julitoprincipito Posted June 6, 2013 Share Posted June 6, 2013 I am writing a thesis on the three common voices and I find some interesting yet difficult circumstances. eg. The cloud floats on the sky. Is this sentence active or middle? The cloud is apparently not the agent, nor is it the patient I suppose. Yet neither does it belong to the 'common' middle voice like 'the water boils' or 'the rice cooked well'...since in the latter two sentences we can easily tell the 'water' and the 'rice' are the semantic patients, but in the former sentence the 'cloud' isn't. So i'm puzzled. Similar things happen in Korean, which even seems a bit funny, cuz in Korean, the verb 'float'(tteu-da) is an intransitive verb, but it has a passive form(tteu-i-da)! And there are still more such examples in Korean, a freaky language where intransitive verbs also have passive forms... How in the world should we define the terms 'active' 'passive' and 'middle'? The core difference lies in whether the subject is an agent or not, or it depends on some other conditions?? All forms of discussion are welcome! Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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