, one can only understand the contemporary culture by studying the people responsible for causing the culture-shaping trend to spread among the masses, i.e. the youth. For instance, if in the city of Los Angeles, wearing casuals to work became popular in the youth, then in no time, there would be several businesses and companies witnessing their employees wearing casuals frequently to work. Hence, casual work-wear would become the crucial part of the Los Angeles work-life and thus, if one wanted to reason as to why casual work-wears are so “hot” in Los Angeles right now, then he/she can trace it to the relation of youth trend and culture. Admittedly, one can argue that not all of the understanding of today’s culture comes solely from the youth’s trend, but this claim only stands in certain instances. For instance, when it comes to expenditure pertaining to a specific culture, it might be true that more than the youth, a family’s trend influences it. In a culture of less to mediocre spending, it can be essentially the case that the families altogether are a little frugal and have lesser incomes, hence the trend of mediocre expenditure. But, it can not be refuted that from cuisine, body wear, luxury and many more to cultural acceptance of LGBTQ+ community and raising voice against workplace harassment; the youth majorly influences all of these trends, even more than any other set of masses. In conclusion, the propagation of the trend plays an important part and shapes the culture pertinently and so, the contemporary culture can be better comprehended if one examine the youth’s trend effectively.
  4. Please help me by grading my essay written for this argument prompt. Please grade it in accordance to the GRE scoring guide .(https://www.ets.org/gre/revised_general/prepare/analytical_writing/argument/scoring_guide). Here is the argument -> The following is a recommendation from the business manager of Monarch Books. "Since its opening in Collegeville twenty years ago, Monarch Books has developed a large customer base due to its reader-friendly atmosphere and wide selection of books on all subjects. Last month, Book and Bean, a combination bookstore and coffee shop, announced its intention to open a Collegeville store. Monarch Books should open its own in-store café in the space currently devoted to children's books. Given recent national census data indicating a significant decline in the percentage of the population under age ten, sales of children's books are likely to decline. By replacing its children's books section with a café, Monarch Books can increase profits and ward off competition from Book and Bean." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. Essay Response -> The business manager of “Monarch Books” claims that in order to compete with its rival “Book and Bean”, a bookstore cum coffee shop, he/she would have to replace the children’s book section with an in-store café. Stated in this way, this argument fails to mention several key factors on the basis of which it could be evaluated and reveals several instances of poor reasoning. In order to justify this recommendation, the manager of “Monarch Books” has reasoned that since the recent national census data points to a significant decline in the percentage of “Under Age 10” children population, closing the Children’s Book section would only help him avoid the “foreseeable” loss on sales of children’s books. However, careful scrutiny of the facts provides little credible support for author’s recommendation. Hence his/her recommendation can be considered unsubstantiated. First of all, the argument readily assumes that closing children’s book section will not harm his/her bookshop sales, but will only help to avoid the likely decrement of the sales in the coming years. This assumption stands on hollow ground as the passage, fails to mention that how much children’s book contribute the overall sales of the bookshop. It can be possible that the children books contributed 53% of the bookshop’s overall sales. Notwithstanding the apparent decrease in children’s population, wouldn’t then the decision of closing down the most profitable section of the bookshop be ludicrous idea ? If only the amount of sales the children’s books incur at the bookshop would have been mentioned, maybe then the assumption of replacing it with a café to incur more profit would have been a tad bit more convincing. Even if the number of sales of children’s books was mentioned , the decision of including a café in the bookshop relies heavily on the manager’s hypothetical assumption that the consumers at the bookshop would indulge in coffee and other café products. It can be possible that many of their customers are just there to read books and not drink coffee. Maybe there’s an even more cheaper and far better coffee place nearer to the bookshop, and many of the bookshop customers would rather drink at that cheaper and better coffee shop outlet. So, in order to be sure that the manager’s recommendation is irrefutable, there needs to be a solid consensus from the bookshop’s ardent customers stating whether they would actually invest in the coffee and other products at the in-shop café or not. Finally, even after considering that the “Monarch Bookshop” customers would positively like to invest in the products at the in-shop café, the manager’s recommendation is weak as it doesn’t factor in the comparison of the prices of the products at their in-house café and their rival’s book-cum-coffee shop. In order to make a more convincing argument, the actual figures of the products at their in-house café and whether they are selling it at a better price than their competition or not, needs to be stated. Only then it can be determined whether it would be successful in warding off the competition or not. In essence, the business manager’s recommendation is flawed as it stands. To bolster it further, the author must provide more concrete facts and evidences, perhaps through a reliable survey of the consumers and a more thorough analysis of profit & losses involved in the decision of in-shop café vs. children’s book section. Finally, to better assess the argument, it would be impertinent to know more information about how closing children’s book section will not harm the bookshop sales.
  5. I am an international applicant to the clinical psychology Ph.D. program in the USdrag the whole impression down. I recently took the GRE general test twice and got the following scores: First one: V 159 (83%) Q 170 (96%) AW 4.5 (81%) Second one: V 164 (94%) Q169 (95%) AW 4 (57%) I am happy about my second V and Q but really concerned that the low percentile of my AW will drag the whole impression. I am applying to clinical psychology which I know is a writing heavy discipline, and the writing could be even more important for an international student. I am not sure if I should report both of the score or only one of them. I have research and review paper publication and I know at least one of my referees will be able to confirm my writing ability. ....Any suggestion would be greatly appreciated!
  6. Does this exist? I felt like there should be a place where we can post on here (I know about the MFA draft facebook but that thing stresses me out.) So far I've been rejected by Ohio State and I still have pending: Michener, New Writers Project, Michigan, UMass Amherst, NYU, Brown, Houston. What about y'all?
  7. Hi All I am looking for the help of expert writing tutor online using Skype. The subject matter is Christian Theology/Religion and the help is needed to write/articles/essays from the books. Please respond with details. Thanks Learner77
  8. Hi everyone! This may be a bit too early to start asking questions about the next application cycle, but I figured why not. I'm currently a senior in college double majoring in Cognitive Science and Creative Writing and I'm planning on applying to MFA programs this coming fall as a poetry applicant. I've been a member of the MFA Draft '19 Facebook page for some time now and seeing everyone talk about their acceptances (or lack thereof, I should say) is making me extremely nervous. I really really don't want to have to go through the application process multiple times to get accepted into a program with full-funding that's a good fit, but the more I read the more it seems like that's the way of the game. So far I have 13 schools on my list (U of Michigan, NYU, Hunter, Cornell, Brown, Syracuse, Boston U, U of Oregon, U of Washington, the Jack Kerouac School of Disembodied Poetics, Temple, Mills, and UC-Riverside) and it will be a real financial hardship to apply to all 13. I'm planning on working full-time after I graduate in a month so hopefully I will be able to save/budget wisely, but presumably some of that money will be going toward paying off my undergraduate loans. I guess what I'm asking is should I take more time off to apply or should I just bite the bullet and see what happens this coming year? I know an MFA is something I whole-heartedly want and I don't plan on relinquishing that goal just yet, but part of me wonders if it's better to just keep writing on my own and submitting to journals (maybe even do a summer residency?). Yet, at the same time, I don't want to walk away from academia for too long.. If you have any thoughts or advice, I would warmly welcome it! I'm also open to suggestions on schools I should add to or remove from my list. I made sure most of the schools were fully-funded (while still being a good fit stylistically) and that the ones that aren't either fully-fund the majority of students or have a few competitive fellowships. If anything looks misguided, please let me know. Thank you so much!
  9. Hi y'all, So quick question for you all...my computer is currently dying a very slow death. It's gone from being able to last days to holding a FULL battery for maybe 4 hours. It's gotten pretty bad, so I'm in the market for a new laptop. I've been using a macbook for the last 6 years. I like the simplicity of it. But, that being said, I'm open to other idea's. I've been doing some research into the Microsoft Surface laptop which seems pretty close to the macbook. What does everyone else use? I'm looking for something with great battery life, easy to use, and will last me through my masters and (hopefully) Ph.D. Thank you all in advance!
  10. I had an underwhelming GPA in a difficult major from a top 10 but underrated public research university. I'm also in my late 30s - I've been thinking of grad/professional school for a long time, but I know it will be very challenging, and may not be worth it.For a while now, I'm been thinking of applying to the M.A. in Asian Studies at UC Berkeley and the M.A. in Asia Pacific Studies at University of San Francisco. I'd much prefer Asian American Studies, but very few schools offer an M.A. in that - the closest one seems to be UCLA, and I'd like to stay local and commute to school. There's an M.A. in Asian American Studies at SF State, but I know that SFSU doesn't have anywhere near the name recognition of UCB. My goals for those programs is to write, get published, be a "thought leader" (sorry if it sounds arrogant; it's not meant to be) in Asian or Asian American Studies, maybe lecture, and possibly teach in some capacity. My main goal would be to be a published author, whether through books, articles, journal papers, online digital content, etc. I just think of these master's programs as giving me a jumping point into what I want to do. I'd also love to go through the grad school experience - it would probably be very personally enriching. Also, like many people, I've always thought I would go to grad school, and it would be great to go to grad school at a top university. Any thoughts on the M.A. in Asian Studies at Berkeley, the M.A. in Asia Pacific Studies at USF, or the M.A. in Asian American Studies at SFSU? Has anyone gone through those programs, or know people who have completed them? How hard is it to get into those 3 programs? What is it like taking those programs, what do you learn or get out of it, what are the courses/students/professors like, and what do students do after they get their M.A.? Any other schools/masters programs you can recommend to me that are in the Bay Area, close to San Francisco? I'm also open to online masters programs, but there are hardly any offered in these fields, and they're from no-name and questionable schools.
  11. Hi all, I am waiting on pins and needles to hear back from my MFA programs and I'm trying to put my energy into something worthwhile, so here I am. What schools have ya'll applied to? What are your top schools? What's your genre? How many times have you applied before? Has anyone heard back from anywhere yet? I know it's early in the game but I've had so much nervous energy just thinking about it. Anyone else? How's everybody feeling? Good luck on your acceptances!
  12. Why I am putting myself through this again? I do not have an answer, but I am here. Anyone else out there going through the portfolio/statement of purpose process, still? My first application goes out next week (University of Arizona). I am beyond nervous. How do you decide when everything is "done"? When is anything ever done, haha
  13. Hi! So I didn’t get in anywhere for an MFA In Creative Writing. I’m now trying to look into different options. Does anyone know good programs that are either online and still have open admissions or places with rolling admissions?
  14. Hi everyone! Can anyone let me know if they hear back for MFA Creative Writing? I’m waiting and it’s so hard. Some schools had December deadlines and I don’t know when the letters come in. Is it by mail or email? I applied to CalArts, SAIC, Columbia College, NYU, and Columbia University. thanks!!!
  15. Hi all, Is a score of 307 too low for funding consideration and/or admission? I am not great at standardized tests which is why I am debating retaking it. 5.5 Writing 153 Q 154 V My undergraduate GPA is 3.33 (3.60 in my major). Schools I am applying to: Michigan (Ford), Duke (Sanford), and Chicago (Harris). Thank you.
  16. I attached my unedited paper, but I'll paste it here in case you're worried to open it. I'm struggling to write a cogent paper under 30 minutes since I'm a slow writer. However, I'll critique your paper as well if you critique mine! Thank you
  17. People's behavior is largely determined by forces not of their own making. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. People invetibaly are shaped by external circumstances, as is also said by psychologists. You see every day how one automatically becomes rowdy and energetic at a football stadium, clearly influenced by the thousands of foot-thumping football fans cheering for their teams. On the other hand, one acquires an air of civility when attending a ball or a royal event. These examples clearly show how one is a slave to one’s surroundings. If we look at children and see how they develop, it is often seen that the offspring of educated, white-collar workers, whether they are scientists, businessmen or engineers, will inevitably turn out to be responsible and thoughtful citizens. A child surrounded by logical, thoughtful parents, who focus on building positive traits, will be inclined to exercise his or her mind. On the other hand, if you look at the children of working class people or those from broken families, you will see a distinct pattern emerging, wherein the child will not be too keen on going to school or that he does not value relationships. Why would he when he has never seen his parents valuing theirs. No wonder psychologists emphasise the importance of providing a positive, encouraging environment for children. Our surroundings influence us in myriad ways. Not just individuals but whole societies are impacted by forces not of their own making. For instance, if you live in a fair, free and just society, you would be more prone to treating men and women fairly, but if you have grown up in a patriarchal society, you would tend to sideline women. You would not think twice before judging a woman on what she wears or what she eats, drinks or who she goes out with, a thing for which you would be scorned in the West. Further, it is often seen that people in violent areas, where there is little respect for the law, tend to be less civil than those living in more respectable places. However, one cannot totally assume that this argument is infallible. Clearly, you can do a lot to regulate your behaviour. History is replete with examples of men who have fought against the odds and the circumstances to change the world. Nelson Mandela lived in a country afflicted with aparthied, but he chose to battle this ideology, inspired by the works of nonviolent and fair-minded leaders like Mahatma Gandhi. Even then, it is clear how forces beyond our control heavily influence our behavior. If we recognise this and work towards correcting this bias of ours, we can definitely become better human beings.
  18. The following appeared in an article written by Dr. Karp, an anthropologist. “Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia and concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. However, my recent interviews with children living in the group of islands that includes Tertia show that these children spend much more time talking about their biological parents than about other adults in the village. This research of mine proves that Dr. Field’s conclusion about Tertain village culture is invalid and thus the observation-centered approach to studying cultures is invalid as well. The interview-centered method that my team of graduate students is currently using in Tertia will establish a much more accurate understanding of child-rearing traditions there and in other island cultures.” Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strenghten the argument. Anthropologist Dr. Karp says that Dr. Field’s conclusion about Tertian village culture is invalid and so is the observation-centered approach to studying cultures. This argument is flawed as it contains causal, analogical and statistical errors, which once corrected will unravel the argument, thereby proving that its assumptions and implications are incorrect. Firstly, Dr. Karp after interviewing some children living in a group of islands that include Tertia finds that the children spoke more about their parents than other adults in the village. This he says proves that Dr. Field’s conclusion that children in Tertia were reared by an entire village rather than by their own biological parents is invalid. Dr. Karp hereby commits a causal error. Just because children spoke more about their biological parents than other adults in the village doesn’t mean they weren’t parented by the whole village. Dr. Karp provides little explanation as to how he reached this particular conclusion. Had he provided more information on who spent how much time on raising the children, his argument would have been stronger. Secondly, Dr. Karp commits the analogical error, saying that since he proved Dr. Field’s conclusion about the village wrong, he has proved the observation-centered approach to studying cultures wrong. This statement does not hold water. The observation-centered approach must be broad-based and could have been used correctly by several anthropologists in the past. In order to make such a strong statement, Dr. Karp should have provided more data and explained how he thinks this approach is wrong, typically taking a systematic approach and studying the technique closely, such as its methodoly. Lastly, Dr. Karp doesn’t say anything about the size of the sample of interviews his team has collected. If the size is too small or not representative enough of the whole village, his findings will prove to be incorrect. Further, the methodology used by his team of graduate students has not been discussed; it could be possible that they asked the wrong questions to the children, not asking them more about the time they spent with their biological parents. This shows that there are plenty of gaps in the argument, which if rectified will illustrate that Dr. Karp’s argument lacks substance and hence is flawed. As pointed out, these errors are serious, which if not corrected can result in one making wrong conclusions. Until and unless, Dr. Karp systematically provides considerably more information, we cannot make any statement about whether or not Dr. Field’s conclusion about children in Tertia being raised by the entire village is false.
  19. The best way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position. The prompt says that the best way to teach is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones. Now many might say that to spare the rod is to spoil the child, but the fact is that positive reinforcement can result in remarkable improvement in a student. This essay will discuss why the best way to teach is to praise positive actions and give examples in support of this claim. In education, as we all know, if you keep criticizing the student and not praise his or her achievements, it can lead to discouragement and in extreme cases, can cause the student to lose interest in studies. This has been proven time and time again. Therefore, in the developed world, there is heavy emphasis on positive reinforcement and building children’s confidence as in formative years, a negative or traumatic school experience can be detrimental to a person’s mental health. On the other hand, the developing world still seems to be stuck in the past, with teachers sticking to old hectoring tactics even resorting to beating when the child has made mistakes. They believe that if children are complimented for their achievements, they will complacent or that they will become arrogant. One can only witness how detrimental it has been to the developing world’s progress. Moreover, it is evident how the West has implemented this positive reinforcement in the field of sports to its advantage; it is arguably producing the best sportsmen in the world. A coach would typically focus on what the athletes are doing well and help them build on these successes. Most athletes are taught the power of visualisation, wherein they would imagine how well they would play in the game before it begins, thereby helping them get into a positive state of mind and alleviate stress and anxiety. Even in performance art, the teacher would often stress on the artistes’ strengths, accentuating them in order to get the best out of them. For instance, while casting, directors or casting directors would only choose those actors for a particular role, who can naturally play it, as in they will only cast a serious man in a serious role or an artful person in a cunning role. This being said, one can understand how totally ignoring negative actions can be disastrous. So one needs to be cautious in not totally ignoring negative actions, how else will a person learn from his or her mistakes. But at the same time it is a common mistake to lay all the focus on rectifying faults insead of building on strengths or positive actions. Thus as we can see how positive reinforcement can help people realize their potential, the best way, indeed, is to praise positive actions and ignore negative ones as much as one can.
  20. Hi all! So I took the GRE about two weeks ago and scored a 146 Verbal, 154 Quantitative and a 5 on the A.W. I am satisfied with my Quant and A.W. scores, however, I know my Verbal score is terrible. I am retaking it on August 6th in hopes to improve my Verbal and at least maintain my other two scores, but what if I am unable to do so? Will I be competitive enough when applying to grad schools to receive an acceptance? I am currently working with a 3.83 GPA and have completed more than the 25 required observation hours at several different places. Any information anyone has that can help would be greatly appreciated, I'm terrified that I will go through the application process and receive all rejections. :/
  21. Could someone please review my practice writing? Fist is Issue Issue # 2 - Some people believe that college students should consider only their own talents and interests when choosing a field of study. Others believe that college students should base their choice of a field of study on the availability of jobs in that field. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with you own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. Growing up is difficult and no one should be pushed into a career simply based on the availability of jobs within a particular field. A person could do that, go to school for four years, and then all of a sudden no jobs are available. College students should consider their talents and interests when choosing a field of study. First, If a college students looks at the availability of jobs and chooses a job based on the availability in a particular field it could easily backfire for them. Say a student’s passion was baking and decided to go into a filed of physical therapy because they can make more money and more jobs are available. That student spends 4 years studying physical therapy. Then has to onto a master’s program in the field and finally get a PH.D and then ends up hating what they do. It becomes stressful and may put them into a deep depression. They may eventually quit and then what will they do. Their skills are limited and there will be limited jobs available to them that they might enjoy. That is a lot of time and money wasted on something they didn’t even want to do to begin with and have no desire to have a career in that field. If that student had originally gone into a business career with the idea of wanting to open a bakery someday that student has the advantage of getting a business base and the know how to run a business while doing something they love to do. That type of knowledge could be very valuable in many different career choices and assist them in doing what they love. They could work in a bakery to learn the ins and outs and then decide if they really want to work for themselves or not. Even if they don’t, they are still loving what they are doing and that makes for a better quality of life regardless of the income along with the background knowledge to know how to make that business better, if it’s owned by them or not. Going to college to do what you are passionate about can make a big difference in the performance of your day to day job. If you are doing something just because there were more jobs available but you don’t enjoy it, you are living a non full filling life. Simply going through the mundane tasks each day in order to get home and do something you truly enjoy. Whereas, doing Argument task The following appeared in a letter from a firm providing investment advice for a client. "Most homes in the northeastern United States, where winters are typically cold, have traditionally used oil as their major fuel for heating. Last heating season that region experienced 90 days with below-normal temperatures, and climate forecasters predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years. Furthermore, many new homes are being built in the region in response to recent population growth. Because of these trends, we predict an increased demand for heating oil and recommend investment in Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of home heating oil." Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted. My response: While it may be true that most homes in the northeastern United States traditionally use oil as their major source of heating, not all homes will use oil as their source for heating. This author’s argument does not make a reasonable case that investments should be made in Consolidated Industries just because it is a major retailer of home heating oil. It is easily understood why most homes utilize heating oil as it may be cheaper than alternative heating, but is is certainly not the only option to heating ones home. First, while we know that the last heating season experienced 90 days with below-normal temperatures, it is not certain that this trend will continue. Just because climate forecasters predict that this weather pattern will continue does not necessarily mean that it will. For example, what if only one climate forcaster was asked about the pattern in temperatures. There may be hundreds of others that don’t agree with his/her predictions. Unless many climate forecasters were asked for predictions and those predictions were all taken into account we cannot assume that what the predicted pattern will indeed continue. Additionally, just because many new homes are being built in the area has nothing to do with oil being a major fuel for heating. Builders may opt to use alternative heating methods, such as electricity, natural gas, or adding solar panels to the new builds. This author assumes that oil will be used in all of the new houses being built in response to the recent population growth, where in fact, that may simply not be the case. Though some might still utilize oil as their preferred heating source, most likely not all of the builders will use that method for heating a house. Just because a home is build does not necessarily mean that builders will utilize oil as their major fuel for heating. In the past oil may have been the most economical to put into the houses. These may be old houses. For new houses being built it may be cheaper to build them using a different hearing source. The author cannot assume that all houses will have oil as their major fuel for heating. Building on the fact that one cannot predict the weather, weather patterns may change and be warmer in the next few years. If that is the case, then investing in Consolidated Industries might very well be the downfall of this particular client. It also cannot be presumed that the population growth will continue for several more years. The economy may have a natural disaster to contend with, which could halt the building of future homes in the area. Therefore potentially causing the client who invested to lose everything. Although the client might consider investing in Consolidated Industries for various outside reasons. This author's reasoning should not be the only factor in the consideration of investing in a company whose major business operations is in the retail sale of home heating oil. Click here to Reply or Forward
  22. So I'm currently making a list of possible online mfa in Creative writing grad schools to apply to. My main requirement is that it be completely online (0 residency required). I'm also focusing on price, availability of financial aid, and quality of education. Does anyone have any recommendations? I've spent hours looking and this is what I have so far: UAMONT, UTEP, nsula, Lindenwood, national university, tiffin MA humanities, and wnmu MA in interdisciplinary studies. Both tiffin and wnmu have writing concentrations. Does anyone have some insider knowledge on these programs? Thanks!
  23. Hi guys, so... I've took the exam and got good enough scores on verbal and quant (165+)... The problem is I'm stuck on AW with a 3.5 . Since I'll be applying for social science and I saw that admitted students average score is around 5.0... I'll probably re-take the exam, but before that I need to figure out how to improve the AW while but I'm having trouble to grapple with the writing required by ETS For argument, my method is to 1) briefly summarize the logic fellow of the passage 2) points out the fallacies committed by the author 3) detail analysis of 3-4 fallacies with alternative explanation and examples 4) summary For issue, it's basically the same: 1) summarize and introduce the topic/ problem + state my stand 2) build argument from 2 aspects 3) +one refutation/ alternative option 4) summary ——I'm not sure whether this is an applicable strategy —— or maybe it's because I did not give enough examples? or maybe my logic is weak? If so, what are the more reasonable (effective) ways to construct the essay and build argument instead? (or maybe...I'm just a terrible writer???...) well, I'm confused and any suggestion would help, thanks P.S. the attachment are my practice writings, one for issue, and, one for argument. sample Rspoon.txt
  24. Recent incursions by deep-sea fishermen into the habitat of the Madagascan shrimp have led to a significant reduction in the species population. With the breeding season fast approaching, the number of shrimp should soon begin to increase. Nonetheless, the population should not return to the levels before the fishing boats arrived. Because this trend is expected to continue over the next several years, the Madagascan shrimp will quickly become an endangered species. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument. The argument doesn't seem to be coherent, making several assumptions without reasoning through the various questions coming to mind. Firstly, it doesn't make clear as to why the species population fell sharply, merely saying that recent incursions by deep-sea fishermen into the habitat of Madagascan shrimp led to the drop in population. The argument doesn't say whether the fishermen caught shrimp or fishes that the shrimp fed on. We just don't know what caused the population drop. There could be other reasons for this that may not be linked to the fishermen's incursions in the area. For instance, global warming could have caused the water temperature to rise, making the area unsuitable for shrimps or there could have been an environmental catastrophe such as a big oil spill that killed the shrimp. Secondly, the argument says that shrimp population should not return to levels before the fishing boats arrived, adding that this may result in Madagascan shrimp becoming an endangered species. This statement isn't logically sound. Even if we assume that the shrimp's population declined due to the fishermen, what's to say the species will not become extinct if the population doesn't return to its previous levels. The deep-sea fishermen can still catch the remaining shrimp, and thereby reducing their number bit by bit every year until they go extinct. Thirdly, if we assume that the shrimp's number doesn't reach levels before the fishermen had arrived, they can still catch the shrimp and reduce their population drastically. Further, if the shrimps were not to increase in population and the fishermen were not to catch them, how do we know that their numbers will increase, not knowing how many times their breeding season occurs in a year and how much time do they take to muliply. These are all gaping holes in the argument. Unless these things are made clear we can't reach the conclusion that the argument has reached. Also, we are also not told how many times the fishermen come to the area. Do they come once in a year, six months, three months or every month? Before making any more deductions from this argument, we need to be told what is the population of shrimp in the region and how many shrimps have the fishermen supposedly caught. Without these numbers, the argument comes across as vague. Only when we know how fast do the shrimp multiply and how many are caught can we make projections about the extinction of the shrimps. These are some of the assumptions made in the argument and without answering the abovementioned specific questions, we can't reach this conclusion. To be cogent, the author needs to think through the argument.
  25. Universities should require students to take courses only within those fields they are interested in studying. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. Although it seems practical for universities to offer courses within those fields that the students are interested in, it does itself no favours by doing so: becoming less flexibile in terms of offering diverse courses will only reduce students' choice, thereby limiting their creativity in research. In today's times, when interdisciplinary courses are encouraged, universities will limit themselves by clearly differentiating between various fields. There is an increasing need for students to think on multiple levels, especially as rapid technological advances are bringing togther, and not segregating, the sciences and arts to offer enriching experience to the consumer. For instance, laptops are not only a utility to crunch numbers, but a style statement with increasingly user friendly designs, courtesy Apple, taking the consumer market by storm. One can also see how technology and the medical world are coming together, wherein some doctors operate on patients located thousands of miles away via computer-operated robots. This will increase consumer welfare, with scientific innovations leading to cheaper products. Letting students study persuasive prose as well as mathematics will only open up their minds, enabling them to understand that there is mathematics in writing compelling prose and that mathematics requires good instincts. Some of the greatest innovations have come from America, where interdisciplinary studies are encouraged, helping students think creatively and breaking the mould. Who would have thought you could get everything under the sun, from the most insignificant items such as toothpick to expensive, top-notch laptops, at your doorstep at the click of a button. If it were not for Amazon, which took the lead and today enjoys immense market power, our lives wouldn't have become significantly easier! Amazon chief Jeff Bezos married latest techonology with keen business sense to come up with this revolutionary and simple idea. I am guessing his education at the Ivy League must have played a part in his original thinking. On the other hand, compartemtalising students into either science, arts or commerce fields at the age of 16, leaving little room for them to explore other fields have reaped no dividends for a country like India. At a time, when everything merges into everything, you can't have engineers with no communication skills or journalists not knowing basic arithmetic: after all, journalists will become better if they use quantitave techniques to back their stories with data, like The New York Times or other top newspapers do. My point is that in today's age, where the next economic boom will be primarily hinged on the next big idea, we need to keep ourselves and our education open and flexible, enabling the youth to think out of the box.
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